Implementation Plan



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Implementation Plan


As described in Working Paper 4, Milwaukee’s recommended bikeway system consists of a comprehensive network of on-street bikeways. This chapter presents planning-level cost opinions for these proposed bicycle improvements, as well as for maintenance activities. Grant funding sources are identified, as are potential local sources of revenue. An implementation strategy follows, presenting a targeted methodology for how Milwaukee can implement projects under different funding scenarios. Finally, the chapter closes with a discussion of implementation policies that can bolster and institutionalize the development of a high-quality bikeway network.

Cost Opinions


This section summarizes planning level cost opinions associated with the recommended bicycle improvement projects. Cost opinions were provided by City of Milwaukee Staff and supplemented with costs from other similar Bicycle Master Plans and experience in nearby communities. Table 1 following shows costs for bicycle improvements.

Table 1. Unit Costs for Bicycle Improvements

Improvement

Unit

Planning-Level Cost Opinion

Roadway Re-Striping (for bike lanes)

LF

$0.50

Bicycle Boulevards1

LF


$9

Bicycle Routes2

LF

$0.80

Cost Opinions Overview


The total implementation cost of the Milwaukee Bicycle Plan is estimated at approximately $4.2 million, as shown in Table 2.

Table 2. Summary Costs for Bicycle Improvements

Improvement

Proposed

(MI)

Cost

Bike Lanes

125.0

$330,000

Bike Routes

9.5

$40,000

Bike Boulevards

40.0

$3,780,000

Table 3 shows construction and maintenance information for the recommended system. These costs summarize detailed planning level cost opinions for individual facilities (Tables 4 through 6) and maintenance cost estimates shown in Table 7.

Short-term and medium-term facilities include bike lanes and signed routes. These facilities were chosen for early implementation based on their low-level of cost and relative ease of implementation. Bicycle boulevards are included as long-term facility recommendations, based on expense. The City may choose to prioritize facilities designated as medium or long-term facilities as opportunities arise. For example, bike lane striping is dependant on the purchase of a new paint truck. Once the truck is purchased, the city may proceed with bike lane installation immediately rather than waiting to first complete installation of all sings along proposed bicycle routes.


Table 3. Planning-Level Cost Opinions for Bicycle Projects


Phase

Bicycle Corridor Improvements

Length (miles)

Construction Cost

Annual Maintenance3

Short-Term (Bike Routes)

9.5

$40,000

$13,000

Medium-Term (Bike Lanes)

125.0

$330,000

$38,000

Long-Term

40.0

$3,780,000

$111,000

Total

174.5

$4,150,000

$162,000

Individual Project Cost Opinions

Tables 4 through 6 list the recommended projects by category and include planning-level cost opinions. The cost opinions include contingency and construction management costs, which represent a proportion of the original project costs.

