Irom Chanu Sharmila



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Mid Day Meal Scheme - (MDM)
===================================
Objectives of the mid-day meal scheme
- avoid classroom hunger,
- increase school enrolment,
- increase school attendance
- improve socialization among castes
- address malnutrition &
- empower women through employment

Integrated Child Development Scheme- (ICDS)
=================================================
The Integrated Child Development Sevices Programme aims at providing services to pre-school children in an integrated manner so as to ensure proper growth and development of children in rural, tribal and slum areas. ICDS is a centrally sponsored scheme.

National Social Assistance Programme(NSAP) 
=================================================
The objective of the Programme is to extend financial assistance to old persons having little or no
regular means of subsistence, to households living below the poverty line in case of death of the
primary breadwinner and to pregnant women of households below the poverty line upto the first two live births.

National Rural Health Mission - (NRHM)
===============================================
The National Rural Health Mission of India mission was created for the years 2005–2012, and its goal is to "improve the availability of and access to quality health care by people, especially for those residing in rural areas, the poor, women, and children."

Jawahar Lal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM)

===========================================================

is a massive city modernisation scheme launched by the Government of India under Ministry of Urban Development. It envisages a total investment of over $20 billion over seven years.

Total Sanitation Campaign(TSC)

===========================================
Total Sanitation Campaign is a comprehensive programme to ensure sanitation facilities in rural areas with broader goal to eradicate the practice of open defecation.
Government Schemes and Plans - II:-

Swabhimaan

#Launched on 10 Feb 2011
#The initiative enables Government subsidies and social security benefits to be directly credited to the accounts of the beneficiaries, enabling them to draw the money from the Business correspondents in their village itself.

MahatmaGandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS)

#Promotes inclusive growth,augment wage employment and strengthening natural resource management through works that address causes of chronic poverty like drought, deforestation, and soil erosion and thus encourage sustainable development.
#Under this scheme,Govt provides at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work with mandatory 33% women participation.
#minimum Wage is Rs 125

SwarnjayantiGram Swarojgar Yojana

#It was launched to help poor rural families (Swarozgaris) cross the poverty line by assisting them to take up income- generating economic activities through a mix of bank credit and government subsidy. The scheme involves selection of key activities, planning of activity clusters, organization of the poor into self-help groups (SHGs), and building of their capacities through training and skill development, creation of infrastructure, and technological and marketing support.

#A new initiative has also been taken up for setting up a Rural Self Employment Training Institute(RSETI) in each district of the country for basic and skill development training of rural BPL youth to enable them to undertake micro-enterprises and wage employment.

SwarnaJayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY)
#The SJSRY launched by the Government of India . To provide gainful employment to the urban unemployed and underemployed through encouraging the setting up of self-employment ventures or provision of wage employment.

Bharat Nirman
#Launched in 2005-06 for building infrastructure and basic amenities in rural areas, has six components, namely rural housing, irrigation potential, drinking water, rural roads, electrification, and rural telephony.
#Important initiative for reducing the gap between rural and urban areas and improving the quality of life of people in rural areas.

JawaharLal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM)
The JNNURM emphasizes the implementation of the following three mandatory pro-poor key reforms to enhance the capacity of urban local bodies (ULBs) - 
(i) internal earmarking within local body budgets for basic services to the urban poor.
(ii) earmarking at least 20-25 per cent of developed land in all housing projects (both public and private agencies) for the economically weaker section (EWS)/lower income group (LIG) category.
(iii) implementation of seven-point charter for provision of seven basic entitlements/services.

KasturbaGandhi Balika Vidyalayas (KGBVs)

The KGBV is a scheme for setting up residential schools at upper primary level for girls belonging predominantly to the SC/ ST, OBC, and minority communities. The scheme is being implemented in the EBBs where rural female literacy is below 30 per cent and in select urban areas where female literacy is below the national average. The KGBV scheme was merged with the (SSA) with effect from 1 April 2007. The scheme provides for minimum reservation of 75 per cent of the seats for girls belonging to SCs, STs, OBCs or minority communities and priority for the remaining 25 per cent to girls from BPL families.


