1896 Convalescent Home, Llanfairfechan, Caerns; AV; for R & A Heath;
BOWIE, JOHN McL. Dumfries, architect, see Barbour & Bowie
BOWSER, GEORGE Engineer. c1758-1835. Of Newington Green, Mx, & Kenross House, Pembrey, Cms. Promoter w Thomas Gaunt of Pembrey Harbour 1819-24; Nicholson P&BP; then engaged on works for Burry Port Harbour 1827 (Sir Edward Banks eng) W 23.3.49. Encomium on tomb W of tower in Pembrey chyd says ‘founder of all the maritime improvements which have since been effected there’ (Pembrey Burry Port coast); W ?/?/1849 article suggests son R Bowser built Plas Kenrhos: ‘21 yrs ago Mr R Bowser’s house had not been built’, ie 1828, but prob meant GB; LAL 19-21 says GB came in 1787 aged 29. His grandson, also GB, master mariner, was landlord of Harbour View Inn, Burry Port, 1894;
BOWSER, S. E. Architect, Llanelli
1923 Alts YMCA, Ferryside, Cms, convert to house T: CJ 9.2.23;
BOYCE, PHILIP Cheltenham. Belonged IBA 1848-52. Des Chancel & rest Martham ch, Norfolk, 1855-61, first distinguished C19 work in that county, BoE 140; Horton National Sch, Glos, 1859-60, BoE, Br 20.10.60;
1858-9 rest Llanaber ch, Mer; ICBS; Owen Pierce signed certificate; orig proposal by TM Penson crit by Eccl Feb 1857 69; work done under supervision of WWE Wynne of Peniarth, CG 251; )
BOYDELL, JOHN. Agent to George Boscawen of Trevalyn estate, Trefalun, Flints, and nephew of the engraver. May have designed the picturesque estate cottages at Marford, Flints, c. 1813-15. Julius Flower was paid to come from Hungerford, Berks, to build an earth-walled cottage 1814.
1833? Roft Castle House, Marford, Flints, for himself; BoW)
BOYES REES Cardiff Founded in 1990s by Jane Boyes, Glyn Rees and Gary Loo buying out HDW of Newport; Jane Boyes worked for Alex Gordon;
20?? Cardiff Business School;
2012 Taff Ely Learning Campus, Nantgarw;
201? Learning Quarter Merthyr Ytdfil, glam'
20?? Atrium School of Creative Studies, Univ of South Wales; also Sudent Union;also Mountain Hall student residences;
20?? Teaching and Learning Block, Trinity St Davids University;
201? Children's Hospital for Wales, Cardiff
2013 Intermediate Care Unit Abertawe Bro Morgannwg Heath Bd
20?? Medical undergraduate facility, Merthyr Tydfil University Park;
20?? Cloughmore Primary Care Centre, Wales;
20?? Maternity Services, and Geriatric Services, Cardiff & Vale Univ Health Board;
2015 TREAT rehab centre, Morriston Hospital Swansea
20?? Opal One Student residences, George St Bridge, Newport, mon;
201? Technium, Baglan, Glam;
20?? Headquarters, Football Association of Wales;
20?? Holiday Inn and retail park, Celtic Springs resort,
BRAKSPEAR, (Sir) HAROLD. Architect. Corsham, Wilts. Son of WH Brakspear, architect, Manchester. Church rest specialist cf Malmesbury Abbey; St George’s Chapel Windsor. Archive of material in Wiltshire and Swindon History Centre
1851-6 plans St David ch, Dylife, Mont, made after orig des by David Owen rejected; ICBS; repairs 1890 & 1908; ?not BoW;
l856-69 rest Tenby ch, Pmbs: 1856 chancel, PH 4.7.56 (inc E window, rails, reredos £406); 1859-60 two new ws ?S chapel rest £80; 1862-3 new N porch £105, and full restoration, new roof, three N ws, W w, nave ceiling & arcade done by 1863?, nave seats, CJ 28.3.62, PH ?.7.63; 1865 plans for part re-pewing, move organ, N chapel ceiling repair, 5 ws to renew and 2 to restore PH 21.4.65; 1866-7 New w on S side, churchyard rails and wall £456 PH 17.4.68; 1869 new window PH 3.12.69;
l856 Bosherston ch, Pmbs, rest;
l856 Hodgeston ch, Pmbs, rest
l856 Warren Ch, Pmbs, rest;
l856-7 Carew Ch, Pmbs, rest;
l857-8 Castlemartin Ch, Pmbs, rest.