Table 4. Planning-Level Cost Opinions for Bicycle Routes4


Street

From

To

Miles

Cost

N 107TH ST

W Appleton Ave

W Mill Rd

0.49

$2,100

S 13TH ST

W Layton Ave

W Grange Ave

1.00

$4,200

N 27TH ST

W Clybourn St

W Highland Ave

0.58

$2,400

N 35TH ST


W Hope Ave

W Congress St

0.25

$1,100

N 45TH ST

W Blue Mound Rd

W Wisconsin Ave

0.09

$400

N 68TH ST

W Center St

W Burleigh St

0.51

$2,100

W AIR CARGO WA

S Howell Ave

S 6th St

0.50

$2,100

W BLUE MOUND RD

N 45th St

N Story Pkwy

0.17

$700

W BURNHAM ST

S 20th St

S Muskego Ave

0.10

$400

S HOWELL AV


E Citation Way

E College Ave

0.56

$2,400

N LAKE DR

N Downer Ave

City Border

1.43

$6,000

E LINCOLN AV

S Kinnickinnic Ave

S Bay St

0.43

$1,800

E OKLAHOMA AV

S Howell Ave

S Clement Ave

0.51

$2,200

W PIERCE ST

W Reynolds Pl

S 26th St

0.05

$200

W ROOSEVELT DR

W Capitol Dr

W Burleigh St

1.81

$7,600

N TERRACE AV


E North Ave

N Wahl Ave

0.07

$300

N TEUTONIA AV

S of W Mill Road Ct

W Mill Road Ct

0.04

$200

N WAHL AV

N Terrace Ave

N Lake Dr

0.62

$2,600

E WATER TOWER RD

N Terrace Ave

N Lincoln Memorial Dr

0.30

$1,300

Table 5. Planning-Level Cost Opinions for Bicycle Lanes5

Street

From

To

Miles

Cost

N 107TH ST

W Hampton Ave


W Silver Spring Dr

1.00

$2,650

S 11TH ST

W Bruce St

W Washington St

0.36

$950

S 11TH ST

W Windlake Ave

W Grant St

0.15

$390

N 12TH ST

W Wisconsin Ave

W State St

0.11

$290

N 12TH ST

W Jeneau Ave

W Cherry St

0.31

$830

N 12TH ST

W Walnut St

W North Ave

0.50

$1,330

N 13TH ST


W Mount Vernon Ave

W Clybourn St

0.14

$370

S 13TH ST

W Arthur Ave

W Layton Ave

2.76

$7,280

N 16TH ST

W Canal St

W Clybourn St

0.32

$850

S 16TH ST

W Canal St

W Pierce St

0.50

$1,310

S 16TH ST

W Mitchell St

S Amy Pl

0.18

$490

N 20TH ST

W St Paul Ave

W Wisconsin Ave

0.27

$710


N 20TH ST

W Jeneau Ave

W Cherry St

0.29

$760

N 20TH ST

W Meinecke Ave

W Clarke St

0.25

$670

N 20TH ST

W Hadley St

W Villard Ave

2.88

$7,610

S 20TH ST

W Pierce St

S Muskego Ave

0.83

$2,200

S 20TH ST

W Burnham St

W Becher St

0.24

$630

S 20TH ST

W Hayes Ave

W Layton Ave

2.86


$7,550

S 20TH ST

W Klein Ave

City Border (~ W Aspen St)

1.47

$3,880

N 27TH ST

W Jeneau Ave

W Galena St

0.38

$1,010

N 27TH ST

W Lisbon Ave

W North Ave

0.49

$1,290

S 2ND ST

Menomonee River

W Maple St

1.46

$3,860

N 35TH ST

W Wisconsin Ave

W State St

0.40

$1,060

S 35TH ST

W Scott St


W Pabst Ave

1.50

$3,950

S 3RD ST

W National Ave

W Maple St

0.84

$2,220

S 43RD ST

W Lincoln Ave

South

0.18

$480

N 43RD ST

W Silver Spring Dr

N Sherman Bl

0.36

$950

N 64TH ST

W Silver Spring Dr

W Mill Rd

1.01

$2,660

N 68TH ST

W Fairview Ave

City Border (~W Mt Vernon Ave)

0.19

$490

N 68TH ST


W Lisbon Ave

North

0.02

$50

N 68TH ST

W Vienna Ave

W Florist Ave

2.81

$7,420

S 68TH ST

W Fairview Ave

W Dickinson St

0.47

$1,230

S 68TH ST

City Border (~W Arthur Ave)

W Forest Home Ave

1.96

$5,170

N 6TH ST

W Michigan St

W State St

0.38

$1,000

N 6TH ST

W Juneau St

W Court St

0.32

$850


N 6TH ST

W Vine St

W Brown St

0.18

$480

S 6TH ST

W Oregon St

S Chase Ave

1.65

$4,350

S 6TH ST

W Hayes Ave

W Rosedale Ave

0.45

$1,200

S 6TH ST

W Euclid Ave

W Air Cargo Way

2.99

$7,900

S 76TH ST

W Oklahoma Ave

City Border (~W Waterford Ave)

1.27

$3,340

S 84TH ST

W Oklahoma Ave

W Howard Ave

1.00


$2,640

S 92ND ST

W Oklahoma Ave

W Howard Ave

1.00

$2,640

N 92ND ST

W Congress St

W Grantosa Dr.

