January 22, 2007
Dr. Mahendra K. Sunkara - Director
Professor of Chemical Engineering
Dr. Gamini Sumanasekera – Associate Director
Assistant Professor of Physics
Dr. Robert M. Buchanan – Associate Director
Professor of Chemistry and Associate Dean for Research, A&S
Mark Schreck P.E. - Manager
Speed Research Administration
Anticipated date of initiation of the Institute: ASAP
(The anticipated start date for the cost center: January 1, 2007)
Materials Research Lab – Ernst Hall 206
Section 1: Purpose of Proposed Institute:
Advanced materials play an increasingly important role in the discovery and development
of carbon-free, alternate energy technologies and a wide variety of nanoscale
technologies. Advanced materials are also vital for facilitating new approaches to detect
and cure diseases. However, there is no institutionalized academic focus at University of
Louisville (UofL) on either basic or applied aspects of advanced materials science and
engineering. We propose to establish such an institutionalized focus at UofL in order to
consolidate research, education and industrial interactions in advanced materials.
“Enable research and education on advanced materials science and engineering
industry through advanced materials science and engineering”
The primary goals of the proposed institute are:
1. Promote and enable the faculty research agenda in advanced nanomaterials for
energy conversion, alternate energy technologies, nanotechnology and structural
biology by establishing a comprehensive materials characterization core facility.
2. Promote a curriculum in basic and advanced materials science for UofL students
as well as students and technologists from regional universities and industry. In
conjunction with a sponsoring department (such as Chemical Engineering or
Physics), we intend to provide the cornerstone and catalyst for the development of
a Graduate Certificate in Advanced Materials Science and Engineering.
3. Establish and operate the core facility for advanced materials characterization as a
university-wide resource for UofL faculty and support R&D services to regional
universities and industries, leading eventually to the establishment of a nationally
recognized NSF sponsored University-Industry Cooperative Research Center.
The first goal of the proposed institute is to stimulate research in advanced materials
science and engineering through facilitation of inter-disciplinary and multi-disciplinary
research group efforts across the University. The specific research agenda will be
developed through both group and individual efforts of its core faculty. The current core
faculty members have set the following initial research agenda for the institute:
56256; The first research objective is structural materials science leading to new materials
Synthesis of advanced materials such as defect free, large single crystals and nanoscale
materials could provide the basis for major advances in the efficiency of
alternative energy conversion and storage, making them economically viable for the
i. High capacity, lithium ion battery technology using new advanced
materials such as silicon nanowires and carbon microtubes.
ii. Scaleable, low cost solar cell technology using nanowires.
iii. Ultra-thin solid oxide fuel cells using Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD).
This Institute will directly complement the state supported center in the University of
Kentucky (Lexington) that is focused on coal-based energy solutions. It will also support
the recently proposed DOE cluster of eleven PI’s developing new nanomaterials for
56256; More efficient conversion of solar radiation to electrical energy,
56256; Thermionic emission for “thermal to electrical” energy conversion.
56256; The second research objective is the development of alternate fuels: Hydrogen and
biomass derived ethanol products are two of the most important alternate fuels. The
production of these fuels through economical conversion using new technologies will
reduce our country’s reliance on oil and other fossil fuels. Presently, the technologies
that are available are either too inefficient to be economical or contribute to pollution.
In either case, a strong need exists to “invent” new materials and processes for
achieving economical routes for producing both hydrogen from water and ethanol
from a variety of agricultural and non-agricultural biomass.
56256; The third research objective is bio-materials engineering: The facilities within IAMRE
along with the above research on advanced materials are expected to stimulate
new fields of research at UofL: (a) structural biology, (b) biomaterials and (c) nanobio
interface characterization. Particularly, the proposed core facility will include a
state-of-the-art transmission electron microscopy instrumentation (discussed below),
with a cryogenic stage and 3-D chemical tomography capability. The Department of
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, the Center for Genetics and Molecular
Medicine (CGeMM), the Brown Cancer Center and the Rudd Heart Institute have
indicated a strong interest in collaborating with the proposed institute.
2. Education Agenda
One of the objectives of this institute is to promote graduate education in advanced
materials at UofL. Therefore, the facilities within the IAM-RE will be used for offering
laboratory modules necessary to teach two graduate courses in materials: “Materials
Characterization” and “Surface Science.” Students from chemistry, physics, electrical
engineering, mechanical engineering and chemical engineering are expected to take the
above two graduate elective courses. The longer term goal of this initiative is to enable
and catalyze the offering of a graduate certificate program in advanced materials science
and engineering for University of Louisville students. We anticipate that the certificate
program will be administered by the JB Speed School of Engineering and will reside in
the chemical engineering department.