NationalProgramme for Education of Girls at Elementary Level (NPEGEL)
The NPEGEL, is a focused intervention of the Government of India to reach the 'Hardest to Reach' girls. It is an important component of the SSA, which provides additional support for enhancing girl's education over and above the normal SSA interventions. The programme provides for setting up of a 'model school' in every cluster with more intense community mobilization and supervision of girls' enrolment in schools. Gender sensitisation of teachers, development of gender-sensitive learning materials, and provision of need-based incentives like escorts, stationery, workbooks, and uniforms are some of the endeavours under the programme. The scheme is being implemented in the EBBs where the level of rural female literacy is less than the national average and gender gap is above the national average; in blocks of districts which are not covered under EBBs but where at least 5 per cent of population is SC/ST and where SC/ST female literacy is below 10 per cent; and also in select urban slums. 

National Rural Health Mission (NRHM)
#To provide accessible, affordable, and accountable quality health services to rural areas with emphasis on poor persons and remote areas. It is being operationalized throughout the country, with special focus on 18 states, which include 8 empowered action group States (Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Orissa, and Rajasthan), 8 north-eastern States, Himachal Pradesh, and Jammu and Kashmir.

#The Mission addresses the issue of health in the context of a sector-wide approach addressing sanitation and hygiene, nutrition, and safe drinking water as the basic determinants of good health. Keeping this in view, it seeks greater convergence among the related social-sector departments, namely AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, and Homoeopathy), Women & Child Development, Sanitation, Elementary Education, Panchayati Raj, and Rural Development.


RajivGandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls (RGSEAG)
This scheme was launched on 19 November 2010 with the objective of empowering adolescent girls in the age group 11-18 years by bringing improvement in their nutritional and health status and upgrading various skills like home skills, life skills, and vocational skills. 


Some of the other schemes implemented by the Ministry of Women and Child Development, include:
(i) Dhanlakshmi, which is a conditional cash transfer scheme for the girl child which was launched as a pilot project in March 2008. The objective is to encourage families to educate girl children and to prevent child marriage. The scheme provides for cash transfers to the family of a girl child on fulfilling certain specific conditionalities relating to birth and registration, immunization, and enrolment and retention in school up to Class VIII. 
(ii) Scheme for the Welfare of Working Children in Need of Care and Protection providing for nonformal education, vocational training, etc. to working children to facilitate their entry/re-entry into mainstream education. There are 120 projects of 100 children each currently being funded under the Scheme.
(iii) Bal Bandhu Scheme for protection of children in areas of civil unrest is being implemented through the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) with the grant sanctioned from the Prime Minister's National Relief Fund.

(iv) Swadhar scheme for providing temporary accommodation, maintenance, and rehabilitative services to women and girls rendered homeless and women in difficult circumstances

(v) Short Stay Home (SSH) scheme being implemented by the Central Social Welfare Board with similar objectives/target group as in case of the Swadhar scheme.
(vi) Ujjawala, a comprehensive scheme for prevention of trafficking with five specific components- prevention, rescue, rehabilitation, reintegration, and repatriation of victims-was launched on 4 December 2007. Under this scheme, 134 projects including 73 rehabilitation homes, spread over 16 States, have been sanctioned.
Q.Over 90% of the world's biomass is in-
1 freshwater wetlands
2 tropical rain forests
3 oceans
4 topsoils

Ans: 2

Q. Which one among the following is a source of methane emission into the atmosphere?
1 Industrial chimney
2 Automobile exhaust fume
3 Wetland
4 Mining

Ans: 3
Q. Carbon dioxide is called greenhouse gas because-
1 it is used in photosynthesis
2 its absorbs infrared radiation
3 it emits visible radiation
4 its concentration remains always higher than other gases

Ans: 2

Q. The fossil of Archaeopteryx represents the evidence of origin of-
1 birds from reptiles
2 mammals from reptiles
3 reptiles from amphibians

