Issues in Public Diplomacy



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Calendar Spring 17

Washington, D.C. Public Diplomacy Program – Spring 2017



Syllabus - IRP 708-M001 (41315)

Issues in Public Diplomacy

Dr. Michael Schneider

(202) 413-4032; mischnei@maxwell.syr.edu

This is a course about the public dimension of major contemporary challenges, and the role of communication, media and culture in public policy. The course will examine institutional and professional communication issues, and gain needed skills.

Introduction: Dramatic changes in public communication have occurred in the past decade-plus. The flow of information has turned into a flood. We are both more knowledgeable and more compartmentalized. New technologies seem to have a half-life of less than a decade. The 24/7 flow is now 60/60/24/7/365. Inevitably, these changes have affected decision making across the board.

Beyond the impact of changing communications it is important to understand globalization in all its manifestations and historic demographic changes, because these have brought many more people into the public arena than ever before. Once pre-eminent, governments must share decision making with vibrant non-state actors. We are also witnessing a reaction against change around the globe, evident in re-aroused nationalisms, and ongoing extremist violence.

A decade-plus after 9-11, we still seek to understand better how to cope with threats and chart a sustainable path to a more stable, prosperous and just world.

New Challenges

Among the many issues we must confront in the coming year, Russian “Active Measures” pose special problems. Cyberhacking is the most obvious facet of orchestrated efforts to shape – or confuse -- public opinion here, in Europe and elsewhere.

As globalization is challenged by more narrow nationalisms, a struggle is intensifying to establish a narrow “preferred reality” in public discourse. This could well delay or doom cooperation on important global issues, including the Iran nuclear agreement, immigration policy, climate change and varied trade agreements. None would be easily resolved in any context, but disputants are using the tools of the digital era to de-legitimize the views of rivals or opponents.

Sadly, these days we can’t even agree on a commonly held body of facts about issues. The churn of information confuses publics, makes compromise and governance ever more difficult, and alienates groups who differ in backgrounds and values. Civility is losing out to disunity, the core of national strength.

At its best public diplomacy can help this nation and others better understand how to reduce conflict and maximize cooperation. The task is complex; Public DIplomats need to:


  • build consensus against violence and special nuclear and cyber threats;

  • strengthen public support around the world for human rights, democratic governance and civil society;

  • foster global commitment to social justice,

  • stimulate values and focus on transnational environmental and health issues, and

  • fundamentally, promote greater empathy among diverse cultures.

Goals:

Participants should be better able to:



  • Improve your understanding of major global communications trends and their implications for international affairs and decision-making

  • Deepen your understanding of the public dimension of world affairs.

  • Gain skills in analysis of public opinion and strategic communication.

  • Strengthen your understanding of national security/foreign policy decision making and nation-state behavior.

  • Broaden your awareness and knowledge of the evolving role and influence of non-state actors, including major NGOs in national and international affairs.

Format, Approach:

The course will mix brief introductory remarks with discussion, class exercises and student presentations. Officials and NGO experts with special expertise will participate from time to time.



Readings:

We follow a two-tiered approach: a few key readings will be assigned in advance for each class session, accompanied by a longer list of optional recommended readings. Most assignments will be from easily retrieved online sources.


Assignments:

Written assignments are intended to help participants develop essential skills for careers in various fields of public diplomacy, ranging from analysis to advocacy and including strategic planning and audience identification. These skills will help you consolidate your knowledge of communication, and for Maxwell PD participants, to prepare the required MA paper to meet Newhouse requirements. Specifically, each research team participant will prepare:


  • a brief four-to-six page analysis on an aspect of the PD issue under review; and

  • a brief four-to-six page recommendation for a PD response to the issue.

Instructions and a template will be provided for each assignment.

Class Exercises: We will bring in officials from USG agencies and departments, relevant UN agencies and/or NGOs involved in the field of endeavor to brief the class and work with us in developing analyses and recommendations. On occasion we will workshop the issue or brainstorm possible public responses.



Grading:

Submissions or presentations should be:



Current –your submissions are up to date, accurate, and as far as possible clearly related to the current state of play of an issue..

Clearly sourced – where needed, you draw on and cite sources of fact and views.

Concise -- you state the issue briefly yet thoroughly within the context of a short memo. Busy leaders need the memo or PowerPoint to get to the point quickly, yet reflect awareness of the nuance and the bureaucratic or political curveballs coming their way.

