Table 7.17 Mobile Location-Based Marketing Effectiveness, p. 512
Chapter 7 focuses on the “new” online marketing platforms: social, mobile, and local. There is a major shift in thinking involved in these new marketing platforms. The traditional Web marketing emphasis on “eyeballs” and spraying large populations with messages has changed to place a greater emphasis on engaging the customer in conversations. In addition, the technology platform is shifting from the desktop to mobile devices. This is more than just a technology change. It’s also a behavioral change because customers are much “closer” to their mobile devices than desktops, and hence offer marketers many more opportunities to send messages, and to, in a sense, surround the consumer with the same message on multiple platforms. Social, mobile, and local marketing platforms are connected and self-reinforcing. The mobile audience is a major user of social sites like Facebook, and local marketing often involves social geo- targeting. Mobile devices are also a major channel for local advertisers who can touch customers as they pass their stores.
A good way to introduce the discussion of social, mobile, and local marketing is to review the opening case in Chapter 7, Just Falafel Soars with Social Media. Just Falafel, a fast-food franchise based on falafel that started in the UAE and has now grown throughout the middle east, has used social media to fuel its growth. Class discussion questions might include the following:
Why was Facebook such a successful advertising platform for Just Falafel?
What benefits did using Twitter have for Just Falafel?
What other types of social media other than those discussed in the case study might Just Falafel be able to use effectively?
Social, Mobile, and Local Marketing. Today, social, mobile, and local marketing are the fastest growing forms of online marketing. Walk students through Figure 7.1 to illustrate how fast mobile marketing is growing. It’s taken five years for this new landscape to emerge, and firms are still learning how to use the new social and mobile marketing technologies. Figure 7.2 puts this growth into perspective: traditional online marketing remains the dominant platform, even as mobile, social, and local marketing grow rapidly. In other words, marketing to the desktop remains the dominant force in online marketing, at least for now.
Some key points to make in this section are:
Marketers will be spending almost twice as much on mobile marketing as they do on social marketing to the desktop.
Social, mobile and local are connected: over 75% of Twitter’s users access the service using mobile devices; about 30% of Facebook’s users are mobile-only members.
Social Marketing. This section focuses on social marketing and social marketing platforms like Facebook, Twitter, and Pinterest. While Facebook is the dominant social network in terms of visitors and engagement (Figure 7.3), there is significant competition in this market, and differentiation. Figure 7.4 illustrates the social marketing process as a series of five steps or stages: fan acquisition, engagement, amplification, community, and finally brand strength or sales. This is a very important concept for understanding the chapter, so take a few minutes to walk students through this diagram and the underlying concepts.
Before you delve into Facebook marketing in depth, take 5 minutes to review the basic features of Facebook with students. They probably know all these features already, but be sure to illustrate how Facebook develops features to maximize the amount of social interaction on its site by connecting users to one another whether they want to be connected or not. Explain the concept of “social density” and relate this concept to the marketing opportunities on Facebook. Review the list of marketing tools currently being used by Facebook (Table 7.2) with students. Further questions for class discussion might include the following:
Which Facebook marketing tools do students find are the most effective in their personal lives?
Do students pay attention to Facebook ads?
Are students interested in what their friends buy?
Do students trust their friends to recommend products?
What kinds of products would their friends choices impact?
Table 7.4 describes some of the metrics used to measure Facebook marketing campaigns. Ask students how these might be different from a traditional online marketing campaign using display ads.
When you turn to marketing using Twitter, once again take five minutes to review the basic features of Twitter with students. As with Facebook, most will probably already be familiar with many of these features, but be sure to illustrate how Twitter takes these features and develops them into marketing tools. Twitter offers 140-character messages, and it may seem difficult at first for students to understand how marketers can influence consumers in such a small “space.” The Timeline is similar to Facebook’s Newsfeed and in an ideal location to expose users to ads. To make the conversation more concrete, review Table 7.7, which describes some Twitter marketing campaigns.