3. Infrastructure Agenda: Development and Maintenance of
A facility design for the (IAM-RE) has been completed, utilizing approximately 2600
square feet in the lower level of Lutz Hall, Rooms 9 and 10. Details are shown in Section
4. A list of instrumentation and equipment for the IAM-RE is provided in Section 5. The
central feature of this new facility is a high resolution, energy-filtered, field-emission
transmission electron microscope, co-located with an array of new and existing analytical
instrumentation supporting materials analysis and synthesis. Critical equipment for
sample preparation will also be available in the facility. Details are described in Table 2
Section 2 – Organization and Staffing
The Director of the proposed IAM-RE will be Dr. M. Sunkara who will assume overall
responsibilities for the institute. The Associate Directors will be Dr. G. Sumanasekera
and Dr. Buchanan.
A new staff scientist (Dr. Z. (Tony) Chen), a high level expert with TEM and SEM
techniques has been hired and is now on board, leading the start-up and qualification of
the new HR-TEM instrument. Dr. Chen will supervise the TEM and SEM instruments,
as well as the UHV surface science instrumentation described later. He will train users,
seek external research funding in related research areas, and perform high level analysis
for internal and external users.
A new tenure track ChE faculty member with a strong interest in advanced materials and
TEM is being hired by the ChE department. It is anticipated that this faculty member
will utilize the IAM-RE as an intergral piece of his or her research agenda.
A post doctoral fellow with expertise in electron microscopy, diffraction, surface science
and other analytical materials techniques is being hired to support the industry service
effort integral to the success of the IAM-RE.
During the start-up phase, Mark Schreck will take the lead to order the equipment, set up
the facility, establish and implement an internal service center, develop streamlined, easy
to use operating protocols for internal and external users, and manage external
relationships. In addition, in conjunction with the Institute director, he will establish an
Industrial User group described in Section 6. He will also manage the overall IAM-RE
budget during the start-up period. (Staffing details are shown below in Section 3.)
Core Faculty, Staff and Advisory Board: A core group of faculty has been established
whose research will directly or indirectly advance research and education involving
advanced materials and renewable energy. This core group who will be closely
connected to the core facility capabilities and utilize these capabilities on a regular basis
in conjunction with their research, particularly the TEM and UHV instrumentation. The
intent is to grow the core faculty beyond the initial eleven members over five years. The
56256; M. Sunkara (Director)
56256; G. Sumanasekera (Associate Director)
56256; R. Buchanan (Associate Director)
56256; New ChE faculty – currently being hired.
56256; G. A. Willing, ChE
56256; E. Berson, ChE
56256; C. Harnett, ECE
56256; T.L. Starr, ChE
56256; R.W. Cohn, ECE
56256; R. Baldwin, Chemistry
56256; F. Zamborini, Chemistry
56256; Jafar Hadizadeh, Geology
56256; Michael Tseng, Anatomical Sciences and Neurobiology
56256; D. Borchman/K. Ramos (Health Sciences – Liaison)
Also, when the New Endowed Chair in Nanotechnology is hired, it is anticipated that
he/she is expected to play an important role within the IAM-RE as a core faculty
56256; Chief Staff Scientist (Dr. Z. Chen – hired)
56256; R.M. Schreck (Manager – Facility and Service Center)
56256; R. McCoy (Facility co-coordinator)
56256; Post-doc (new)
56256; Biological Materials Staff Scientist (required – currently looking for budget)
56256; Technician (allocate 10% time of the Physics/Chemistry technician for IAM-RE)
56256; Technician (allocate 5% of ChE technician for IAM-RE support).
56256; Dr. John C. Angus – Smith Professor Emeritus of Engineering at Case Western
56256; Dr. Burtron H. Davis: Associate Director of CAER, University of KY
56256; Dr. Thomas Mallouk: Professor of Chemistry and Director of MRSEC at Penn
56256; Dr. Raul Miranda: Program Director in Basic Energy Sciences, US DOE
56256; Dr. Doug Lowndes: Director, Center for Nanoscale Materials, ORNL
56256; One member from the chemical/materials industry – to be named.
The Board will meet annually to review direction and progress of the IAM-RE, starting in
spring 2006. An introductory meeting was held June 9, 2006 in Louisville. An additional
meeting was held June 23, 2006 with Dr. Lowndes. The meetings were very productive.