Creative -- to encourage you to go beyond conventional wisdom if you believe your view or suggestions lead to a different approach from the usual, or even merit greater experimentation.

Cogent -- at the same time, your comments and recommendations should make sense, even if you offer novel solutions beyond the usual DC “conventional wisdom”.

Grades will be based on the following:



PD Analysis of selected Issue (your choice) 35% Due Week 9

Proposed PD Response 35% Due Week 12

Class Participation (including discussion in

seminar, engagement with the issues online

with comments, sources, information on the

issues we’ll discuss. 30%

I follow the practice of reviewing all submissions in draft, returning them with questions, suggestions and edits, and accepting a revision for a higher grade. This is more work for you and me but well worth the extra effort.

Attendance

Participation in seminar discussions is very important; we rely on everyone’s involvement. If you need to miss a class, please let me know as soon as you can. All submissions are due on the dates indicated; please let me know if you cannot meet the deadline.

Evaluation

At the end of the semester we will re-consider the semester and seek suggestions for future refinements of the seminar and the program. Your feedback and recommendations are welcomed throughout the semester.



Academic Integrity Policy

Please quote or attribute any writings or ideas of other sources, not your own.

The Syracuse University Academic Integrity Policy, “ holds students accountable for the integrity of the work they submit. Students should be familiar with the Policy and know that it is their responsibility to learn about instructor and general academic expectations with regard to proper citation of sources in written work. The policy also governs the integrity of work submitted in exams and assignments as well as the veracity of signatures on attendance sheets and other verifications of participation in class activities. Serious sanctions can result from academic dishonesty of any sort. For more information and the complete policy, see http://academicintegrity.syr.edu.”

Disability Related Accommodations

We will try to help all students who wish to participate in the seminar to do so. If you have any special needs or concerns please let me know in advance so that I can talk with SU staff at the Greenberg House and other university officials.

According to Syracuse University: “Students who are in need of disability-related accommodations must register with the Office of Disability Services (ODS), 304 University Avenue, Room 309, 315-443-4498. Students with authorized disability-related accommodations should provide a current Accommodation Authorization Letter from ODS to the instructor and review those accommodations with the instructor. Accommodations, such as exam administration, are not provided retroactively; therefore, planning for accommodations as early as possible is necessary. The Office of Disability Services facilitates disability related support services and accommodations for students studying abroad.  While support services and accommodations are intended to provide equal access, the accessibility of facilities in other countries [and in Washington, D .C.] may be limited and support services may be provided in a manner that differs from the delivery of services on the Syracuse University campus.  Students are advised to discuss the availability of accommodations at various international study abroad sites [and in Washington,D.C.] with SU Abroad and ODS staff.”


Issues in Public Diplomacy - Calendar

Spring – 2017 Schedule and Calendar

(NOTE THAT ALL CLASSES WILL MEET AT CSIS – 1616 RHODE ISLAND AVE NW, FROM 6 – 8:45 P.M.)

Week 1 - January 17 5 p.m. Orientation and introduction to the program:
Readings: Program overview, syllabus, Internship instructions, ReCon precepts
6.p.m. James Hoban’s Irish Pub – One Dupont Circle

PD Alumni Reunion and Reception to Honor Spring ‘15 PD Class – All participants in the Issues in PD Seminar are welcomed.

January 18 First “Issues in Public Diplomacy” Seminar: Public Diplomacy Defined; Inventory of America’s Challenges and the Public Dimension



Topics: Meanings and roles of “public diplomacy for U.S. global engagement. A primer on national security decision-making in the U.S. Major Issues to analyze from the public dimension.

Readings: Please review and critique MDS Concept paper: “Public Diplomacy Concepts, Principles and Practices” (will send to class.)