0.18

$470

S ALEXANDER ST

Roundabout

W Virginia St

0.05

$120

E BAY ST

S Kinnickinnic Ave

S Lenox St

0.46

$1,220

S BAY ST

S Lenox St

E Russell Ave

0.61

$1,610

E BRADFORD AV

N Farwell Ave

N Downer Ave

0.18

$480


W BRADLEY RD

N Green Bay Rd

City Border

0.37

$970

N BROADWAY

Milwaukee River

E Erie St

0.08

$200

W BROWN DEER RD

City Border

N 124th St

3.52

$9,290

W BRUCE ST

S 9th St

S 17th St

0.60

$1,580

W BURLEIGH ST

N 5th St

N Teutonia Ave

0.75

$1,980

W BURLEIGH ST

N 68th St

W Lisbon Ave

0.20


$530

W BURLEIGH ST

N Menomonee River Pkwy

City Border

0.15

$390

S CESAR E CHAVEZ DR

W Pierce St

W Mitchell St

0.82

$2,170

E CHERRY ST

N Riverwalk Way

N Water St

0.05

$130

W CHERRY ST

N Riverwalk Way

N 6th St

0.40

$1,060

W CONGRESS ST

N 51st Blvd

N 92nd St

2.63

$6,950

W COUNTY LINE RD

City Border

N 124th St


3.56

$9,390

N DOWNER AV

N Lake Dr

E Locust St

0.59

$1,560

N DOWNER AV

E Hampshire St

E Edgewood Ave

0.43

$1,140

N EMMBER LA

W Canal St

W Mt Vernon Ave

0.20

$530

W FLORIST AV

W Appleton Ave

N 124th St

1.00

$2,630

W FOREST HOME AV

S 54th St

City Border

0.06

$150

W FOREST HOME AV

City Border

City Border


0.93

$2,450

W GRANGE AV

S 6th St

I-94

0.79

$2,080

W GRANGE AV

S 25th St

S 27th St

0.13

$340

W GRANTOSA DR

N 68th St

N 92nd St

1.92

$5,080

W GRANTOSA DR

W Congress St

W Marion St

0.26

$700

W GRANTOSA DR

City Border

W Capitol Dr

0.38

$1,000

W GREENFIELD AV


S Layton Blvd

S 36th St

0.56

$1,470

E HAMPTON AV

W Hampton Ave

N Santa Monica Blvd

0.19

$500

W HAMPTON AV

E Hampton Ave

N Port Washington Rd

0.31

$810

W HAMPTON AV

Milwaukee River

N Milwaukee River Pkwy

0.18

$480

W HAMPTON AV

N Green Bay Ave

N Teutonia Ave

0.78

$2,060

W HAMPTON AV

N 107th St

N 124th St

1.02

$2,690

W HISTORIC MITCHELL ST


S 5th St

S 13th St

0.54

$1,430

W HOLT AV

S Chase Ave

S 6th St

0.50

$1,320

N HOLTON ST

E Hadly St

E Hope Ave

1.64

$4,320

W HOPKINS ST

N 13th St

N 31st St

1.87

$4,940

N HOPKINS ST

W Congress St

W Sheridan Ave

1.47

$3,880

W HOWARD AV

W Forest Home Ave

S 96th St

2.02

$5,330


S HOWELL AV

E Wilson St

E Gauer Cir

0.76

$2,000

S HOWELL AV

E Bradley Ave

E Citation Way

2.71

$7,160

N HUMBOLDT AV

N Commerce St

E Garfield Ave

0.05

$130

N JACKSON ST

E Clybourn St

E Juneau Ave

0.64

$1,700

E JUNEAU AV

N Market St

N Waverly Pl

0.65

$1,710

W JUNEAU AV

N Riverwalk Way

N 6th St

0.28

$740

E KNAPP ST


E of N Edison St

N Milwaukee St

0.27

$730

N LAKE DR

E North Ave

N Downer Ave

0.20

$530

E LAYTON AV

S Howell St

S Ahmedi Ave

1.22

$3,220

W LAYTON AV

S Howell St

I-94

1.26

$3,320

W LINCOLN AV

S 31st St

City Border

0.79

$2,080

W LISBON AV

W Center St

W Capitol Dr

3.03

$8,010

W MAPLE ST

S 2nd St


S 6th St

0.30

$800