The Advisory Board was supportive of the overall approach described in this proposal.
Inputs received have been incorporated into the planning for this institute. Copies of the
findings are attached in the Appendix.
Section 3 – Staffing Needs:
Staffing requirements represented by name and- FTE commitment are shown in Table 1
Table 1: Staffing Requirements (FTE Basis)
NAME YEAR 1
M. Sunkara* .10 .10 .10 Director - IAM-REG.
Sumanasekera* .10 .10 .10 Assoc. Director
R. Buchanan* 0.05 0.05 0.05 Assoc. Director
Staff Scientist (Chen)* 1.0 1.0 1.0 TEM/STEM, SEM
M. Schreck*/Manager 0.25 .05 .05 Management during
R. McCoy* 1.0 1.0 1.0 IAM-RE Coordinator
Post-doc (new) 1.0 1.0 1.0 Industry support
0.1 0.1 0.1 Instrument technician
ChE Technical Facilities
Manager (S. Williamson)
0.05 0.05 0.05 Instrument/computer
*CV’s are included in the Appendix for the personnel listed above.
A new Ph.D. level staff scientist (Dr. Chen) has been hired using the DOEsponsored
grant and is expected to remain permanently using funds from the income
through the cost center and other university funds. This position will be 100% supported
for year 1 and 50% supported with DOE funding in year 2. For year 3 and beyond, the
IAM-RE operating plan provides for 50% of the funding for this position. The remainder
is requested as C.A.R. This is detailed on page 14 of this proposal.
Mr. Schreck will reallocate his current Materials Research Lab activities to the
IAM-RE through the start-up phase ending July, 2007. Beyond that time he will allocate
5% of his time working with the Institute director and staff in an advisory capacity.
Ms. McCoy is currently a full time technical staff member of the Chemical
Engineering Department assigned to the Materials Research Lab – Ernst Hall. That role
will transition to the proposed IAM-RE. She will provide the institute with various coordination
activities such as scheduling, ordering equipment and supplies, and vendor
relations. Beyond the start-up phase, her role will expand to the overall facility manager.
She will likely transition her current role as principle operator of several of the older
analytical instruments that are transitioning from Ernst Hall to the IAM-RE to the new
staff member described below.
As discussed above, a post-doctoral associate with expertise in materials analysis
and instrumentation will be hired starting calendar year 2007. This post-doc will assist
the staff scientist with training and play the primary role for industry support. A search is
currently underway. This position will be funded by IAM-RE revenue, not reallocation
of existing funds.
We also need approximately 10% time from a technician. This effort has been
committed from the Chemistry and Physics department, using the position currently
being filled. In addition, Steve Williamson (ChE technical facilities manager) who is
familiar with the analytical equipment and computer interfaces will assist on a part time
basis – estimated at 5%.
Financial details are summarized in the operating plan (Section 6), and in Form 1
A facility design for the IAM-RE has been completed in CAD to scale, locating all of the
instrumentation and office space. The design utilizes 2615.square feet in the lower level
of Lutz Hall, Rooms 9 and 10. A high level pictorial plan and elevation view is shown in
Figure 1 below. (It should be noted that this pictorial includes Room 11 which is not
included in the initial concept for the Institute, but could be included in Phase II, as
Figure 1: High-level pictorial of IAM-RE
Location of the IAM-RE in the lower level of Lutz Hall is preferred in order to minimize
building modifications required to meet TEM installation specifications for isolation from
magnetic interference, mechanical/acoustic vibration, and heating, ventilation and air
conditioning. A site engineering survey was completed by the TEM supplier’s field
engineering team. The report confirms that after minor modifications, it is an appropriate
site for the high resolution TEM.
The longer range concept, beyond year 3, includes assimilating Room 11, the current
“Clean Room”, into the IAM-RE complex to be used for process development of
advanced materials. This “integration” facility would add approximately 1532 sq. ft.,
bringing the long range space allocation for the IAM-RE to 4147 sq. ft. The allocated
space in Rooms 9 and 10 will be primarily utilized for analytical instrumentation.
However space in Room 10 has been allocated for office space for staff and students and
visitors, as shown in figures 2 and 3 below.
Fig. 2: Room 9 details
Fig. 3: Room 10 details
The most important feature of the proposed IAM-RE will be a state of the art,
transmission electron microscope equipped with energy filtered imaging, a cryo-stage,
and 3-D chemical tomography. Several other key materials characterization tools, such
as UHV surface science instrumentation, scanning electron microscopes, sample
preparation facilities, X-ray diffraction, and thermal analysis instruments already exist on
campus in various locations and will be moved into the IAM-RE, as shown above.