Please also look over the following:



  • Katherine Brown, Roxanne Cabral and “Diplomacy for a Diffuse World,” The Atlantic Institute, http://www.atlanticcouncil.org/images/publications/Diplomacy_for_a_Diffuse_World.pdf
  • Bruce Gregory, “The Paradox of U.S. Public Diplomacy: Its Rise and Demise,” https://ipdgc.gwu.edu/sites/ipdgc.gwu.edu/files/downloads/IPDGC-SpecialReport1-BGregory.pdf


Additional Reading:

  • "Public Diplomacy in the 21st Century," by Joseph Nye, The Globalist, May 10, 2004 http://www.theglobalist.com/printStoryId.aspx?StoryId=3885

  • “The End of the Hillary Clinton Era in Public Diplomacy,” by Nicholas Cull, available at http://link.springer.com/article/10.1057/pb.2013.4

Week 2 – January 24 Meet to update internships, ReCon projects; Workshop public opinion analysis and audience identification

January 25 Issue: What’s Happening to Reality? Fake News, “Facts” and Declining Civility and Consensus Here and Abroad: The Challenge for Public Diplomacy and Citizens


Class Discussion: We’ll develop ideas for a guide to assessing the sources and validity of news, in different media. In a broader context, we’ll discuss the growing divides here and abroad among political rivals and publics. This will include global and domestic symbolic buzzwords that engage rival parties in virulent disputes.
Readings: Please read the following:
“Pizzagate: From Rumor to Hashtag to Gunfire in DC,” https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/pizzagate-from-rumor-to-hashtag-to-gunfire-in-dc/2016/12/06/4c7def50-bbd4-11e6-94ac-3d324840106c_story.html?utm_term=.f60ccdb1ff7c
“Dissecting the #Pizzagate” Conspiracy Theories,” http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2016/12/10/business/media/pizzagate.html

“Fake News Targets Pizzeria as Nest of Child Trafficking,” https://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/21/technology/fact-check-this-pizzeria-is-not-a-child-trafficking-site.html

For a broader perspective on the challenge of incivility and national division, see President Obama’s Farewell Address https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/10/us/politics/obama-farewell-address-speech.html
“The Upshot: Partisanship is the Real Story Behind the Fake News,” New York Times, 01/12/17, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/11/upshot/the-real-story-about-fake-news-is-partisanship.html?&moduleDetail=section-news-4&action=click&contentCollection=The%20Upshot®ion=Footer&module=MoreInSection&version=WhatsNext&contentID=WhatsNext&pgtype=article

Week 3 – February 1 Issue: The Future of Public Diplomacy in 21st Century Statecraft and the



Modern State Department: Has the merger of USIA into State strengthened the Department, and served U.S. interests?
Speakers: Roxanne Cabral, Director Office of Resources and Plans, Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs; Mark Taplin, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Educational and Cultural Affairs; Jonathan Henick, Deputy Coordinator, International Information Programs; Shannon Green, CSIS Senior Fellow and Director, Human Rights Initiative

Key Questions: How well as the merger of USIA into the Department of State worked? To what extent have reforms promised by the first Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review (QDDR) and the 2010 PD Strategy succeeded? How has the Public Diplomacy perspective factored into policy formulation? With current resources and staffing abroad, can State PD programs reach out to far broader, more active youth audiences as well as traditional leaders?



Readings:


  • http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/235159.pdf or the executive summary: http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/235198.pdf

  • Office of the Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs, "Strengthening U.S. Engagement with the World," Spring, 2010 http://uscpublicdiplomacy.org/sites/uscpublicdiplomacy.org/files/legacy/pdfs/PD_US_World_Engagement.pdf

  • The State Department’s QDDR Department of State, 2010, QDDR http://www.state.gov/s/dmr/qddr/

Additional Readings

  • U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Hearing on the Future of Public Diplomacy, March 10, 2010.  http://foreign.senate.gov/hearings/hearing/?id=fb621de6-b0aa-b497-4a14-329d635c7557. Current Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs Judith McHale and former Under Secretaries Evelyn Lieberman, Karen Hughes, and James Glassman present their views to the Committee.  



  • Jan Melissen, “The New Public Diplomacy: Between Theory and Practice,” in The New Public Diplomacy – Soft Power in International Relations, ed. by Jan Melissen, New York: Palmgrave Macmillan, 2007.