4 mammals from birds


Ans: 1

Q. Fiscal policy in India is formulated by-
1 the Reserve Bank of India
2 the Finance Ministry
3 the Planning Commission
4 the Securities and Exchange Board of India

Ans: 2

Q. The imaginary line of the Earth's surface that closely follows the 180 degree Meridian is -
1 Prime Meridian
2 International Date Line
3 Equator
4 Tropic of Cancer

Ans: 2

Q. Lack of atmosphere around the Moon is due to-
1 high escape velocity of air molecule and low gravitational attraction
2 low escape velocity of air molecule and low gravitational attraction
3 high escape velocity of air molecule only
4 low gravitational attraction only Ans: 2

Q. What is the major role of a greenhouse gas that contributes to temperature rise of the Earth's surface?
1 Stops both incoming sunlight and outgoing infrared radiation
2 Transparent to both incoming sunlight and outgoing infrared radiation
3 Lets incoming sunlight pass through but stops outgoing infrared radiation
4 Lets outgoing infrared radiation pass through but stops incoming sunlight

Ans: 3

Q. The basis of European Union began with the signing of -

1 Treaty of Paris

2 Maastricht Trearty
3 Treaty of Lisbon
4 Treaty of Rome

Ans: 2

Q. The soil formed by wind bust in and around hot deserts is called - 
1 loamy soil
2 silty soil
3 loess soil
4 sandy soil

Ans: 4
1. How many spokes are there in the Ashoka Wheel of the Indian National Flag?
a) 24

b) 23

c) 22

d) 18
2. Who was the first Governor General of free India?
a) C Rajagopalachari
b) Lord Mountbatten
c) Rajendra Prasad
d) Sardar Vallabhai Patel

3. Who was the first Indian Governor General of free India?
a) C Rajagopalachari
b) Lord Mountbatten
c) Dr S Radhakrishnan
d) Rajendra Prasad

4. Which is India’s national animal?
a) Lion
b) Tiger
c) Elephant
d) Cow

5. Which of the following is our National Anthem?
a) Jana Gana Mana …
b) Vandematharam
c) Sare Jahanse Achcha
d) Jhanda Uncha Rahe Hamara

6. Who appoints the Chief Election Commissioner of India?
a) President of India
b) Prime Minister

c) Home Minister

d) Supreme Court

7. What is the maximum number of members of Lok Sabha?
a) 525
b) 535
c) 545
d) 550

8. For how long can President’s rule be imposed in a state initially?
a) One year
b) Two years
c) Three years
d) Six months

9. In the matter of Money bills, the position of Rajya Sabha is
a) Superior
b) Inferior
c) Same as that of Lok Sabha
d) None of these
10. Who appoints the Advocate General?
a) Governor of the State
b) Chief Minister
c) President of India
d) Chief Justice of High Court

11. Who is the head of the State Government?
a) Governor
b) Chief Minister
c) Chief Justice of High Court
d) President

12. Who appoints the Governors of the State?
a) President of India
b) Prime Minister
c) Chief Minister
d) Supreme Court

13. What is the term of office of the governor of a state?
a) 4 years
b) 5 years
c) 6 years

d) 7 years


14. How many kinds of emergencies are there according to our constitution?
a) three
b) four
c) two
d) five

15. By which amendment was the voting age reduced to 18 from 21?
a) 52nd amendment
b) 56th amendment
c) 61st amendment
d) 73rd amendment


1. In which of the following year came the first Constitutional Amendment?
a) 1951

b) 1952

c) 1956

d) 1948
2. By which amendment was primary education added to the list of Fundamental Rights?
a) 91st amendment
b) 92nd amendment
c) 93rd amendment
d) 94th amendment

3. Who appoints the members of the Union Public Service Commission?
a) President
b) Prime Minister
c) Chairman of UPSC
d) Chief Justice of Supreme Court

4. What is India’s National bird?
a) Swan
b) Pigeon
c) Nightingale
d) Peacock

5. What is India’s National Flower?
a) Rose

b) Lotus

c) Jasmine
d) Hibiscus

6. Which of the following statements tell why India is a democratic republic?
a) The head of the state is elected by the people
b) There is parliamentary supremacy
c) There is independence of judiciary
d) None of these