E MASON ST

N Water St

N Prospect Ave

0.50

$1,310

W MILL RD

E City Border

W City Border

5.78

$15,270

W MITCHELL ST

S 1st St

S 5th St

0.29

$780

W MITCHELL ST

S 14th St

S 26th St

0.86

$2,270

W MORGAN AV

S 6th St

S 43rd St

2.53

$6,690

W MORGAN AV


S 56th St

W Beloit Rd

2.67

$7,060

S MUSKEGO AV

W Greenfield Ave

W Grant St

1.00

$2,630

E NEWBERRY BL

N Cramer St

N Lake Park Rd

0.74

$1,960

W NICHOLAS ST

W Florida St

Roundabout

0.04

$110

E NORTH AV

N 1st St

N Buffum St

0.23

$610

E NORTH AV

N Summit Ave

N Lake Dr

0.09

$230

W NORTH AV


N 1st St

W Monroe St

1.32

$3,470

W NORTH AV

N 26th St

N 40th St

0.87

$2,300

W NORTH AV

W Lisbon Ave

N 50th St

0.15

$400

W OKLAHOMA AV

S 45th St

S 100th St

3.39

$8,950

E PITTSBURGH AV

S Water St

N Broadway

0.03

$80

N PLANKINTON AV

S 2nd St

N Plankinton Ave

0.07

$190


E PLEASANT ST

N 1st St

N Riverwalk Way

0.20

$530

W PLEASANT ST

N 1st St

N Martin Luther King Jr Dr

0.15

$400

N PROSPECT AV

N Maryland Ave

E Bradford Ave

0.25

$650

W REYNOLDS PL

S 17th St

W Pierce St

0.16

$410

E RUSSELL AV

S Bay St

S Lincoln Memorial Dr

0.33

$880

N SHERMAN BL

N 43rd St

W Mill Rd

0.66

$1,730


W SILVER SPRING DR

N 13th St

City Border

0.06

$170

W SILVER SPRING DR

E of N Green Bay Ave

W of N Long Island Dr

0.30

$790

W SILVER SPRING DR

E of N Teutonia Ave

N 33rd St

0.29

$760

W SILVER SPRING DR

N 68th St

N 124th St

3.55

$9,380

W ST PAUL AV

W Hinman St

N 27th St

1.42

$3,760

E STATE ST

N Market St

N Waverly Pl


0.64

$1,690

W STATE ST

N Riverwalk Way

N 15th St

0.93

$2,450

W STATE ST

N 31st St

N 35th St

0.24

$640

N TEUTONIA AV

W Burleigh St

W Calumet Rd

5.79

$15,280

N VAN BUREN ST

E Michigan St

E Juneau Ave

0.55

$1,460

W VILLARD AV

N Green Bay Ave

N Hopkins St

1.54

$4,070

W VIRGINIA ST

S 2nd St


S 9th St

0.54

$1,410

W VLIET ST

N 12th St

W of N 15th St

0.28

$750

W VLIET ST

N 20th St

N 39th St

1.24

$3,280

W WALNUT ST

N Martin Luther King Jr Dr

N 5th St

0.15

$390

E WASHINGTON ST

S 1st St

S Water St

0.13

$350

W WASHINGTON ST

S 1st St

S Cesar E Chavez Dr

1.10

$2,910


S WATER ST

E Pittsburgh Ave

E Washington St

0.76

$2,000

E WELLS ST

N Riverwalk Way

N Prospect Ave

0.63

$1,670

W WELLS ST

N Riverwalk Way

N 15th St

1.02

$2,690

W WELLS ST

N 28th Pl

N 37th St

0.49

$1,300

W WINDLAKE AV

W Grant St

S 13th St

0.02

$40

N YOUNG ST

E Erie St

N Milwaukee St

0.08

$210


Table 6. Planning-Level Cost Opinions for Bicycle Boulevards6

Route

Miles

Cost

N 84th St - N 86th St

2.20

$105,000

N Hopkins St - N Sherman Blvd

1.73

$82,000

W Fairmount Ave - W Camero Ave

1.33

$63,000

W Custer Ave

1.18

$56,000

N 51st Blvd

0.25

$12,000

N 53rd St - W Glendale Ave

1.39

$66,000


W Ruby Ave - W Baldwin St

0.45