l858 St Twynnels Ch, Pmbs, rest
l861-3 Felindre Ch, Drefach Felindre, Cms, new ch for Lord Cawdor; RA 1861; £2000; James Rogers Tenby bldr FS CJ 21.2.62; Br 18.6.63, Carving Peter Ford of Cheadle;
1863-5 Joint Counties Lunatic Asylum, Carmarthen; now St Davids Hospital; ill BN ?.?.6?
l864-5 Wiston Ch, Pembs, rest;
l869 ?Alltyferin, Llanegwad, Cms, for HJ Bath of Swansea; dem; LHW; ?error as by Brandon & Freshwater qv; TL; and HT Freshwater was partner of Raphael Brandon qv.
BRANDON, RAPHAEL. London. 1817-77. Not related to David Brandon but worked with DBs brother J A Brandon 1821-47 on Analysis of Gothick Architecture, 1844, 1847. Cf Trans Jewish Hist Soc of England 18, 1954. With John Blore des Colchester TH, Br 1843 158, though said to be by R & JA Brandon CTA 1846. Exh des for Nunhead chapel RA 1844. Entry Gt Exhibition comp 1850. RB & R Ritchie entered comps 1849-50. 1851-5 Catholic Apostolic Church, Gordon Sq, London; 1857-60 adds Datchet ch, Bucks; 1862 rest Wraysbury ch, Bucks; 1862-4 Christ Church, Chesham, Bucks; acc to TL RB had partnership w HT Freshwater.
l869 Alltyferin, Llanegwad, Cms, for HJ Bath; dem; LHW says by David Brandon but TL says by Brandon & Freshwater;
BRANDRETH, Captain -, RE c1794- . London. Director of Admiralty Works 1837-46, initiated period of iron roof construction. Montgomery Williams qv was superintendent at Pembroke dockyard under him; Sutherland: Newcomen Soc 1989 12;
BRECON COUNTY. William Watkins County Surveyor 1844 dir; William Williams County Surveyor later C19?;
BRERETON, CUTHBERT ARTHUR Engineer 1850-1910 resident engineer on Lynfi & Ogmore Railways and Porthcawl Docks, involved with Sir Joihn Wolfe Barry on Barry Docks and railways, Glam,
BRERETON, ROBERT PEARSON Engineer, 1818-94, worked for Brunel on Royal Albert Bridge, Saltash and Cornwall Railway;
1863 completed South Wales Mineral Rlwy, Glam after d of IK Brunel; BSW 2 231;
BRETTELL & HARRIS
1967? House, Beaumaris, Ang; ill Arch in Wales 9 1967 20-22;
BREWER, - Cardiff
1885 Brecon TH, Brec; MS;
BREWER, JOHN WILLIAMS Engineer 1841-94 born Llanelli, father worked on Rhymney Railway; articled David Jones engineer Rhymney Railway; 1861 assistant to John Williams on Taff Vale Railway; 1870-80 practice in Cardiff as mining and civil engineer; with Taff Vale Railway from 1880became surveyor and assistant engineer 1887 on d of John Williams; chief engineer 1891 on d of HO Fisher;
BREWILL & BAILEY. Nottingham
1897 entrants Cardiff TH comp, Glam; RHH)
BRIGDEN, EDWARD Dowlais, Merthyr Tydfil. Colvin. Employed in 1820s supervising building of churches by Rt Smirke in Chatham & Bristol, practiced in Bristol c1825-34 des Dr White’s hospital, Temple St, Bristol 1824, dem and reblt Easton in Gordano ch, Som 1827. Then became surveyor to Dowlais Iron Co. First treasurer of the S Wales Institute of Engineers 1857. But Edward Brigden advertises as intending to practice as architect, civil engineer and surveyor in Chippenham Wilts Devvizes & Wilts Gazette 22.9.1842;
1858 Penydarren ch, Glam; Orrin 134; Br 29.5.58; CMG 22.5.58; £900; contr John Gabe Merthyr. Brigden submitted 2 des, cheaper chosen; enl 1904 by EM Bruce Vaughan;
1868-9 alts St David ch, Merthyr Tydfil, Glam; Orrin 104; £700; CMG 30.1.69; chancel enl, organ ch.
