Inspiration – A divine influence upon human beings as that resulting in the writing of the Scriptures. Since all of the Bible is the word of God and it was written through the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, the Bible reveals the truth.
Inerrancy– While there are minor errors in scriptures (dates, names, etc.) there is NO ERROR in the message itself.
KINDS OF TRUTH IN THE BIBLE
Religious – Truths that are faith-based. We believe them to be true, based on what our faith tells us. This type of truth assumes that we have a genuine relationship with God, and that God tries to communicate with people through their lives.
(Jn 3:16) For God so loved the world, that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish, but might have eternal life.
Moral – Lessons and rules about good behaviour, like “Thou shalt not kill”. These truths are based on what is right and wrong in our world. They are truths that help us understand what choices bring us closer to God. These moral truths need to always be interpreted to apply to our society.
(Lev 19:17-18) You shall not hate your brother in your heart. You shall surely rebuke your neighbor, and not bear sin because of him. You shall not take vengeance, nor bear any grudge against the children of your people; but you shall love your neighbour as yourself. I am Yahweh.
Symbolic – Poetic language used to emphasize a lesson. Truths that are told in the form of myths or parables. For these truths we have to read between the lines to find deeper meaning - interpret them.
(Mt 5:29) If your right eye causes you to stumble, pluck it out and throw it away from you. For it is more profitable for you that one of your members should perish, than for your whole body to be cast into Gehenna.
Proverbial – Short saying of common sense wisdom, like “The early bird catches the worm”. Truths told in catchy/folksy lines. We need to make sure we look to find the wisdom in each of these to fully understand them.
(Sir 3:5) He who honours his father is gladdened by children and when he prays he is heard.
Historical– Records and stories of past events and deeds. These are concepts we know to be true, because they are documented in history and backed up by a respectable source – such as that Jesus was born in Bethlehem and lived his young life in Nazareth.
(2 King 25:1) It happened in the ninth year of his reign, in the tenth month, in the tenth day of the month, that Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came, he and all his army, against Jerusalem, and encamped against it; and they built forts against it and around it.
Scientific– Observations regarding the universe we live in. They are ideas that the world of math & science can prove to be true, like “2 + 2 = 4”.
(Eccl 1:5) The sun also rises and the sun goes down, then hurries to its place where it rises.