7. How many members can be nominated by the President to the Rajya Sabha?
a) 10
b) 12
c) 15
d) 18

8. Who is the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces of India?
a) Defence Minister
b) Prime Minister
c) President of India
d) Chief of Army Staff

9. What is dealt within the Part IV of our Constitution?
a) Fundamental duties
b) Directive principles of State Policy
c) Fundamental rights
d) Citizenship

10. From which constitution did our constitution borrow the concept of the Directive Principles of State Policy?
a) Canada
b) Ireland
c) United Kingdom
d) Germany


GK Indian Polity 3

1. Which writ can be issued by a High Court to direct a public official or the government not to enforce a law which is unconstitutional?
a) Certiorari
b) Prohibition
c) Quo Warranto

d) Mandamus


2. In which of the following is the residuary powers vested according to our constitution?
a) Union Parliament
b) Prime Minister
c) President
d) Supreme Court

3. From which of the following is the word ‘Satyameva Jayate’ inscribed in our national emblem taken?
a) Mahabharata
b) Mundaka Upanishad
c) Kathopanishad
d) Ramayana

4. The constituent Assembly adopted the design of the National Flag on
a) 22nd July, 1947
b) 26th November, 1949
c) 26th January, 1950
d) 15th August, 1947

5. The state of Bombay was split into two states Gujarat and Maharashtra in the year
a) 1960
b) 1972
c) 1956
d) 1980

6. Which article of our constitution forms the core of the Chapter on Fundamental Rights?
a) Article 19
b) Article 18
c) Article 20
d) Article 21

7. How many categories of freedom can an Indian citizen have?
a) 6
b) 8
c) 9

d) 12


8. Which schedule of our constitution deals with the languages approved by the constitution?
a) Fourth Schedule
b) Eighth Schedule
c) Tenth Schedule
d) Fifth Schedule

9. Which schedule of our constitution deals with the Anti-Defection law?
a) Fourth Schedule
b) Eighth Schedule
c) Tenth Schedule
d) Fifth Schedule

10. Who appoints the Secretary General of the Lok Sabha?
a) Speaker
b) Prime Minister
c) Members of the Lok Sabha
d) President

11. For what period can the Vice President hold the office of the President in the event of the death of the President?
a) Two months
b) Six months
c) One month
d) Three months

12. A person seeking election to the office of Vice President must have completed what age?
a) 35 years
b) 30 years
c) 25 years
d) 18 years

13. Who is the ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha?
a) President
b) Vice President
c) Speaker
d) None of these

14. Who was the first Chairman of the Planning Commission?
a) Jawaharlal Nehru
b) BR Ambedkar
c) C Rangarajan

d) KC Pant


15. The full status of statehood was conferred upon the Union territories of Manipur and Tripura in
a) 1956
b) 1960
c) 1985
d) 1972


1. Which of the following does not constitute the Electoral College for electing the President of India?
a) Elected members of the Legislative Council

b) Elected members of the Legislative Assembly

c) Elected members of Lok Sabha

d) Elected members of Rajya Sabha
2. In which of the following year was the proclamation of Emergency by the President on the ground of internal disturbance made for the first time?
a) 1975
b) 1960
c) 1976
d) 1974

3. Within what period from the date of its proclamation will an emergency cease to be in operation, unless approved by resolutions of both Houses of Parliament?
a) one month
b) two month
c) three month
d) six month

4. The proclamation of emergency under Article 362 was made for the first time in
a) 1975
b) 1962
c) 1976
d) 1960

5. Which of the following is not a financial committee of Parliament in India?
a) Public Accounts Committee
b) Estimates Committee
c) Finance Commission
d) Committee on Public Undertakings

