Institute for Advanced Materials and Renewable Energy

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Institute for Advanced Materials and Renewable

Energy (IAM-RE)

January 22, 2007

Proposed Name: “Institute for Advanced Materials and

Renewable Energy” (IAM-RE)

Proposal submitted by:

Dr. Mahendra K. Sunkara - Director

Professor of Chemical Engineering

Dr. Gamini Sumanasekera – Associate Director

Assistant Professor of Physics

Dr. Robert M. Buchanan – Associate Director

Professor of Chemistry and Associate Dean for Research, A&S

Mark Schreck P.E. - Manager

Speed Research Administration

Anticipated date of initiation of the Institute: ASAP

(The anticipated start date for the cost center: January 1, 2007)

The proposed institute replaces:

Materials Research Lab – Ernst Hall 206


Section 1: Purpose of Proposed Institute:

Advanced materials play an increasingly important role in the discovery and development

of carbon-free, alternate energy technologies and a wide variety of nanoscale

technologies. Advanced materials are also vital for facilitating new approaches to detect

and cure diseases. However, there is no institutionalized academic focus at University of

Louisville (UofL) on either basic or applied aspects of advanced materials science and

engineering. We propose to establish such an institutionalized focus at UofL in order to

consolidate research, education and industrial interactions in advanced materials.


Enable research and education on advanced materials science and engineering

with potential benefits to the global community, and support the growth of regional

industry through advanced materials science and engineering”

The primary goals of the proposed institute are:

1. Promote and enable the faculty research agenda in advanced nanomaterials for

energy conversion, alternate energy technologies, nanotechnology and structural

biology by establishing a comprehensive materials characterization core facility.

2. Promote a curriculum in basic and advanced materials science for UofL students

as well as students and technologists from regional universities and industry. In

conjunction with a sponsoring department (such as Chemical Engineering or

Physics), we intend to provide the cornerstone and catalyst for the development of

a Graduate Certificate in Advanced Materials Science and Engineering.

3. Establish and operate the core facility for advanced materials characterization as a

university-wide resource for UofL faculty and support R&D services to regional

universities and industries, leading eventually to the establishment of a nationally

recognized NSF sponsored University-Industry Cooperative Research Center.

1. Research Agenda:

The first goal of the proposed institute is to stimulate research in advanced materials

science and engineering through facilitation of inter-disciplinary and multi-disciplinary

research group efforts across the University. The specific research agenda will be

developed through both group and individual efforts of its core faculty. The current core

faculty members have set the following initial research agenda for the institute:

�� The first research objective is structural materials science leading to new materials

development. Initial area of focus will be energy free from carbon emissions.

Synthesis of advanced materials such as defect free, large single crystals and nanoscale

materials could provide the basis for major advances in the efficiency of


alternative energy conversion and storage, making them economically viable for the

first time. Examples:

i. High capacity, lithium ion battery technology using new advanced

materials such as silicon nanowires and carbon microtubes.

ii. Scaleable, low cost solar cell technology using nanowires.

iii. Ultra-thin solid oxide fuel cells using Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD).

This Institute will directly complement the state supported center in the University of

Kentucky (Lexington) that is focused on coal-based energy solutions. It will also support

the recently proposed DOE cluster of eleven PI’s developing new nanomaterials for

�� More efficient conversion of solar radiation to electrical energy,

�� Thermionic emission for “thermal to electrical” energy conversion.

�� The second research objective is the development of alternate fuels: Hydrogen and

biomass derived ethanol products are two of the most important alternate fuels. The

production of these fuels through economical conversion using new technologies will

reduce our country’s reliance on oil and other fossil fuels. Presently, the technologies

that are available are either too inefficient to be economical or contribute to pollution.

In either case, a strong need exists to “invent” new materials and processes for

achieving economical routes for producing both hydrogen from water and ethanol

from a variety of agricultural and non-agricultural biomass.

�� The third research objective is bio-materials engineering: The facilities within IAMRE

along with the above research on advanced materials are expected to stimulate

new fields of research at UofL: (a) structural biology, (b) biomaterials and (c) nanobio

interface characterization. Particularly, the proposed core facility will include a

state-of-the-art transmission electron microscopy instrumentation (discussed below),

with a cryogenic stage and 3-D chemical tomography capability. The Department of

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, the Center for Genetics and Molecular

Medicine (CGeMM), the Brown Cancer Center and the Rudd Heart Institute have

indicated a strong interest in collaborating with the proposed institute.