  • Kathy R. Fitzpatrick, U.S. Public Diplomacy's Neglected Domestic Mandate,CPD Perspectives, USC Center on Public Diplomacy, Paper 3, (Figueroa Press, October 2010). http://uscpublicdiplomacy.org/publications/perspectives/CPDPerspectivesNeglectedMandate.pdf


  • Bush Administration '06 National Security Strategy Review (NSSR) http://www.comw.org/qdr/fulltext/nss2006.pdf

  • Department of Defense, 2009, QDR http://www.defense.gov/qdr/

  • National Defense Science Board Report on Strategic Communication, 2008 http://www.acq.osd.mil/dsb/reports/ADA476331.pdf

  • Department of State, Statecraft for the 21st Century home page: http://state.gov/statecraft/htm

mbating

Wee Week 4 -February 7 - Meet to update internships, ReCon projects; Workshop on Brainstorming

February 8 - Issue: The Challenge of Russian Active Measures

Topics: Definition of Active Measures; Russian disinformation and propaganda activities here and abroad.

Speakers: Todd Leventhal, U.S. Dept. of State Global Engagement Center; others TBA

Key Questions: How do current Russian propaganda, disinformation and other covert and overt efforts to manipulate public opinion work? How successfully have these activities been recently and in the Soviet era? What steps are the USG and other governments taking? Are there non-governmental efforts to expose Russian activities?

Readings:

For an excellent tutorial in Russian propaganda and disinformation,


  • See the summary, and time allowing the body of “The Menace of Unreality: How the Kremlin Weaponizes Information, Culture and Money” by Peter Pomerantsev and Michael Weiss, writing in The Interpreter, of RFE/RL, http://www.interpretermag.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/The_Menace_of_Unreality_Final.pdf


  • And check out the Ukrainian, Euromaidan coverage of Russia, http://euromaidanpress.com/

  • “The Menace of Unreality: How the Kremlin Weaponizes Information, Culture and Money,” a special report of the Institute of Modern Russia and the Interpreter analyzes Russia’s use of soft power ingredients in pursuit of strategic goals. The summary presents and overview, details follow along with recommendations for international responses.

For broader and deeper perspectives on Russian influence operations see:

  • “The Russian World in Moscow’s Strategy,” Commentary by Igor Zevelov, guest fellow of CSIS https://www.csis.org/analysis/russian-world-moscows-strategy

  • “Putin’s Information Warfare in Ukraine,” ISW – Institute for the Study of War, 2015, especially the summary, available at http://understandingwar.org/sites/default/files/Russian%20Report%201%20Putin's%20Information%20Warfare%20in%20Ukraine-%20Soviet%20Origins%20of%20Russias%20Hybrid%20Warfare.pdf

  • Also, “Ukraine’s New Weapon Against Russian Propaganda,” A Wall Street Journal Video from this past spring http://www.wsj.com/video/ukraine-new-weapon-against-russian-propaganda/621A22A7-AB83-4513-A30E-C97E9AFB02D8.html

  • “Russian Propaganda About Crimea and Ukraine: How Does it work?”

  • https://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/mar/17/crimea-crisis-russia-propaganda-media

  • NYTimes Editorial, “Playing with Fire in Ukraine,” http://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/20/opinion/playing-with-fire-in-ukraine.html

  • “For Putin Disinformation is Power,” http://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/06/opinion/for-putin-disinformation-is-power.html

  • U.S. Wrestles with How to Fight Back Against Cyber Attacks,” http://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/31/us/politics/us-wrestles-with-how-to-fight-back-against-cyberattacks.html


For additional understanding of historical Russian and Ukrainian thinking and counter-pressures historically, see:

  • “Ukraine, Russia and the U.S. Policy Response,” by Amb. (Ret) Steven Pifer, https://www.brookings.edu/testimonies/ukraine-russia-and-the-u-s-policy-response/ ; Also,

  • Current History, October, 2016 “What Drives Moscow’s Military Adventurism,” available at https://secure25.securewebsession.com/currenthistory.com/pdf_user_files/115_783_251.pdf (You need to subscribe or go through your School Library for this and several other worthwhile articles in the October edition of CH.)

