Interpretation Guideline Comprehensive Version


Download 0.89 Mb.
Date conversion18.07.2018
Size0.89 Mb.
1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11





Apollinarianism: “A view proposed by Apollinaris of Laodicea (d. 390) that Jesus had a human body and lower soul (the seat of the emotions) but a divine mind….Apollinarism and Eutychianism were two forms of monophysitism.” (Wikipedia)


ya3 bo1 li3 na2 liu2 zhu3 yi4

Arianism: The doctrine of Arius which says that the Son is not of the same substance as the Father but was created as an agent for creating the world. (Merriam-Webster)


ya3 liu2 zhu3 yi4

Donatism: The doctrine of a Christian sect arising in No. Africa in 311 and holding that sanctity is essential for the administration of sacraments and church membership. (Merriam-Webster)


duo1 na4 te2 zhu3 yi4

Eutychianism: “A set of Christian theological doctrines derived from the ideas of Eutyches of Constantinople (c. 380—456). Eutychianism is a specific understanding of how the human and divine relate within the person of Jesus Christ (that is, Eutychianism is a Christology)….At various times, Eutyches taught that the human nature of Christ was overcome by the divine, or that Christ had a human nature but it was unlike the rest of humanity.” (Wikipedia)


you1 ti1 jiu1 zhu3 yi4

Gnosticism: The thought and practice of early Christian centuries distinguished by the conviction that matter is evil and that emancipation comes through gnosis. Gnosis is knowledge of spiritual truth held by the ancient Gnostics to be essential to salvation. (Merriam-Webster)


nuo4 si1 di3 zhu3 yi4

Monarchianism: The adherent of one of two anti-Trinitarian groups of 2nd and 3rd centuries teaching that God is one person as well as one being. (Merriam-Webster)


shen2 ge2 wei2 yi1 shuo1

Monophysitism: One holding the doctrine that Christ’s nature remains altogether divine and not human even though he has taken on an earthly and human body with its cycle of birth, life and death. (Merriam-Webster)


ji1 du1 yi1 xing4 shuo1

Montanism: An adherent of a Christian sect arising in the late 2nd century and stressing apocalyptic expectations, the continuing prophetic gifts of the Spirit, and strict ascetic discipline. (Merriam-Webster)


meng4 ta1 nu3 zhu3 yi4

Nazarenes: Not Nazirite. “The Nazarenes were an early Jewish Christian sect similar to the Ebionites, in that they maintained their adherence to the Torah, but, unlike the Ebionites, also accepted the virgin birth and divinity of Jesus.” (Wikipedia)


na2 sa1 le4 pai4

Nestorianism: The doctrine ascribed to Nestorius and ecclesiastically condemned in 431 that divine and human persons remained separate in the incarnate Christ. (Merriam-Webster)


nie4 si1 tuo1 liu2 zhu3 yi4

Novatianism: “The Novatianists following Novatius, or Novatian, held a strict view that refused readmission to communion of lapsi, those baptized Christians who had denied their faith or performed the formalities of a ritual sacrifice to the pagan gods, under the pressures of the persecution sanctioned by Emperor Decius, in AD 250.” (Wikipedia)


nuo4 wa3 tian2 zhu3 yi4

Family Relationships


Father’s Side

Mother’s Side


zu3 fu4祖父

wai4 gong1外公


zu3 mu3 祖母

wai4 po2外婆

Uncle (older than parent)

bo2 bo5 伯伯

jiu4 jiu5舅舅

Uncle (younger than parent)

shu1 shu5叔叔

jiu4 jiu5舅舅

Uncle’s wife

shen3 shen5嬸嬸

jiu4 ma1舅媽


gu1 gu5 姑姑

a1 yi2阿姨

Aunt’s husband

gu1 zhang4姑丈

yi2 zhang4姨丈

Cousin (male)

tang2 ge1 / tang2 di4

堂哥 / 堂弟

biao3 ge1 / biao3 di4

表哥 / 表弟

Cousin (female)

tang2 jie3 / tang2 mei4

堂姊 / 堂妹

biao3 jie3 / biao3 mei4

表姊 / 表妹


zhi2 zi5姪子

wai4 sheng1外甥


zhi2 nu3姪女

wai4 sheng1 nu3外甥女


gong1 gong5公公

yue4 fu4岳父


po2 po5婆婆

yue4 mu3岳母

Relations by Affinity
Daughter-in-law媳婦xi2 fu4

Son-in-law女婿nu3 xu5

1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11

The database is protected by copyright © 2017
send message

    Main page