2. Education Agenda

One of the objectives of this institute is to promote graduate education in advanced

materials at UofL. Therefore, the facilities within the IAM-RE will be used for offering

laboratory modules necessary to teach two graduate courses in materials: “Materials

Characterization” and “Surface Science.” Students from chemistry, physics, electrical

engineering, mechanical engineering and chemical engineering are expected to take the

above two graduate elective courses. The longer term goal of this initiative is to enable

and catalyze the offering of a graduate certificate program in advanced materials science

and engineering for University of Louisville students. We anticipate that the certificate

program will be administered by the JB Speed School of Engineering and will reside in

the chemical engineering department.


3. Infrastructure Agenda: Development and Maintenance of

Comprehensive Materials Characterization Facilities

A facility design for the (IAM-RE) has been completed, utilizing approximately 2600

square feet in the lower level of Lutz Hall, Rooms 9 and 10. Details are shown in Section

4. A list of instrumentation and equipment for the IAM-RE is provided in Section 5. The

central feature of this new facility is a high resolution, energy-filtered, field-emission

transmission electron microscope, co-located with an array of new and existing analytical

instrumentation supporting materials analysis and synthesis. Critical equipment for

sample preparation will also be available in the facility. Details are described in Table 2


Section 2 – Organization and Staffing

The Director of the proposed IAM-RE will be Dr. M. Sunkara who will assume overall

responsibilities for the institute. The Associate Directors will be Dr. G. Sumanasekera

and Dr. Buchanan.

A new staff scientist (Dr. Z. (Tony) Chen), a high level expert with TEM and SEM

techniques has been hired and is now on board, leading the start-up and qualification of

the new HR-TEM instrument. Dr. Chen will supervise the TEM and SEM instruments,

as well as the UHV surface science instrumentation described later. He will train users,

seek external research funding in related research areas, and perform high level analysis

for internal and external users.

A new tenure track ChE faculty member with a strong interest in advanced materials and

TEM is being hired by the ChE department. It is anticipated that this faculty member

will utilize the IAM-RE as an intergral piece of his or her research agenda.

A post doctoral fellow with expertise in electron microscopy, diffraction, surface science

and other analytical materials techniques is being hired to support the industry service

effort integral to the success of the IAM-RE.

During the start-up phase, Mark Schreck will take the lead to order the equipment, set up

the facility, establish and implement an internal service center, develop streamlined, easy

to use operating protocols for internal and external users, and manage external

relationships. In addition, in conjunction with the Institute director, he will establish an

Industrial User group described in Section 6. He will also manage the overall IAM-RE

budget during the start-up period. (Staffing details are shown below in Section 3.)

Core Faculty, Staff and Advisory Board: A core group of faculty has been established

whose research will directly or indirectly advance research and education involving

advanced materials and renewable energy. This core group who will be closely

connected to the core facility capabilities and utilize these capabilities on a regular basis

in conjunction with their research, particularly the TEM and UHV instrumentation. The


intent is to grow the core faculty beyond the initial eleven members over five years. The

initial core faculty members will be:

Core Faculty

�� M. Sunkara (Director)

�� G. Sumanasekera (Associate Director)

�� R. Buchanan (Associate Director)

�� New ChE faculty – currently being hired.

�� G. A. Willing, ChE

�� E. Berson, ChE

�� C. Harnett, ECE

�� T.L. Starr, ChE

�� R.W. Cohn, ECE

�� R. Baldwin, Chemistry

�� F. Zamborini, Chemistry

�� Jafar Hadizadeh, Geology

�� Michael Tseng, Anatomical Sciences and Neurobiology

�� D. Borchman/K. Ramos (Health Sciences – Liaison)

Also, when the New Endowed Chair in Nanotechnology is hired, it is anticipated that

he/she is expected to play an important role within the IAM-RE as a core faculty


Core Staff

�� Chief Staff Scientist (Dr. Z. Chen – hired)

�� R.M. Schreck (Manager – Facility and Service Center)

�� R. McCoy (Facility co-coordinator)

�� Post-doc (new)

�� Biological Materials Staff Scientist (required – currently looking for budget)

�� Technician (allocate 10% time of the Physics/Chemistry technician for IAM-RE)

�� Technician (allocate 5% of ChE technician for IAM-RE support).

Advisory Board:

�� Dr. John C. Angus – Smith Professor Emeritus of Engineering at Case Western

Reserve University

�� Dr. Burtron H. Davis: Associate Director of CAER, University of KY

�� Dr. Thomas Mallouk: Professor of Chemistry and Director of MRSEC at Penn

State University

�� Dr. Raul Miranda: Program Director in Basic Energy Sciences, US DOE

�� Dr. Doug Lowndes: Director, Center for Nanoscale Materials, ORNL

�� One member from the chemical/materials industry – to be named.

The Board will meet annually to review direction and progress of the IAM-RE, starting in

spring 2006. An introductory meeting was held June 9, 2006 in Louisville. An additional


meeting was held June 23, 2006 with Dr. Lowndes. The meetings were very productive.