BRIGGS, F. G. Liverpool. Briggs, Wolstenholme & Thornely des 1907 Mersey Docks & Harbour Board, Liverpool;
c1908 Aber works, Flint, Flints, for British Glanzstoff Co; FGB; BoW 348)
BRIGGS, JOHN. Chepstow. Builder and surveyor. 1829 adds Woolaston ch, Glos; 1830-1 tower St Briavel’s ch Glos; 1835 alts Alvington ch Glos; 1838 Coleford Vicarage, Glos; Colvin; no recorded wks in Wales;
BRIGGS, ROBERT A. Architect, c1858-1916. Articled GR Redgrave London c1876, practice 1884. Built small houses, known as Bungalow Briggs for book ‘Bungalows and Country Residences’. c1890 four bungalows Bellaggio, Sy; c1895 screen, Jesus chapel, Worcester Cathedral; c1900 houses Dormansland, Dormans Pk, Sy; c1900 alts Cowley Manor Glos;
1901 staircase, Royal Hotel, Wood St, Cardiff; BoW;
c1908 Bennar, Tremeirchion, Flints; BoW 450)
BRIGHT, THOMAS Ironfounder Carmarthen
1867 Merlin Brewery, John St, Carmarthen; des by Thomas Bright of iron foundry from his own design, modelled on finest establishments of the day; W 18 & 25.1.67; dem;
BRIGSTOCKE, JOB Carpenter, St Clears. Painted wood mem in Trelech ch, Cms, by JB, early C19, to Wm Davies +1788, BoW; Job B, and John B, carpenters, St Clears, in 1844 dir, also Job B carpenter at Laugharne;
1798 Island House, St Clears, Cms; plaque; BoW
BRINDLE, WILLIAM FREDERICK Architect, Llangefni Ang WwinA 1926;
BROCKLEHURST, ARTHUR FRIBA. St James Chmbrs, Waterfoot nr Manchester, later Palatine Bank Bldngs, 10 Norfolk St, Manchester, also Bury and Waterfoot. A. Brocklehurst & Co. 1905 ?Tottington WM Lancs ‘Arthur Brocklebank’ BoE Manchester 663; 1910 Penwortham WM, Preston, Lancs WCC10; 1911 Irlam WM, Lancs WCC11; BoE 244 St Paul, Liverpool Rd; 1911 Bury WM, Lancs WCC11; 1915 Manchester & Salford Dock WM Mission Hall & Institute WCC15 AB&Co; 1921 Lidgett Pk WM, Leeds WCC21; 1922 WM Central Hall, Carlisle WCC22 Octagonal 1200 seats; 1923 proposed WM Central Hall, Southampton Baroque, very large; 1922 Queens Hall WM Mission, Darwen St, Blackburn WCC22 £30,000; 1923 Ashington Central Hall; 1924 WM Hall, Gt Wyrley, Walsall WCC24; 1924 Southbourne WM, Bournemouth & schools proposed WCC24 £11000; 1924 Thos Champness WM Hall, Rochdale WCC24 £42000; 1925 Queens Drive WM hall and schools, Larkhill, Liverpool WCC25; 1925 Thurnscoe WM hall and school, S Yorks WCC25; 1926 Wavertree WM, Elm hall Dr., Liverpool Gothic w tower WCC26; 1926 Bicester WM Oxon WCC26 180 £6315 Gothic; 1926 Aigburth Blvd WM, Liverpool WCC26 180 £16000; 1927 Union St WM, Torquay, Devon WCC 27 ital; 1927 Southfield Drive WM, Leicester WCC 27 Gothic; 1928 Bromborough WM WCC28; 1928 WM, Litchurch, Derby WCC28; 1929 Narborough Rd WM, Leicester WCC29 and 33 Gothic; 1929 Low Hill WM, Wolverhampton WWC30 £6100; 1933 Spondon Rd WM, Derby WCC33; 1934 Great Grimsby Central Hall)
1850 Revised plan Llanfihangel Bridge, Llanfihangel ar Arth, Cms; CJ 1.3.50 has Brodie reporting on plans and decision to adopt those of W. James; PH 19.4.50 says ctee consulted Brodie, and Penson, County Surveyor, was instructed to draw up plans ‘in conformity with Brodie’s instructions’. W 5.11.50 Penson disclaims liability for structure as alterations forced on him by Brodie plans; PH 12.7.50 contractor J. Douglas says Brodie plans will not work. Brodie bill sent in W 22.11.50