6. At which of the following places is the Supreme Court of India located?
a) Mumbai
b) Madras
c) New Delhi
d) Calcutta

7. What is the duration of the term of the President of India?
a) Four years
b) Five years
c) Six years
d) Seven years

8. For a maximum period of how many days can a Money Bill passed by the Lok Sabha be detained by the Rajya Sabha?
a) 14 days
b) 30 days
c) 90 days
d) 60 days

9. Which of the following qualification is not essential for election as the President of India?
a) The candidate must be a citizen of India?
b) Must have completed 35 years of age
c) Must be a member of Lok Sabha
d) Must not be holding an office of profit

10. How many members can be nominated by the President to the Rajya Sabha?
a) 10
b) 12
c) 15
d) 18

1. Which article of our constitution deals with the amendment of constitution?

a) Article 368
b) Article 352
c) Article 356
d) Article 360

2. By which of the following Acts were the High Courts of Bombay, Madras and Calcutta established?
a) Indian High Court Act, 1911
b) Indian High Courts Act, 1865
c) Indian High Courts Act, 1861
d) None of these

3. Who was the Prime Minister of India when National Emergency was declared in 1975?
a) Indira Gandhi
b) Morarji Desai
c) Lal Bahadur Shastri
d) Jawaharlal Nehru

4. Who was the President of India when National Emergency was declared in 1975?
a) Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy
b) Fakruddin Ali Ahmed
c) VV Giri
d) Gyani Sail Singh

5. What is the form of Government which is headed by an elected representative and a not a hereditary monarch called?
a) Republican
b) Democratic
c) Presidential
d) Parliamentary

6. Which of the following is a Fundamental right?
a) freedom of expression
b) Right to Personal Liberty
c) Right to move freely within India

d) All the above




7. Which of the following is not a Fundamental right?
a) right to live
b) right to freedom of religion
c) right to contest an election
d) right to equal protection under the laws

8. Who wrote the National Anthem of India?
a) Rabindranath Tagore
b) Muhammad Iqbal
c) Bankim Chandra Chatterji
d) Mahatma Gandhi

9. By virtue of which Act, did the British government take over the administration from East India Company?
a) Act of 1858
b) Act of 1909
c) Act of 1919
d) Act of 1935

10. The position of the President of India is comparable to
a) British Monarch
b) US President
c) Russian President
d) German Chancellor

11. Disputes regarding election to the posts of President and Vice President should be brought before
a) Supreme Court
b) Lok Sabha
c) Rajya Sabha
d) Election Commission

12. A Bill passed by the Parliament has to be signed by
a) Prime Minister

b) President

c) Cabinet

d) Speaker
13. What is the retiring age of the Judges of Supreme Court?
a) 60

b) 62

c) 65
d) 68

14. Who among the following has the right to take part in the proceedings of any committee of Parliament without being a member of it?
a) Deputy Chairperson of Finance Commission
b) Comptroller and Auditor General of India
c) The Attorney General of India
d) Election Commissioner

15. From which of the following nations did we borrow the doctrine of judicial review?
a) Great Britain
b) USA
c) France
d) Switzerland

16. Who is the leader of the majority party in the Lok Sabha?
a) Prime Minister
b) President
c) Vice President
d) Speaker of Lok Sabha

17. Under the provisions of which Article of the Constitution is President’s rule imposed in a state?
a) Article 352
b) Article 350
c) Article 356
d) Article 360

18. How many times can a person be elected President of India?
a) two times
b) three times
c) four times
d) no limit

19. The President of India can be removed from office by

a) Parliament

b) The Lok Sabha
c) The Prime Minister of India
d) The Chief Justice of India

20. What is the normal term of office of the Prime Minister of India?
a) five years
b) four years
c) six years
d) no limit

21. What is the minimum voting age in India?
a) 18 years
b) 21 years
c) 20 years
d) 25 years


22. To be eligible for election as a member of Rajya Sabha a candidate must have completed what age?
a) 25 years
b) 30 years
c) 35 years
d) 18 years