  • “Back From the Brink: Toward Restraint and Dialogue Between Russia and the West,” report of the Deep Cuts Commission of Brookings Institution, https://www.brookings.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/Deep-Cuts-Commission-Third-Report-June-2016-1.pdf

  • Anti-Russian, Pro-Ukrainian information service Stop Fake News seeks to expose fake stories floated by Russia or associated social media, and has a long list of social media to review, available at http://www.stopfake.org/en/news/

  • Michael O’Hanlon, “U.S.- Russia Relations Beyond Obama,”

  • https://www.brookings.edu/blog/order-from-chaos/2016/04/20/u-s-russian-relations-beyond-obama/



  • Ukraine, Russia and U.S. Policy Response, https://www.brookings.edu/testimonies/ukraine-russia-and-the-u-s-policy-response/

  • See also reports and commentaries from the Dinu Patriciu Eurasia Center of the Atlantic Council, http://www.atlanticcouncil.org/programs/dinu-patriciu-eurasia-center


Week 5 – February 15 Issue: “Illegal,” “Undocumented” or “Unauthorized”: Debating Immigration Policy

Topics: “Push-pull” factors in migration to the U.S.; scope and trend-lines; attitudes of the American public; the immigration policy reform debate and changes proposed by the Trump Administration, e.g. possible tracking systems for international visitors in the U.S., Admin steps to increase deportations; the “dreamers” possibilities in the U.S.

Speakers:

Mark Hugo Lopez, Director of Hispanic Research Pew Research Center (invited); Others TBA



Key Questions: How is the debate over immigration policy likely to evolve in the coming year under the Trump Administration? Are there viable areas of consensus in the U.S. over how to deal with the status of the 11 million undocumented people here? How severely will the Trump Administration try to reduce the flow of undocumented workers, deport those with criminal records, and repeal Obama initiatives such as DACA?

Readings:

  • Institute for the Study of International Migration (ISIM), “Priorities for U.S. Immigration Reform,” 2015, available at https://isim.georgetown.edu/sites/isim/files/files/upload/ImmigrationReformPrioritiesv1%20Oct%2020th.pdf

  • Council on Foreign Relations, The U.S. Immigration Debate,” February 26, 2015 available at http://www.cfr.org/immigration/us-immigration-debate/p11149
  • Pew Research/Hispanic Center, website on Immigration attitudes, http://www.pewresearch.org/topics/immigration-attitudes/


Week 6– February 21 Meet to update internships, ReCon projects;

February 22 Issue: Engaging Iran: Prospects and Challenges After the Nuclear Agreement; The Public Dynamic Within Each Country



Topics: Support and Opposition to the agreement; internal politics within each nation; Spring Iranian elections; cultural, exchange contacts; the role of the diaspora
Speakers: Reza Marashi, NIAC (invited); others TBA

Readings: IIE Report on Academic Exchanges with Iran http://www.iie.org/Research-and-Publications/Publications-and-Reports/IIE-Bookstore/Reinventing-Academic-Ties-Iran-White-Paper

Other sources TBA

Week 8 March 7: Workshop on Career Search, Networking

March 8: Issue: The Future of U.S. Broadcasting: Reforms and Challenges



Topics: The evolution from short- wave to FM to digital, all-platform multi-media communication; controversy over Russian and violent extremism propaganda and the effectiveness of VOA; the Portman-Murphy Bill.

Key Questions: How can we assay the effectiveness of USG-funded broadcasting sector? What goals should the nation have for USG-funded international broadcasting? What are the impacts and implications of changing audiences and technologies for US broadcasting?

Speakers: Jeff Trimble, BBG (invited) ; Others TBA

Readings: TBA

March 13-17 Spring Break

Week 9 – March 21 Professional Development Skills Workshop: Conduct of Issue Oriented Advocacy Campaign


March 22 Issue: Exchanges and Civil SocietyMaximizing the important contribution of civic, educational and cultural exchanges to national interests

Topics: National interests, foreign policy and academic and civic exchanges, the role of the arts and humanities, USG relations with NGOs in the management of exchanges; time-frames for impact; the differences between short-term messaging and long-term relationship building.

Speakers: TBA

Key Questions:


  • How do educational, civic and cultural exchanges contribute to U.S. interests in key relationships ? Are exchanges best employed in support of immediate policy objectives or longer-term goals?

  • Are the needs for long-term planning and execution of exchanges similar to the needs and nature of foreign assistance?

  • What are the keys to successful planning and assessment of exchanges?

  • How can government and NGOs establish fruitful collaboration, mindful of overlapping interests and yet differences?

  • Does the USG have a responsibility to fund programs that help Americans better understand other nations and cultures?

Readings:

  • Allan Goodman, IIE blog, “The Role of Education in a Time of Crises,” available at http://www.iie.org/en/Blog/2015/July/The-Role-Of-International-Education-In-A-Time-Of-Crises July 31, 2015.