Questions for class discussion might include the following:
Which Twitter marketing tools do students find are the most effective in their personal lives?
Do students tweet during television programs?
Do students pay attention to Promoted Tweets?
Do students pay attention to Promoted Trends posted by marketers?
Do students trust their friends to recommend products?
Table 7.8 describes some of the metrics used to measure Twitter marketing campaigns. Ask students how these might be different from a traditional online marketing campaign using display ads.
Pinterest is the third major social marketing platform that the text covers. Although students are likely to be very familiar with Facebook and Twitter, they may be less familiar with Pinterest, so review the basic features of Pinterest in Table 7.9 with them and discuss which features can be developed into marketing tools. To make the conversation more concrete, review Table 7.11, which describes some Pinterest marketing campaigns.
Walk students through the process of developing a Pinterest marketing campaign. Pinterest campaigns depend on the graphical nature of the product, demographics of the audience, competitors, and the strengths of a firm. The simplest place to start is to create a brand page and start pinning photos. Walk students through the steps outlined in the text. Ask students to think about how they would measure the success of a Pinterest campaign. The text highlights key dimensions like fan (follower) acquisition, engagement, amplification, community, and sales. Table 7.12 describes some basic ways to measure the results of a Pinterest marketing campaign.
Questions for class discussion might include the following:
Which Pinterest marketing tools do students think will be most effective?
Have students used Pinterest to shop? Did shopping lead to a purchase?
Have students visited brand pages? Which were effective?
A good way to pull all these themes of social marketing and platforms together is to review the Insight on Technology, Fairmont Hotels: Using Google Analytics to Optimize Social and Mobile Marketing case. This case provides an interesting real-world example of a firm’s use of social media, and the challenges and rewards of developing an integrated social media campaign that crosses many ad platforms, from Facebook to Twitter to Pinterest. Questions for class discussion might include:
How do social technologies help identify and attract loyal customers?
What are the challenges in measuring the effectiveness of social marketing campaigns?
What were the advantages Fairmont Hotels found in using Google Analytics?
Finally, ask students to discuss some of the downsides of social marketing. Obviously, firms do not have total control over the marketing messages if users of their products are able to freely opine on the quality of their products. So there is a risk for firms that their shortcomings will be widely broadcast. Because young people (ages 12 to 18) are very involved in social networks, and often reveal details of their identity that they quickly lose control over on sites like Facebook that freely distribute personal information, marketers need to take care how they exploit personal information in their social marketing campaigns.
A good way to introduce these issues is to review the Insight on Society Case, Marketing to Children of the Web in the Age of Social Networks. This case offers a discussion of the social implications of marketing to children and the special care that managers must exercise in this situation. You might ask students with children or younger siblings what kinds of online and offline ads they find objectionable for their loved ones. Other questions for class discussion might include the following:
Why is online marketing to children a controversial practice?
What is the Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA) and how does it protect the privacy of children?
How do companies verify the age of online users?
Should companies be allowed to target marketing efforts to children under the age of 13?
Mobile Marketing. This section introduces and reviews mobile marketing—the use of mobile devices to deliver consumer marketing messages. Ask students if they have a smartphone or tablet mobile device and how often they use it? Have they ever shopped using their smartphone? Purchased something? If so, they’ve participated in mobile commerce, along with others who have seen advertising on their phones. Mobile commerce is growing rapidly, and mobile marketing even faster. Review Figure 7.5, which illustrates the growth in mobile commerce. Also note that while mobile commerce is growing fast, people will still be using their desktops to make purchases over the next 5 years, although they will increasingly use their mobile devices to shop. Make sure students understand the difference between shopping and purchasing. Because people carry their mobile devices with them everywhere, they make for an ideal marketing tool because marketers can contact consumers just about anytime and place.
The Insight on Business case, Mobile Marketing: Land Rover Seeks Engagement on the Small Screen, illustrates some of the ways mobile marketing is different from “traditional” online marketing. Questions for class discussion might include the following:
Why do mobile devices represent such a promising opportunity for marketers?