23. What is the number of writs that can be issued by the Supreme Court or High Court?
a) 3
b) 4
c) 6
d) 5

24. Which of the following acts introduced diarchy as the form of Government at the provincial level?
a) Govt. of India Act, 1919
b) Minto-Morley reforms
c) Montague Chelmsford Reforms
d) Govt. of India Act, 1935

25. Which of the following events compelled Gandhiji to launch the Civil Disobedience Movement?
a) Jalianwala Bagh massacre

b) Chauri Chaura incident

c) Rowlatt Act
d) Failure of Cripps Mission


1. A candidate must have completed what age to be a member of the Lok Sabha?
a) 25 years
b) 30 years
c) 35 years
d) 18 years

2. Which amendment to the Constitution deals with the reorganization of states?
a) 7th amendment
b) 5th amendment
c) 6th amendment
d) 4th amendment

3. Which Indian state has its own constitution?
a) Punjab
b) Delhi
c) Jammu and Kashmir
d) West Bengal

4. Who among the following gives legal advice to the state government?
a) Comptroller and Auditor General
b) Advocate General
c) Chief Justice of High Court
d) Attorney General of India

5. Which amendment to the Constitution deals with the Anti-defection law?
a) 42nd Amendment
b) 52nd Amendment
c) 61st Amendment
d) 47th Amendment

6. Which Article of our Constitution forbids child labour?
a) Article 18

b) Article 24

c) Article 36
d) Article 28

7. Who is the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces in India?
a) Prime Minister
b) Defence Minister
c) President
d) Chief of Army Staff

8. Who appoints the Judges of the Supreme Court and High Court?
a) Prime Minister
b) Law Minister
c) President
d) Speaker of Lok Sabha

9. What is the term of office of the Vice President of India?
a) 4 years
b) 5 years
c) 6 years
d) 7 years

10. For a No-Confidence Motion to be introduced in the Lok Sabha it must have the support of at least
a) 50 members
b) One-third of the total number of members
c) 60 members
d) 100 members

11. How many Anglo Indians can be nominated by the President to the Lok Sabha?
a) 12

b) 6

c) 3

d) 2
12. What is the maximum strength of Rajya Sabha?
a) 250 members
b) 260 members
c) 300 members

d) 500 members



13. What is the term of office of a member of Rajya Sabha?
a) 5 years
b) 6 years
c) 4 years
d) 7 years

14. Who administers the oath of office to the President of India?

a) Prime Minister
b) Chief Justice of India
c) Speaker of Lok Sabha
d) Vice President

15. Who holds the office of the President if neither the President nor the Vice President is available?
a) Prime Minister
b) Chief Justice of India
c) Speaker of Lok Sabha
d) None

16. Which of the following schedules in the Constitution divides the legislative powers between the Union and the States?
a) V schedule
b) VI schedule
c) VII schedule
d) VIII schedule

17. In accordance with the provisions of our constitution new all-India services can be created only by
a) the President on the advice of the council of Ministers
b) the Parliament
c) amendment of the Constitution
d) new services cannot be created

18. Under our Constitution Residuary Powers are vested in
a) the President
b) the Union
c) State legislatures
d) Both the Union and State Legislatures

19. The vesting of residuary powers under our constitution in the Union follows the precedent of which constitution?

a) Canadian Constitution
b) Irish Constitution
c) US Constitution
d) British Constitution

20. Which Constitutional authority is responsible for constituting the Finance Commission periodically?
a) Chairman of Rajya Sabha
b) Prime Minister
c) President of India
d) Speaker of Lok Sabha

21. For a period of how many years is the Finance Commission normally constituted?
a) four years
b) five years
c) six years
d) three years

22. To whom does the Public Accounts Committee submit its report?
a) Prime Minister
b) President
c) Speaker of Lok Sabha
d) Vice President

23. Under our Constitution the sovereign power rests with which of the following?
a) Judiciary
b) President
c) People
d) Parliament

24. Which amendment to the Constitution made it necessary on the part of the President to accept the advice given by the Council of Ministers?
a) 24th amendment
b) 25th amendment
c) 41st amendment
d) 42nd amendment