  • Shaun Riordan, “Dialogue-based Public Diplomacy: a New Foreign Policy Paradigm?” esp. pp. 184-195) in Jan Melissen, ed. The New Public Diplomacy – Soft Power in International Relations. New York: Palmgrave Macmillan, 2007.

  • Cynthia P. Schneider, “Culture Communicates: US Diplomacy That Works,” in Jan Melissen, ed. The New Public Diplomacy – Soft Power in International Relations. New York: Palmgrave, Macmillan, 2007


  • Anne Nelson, “Measuring the impact of “citizen media – academic and donor perspectives,” from May 4, 2010 Global Voices: http://summit2010.globalvoicesonline.org/2010/05/measuring-the-impact-of-citizen-media-academic-and-donor-perspectives/

  • "The Sound of Music and Public Diplomacy," Layalina Review: Vo VI, May 7-20, 20l0, http://www.layalina.tv/Publications/Review/PR_VI.10/article5.html

  • “Cynthia Schneider on cultural diplomacy, including the surprising spread of "Idol" TV” http://mountainrunner.us/2009/11/schneider.html

  • Cultural Exchange and the Cold War: How the West Won," Parts I and II, by ret. FSO Yale Richmond, in December 3 and 10, 2009 "Whirled View" Blog of ret. FSO, Patricia Kushlis, http://whirledview.typepad.com/whirledview/2009/12/cultural-exchange-and-the-cold-war-how-the-west-won.html, and http://whirledview.typepad.com/whirledview/cultural.html ;

  • John Brademas Center for the Study of Congress, Moving Forward:  A Renewed Role for American Arts and Artists in the Global Age, A Report to the President and Congress of the United States of America, December 2009. 
  • Neal M. Rosendorf, “ A Cultural Public Diplomacy Strategy,” in Philip Seib, ed. Toward a New Public Diplomacy. New York: Palmgrave Macmillan, 2009


  • Kathy R. Fitzpatrick, U.S. Public Diplomacy's Neglected Domestic Mandate,CPD Perspectives, USC Center on Public Diplomacy, Paper 3, (Figueroa Press, October 2010.)

Week 10 – March 29 Issue: EBOLA – Contemporary Success Story of Public Diplomacy

Topics: Communication failures and shortcomings during the 2014-2015 Ebola crisis in West Africa, government corruption and inefficiencies, USG, UN WHO and NGO responses, the role of community outreach, the mix of communication activities

Speakers: Kathleen FitzGibbon, U.S. Department of State, former DCM and Charge d’Affaires, U.S. Embassy Freetown, Sierra Leone (invited)

Austin Demby, CDC/USAID Adviser Public Health Adviser, Sierra Leone (invited


Susan Stevenson, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs (invited)

Readings:

Laurie Garrett, “Ebola’s Lessons – How the WHO Mishandled the Crisis,” Foreign Affairs Magazine, September/October, 2015.

“The Road to Zero – CDC’s response to the West Africa Ebola Outbreak,” CDC Report available at: http://www.cdc.gov/about/pdf/ebola/ebola-photobook-070915.pdf

WHO Summary of accomplishments since the outbreak: http://apps.who.int/ebola/our-work/achievements

World Bank Factsheets on financial support for countering Ebola: http://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/health/brief/world-bank-group-ebola-fact-sheet

Chronology - The Guardian http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/oct/15/ebola-epidemic-2014-timeline

New York Times - “The Ebola Outbreak in West Africa,” archives http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/subjects/e/ebola/index.html

Week 11 – April 4 Professional Development Panel, Networking Event

April 5 Issue: International Human Trafficking: The Communication Challenge

Topics: The scale and impacts of human trafficking; Government, IGO and NGO efforts to counter trafficking; the growing role of public communication, both for prevention and exposure of criminal activities

Key Questions: TBA

Speakers: TBA

Readings: TBA

OR

CVE: Sources, Methods, Achievements, Vulnerabilities

Topics: Sources and methods of ISIS as an organization, its internal and global propaganda campaigns, use of social media; receptivity among young people abroad and in the U.S., the youth bulge in conflict areas; dangers within the Mideast and beyond.