Have you ever responded to mobile marketing messages?
What are some of the new types of marketing that mobile devices have spawned?
Review Figure 7.7 with students and elicit from them how they use their smartphones. It might be surprising to students that entertainment tops the list of mobile activities. You might start a tally on the blackboard or whiteboard and ask for a show of hands for each category of use in Figure 7.7. Just about all smartphone owners use apps. Ask students why in-app ads might be more effective than mobile display ads.
Mobile devices have created a multi-screen world for consumers: people watch TV, use their desktop at work (often to shop), and use their tablets and smartphones to watch movies or text with friends. Ask students how many of these screens they use. What are the implications for marketers? The answer: marketers need coordinated campaigns to be on all these platforms.
ERRATA: In Figure 7.8, the color labels for tablets and “other” were inadvertently reversed. Tablet computers are the largest source of mobile commerce revenues and are indicated by the top line of the line graph.
Figure 7.9 illustrates how fast mobile marketing is growing. By 2015, mobile marketing will be almost as large as desktop marketing, and is expected to exceed desktop marketing expenditures in 2016. This is a result of all you have discussed to this point in the class, namely, mobile devices are almost always on (unlike a TV or desktop computer), and they can deliver very relevant ads often tied to local deals. The big players in mobile ads are familiar (Figure 7.10): Google dominates, followed by Facebook, Twitter and Pandora. YP, the online yellow pages, is also a big player, as is Apple. Ask students why Google is so dominant? Answer: people use their mobile devices to search, especially local search and often use maps. Google is the leader in both search and maps.
Mobile marketing formats mimic closely desktop formats—display, search, video, and text. Table 7.14 provides a list of familiar firms and how they are using mobile ad campaigns. Starting a mobile campaign involves considering how your product fits into a mobile marketing platform, the demographics you are looking for, and an analysis of what your competitors are doing. Mobile campaigns should start out simple—translate your Web page to a mobile Web site, develop brand pages on Facebook, Twitter and Pinterest, and use Google or Apple mobile ad services because they have excellent analytics tools for tracking results.
Walk students through Figure 7.12 to illustrate how the effectiveness of a mobile branding campaign can be evaluated. As you can see, there are many parts of a mobile branding campaign to pay attention to.
Local and Location-Based Marketing. This section describes local and location-based marketing. It’s important for students to understand the difference between the various types of local marketing. Most local marketing involves traditional newspaper and television ads, but online local marketing is rapidly catching up to traditional channels. Location-based marketing targets messages to consumers based on their actual physical location. This is inherently a mobile device situation because mobile phones and tablets can be located by latitude and longitude fairly precisely. The same is not true of a desktop computer. Go over the list of location-based services so students get a clear sense of the matter. Review Figure 7.13 with students to put location-based mobile marketing into the overall context of Web marketing.
Location-based marketing is dominated by Google, which also dominates the mobile marketing field. Point out to students the importance of Google Maps: it’s not just to help people find their way. Google Maps is an important advertising tool for local businesses. Similarly, Apple is rapidly developing its own mapping service in order to display location-based ads. Ask students why they think location-based ads might be more effective than other ads on mobile devices. Answer: when people search for something locally (a pizza, shoes, clothing, etc.) they are close to a purchasing decision. Local search is very immediate.
Be sure to briefly review the technologies that make location-based marketing possible. Most students will know about GPS, but that alone is not enough to precisely locate people. Other techniques involve Wi-Fi, geo-search, cell tower, and sign in/registration. There are two kinds of location-based marketing capabilities based on these technologies: geo-aware and geo-fencing techniques. Geo-aware techniques identify the location of a user’s device and then targets marketing to the device, recommending actions near that location, which also requires the marketer to know where relevant things like stores are located. For instance, a marketer may target smartphones within several square city blocks to alert them to available offers from participating merchants. Proximity marketing techniques identify a perimeter around a physical location, and then target ads to users within that perimeter, recommending actions possible within the fenced-in area. Proximity marketing can permit marketing to consumers as they walk by the store, or walk through a store. [Add iBeacon]
Table 7.16 describes some of the unique location-based marketing tools. Go over each type in class to ensure students understand all the technical possibilities for marketing based on user location. In general, location-based ads use the same ad formats as desktop advertising—search, display, and video are the top three.