1856 Unex plans for repairing Llechryd Bridge, Cd/ Pmbs, over-ruled by Penson; PH 4.7.56
1860-2 Repairs Loughor Bridge, Glam/Cms; CJ 28.2.62
BRODIE, C. H. Surveyor to ?National Provincial Bank
1904 Alts Nat West Bank, High St, Narberth; BoW 305
BROMFIELD, JOSEPH. c1743-1824 Shrewsbury. Plasterer, architect. Mayor of Shrewsbury 1809. Owned Brannas Lodge, Llandrillo, Mer (will); Colvin;
(1794-5 Montgomery House of Industry, Forden, Mont BoE102-3; £12000; Not in Colvin
(1790s work at Nannau, Lanfachreth; Mer; attr Colvin as Bromfield there 1801, hall screen identical to Nanhoron (TL); Robert Hywel Vaughan, HS 1784, ?began rebuild 1788, but wife d1791, he d1792, house let 1792, but apparently not complete until 1796, dated 1795 on rainwater head. Wings by JB 1805-6 see below. Kitchen and larder adds 1824 for a coming-of-age; ?ill The Gazette, 179?.
(1794-5 House of Industry, Forden, Mont; £12,000 for 1000 inmates; not in Colvin.
(1797 Nanhoron, Caerns, for Col Richard Edwards; Colvin; papers at house; BoW says JB seems to have been consulted 1796, neo classical w bow, smaller version proposed 1802 & blt before 1809; wings 1834 Hansom & Welch;)
(1801 Caerynwch Hall, Brithdir, Mer; Colvin; NLW Glansevern 5471; for Sir Richard Richards; 1786 SG; 1801-4 RH;
(c1802-5 Rhug, Corwen, Mer, for Col EV Salusbury; RH in CL 13.10.1983; Colvin; NLW Glansevern 5470, 5472 & 5492)
(1803-7 Glansevern, Mont, for Sir Arthur Davies Owen; c1801-7 Colvin; NLW Glansevern 5469-5589 incs signed des for a fireplace; Lodge c1808, BoW, dem)
(1805-6 Adds Nannau, Llanfachreth, Mer for Sir RW Vaughan Bt; NLW Glansevern 5484. presumably the wings w 2-st pyramid pavilions dem in 1970s.
Attrib: Broom Hall, Llanarmon, Caerns, late C18, attr RH, for Rowland Jones Jr; Plas Bodegroes, Llannor, Caerns, attr RH, 1780; Glanllyn, Llanuwchllyn, Mer, early C19, attrib TL on basis of two shallow bays; Rhagatt, Carrog, Mer, attr on basis of sim to Glanllyn; Brynygwin Isaf, Dolgellau, Mer for H Reveley 1803-6, attr RH;
?plasterwork at The Apollo, Dolauwcheogryd (Dolrhyd), Dolgellau, Mer, for William Vaughan c1770; plasterwork at Powis Castle, Mont, 1775-7;
BROWN, THOMAS & JOHN, Carpenters, Llanelli, Cms. - Brown, - Thomas & - John.
1881 carpts Ebeneser I, Llanelli, Cms; (T Thomas); LG 22.12.81
1888 contr Calfaria B, Llanelli, Cms; (G Morgan); LG 5.7.88
BROWN, GEORGE Engineer. Crugyburion or Craigyborion, Amroth, Pmbs. ?the Mr Brown who proposed pier at Hakin, Pmbs, and was described as ‘clever engineer’ who built the Pembroke Mill, Pembroke, c1820, & Blackpool Mill, Minwear, Pmbs, c1813, in 1827 report on Milford Haven Communications; HRO HDX/806/3. ?Designed early C19 house at Crugyburion for himself.
l844 Redberth Ch, Pmbs; BoW;
BROWN, LANCELOT Landscape architect; ‘Capability’ Brown; 1716-83; born and started in Northumberland moved south 1739. Head gardener at Stowe 1741 met William Kent. Set up on own 1749. Architect Croome Court 1751-2 and numerous works thereafter often exec by Henry Holland Sr, and worked with Henry Holland Jr from 1771, who m Brown’s daughter 1773. cf D Stroud, Capability Brown, 1975.