$21,000

N 66th St

0.76

$36,000

W Nash St - W Vienna Ave

1.32

$63,000

N 86th St

1.14

$54,000

W Locust St - N 72nd St

1.40

$67,000

W Chambers St

1.52

$72,000

N 52nd St - N 54th St

2.24

$107,000

N 42nd St

2.25

$107,000


N 32nd St - N 31st St

0.39

$19,000

W Courtland Ave - W Cornell St

1.39

$66,000

N 14th St - N 15th St

1.68

$80,000

N Palmer St

1.26

$60,000

Brown St

3.21

$153,000

N 42nd St - N Grant Blvd

0.97

$46,000

W Cherry St

0.31

$15,000

N 35th St

0.38

$18,000


W Mc Kinley Ave

1.25

$59,000

W State St

0.59

$28,000

W Fairview Ave - W Dixon St

1.65

$79,000

W Pierce At - W Bruce St - W Virginia St

2.66

$126,000

W Manitoba St

0.84

$40,000

E Waterford Ave - W Bolivar Ave

1.52

$72,000


Maintenance Costs

On-street bikeways require regular maintenance and repair as previously discussed in Working Paper 3. In Milwaukee on-street bikeways are maintained as part of standard roadway maintenance programs. Extra emphasis should be placed on keeping bike lanes and roadway shoulders clear of debris and keeping vegetation overgrowth from blocking visibility or creeping into the roadway as bicycle riders are more susceptible to poor roadway conditions than motorists. Typical maintenance costs for on-street bikeway facilities are shown in Table 7.


Table 7. On-Street Bikeway Maintenance Frequency and Cost Opinions


Activity

Materials Type

Frequency

Cost Opinion

Pavement resurfacing

Asphalt

Every 20 years

$50,000/mile

Concrete

Every 20 years

$50,000/mile

Aggregate

Every 3 years

$3,000/mile

Pavement sweeping

All

Weekly/monthly as needed

Part of regular street sweeping activities

Snow removal

All

Weekly/as needed

Depends on conditions1, ~$146/mile

Tree/shrub trimming

All


5 months – 1 year

Part of regular street maintenance activities

Sign repair/ replacement

Worn

Every 10 years

$600/sign

Stolen

As needed

$600/sign

Re-striping

Paint

Annually

$105/mile

Move signs, patch and sweep

2 times/year

$200/mile

Table 8 shows the expected annual maintenance cost for the entire on-street bikeway system. Items included in the annual cost estimate include restriping bikeways, sign repair and replacement, and a small additional cost for additional spot patching, sign movement and sweeping as necessary. Items not included in this estimate are regular street sweeping, snow removal and regular pavement resurfacing, which occurs approximately every 20 years. Based on the activities included in Table 7 the City currently spends about $110,000 annually on bikeway maintenance. It is estimated that the annual maintenance budget for the City must increase by about $160,000 dollars when the bikeway system is completely constructed in order to keep the on-street bikeway network in good repair.




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