Speakers: TBA

Key Questions: What has made ISIS early messaging on social media successful? To what extent are ISIS recruitment efforts continuing to attract recruits? What messages, images seem to have most appeal to which audiences? Are there internal weaknesses that might be exploited to make ISIS unsustainable. With losses on the ground, has ISIS messaging lost some of its appeal? Have allied efforts to counter ISIS gained traction? How might NGOs contribute to the global effort to reduce the appeal of radical organizations? Can/ should social media refuse and delete communication by ISIS or AQ?

Sources:


  • CSIS Commission “Turning Point: A New Comprehensive Strategy for Countering Violent Extremism.” https://www.csis.org/features/turning-point

  • CSIS Report, “ Global Perceptions of Violent Extremism,” https://www.csis.org/analysis/survey-findings-global-perceptions-violent-extremism https://csis-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/s3fs-public/publication/161018_CVE_Full_Report_CSIS.pdf
  • U.S. Department of State: CSCC: http://www.state.gov/r/cscc/ ; see also link to English digital outreach team: http://www.state.gov/r/cscc/219224.htm


  • World Public Opinion - “Why Muslims are still mad at America,” September 6, 2011 http://www.worldpublicopinion.org/pipa/articles/brmiddleeastnafricara/691.php?nid=&id=&pnt=691&lb=

  • Col. John M. “Matt” Venhaus, USIP Special Report, “Why Youth Join alQaeda” http://www.usip.org/sites/default/files/SR236Venhaus.pdf

Additional sources TBA

Week 12 – April 12: Issue: The Great Taffy Pull – The Trump White House, the Congress, and the Media Struggle to Command Public Support, Here and Abroad

Topics: Public Approval/Disapproval of the new Administration and the Congress, here and abroad; focal points in the growing debate. Demographics of the Divide

Speakers: Karlyn Bowman, American Enterprise Institute (invited)

Ana Greenberg, Greenberg Quinlan (invited)



Key Questions: Has the conservative – progressive divide grown too large for compromise? What might this portend for decision making in the U.SS? How might politics, decision-making and policy become more effective and sustainable? Is it possible to rebuild national consensus on social issues or other major policy concerns?

Readings: TBA

Week 13 – April 18: Meet to discuss professional development, internships, ReCons

April 19: Issue: China and America View Each other: Myths, Stereotypes and … Reality

Topics: Chinese and American public perceptions of each other; Self-images; perceptions of global roles in each society especially among engaged elites; needs and opportunities for greater clarity


Speaker: Robert Daly, Director the Kissinger Institute, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars (invited)

Key Questions: Beyond the geopolitical and economic “realities” for cooperation, competition and conflict, to what extent do Chinese and U.S. publics understand the concerns of the other society? What public diplomacy stances are the two governments striking toward the other? To what extent will social media, and communications affect decisions by the CCP, and more broadly the political course China takes as it evolves?

Readings:


  • Please look over the State Department home pages on US-China cultural exchanges:  http://www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2014/07/228997.htm , and http://eca.state.gov/video/us-china-people-people-exchange

  • And the Embassy and Foreign Ministry home pages of the People's Republic of China:  http://www.china-embassy.org/eng/zmgxs/zxxx/t1199007.htm on bilateral relations and on Confucius Institutes.

  • And the home page of the 100,000 Strong Foundation http://100kstrong.org/initiatives/

Please read any of the following with an eye to your special interest:

  • CNN coverage: "China in a Soft Power Push with Foreign Students." http://www.cnn.com/2013/05/29/world/asia/china-soft-power-foreign-students/index.html
  • A very brief review article "Three Books on the Rise of China" http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/139004/edward-n-luttwak-steve-chan-david-shambaugh/the-rise-of-china-vs-the-logic-of-strategy; https://www.foreignaffairs.com/reviews/capsule-review/china-goes-global-partial-power


  • " China Does it Better – the charm offensive and Chinese Soft Power": http://fletcher.tufts.edu/landing-pages/alumni-stories-of-global-impact-and-leadership?utm_source=ForeignAffairs&utm_medium=banner&utm_campaign=AlumniStoriesBridge-FA

  • The website of the China Environment and Energy Forum of the Wilson Center: http://www.wilsoncenter.org/program/china-environment-forum particularly items on the recent U.S. – China climate change agreement.

