International Assistance and State-University Relations in Indonesia



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Table 5 (b): World Bank Lending for Education New Commitments by Region

(1963-2005)




 

 

Region

Fiscal year

Africa

East Asia & Pacific

Europe & Central Asia

Latin America & Caribbean

Middle East & North Africa

South Asia

TOTAL

 

Millions of current US$

1963

 

 

 

 

5

 

5

1964


5

 

 

 

 

13

18

1965

20

6

 

 

 

4

30

1966

7

 

 

3

11

13

34

1967

23

6

 

10

13

 

52

1968

15


 

 

9

 

 

24

1969

24

24

 

34

 

 

82

1970

36

9

12

15

 

8

80

1971

31

5

27

26

19

 

108

1972

44


47

63

 

27

 

180

1973

115

89

24

21

13

12

273

1974

5

39

25

68

17

 

153

1975

97

23

45

48

11

 

224


1976

92

93

 

35

89

12

321

1977

52

83

 

59

74

21

289

1978

82

40

81

34

110

6

352

1979

57

164

 

53

167


56

496

1980

84

138

40

32

106

40

440

1981

195

363

 

82

82

25

747

1982

81

226

 

113

93

14

526

1983


135

237

 

60

94

20

545

1984

25

409

67

68

75

57

702

1985

128

370

58

196

46

139

937

1986

125

476


 

10

173

52

836

1987

98

34

54

79

47

139

451

1988

164

352

145

112

91

3

867

1989

108

156

 

191


239

329

1.023

1990

310

371

77

61

30

555

1.404

1991

221

566

198

534

240

278

2.036

1992

324

391

8


406

72

131

1.332

1993

364

461

10

480

108

431

1.854

1994

268

329

65

919

30

135

1.746

1995

175

277


63

1.058

152

417

2.143

1996

195

444

89

474

97

420

1.720

1997

115

620

126

76

100

 

1.037

1998

400

185


544

858

129

706

2.821

1999

209

639

54

462

59

64

1.487

2000

190

84

23

63

197

171

728

2001

210

15


63

529

72

206

1.095

2002

473

135

83

560

38

96

1.385

2003

424

226

395

785

154

365

2.349

2004

363

119


164

218

155

666

1.684

2005

369

228

264

680

124

286

1.951


Graph 2: Higher Education Expansion in Indonesia, Enrollments 1971-1998 by Private/Public Sector



Table 6: World Bank Loan Projects with the Directorate General of Higher Education, by Objectives, Costs and Bank Share







Actual Cost


Bank Loan

Bank Share

Project

Project objectives

US$million

US$million

% of total

 

 

 

 

 

Poly I (IDA) / 12/78 -06/85

1. To establish a new system of post-secondary technical education to help meet the

84,71

49

58%




country's needs of technicians for industry













2. To improve accountancy training and practices













3. To help strengthen education planning and management























Poly II / Apr-83 - Dec-90

1. Expansion of the polytechnic system by extending existing poly's, constructing and

170,4

106

62%




equiping 11 new poly's













2. To increase the number of polytechnic teachers, develop new and improved













courses, curricula and teaching materials













3. To assist the MOEC in defining mechanisms for management of the polytechnic













system within the higher education system























UDP I / Jan-80 - Sept-88

1. To increase the output in selected fields at three universities

49,7

43,06

87%




2. To improve the quality of university inputs













3. To strengthen the management of the university system

























UDP II / May-85 - Dec-93

1. To develop Indonesia's capacity to train its own university teachers and researchers

160

147

92%




a) development of new graduate-level programs in selected fields













b) initiation of five specialized undergraduate fields currently not available in Indonesia













c) strengthening of overall university planning and management

























HEDP I / May-88 - Dec-93

1. To assist the GOI in implementing its higher education program, specifically

219,517

133,317

61%




including the following policy objectives:












a) improvement of sectoral planning, by making growth targets contingent on














availability of both public and private resources













b) improvement of both sectoral and institutional management













c) increasing resource mobilization













d) improving educational quality and efficiency













e) strengthening selected fields of study reflecting manpower needs













f) increasing the contribution of universities to regional development























HEDP II / May-91 - Jul-96

1. In support of the implementation of on of the GOI's higher education policy objectives

261,4

150

57%




the project would finance a second time-slice of Indonesia's updated higher education













program, aimed at:













a) improving quality and efficiency













b) alleviating human resource shortages













c) improving planning and management











d) increasing mobilization of resources













e) strengthening regional development

























URGE / May-94 -2001

1. To improve the quality of graduate education in Indonesia

56,7

38,3

68%




a) increase competitive funding for domestic graduate education and research













b) strengthen the procedures for selecting grant and fellowship proposals













c) strengthen research capacity and dissemination of research findings in universities













d) attract highly qualified candidates for domestic graduate education

























DUE / May-96 -2002

1. To improve the quality of undergraduate education at 6 target universities

69,51

55,75

80%




2. To improve the efficiency of the educational process at 6 target universities













3. To improve the relevance of the study programs offered at these institutions























QUE / May-97- 2003

1. To improve the quality of undergrad. study programs in national priority fields

67,65

55,73

82%




2. To promote a more cost-effective allocation of public funds by directing resources to high priority fields at both public and private universities.













The specific academic programs to be supported will be determined through a













competitive process. The recipient academic programs would utilize block grant













funds to implement self-designed development plans.

1139,587

778,178

68%















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