A complete list of instrumentation and equipment is shown in Table 2 below. Cost
details, where applicable, are included in FORM 1, attached to this proposal.
Table 2: Instrumentation and Equipment – IAM-RE
DSC/TGA/TMA Ernst Hall 202 – MR Lab Room 10 – IAM-RE
X-Ray Diffraction (powder) Ernst Hall 202 – MR Lab Room 9B – IAM-RE
(for in situ applications)
Ernst Hall 202 – MR Lab Room 9A – IAM-RE
Ernst Hall 202 – MR Lab Room 9 – IAM-RE
TEM/SEM Sample Prep Ernst Hall 202 – MR Lab Room 9B – IAM-RE
XPS/UPS/ISS/Auger Lutz Hall – Room 9 Same location – IAM-RE
LEED Lutz Hall – Room 9 Same location – IAM-RE
UHV STM/AFM Lutz Hall – Room 9 Same location – IAM-RE
High Pressure Gas Cell Lutz Hall – Room 9 Same location – IAM-RE
UHV Kelvin Probe system New – DOE funding Room 9 – IAM-RE
Energy filtered HRTEM
• Cryo stage
• 3-D Chemical
• Reactive Chamber
New – DOE funding –
Room 10 – IAM-RE
X-Ray Diffraction (high
New – DOE funding Room 9A – IAM-RE
30-KV FE-SEM (“nano-
New – DOE funding Room 9A – IAM-RE
FT-IR Spectrometer Ernst Hall 202 – MR Lab Room 9 – IAM-RE
UV-Vis-NIR Spectrometer New – DOE funding Room 303, EH – IAM-RE
Nanoparticle Size Analyzer New – DOE funding Room 9 – IAM-RE
Zeta Potential Analyzer New – DOE funding Room 9 – IAM-RE
Cryo-Microtome New – DOE funding Room 9A – IAM-RE
Optical Microscope Ernst Hall 202 – MR Lab Room 9 – IAM-RE
In addition to the above, we assembled another lab devoted to energy conversion
research. This is established in Room 303, Ernst Hall. See the list of capabilities available
for energy conversion research below.
Table 3: List of capabilities for preparation and characterization of energy
Section 6 – Operating Expenses and Financial Plan
Detailed costs of ongoing operations for years 1 -5 are shown in the budget
(FORM 1) included in the Appendix to this proposal. A summary of the cost breakdown
and resulting budget request is shown in Table 4 and Figure 4 below.
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Cost - FTEF $30,425 $31,186 $31,965 $32,764 $33,584
Cost - Staff $203,221 $200,813 $205,833 $210,979 $216,253
TOTAL PERSONNEL $233,646 $231,998 $237,798 $243,743 $249,837
OPERATING COSTS $61,000 $85,500 $266,000 $266,000 $266,000
TOTAL COSTS $294,646 $317,498 $503,798 $509,743 $515,837
$503,798 $509,743 $515,837
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Excluding initial investments in new equipment, the total cost of ongoing operations for
the IAM-RE’s cost-center is forecasted to be approximately $500,000/year.
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
I. Personnel Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
Mahendra K. Sunkara $11,560 $11,849 $12,145 $12,449 $12,760
Gamini U. Sumanasekera $7,000 $7,175 $7,354 $7,538 $7,727
Robert M. Buchanan $5,780 $5,925 $6,073 $6,224 $6,380
Benefits $6,085 $6,237 $6,393 $6,553 $6,717
Cost - FTEF $30,425 $31,186 $31,965 $32,764 $33,584
2. Part-time faculty (PTF) 0 0 0 0 0
3. Other staff
Staff Scientist - Chen $60,000 $61,500 $63,038 $64,613 $66,229
Post-Doc (New) $35,000 $35,875 $36,772 $37,691 $38,633
Rodica McCoy $43,077 $45,000 $46,125 $47,278 $48,460
Facility Mgr* $13,500 $7,000 $7,175 $7,354 $7,538
UBM support - part-time $5,000 $5,125 $5,253 $5,384 $5,519
Technician Support - A&S $3,500 $3,588 $3,677 $3,769 $3,863
Technician Support - ChE $2,500 $2,563 $2,627 $2,692 $2,760
Benefits $40,644 $40,163 $41,167 $42,196 $43,251