  • The CCTV home page: http://english.cntv.cn/ and the home page of its new U.S. broadcast,  http://english.cntv.cn/program/newshour/20120207/113986.shtml

  • And look over a report on China's aid to Africa by CSIS Africa Program Director Jennifer Cooke:   https://csis.org/files/media/csis/pubs/090310_chinesesoftpower__chap3.pdf 

  • And "Africa and China  – More Than Minerals," the Economist, March 23, 2013 http://www.economist.com/news/middle-east-and-africa/21574012-chinese-trade-africa-keeps-growing-fears-neocolonialism-are-overdone-more
  • The best overall analysis I've found of China's diplomacy is David Shambaugh's book, China Goes Global :The Partial Power,  http://www.amazon.com/China-Goes-Global-Partial-Power-book/dp/B00B32XDEY/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1417298037&sr=1-1&keywords=china+goes+global It is a very engaging book and easily available from Amazon, Barnes and Noble and other sources. For anyone interested in China or soft power, this is a 'must read' – lively, and especially interesting because the author looks at the utility and uses of soft power approaches in Chinese diplomacy from the vantage of its foreign policy interests and the dynamics of decision making and internal politics and domestic concerns. He is particularly insightful into the ongoing debate within China on its responsibilities as a growing world leader.


  • A brief review of China Goes Global, by is available at

Sources on U.S. – China Bilateral Cultural Relations:

  • US State Department Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs website: http://eca.state.gov/video/us-china-people-people-exchange




  • National Committee on U.S. China Exchanges - https://www.ncuscr.org/programs




  • Report on 2014 U.S. – China High Level Consultation on People-to-People Exchange http://www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2014/07/228997.htm




  • Institute for International Education (IIE) Open Doors Report on China - http://www.iie.org/Research-and-Publications/Open-Doors/Data/Fact-Sheets-by-Country/2014




  • The sites of the PRC foreign ministry and embassy here in D.C. : http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/ and http://www.china-embassy.org/eng/ Check for policy themes from the home pages and Foreign Ministry daily press briefings.




  • The CCTV http://english.cntv.cn/ and leading government news agency Xinhua, http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/




  • Radio Free Asia http://www.rfa.org/english/news/china and VOA/Asia homepage http://www.voanews.com/section/asia/2205.html especially regular feature on what Americans think of China http://www.voanews.com/content/chinese-brands-little-recognized-in-us-but-innovation-helping/2578088.html



  • An important reading is the home page of the Kissinger Institute on the U.S. and China, http://www.wilsoncenter.org/program-events/Kissinger%20Institute%20on%20China%20and%20the%20United%20States/154 and in particular an early April, 2015 discussion: “Do Western Values Threaten China? The Motives and Methods of Xi Jinping’s Ideology Campaign” http://www.wilsoncenter.org/event/do-western-values-threaten-china-the-motives-and-methods-xi-jinping%E2%80%99s-ideology-campaign




Additional readings:
Two recent books offer excellent insights into China’s emergence and growing global influence as well as domestic forces that affect China’s external behavior:
  • Evan Osnos -- Age of Ambition: Chasing Fortune, Truth, and Faith in the New China (available in Kindle as well as hb and pb) http://www.amazon.com/s/ref=nb_sb_noss_2/188-5577747-5375864?url=search-alias%3Dstripbooks&field-keywords=Evan+Osnos






  • David Shambaugh, Ed, Tangled Titans, The United States and China, Lanham, Md: Rowmand & Littlefield, 2013. https://www.amazon.com/s/ref=nb_sb_noss_2?url=search-alias%3Dstripbooks&field-keywords=Tangled+Titans



  • A report on the late 2014 meeting of the Kissinger Institute , “The Promise and Perils of Sino – U.S. Educational Relations,” http://www.wilsoncenter.org/event/the-promise-and-perils-sino-us-educational-relations

Also keep an eye out for a coming book, China’s Global Engagement Cooperation, Competition and influence in the 21st Century, edited by Jacques deLisle and Avery Goldstein, to be published May 30, 2017 https://www.brookings.edu/book/china%C2%92s-global-engagement/

Week 14 – April 26 TBA

Week 15May 2 Issue: Summing Up – Trends, Changes to Recognize in the Public Domain

May 3 Class/PD Alums Barbecue 6 – 8 p.m at home of Mike and Mical Schneider – 3309 Fessenden St NW, DC.






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