The Advisory Board was supportive of the overall approach described in this proposal.

Inputs received have been incorporated into the planning for this institute. Copies of the

findings are attached in the Appendix.

Section 3 – Staffing Needs:

Staffing requirements represented by name and- FTE commitment are shown in Table 1


Table 1: Staffing Requirements (FTE Basis)








M. Sunkara* .10 .10 .10 Director - IAM-REG.

Sumanasekera* .10 .10 .10 Assoc. Director

R. Buchanan* 0.05 0.05 0.05 Assoc. Director

Staff Scientist (Chen)* 1.0 1.0 1.0 TEM/STEM, SEM

UHV operator/user


M. Schreck*/Manager 0.25 .05 .05 Management during


R. McCoy* 1.0 1.0 1.0 IAM-RE Coordinator

Post-doc (new) 1.0 1.0 1.0 Industry support



0.1 0.1 0.1 Instrument technician

ChE Technical Facilities

Manager (S. Williamson)

0.05 0.05 0.05 Instrument/computer


*CV’s are included in the Appendix for the personnel listed above.

Additional Notes:

A new Ph.D. level staff scientist (Dr. Chen) has been hired using the DOEsponsored

grant and is expected to remain permanently using funds from the income

through the cost center and other university funds. This position will be 100% supported

for year 1 and 50% supported with DOE funding in year 2. For year 3 and beyond, the

IAM-RE operating plan provides for 50% of the funding for this position. The remainder

is requested as C.A.R. This is detailed on page 14 of this proposal.

Mr. Schreck will reallocate his current Materials Research Lab activities to the

IAM-RE through the start-up phase ending July, 2007. Beyond that time he will allocate

5% of his time working with the Institute director and staff in an advisory capacity.


Ms. McCoy is currently a full time technical staff member of the Chemical

Engineering Department assigned to the Materials Research Lab – Ernst Hall. That role

will transition to the proposed IAM-RE. She will provide the institute with various coordination

activities such as scheduling, ordering equipment and supplies, and vendor

relations. Beyond the start-up phase, her role will expand to the overall facility manager.

She will likely transition her current role as principle operator of several of the older

analytical instruments that are transitioning from Ernst Hall to the IAM-RE to the new

staff member described below.

As discussed above, a post-doctoral associate with expertise in materials analysis

and instrumentation will be hired starting calendar year 2007. This post-doc will assist

the staff scientist with training and play the primary role for industry support. A search is

currently underway. This position will be funded by IAM-RE revenue, not reallocation

of existing funds.

We also need approximately 10% time from a technician. This effort has been

committed from the Chemistry and Physics department, using the position currently

being filled. In addition, Steve Williamson (ChE technical facilities manager) who is

familiar with the analytical equipment and computer interfaces will assist on a part time

basis – estimated at 5%.

Financial details are summarized in the operating plan (Section 6), and in Form 1

and Form 2 (Appendix).

Section 4 – Space Requirements

A facility design for the IAM-RE has been completed in CAD to scale, locating all of the

instrumentation and office space. The design utilizes 2615.square feet in the lower level

of Lutz Hall, Rooms 9 and 10. A high level pictorial plan and elevation view is shown in

Figure 1 below. (It should be noted that this pictorial includes Room 11 which is not

included in the initial concept for the Institute, but could be included in Phase II, as

discussed below.)


Figure 1: High-level pictorial of IAM-RE

Location of the IAM-RE in the lower level of Lutz Hall is preferred in order to minimize

building modifications required to meet TEM installation specifications for isolation from

magnetic interference, mechanical/acoustic vibration, and heating, ventilation and air

conditioning. A site engineering survey was completed by the TEM supplier’s field

engineering team. The report confirms that after minor modifications, it is an appropriate

site for the high resolution TEM.

The longer range concept, beyond year 3, includes assimilating Room 11, the current

“Clean Room”, into the IAM-RE complex to be used for process development of

advanced materials. This “integration” facility would add approximately 1532 sq. ft.,

bringing the long range space allocation for the IAM-RE to 4147 sq. ft. The allocated

space in Rooms 9 and 10 will be primarily utilized for analytical instrumentation.

However space in Room 10 has been allocated for office space for staff and students and

visitors, as shown in figures 2 and 3 below.


Fig. 2: Room 9 details


Fig. 3: Room 10 details

Section 5 – Equipment and Infrastructure

The most important feature of the proposed IAM-RE will be a state of the art,

transmission electron microscope equipped with energy filtered imaging, a cryo-stage,

and 3-D chemical tomography. Several other key materials characterization tools, such

as UHV surface science instrumentation, scanning electron microscopes, sample

preparation facilities, X-ray diffraction, and thermal analysis instruments already exist on

campus in various locations and will be moved into the IAM-RE, as shown above.