Starting a location-based campaign begins with an assessment of whether your products or services have a local component. Are there local stores or entertainment sites where users can purchase the service? Location-based ads will be most successful with younger, more affluent, and more educated consumers. You should also be aware of how your competitors are using location-based marketing, if at all. Measurements of the results of location-based marketing follow a familiar path of measuring fan acquisition, engagement, amplification, community, and brand strength (sales).
The concluding case ExchangeHunterJumper.com: Building a Brand with Social Marketing provides an interesting example of how a small business in an arcane area of commerce built a brand name for itself on the Internet.
Case Study Questions
1. Find a site on the Web that offers classified ads for horses. Compare this site to ExchangeHunterJumper.com in terms of the services offered (the customer value proposition). What does the Exchange offer that other sites do not?
Bigeq.com is one popular site that also offers classified ads for horses, and is probably ExchangeHunterJumper.com’s strongest competitor. One service that the Exchange offers that this site does not is that the Exchange professionally screens horses that are listed, while Bigeq.com allows anyone to post sales ads. Therefore, the horses on the Exchange are more likely to be appropriately described and have a better track record than those on Bigeq.com. However, this does mean that Bigeq.com typically has more horses listed than the Exchange does. Another service that the Exchange provides is that all of the horses listed have high-quality videos and photos embedded within the site that the customer can view, while not all of the horses on Bigeq.com have videos or photos, and those that do are linked to YouTube, some of which are not very good quality. The Exchange continually updates information on the horses available, while the ads on Bigeq.com are static once they have been submitted by the seller.
2. In what ways were social media effective in promoting The Exchange brand? Which media led to the most increase in sales and inquiries? Why? ExchangeHunterJumper.com uses the following social media: Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, RSS Feeds, and an iPhone app. The biggest increase seems to have come from Facebook although the YouTube videos also appear to have had an impact also. Facebook probably worked so well because of its viral recommending features (the Like button) and the ease with which word can be spread on Facebook.
3. Make a list of all the ways the Exchange attempts to personalize its services to both sellers and buyers.
Works with individual sellers and trainers on the sell side to create effective ads, including photos and videos.
Develops a personal strategy for each horse (horses have personalities too!).
Buyers fill out forms and expected budgets.
Personal e-mail responses to buyer queries.
Searching for suitable horses
End of Chapter Questions
1. How and why has online marketing changed since 2007?
Before 2007, online marketing consisted largely of creating a corporate Web site, buying display ads on Yahoo, purchasing Ad Words on Google, and sending e-mail. The workhorse of online marketing was the display ad. The primary measure of success was how many “eyeballs” (unique visitors) a Web site produced, and how many “impressions” a marketing campaign generated. After 2007, everything began to change, with the rapid growth of social network sites, smartphones, and the growing interest in local marketing. Marketing today is based on businesses marketing themselves as partners in multiple online conversations with their customers, potential customers, and even critics. The emphasis in online marketing has shifted from a focus on eyeballs to a focus on participating in customer-oriented conversations.
2. What are the difficulties in differentiating the social, local, and mobile marketing channels? The primary difficulty is that the social, local, and mobile channels overlap and are different types of channels. A social channel describes participation at a social networking site, while “local” refers to searches for geographically related content. The mobile channel involves any communication on a mobile device, which may be on a social network and/or locally related. For example, more than 25% of Facebook visits originate from a mobile device. A substantial part of the mobile marketing spending should be counted as “social” marketing. As mobile devices become more powerful, they are more useful for accessing Facebook and other social sites. As mobile devices become more widely adopted, they can be used by customers to find local merchants, and for merchants to alert customers in their neighborhood to special offers. Over time, these will become more overlapped as the three platforms become more tightly coupled, and social-mobile-local must be seen in an integrated management framework.
