Ask yourself questions: “What facts do I know? What do I need to find?”
T – Translate the words into an equation in picture form.
Choose a variable.
Identify the operation(s).
Represent the problem with a concrete application (see the intervention entitled “Hands on Equations” in this Interventions folder for more information on concrete application).
Draw a picture of the representation (semi-concrete application).
Write an algebraic equation (abstract application).
A – Answer the problem.
R – Review the solution.
Reread the problem.
Ask questions: “Does the answer make sense? Why?”
Students should check off each step as it is completed.
Schedule for implementation:The procedure should be taught until students have mastered the steps and use the strategy independently. Reinforcement of the strategy should occur daily when working on word problems.
Research Summary & References:
This strategy and other mnemonic letter strategies can be found on The Access Center Website: Improving Outcomes for All Students k-8 at http://www.k8accesscenter.org.
Ehren, Barbara J. (2005). Mnemonic Devices. University of Kansas Center for Research on Learning. http://itc.gsu.edud/academymodules/a304/support/xpages/a304b0_20600.html
The file entitled “STAR for Algebraic Word Problems cue cards” in the TOOLS folder on this disk provides cue cards you can print and provide to individual students.
The file entitled “STAR for Algebraic Word Problems poster” in the TOOLS folder on this disk provides a poster you can print and post in the classroom.