International Assistance and State-University Relations in Indonesia

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186 The latter theme (i.e. the institutionalizing power of international assistance, and of the World Bank in particular) has also been pursued by other authors, like Joel Samoff (2003) and David Ellerman (2005).

187 The concept of ‘progress’ probably fits better with the time period (Zeitgeist) of modernization (vs. dependency) that provided the background of Levy’s study, than it does with the ambiguity of postmodern times.

188 The book focuses specifically on donors “...with a decisive U.S. presence...” (Levy, 2005: p. 1) and explicitly concentrates on the export of the U.S. university model Southward (Levy, 2005: 10-13).

189 Admittedly, Dutch university assistance used to be channeled through NUFFIC, which at the time was a foundation of Dutch universities. Nonetheless, its activities in the area of development are entirely funded and sanctioned (i.e. following government priorities and subject to government evaluations) by the Dutch government and its Minister for Development Aid.

190 A learning perspective does not necessarily imply that learning always takes place, nor that it is necessarily mutual.


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