3 What is meant by the social marketing term ‘amplification’ and how is it created and measured? Amplification involves using the inherent strength of social networks. Using amplification involves encouraging visitors to share their Likes and comments with their friends, for example, by including a Like or Share button with your content. It is measured by the percentage of Likes, shares, or posts to other sites (the rate at which fans share your content).
4. What is mean by the term ‘conversation’ as it applies to online marketing and how do businesses engage in a conversation?
Conversation refers to how your brand is being talked about on the Web and social media. Marketing your firm and building and, sometimes, restoring your brands requires you to locate, identify, and participate in these conversations. Businesses engage in conversations by making their online content open to discussion through posting content on social networks, allowing users to share the content with others and post comments. The group of users who have subscribed to your content, whether on Facebook or Twitter, form a kind of community. Businesses can continue to nurture these communities by including inside information on new products, price breaks for loyalty, and free gifts for bringing in new members, and by continuing to respond to user comments and posts regarding their products and services.
5. What does the term dark social refer to?
Dark social refers to those forms of social sharing that occur off the major social networks, through alternative communication tools such as e-mail, instant messages, texts, and mobile messaging apps such as WhatsApp, WeChat and Snapchat.
6. Identify and describe the first step in a social marketing campaign. Social marketing campaigns begin with fan acquisition, which involves using any of a variety of means, from display ads to News Feed and page pop-ups, to attract people to your Facebook page, Twitter feed, or other platform like a Web page.
7. How would you measure the brand strength of a Facebook marketing campaign? You would measure this through the percentage (or revenue) of your online sales that is generated by Facebook links compared to other platforms, such as e-mail, search engines, and display ads; the percentage of Facebook-sourced customer purchases compared to other sources of customers (conversion ratio); and the conversion ratio for friends of fans.
8. What marketing opportunities does Facebook’s News Feed feature offer. There are several ways for a firm to appear in users’ News Feeds. Unpaid “stories about friends” describe how a friend has actively engaged with a brand, for instance, “Sara Likes Southwest Airlines,” followed by a story from Sara describing why she likes Southwest. However, paid brand messages can also be inserted into the News Feed or just to the right of the News Feed (these are also called “Premium Ads”), where they may receive more attention than Marketplace Ads.
9. Which of Facebook’s various marketing tools is the most important to social marketing, and why?
The Like button on Facebook and similar buttons, such as Share and +1 on other social sites, are perhaps the single most important element in the rise of social marketing. Unlike traditional Web advertising, the Like button gives users a chance to share their feelings about content and other objects they are viewing and Web sites they are visiting. With Like buttons on millions of Web sites, Facebook can track user behavior on other sites and then sell this information to marketers.
10. How would you measure engagement for your Twitter marketing campaign? Engagement on Twitter is measured by the number of comments, responses to, and retweets of, your tweets; the number of views of brand page content; the number of users that responded to games, contests, and coupons (participation); the number of minutes on average that followers stay on your page (duration)
11. From a business perspective, what are the disadvantages or challenges in social marketing? One problem is that brands lose a substantial amount of control over where their ads appear in terms of other content and what people say about their brands on social sites. Ads placed on Facebook according to an algorithm can be placed near content that does not represent the values of the brand. This is not peculiar to social marketing, as advertising using Google’s advertising platform faces the same problem. Companies will need to determine how to best handle negative social comments.
12. How has Lands' End use Pinterest for marketing?
Lands’ End has several brand pages on Pinterest, one of which is Lands’ End Canvas. Search for Lands’ End Canvas and it takes you to the page that Lands’ End Canvas created and where Lands’ End has pinned some of its catalog photos. On this brand page, only Lands’ End Canvas products are pinned, and the company is identified. You can see the number of people who have pinned these photos elsewhere, and the total number of others who follow this line of clothing and have posted their own photos. When you click on a photo, you get a larger version of the photo (sometimes called a photo landing page), and the chance to link to the Web site (canvas.landsend.com) where you can purchase the product and find similar ones. You will also see on this photo landing page a picture of the person who pinned the photo, other boards where it was pinned, and recommendations for related photos and products in a section titled “People who pinned this also pinned . . . .”