A complete list of instrumentation and equipment is shown in Table 2 below. Cost

details, where applicable, are included in FORM 1, attached to this proposal.


Table 2: Instrumentation and Equipment – IAM-RE



Bulk Characterization:

DSC/TGA/TMA Ernst Hall 202 – MR Lab Room 10 – IAM-RE

X-Ray Diffraction (powder) Ernst Hall 202 – MR Lab Room 9B – IAM-RE


(for in situ applications)

Ernst Hall 202 – MR Lab Room 9A – IAM-RE



Ernst Hall 202 – MR Lab Room 9 – IAM-RE

TEM/SEM Sample Prep Ernst Hall 202 – MR Lab Room 9B – IAM-RE

Surface Science

XPS/UPS/ISS/Auger Lutz Hall – Room 9 Same location – IAM-RE

LEED Lutz Hall – Room 9 Same location – IAM-RE

UHV STM/AFM Lutz Hall – Room 9 Same location – IAM-RE

High Pressure Gas Cell Lutz Hall – Room 9 Same location – IAM-RE

UHV Kelvin Probe system New – DOE funding Room 9 – IAM-RE



Energy filtered HRTEM



• Cryo stage

3-D Chemical


• Reactive Chamber


New – DOE funding –

currently being installed

Room 10 – IAM-RE

X-Ray Diffraction (high

resolution/thin film)

New – DOE funding Room 9A – IAM-RE

30-KV FE-SEM (“nano-


New – DOE funding Room 9A – IAM-RE

Support Equipment

FT-IR Spectrometer Ernst Hall 202 – MR Lab Room 9 – IAM-RE

UV-Vis-NIR Spectrometer New – DOE funding Room 303, EH – IAM-RE

Nanoparticle Size Analyzer New – DOE funding Room 9 – IAM-RE

Zeta Potential Analyzer New – DOE funding Room 9 – IAM-RE

Cryo-Microtome New – DOE funding Room 9A – IAM-RE

Optical Microscope Ernst Hall 202 – MR Lab Room 9 – IAM-RE

In addition to the above, we assembled another lab devoted to energy conversion

research. This is established in Room 303, Ernst Hall. See the list of capabilities available

for energy conversion research below.


Table 3: List of capabilities for preparation and characterization of energy

conversion devices.

Section 6 – Operating Expenses and Financial Plan

Detailed costs of ongoing operations for years 1 -5 are shown in the budget

(FORM 1) included in the Appendix to this proposal. A summary of the cost breakdown

and resulting budget request is shown in Table 4 and Figure 4 below.

Table 4: IAM-RE Cost Summary

IAM-RE Cost Structure Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011


Cost - FTEF $30,425 $31,186 $31,965 $32,764 $33,584

Cost - Staff $203,221 $200,813 $205,833 $210,979 $216,253

TOTAL PERSONNEL $233,646 $231,998 $237,798 $243,743 $249,837

OPERATING COSTS $61,000 $85,500 $266,000 $266,000 $266,000

TOTAL COSTS $294,646 $317,498 $503,798 $509,743 $515,837



$294,646 $317,498

$503,798 $509,743 $515,837








2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Fig. 4: IAM-RE Cost Summary

Budget Justification:

Excluding initial investments in new equipment, the total cost of ongoing operations for

the IAM-RE’s cost-center is forecasted to be approximately $500,000/year.

Personnel Costs: details extracted from Form 1 (Appendix) are shown below.

Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5


I. Personnel Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

1. Full time ranked faculty

Mahendra K. Sunkara $11,560 $11,849 $12,145 $12,449 $12,760

Gamini U. Sumanasekera $7,000 $7,175 $7,354 $7,538 $7,727

Robert M. Buchanan $5,780 $5,925 $6,073 $6,224 $6,380

Benefits $6,085 $6,237 $6,393 $6,553 $6,717

Cost - FTEF $30,425 $31,186 $31,965 $32,764 $33,584

2. Part-time faculty (PTF) 0 0 0 0 0

3. Other staff

Staff Scientist - Chen $60,000 $61,500 $63,038 $64,613 $66,229

Post-Doc (New) $35,000 $35,875 $36,772 $37,691 $38,633

Rodica McCoy $43,077 $45,000 $46,125 $47,278 $48,460

Facility Mgr* $13,500 $7,000 $7,175 $7,354 $7,538

UBM support - part-time $5,000 $5,125 $5,253 $5,384 $5,519

Technician Support - A&S $3,500 $3,588 $3,677 $3,769 $3,863

Technician Support - ChE $2,500 $2,563 $2,627 $2,692 $2,760

Benefits $40,644 $40,163 $41,167 $42,196 $43,251

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