25. From which constitution did we borrow the concept of our Federation?
a) Canadian Constitution

b) Australian Constitution


c) Irish Constitution

d) German Constitution

1. The vesting of Residuary Powers under our constitution in the Union follows the precedent of which Constitution?
a) Canadian constitution
b) Irish constitution
c) US constitution
d) British constitution

2. Which constitutional authority is responsible for constituting the Finance Commission periodically?
a) Chairman of Rajya Sabha
b) Prime Minister
c) President of India
d) Speaker of Lok Sabha

3. For a period of how many years is the Finance Commission normally constituted?
a) four years
b) five years
c) six years
d) three years

4. To whom does the Public Accounts Committee submit its report?
a) Prime Minister
b) President
c) Speaker of Lok Sabha
d) Vice President

5. Under our constitution, the sovereign power rests with which of the following?
a) judiciary
b) president
c) people
d) parliament

6. Which amendment to the constitution made it mandatory on the part of the President to accept the advice given by the council of ministers?
a) 24th amendment
b) 25th amendment
c) 41st amendment
d) 42nd amendment

7. From which constitution did we borrow the concept of our Federation?

a) Canadian constitution
b) Australian constitution
c) Irish constitution
d) German constitution

8. Which of the following is the competent authority to amend the constitution?
a) parliament
b) state legislatures
c) president
d) chairman of the Rajya Sabha

9. Which articles of our constitution deals with the cultural and educational rights?
a) 30 and 31
b) 29 and 30
c) 31 and 32
d) 32 and 33

10. To whom should a notice in writing be given for raising a half an hour discussion in a House of Parliament?
a) Presiding officer of the house
b) Secretary general of the house
c) Secretary of department of parliamentary affairs
d) Ministers concerned
11. Who was the last Viceroy of India?
a) Lord Mountbatten
b) Lord Canning
c) Lord Ripon
d) Lord Hardinge

12. Who was the first President of the Republic of India?
a) Dr Rajendra Prasad

b) C Rajagopalachari

c) Lord Mountbatten

d) Zakir Hussain
13. Who was the first Muslim President of independent India?
a) Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad
b) APJ Abdul Kalam

c) Dr Zakir Hussain

d) None of these

14. Who among the following British Prime Ministers issued the infamous ‘communal award’ which prescribed separate electorates to different communities?
a) Ramsay MacDonald
b) Clement Atley
c) Winston Churchill
d) Neville Chamberlain

15. Which of the following is not a language included in the eighth schedule of the constitution?
a) English
b) Konkani
c) Sindhi
d) Kashmiri

16. A candidate seeking election to a state legislative assembly must have completed what age?
a) 30 years
b) 25 years
c) 21 years
d) 20 years

17. Which of the following is not a post mentioned in the Constitution of India?
a) The Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha
b) The Deputy Prime Minister
c) The Deputy speaker of the state legislative assemblies
d) The Deputy chairman of the Rajya Sabha

18. Who among the following can propose the name of a candidate for the office of President of India?
a) any five citizens of India
b) any five members of parliament
c) any one member of the electoral college
d) any ten members of the electoral college


19. Which of the following tax is levied and collected by the union but wholly assigned to the states?

a) taxes on railway fares and freights

b) stamp duties
c) sales tax
d) custom duties
20. Who appoints the Attorney General of India?
a) Chief Justice of India
b) Union Law Minister
c) Prime Minister
d) President

21. Who among the following presidents of India held the office for two successive terms?
a) VV Giri
b) Dr S Radhakrishnan
c) Dr Zakir Hussain
d) Dr Rajendra Prasad

22. The Fundamental Duties were added to the constitution for the first time in
a) 1974
b) 1975
c) 1976
d) 1977

23. Of which type is the Indian Constitution?
a) Federal
b) Unitary
c) Parliamentary
d) Federal in form and Unitary in spirit

24. Into how many parts has the Indian Constitution been divided?
a) 7
b) 11
c) 21
d) 22

25. What is the maximum number of nominated members in the two Houses of Parliament?
a) 10

b) 12

c) 14

d) 20



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