13. List and briefly describe some of the Pinterest’s marketing tools. Pinterest marketing tools include the following:
Promoted Pins: used to promote pins to a targeted audience and encourage users to click through to your Web site
Pin it or follow button on Web sites: allows visitors to pin photos from your Web site and to be notified when you post new photos to your site
Pin as a display ad: a pinned photo acts as a display ad by directing users back to your Web site
Theme-based boards: business boards that are lifestyle-oriented rather than strictly sales-oriented
Brand pages: allows companies to create a corporate brand page
Retail brand pins: Pins for retail products that when clicked, displays price and where to buy.
Integration with other social sites: integrates marketing efforts with those on Facebook and Twitter
Network with users, followers and visitors: allows marketers to participate by commenting, mentioning and communicating with users, followers and visitors.
14. How effective are Facebook ads in comparison to other traditional online marketing channels? E-mail and search easily drive more sales than Facebook or any social marketing today. Facebook ads are much less likely to be clicked on than display ads on the Web, and sell for less than half the price of Web display ads.
15. Describe Twitter’s Lead Generation Card feature and how it differs from a display ad.
Lead Generation Cards are ads that marketers can embed into a business tweeters’ standard Twitter messages. When users click on the message, a promotional offer appears and users are asked to sign up. Cards are different from display ads because they are used only by businesses who want to develop new leads, and they always include an offer, such as 50% off your next cup of coffee. The users’ e-mail and Twitter account names are automatically obtained by Twitter and sent to marketers, who can then follow up with a tweet or an e-mail.
16. Why are in-app ads so important to marketers? In-app ads are important to marketers because mobile users spend over 80% of their mobile minutes using apps.
17. What are social ads and socially enabled ads? Social ads are display ads on social sites that have a social dimension and are sometimes called “display ads with social features”. Social ads encourage visitors to interact and do something social, such as participate in a contest, obtain a coupon, or obtain free services for attracting friends. A socially enabled ad is a display ad with multiple opportunities for viewers to “Become a fan,” “Like us on Facebook,” share content with others, tweet, or pin a photo to Pinterest.
18. What kinds of ad formats are found on mobile devices? The major marketing opportunities in mobile marketing are search ads, display ads, videos and rich media, messaging (SMS/MMS/PPS), and some familiar other formats like email, classified, and lead generation.
19. What is the effect of the growing “multi-screen environment” on e-commerce and marketing?
From a business perspective, the more screens people use, the more shopping and purchasing they do and, the more consumer touchpoints or marketing opportunities exist. In this environment, marketing needs to be designed for whatever device the consumer is using, and consistent branding across platforms will be important. Because the sizes and resolutions of screens are different, branding images will need to be adjusted automatically based on the device the consumer is using. From a design perspective, graphics and creative elements will appear differently depending on the screen. This is called “responsive design” or “responsive creative design.” a multi-screen world means merchants need to be on all platforms, and to be integrated across platforms, in order to send a coherent message and to create a convenient consumer platform.
20. What is Apple's iBeacon technology and how does it differ from using QR codes? Apple’s iBeacon uses a technology called Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE). Android phones also have this capability. BLE is inexpensive to implement, and uses much less power than traditional Blue Tooth. Unlike QR codes, BLE has a two-way, push-pull communication capability. Using QR codes, consumers need to show the code to a QR scanner, and then they see information on a product. With iBeacon, consumers can be contacted as soon as they walk into a store and exposed to special offers, and then when browsing the store, contacted as they pass specific areas, like the jewelry department. This all takes place automatically on the user’s iPhone. Consumers can respond to these messages as well.