1775 advice to George Rice on imprs to park, Newton House, Dinefwr, Llandeilo, Cms; BoW; not in Colvin
(1777-8 Cardiff Castle, Glam, for Lord Mount Stuart CL 6.4.1961; BoW says architecture by HH, landscaping by LB; not in Colvin;
(c1777 advice landscape Wynnstay, Denbs; BoW 315; not in Colvin.)
(1782 Unex plans alts Wynnstay, Denbs; BoW314 not in Colvin)
BROWN, ROBERT Builder. Not in 1828-9 dir, but John Brown Sr stone mason and John Brown, joiner, listed. In 1844 dir Robert & Richard Brown Short Bridge St, stone masons, and John Brown joiner or builder New St.
(1845-6 gallery Llanidloes ch, Mont; ICBS; William Jerman & Son, bldrs, also inv; new set of plans 1847-9, rejected, by Richard & J Browne;
Prob also Dinas Secondary Modern, Aberystwyth 1955; Penparcau Primary Sch, Aberystwyth; ?Plas Crug School Aberystwyth, 1969, but cf T Leonard Evans;
BRUCE-VAUGHAN, E.M. see Vaughan, E. M. Bruce
BRUNEL, HENRY MARC Engineer. Associated w John Wolfe Barry (B&B). Brunel & Barry, w W Mills, des Blackfriars Station, London, dem, and railway bridge;
(1884-98 Barry Docks, Glam, B&B and Thomas Forster Brown, Act 1884; contr TA Walker; 1st sod 14.11.84, 1st dock opened 29.6.89, £2 million; deep-water lock 1893-8; 2nd dock 1894-8; two dry docks, entrance lock 1908; BoW; TS 296ff;
BRUNEL, ISAMBARD KINGDOM. 1806-59. Engineer GWR 1833, London–Bristol complete 1841; Bristol-Taunton 1842; Taunton-Exeter 1844. S Devon Atmospheric Rlwy 1846-7 to Plymouth 1849; South Wales Railway (SWR) Bristol to Haverfordwest 1845-53; West Cornwall Rlwy 1852; Paddington Station 1854; Royal Albert Bridge, Saltash 1859.
Assistants incl: Geo Bush qv; J. Geddes & I. Nolloth ?des Melksham Station Wilts 1848 (Wilts Times 9.6.2006); Wm George Owen qv, Wm Lancaster Owen qv; LE Fletcher qv; GT Clark qv; AR Wallace qv;
(1836-7 prop Gloucester & South Wales Rlwy, surveys made, unex; precursor of SWR; appntd 23.4.36; BSW 2 28ff; Gloucester, Newnham, Chepstow, Newport, Cardiff.
(1836-41 Taff Vale Railway, Glam; Cardiff Docks to Merthyr Tydfil; Cardiff Docks Station, now Bute Road 1840 RHB; Landaff, Pentyrch, Taff’s Well, Treforest, Newbridge, Quakers Yd Viaduct 1840; Goitre Coed Tunnel; rope-hauled incline betw Abercynon & Quakers Yd; G Bush qv resid eng; Cardiff-Abercynon opened 8.10.40 opened to Merthyr 21.4.41; Rhondda Fawr branch opened 1855;
(1839 prop London to Ireland route through Ludlow, Craven Arms, Montgomery, Newtown, Dinas Mawddwy, Barmouth, Porthmadog to Porth Dinllaen Caerns; BSW 2 37; unex;
(1844-52 South Wales Railway (SWR), opened 18.6.50 Chepstow to Swansea: stations at Chepstow, Portskewett, Marshfield, Newport, Cardiff, Ely, Llantrisant (Pontyclun), Pencoed, Bridgend, Pyle, Briton Ferry, Neath, Llansamlet, Swansea;
then Loughor, Llanelli, Kidwelly, Ferryside, Carmarthen, opened 17.9.52;
St Clears, Whitland, Clynderwen, Haverfordwest, opened 28.12.53;
in 1845 line was to run to Fishguard w branch to Pembroke Dock, map BSW 2 164; then prop new harbour at Abermawr beach, nr Mathry, Pmbs, abandoned 1852 for branch to run to new port for Ireland at Neyland, Pmbs, by Act of 17.6.52;
Haverfordwest-Neyland opened 15.4.56, Neyland called Milford Haven station 1856-9 then New Milford 1859-1906;
Remaining stations at Chepstow, Newport, & Bridgend, engine shed at Llanelli, Loughor bridge; ?stone bridge nr Kidwelly; flying arches Llansamlet 1850-1;
Major structures: iron bridge at Chepstow, timber bridges Newport, Neath, Landore, Loughor; tunnels at Newport, Cockett, surviving; bridge at Clunderwen, Pmbs, ill BSW 2 pl 30 dem 1985; opening bridges at Carmarthen, Haverfordwest;
(1846 consulted on Swansea South Dock scheme; BSW 2 214;
(1846-8 Newport Railway Bridge, Mon, over Usk; for SWR; timber viaduct, burnt 31.5.48; £20,000; BSW 2 101-3; rebuilt 1848-50 w wrought iron replacement for central truss, bow-string form; replaced 1925; timber replaced 1880s by iron;
(1846-8 Newport High St Station and Newport Tunnel, Mon; for SWR; BoW 447-8; possible surviving platform buildings and carriage sheds; BSW 2 106-7 & pl 17; station reblt 1878 by WL Owen & J Danks; tunnel dated 1848, BSW 2 pl 16;
(1846-53 Vale of Neath Rlwy, Glam; incorp 3.8.1846; Neath to Merthyr Tydfil, Glam; IKB had surveyed route in 1835 Cambr 5.12.35; BSW 2 176ff; Neath, Aberdulais, Resolve, Glynneath, Hirwaun, Abernant, Abernant, Merthyr; branch line to Aberdare w terminus timber all-over roof station and goods shed at Aberdare, Glam, ill BSW 2 198 & pl 33, burnt 1982; Rhydycar Bridge, Merthyr, over Glamorganshire Canal ill BSW 2 pl 34; 1st part Neath to Tydu, – Bevan, Cwmavon, contr; 2nd Tydu to Clynybont – Hopkins, road surveyor, Bridgend, contr, inc cast-iron aqueduct Resolven brook; eight contracts Neath-Hirwaun; Neath to Aberdare opened 23.9.51; Merthyr Road station used until line to Merthyr opened 2.11.53; timber viaduct at Neath 270 yds; timber viaducts over Neath at Aberdulais, and Dare (Cwm) and Gamlyn viaducts on branch lines, BSW 2 192-3, dem 1947; ?also timber viaduct over Taff Vale Rlwy at Merthyr; Pontwalby Viaduct masonry 5 arches; Pencaedrain tunnel 526 yds contr Wm Ritson; Merthyr Tunnel 2495 yds contr Wm Ritson after two contrs had failed 1847-50, complete 1853;
(1847-9 Monmouth connection to SWR; started and abandoned; BSW 2 82; GMBG 20.2 & 15.5.47;
(1848-52 Chepstow Railway Bridge, Mon; BoW; dem; tubular iron suspension bridge over Wye; RHB; £70,000; opened 14.7.52, ILN 24.7.52; BSW 2 89ff des dated 30.12.48; contr Edward Finch, Liverpool, (Finch & Willey); failed 1944, repl 1962 by Fairfields successors to Finch’s firm; Biddle & Nock 242; photos taken 11.6.1852 by JD Llewelyn, BSW 2 94-5;
(1849-50 Bridgend Station, Glam; BoW162; RHB; for SWR; view of station c1850 BSW 2 pl 24; and engine shed; BSW 2 131-2, contrs Merchant & Williams; Cambr 21.12.49;)
(1850 Chepstow Station, Mon; for SWR; des by Wm. Lancaster Owen qv, acc to RHB; BoW says NL Owen; ?by WG Owen; photo BSW 2 94 and pl 8; also engine shed pl 10; engine shed 1850 from Chepstow (West) moved to Neyland Pmbs 1854-6)