1. Visit the Web sites of at least two different online companies. Make a list of the social, mobile and local marketing efforts you see on the Web site. Do their pages display Like plug-ins, and/or Google +1 logos? Do they have a Facebook page? If so, visit the pages to see how they use their Facebook pages. Is it different from their Web site pages? Can you identify how the firms use mobile marketing? Use your smartphone or tablet to access their Websites. Are their Web sites designed specifically for each platform? In conclusion, compare and critically contrast these firms, and make recommendations for how you, as a marketing manager, would improve their effectiveness. Student answers will vary depending on the companies they choose to examine, but the answers should include the following considerations:
A list for each site of the social, mobile, and local features of the Web sites.
An assessment on how effective the Web presence of each firm is. How effective are the Facebook, Twitter, and Pinterest campaigns of each.
Students should be expected to find sites that have social, mobile, and local efforts (although identifying the local efforts may require some extra work).
Student analysis should use the social marketing process figure in the chapter as a way to organize their assessment and their recommendations for improvement.
2. Visit your Facebook page and examine the ads shown in the right margin. What is being advertised and how do you believe it is relevant to your interests or online behavior? Make a list of ads appearing in your News Feed. Are these ads appropriately targeted to you in terms of your demographics, interests, past purchases? Go to at least two Web sites, and Like or Like a product. In the next 24 hours, does Facebook send you marketing messages based on your Likes? Student answers will vary depending on the companies they choose to examine, but the answers should include the following considerations:
Students should provide a list of right-hand column ads on their page and then assess why they are being shown these ads. Are the ads related to their personal demographics (Profile), to their friends’ recommendations, prior interests and visits to other Web sites? They should perform the same analysis for their News Feed Page Post Ads. If they have a smartphone or tablet, they should visit their pages using these mobile devices and assess how the limitations of a smartphone screen are being managed by Facebook.
3. Visit two Web sites of your choice and apply the social marketing process model to both. Critically compare and contrast the effectiveness of these sites in terms of the dimensions of the social marketing process. How well do these sites acquire fans, generate engagement, amplify responses, create a community, and strengthen their brands? What recommendations can you make for these sites to improve their effectiveness?
Student answers will vary depending on the companies they choose to examine, but the answers should include the following considerations:
Students should apply the social marketing process model to each site, and then, for each element of the model, critically compare and contrast the effectiveness of each site. For instance, one site may be much better on fan acquisition than it is engagement. Many sites are strong on acquisition and engagement, but weak on community building. Students should assess each site on each dimension. Finally, students should present a list of recommendations for improvement with a brief explanation on how it would help these firms.
4. Identify two Pinterest brand pages. Identify how they use Pinterest marketing tools described in this chapter. Are there some tools they are not using? What recommendations can you make for these sites to improve their Pinterest marketing campaign? Student answers will vary depending on the companies they choose to examine, but the answers should include the following considerations:
Students should first examine the basics of these firms’ photography because the heart of Pinterest marketing is high quality photography, including how consumers are using or wearing the products. Second, they should examine how the firms organize their boards. Are the boards a sensible introduction to the firms’ products? Third, students should assess how well each firm supports consumer engagement, and community building. Does one firm seem to have a “stronger” brand (in the sense of a larger more lively community and a wide variety of posts indicating engagement and conversation)? Finally, students should present a list of management improvements.
Companion Web Site, Learning Tracks, and Video Cases
You can also direct your students to the Companion Web Site for the book, located at www.azimuth-interactive.com/ecommerce11e. There they will find a collection of additional projects and exercises for each chapter; links to various technology tutorials; information on how to build a business plan and revenue models; information on careers in e-commerce, and more. Learning Tracks that provide additional coverage of various topics and a collection of video cases that integrate short videos, supporting case study material, and case study questions are also available for download from the books’ Online Instructor Resource Center at www.pearsonglobaleditions.com/Laudon. Learning Tracks and Video Cases for this chapter include:
Learning Track 7.1 Social Media Marketing – Facebook
Learning Track 7.2 Social Media Marketing – Twitter