James grover thurber



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JAMES GROVER THURBER



Biography:

James Grover Thurber, (USA, 1894-1961) a lanky Ohio-born journalist, came to national attention after his sketches, both graphic and verbal, began appearing in The New Yorker in the 1930's. ("His pictures sell like hot cakes," a Thurber fan remarked, "and look like them, too.")

In 1933 the publication of My Life and Hard Times, loosely based on the scenes and characters of his Colombus boyhood, made Thurber the most popular humorist in America: so popular that he was compared to Mark Twain, which annoyed him. (Some of his relatives were not happy with the book, charging that Thurber had made fun of the ancestors whose foibles he had so lovingly and accurately immortalized.)

In addition to collections of his humorous pieces, fables, and cartoons (including the sketches of his immortal "Thurber dog") his works include several fairy tales for children and adults, the later ones illustrated by other artists after Thurber's eyesight (he was left half-blind after a childhood accident with a bow and arrow) had gotten too bad to allow him to draw




James Thurber's story, "The Little Girl and the Wolf".

... James Thurber's story, "The Little Girl and the Wolf" starts off with, "One afternoon a big wolf waited in a dark forest for a little girl to come along carrying a basket of food to her grandmother." (Elements of Literature, p.203) This first sentence tells us quite clearly that neither the situation nor the little girl are very safe; in other words, something terrible is waiting to happen. The little girl comes along and runs into the wolf, who asks her for directions to her grandmother's house. After receiving the directions the wolf takes off. Although it's not mentioned in the story, the reader automatically knows that the wolf is headed for the grandmother's house, and that even more danger awaits the little girl. The little girl reaches her grandmother's house sometime later and walks in. She notices someone in the bed and quite calmy and humorously (or possibly even sarcastically) comes


THE LITTLE GIRL AND THE WOLF, The (1939) – Short Story by James Thurber

Summary: A brief and violent retelling of “Little Red Riding Hood”.

Original Title: The little girl and the wolf

Original language: English

Genre: Fairy Tales & Folklore – Reinterpretations

This work is a sub work of the following works :Fables for Our Time (1940) Collection

Who doesn't know the “Little Red Riding Hood” tale? This tale of the girl that goes to the grandmother's house and was surprised by the bad wolf?

There are a lot of versions where is possible to recognize the values of the life, the standards of morality that mark the different historic and social contexts, when this tales were written.

Genre:

This work is a sub work of the following works: “Fables for Our Time”, (1940) Collection. This is a new version of “Little Red Riding Hood” and was written in English.

Before to start, do you remember the tale that you read when when were only a child? This is very important to remember the characteristics of the story, it is a narrative genre because is possible to check the main elements that were used, as characters, time, setting, focus, plot, climax and conclusion. We can see the same elements in this short story, but also we can see the moral of the story told by the observing narrator.


Characters:

The little girs – The girl is little, on the other hand, she is not fragile, she is clever and decided.



The wolf – The wolf is “big” but Is it a bad wolf? Is it a smart wolf? We can see that the wolf was not in a comfortable and good situation because in the begin of the story the wolf was waiting for hours for a girl. Finally a little girl did come”, and Thurber used “did come” opposite to “came”. Better saying, the wolf was waiting for any girl, we can see when the Thurber used the indefinite article a little girl...” The wolf was desperate.

Setting:

The story begins “One afternoon a big wolf waited in a dark forest, for a little girl...

The place is a intimidating forest because is dark and lives there the wolf.

Plot:

James Thurber's story “The little girl and the Wolf” starts off with, “One afternoon a big wolf waited in a dark forest for a little girl to come along carrying a basket of food to her grandmother”.

This first sentence tells us quite clearly that neither the situation nor the little girl are very safe; in other words, something terrible is waiting to happen. The little girl comes along and runs into the wolf, who asks her for directions to her grandmother's house. After receiving the directions the wolf takes off. Although it is not mentioned in the story, the reader headed for the grandmother's house, and that even more danger waits the little girl. The little girl reaches her grandmother's house sometime later and enters the house. She notices someone in the bed and quite calmly and humorously (or sarcastically)comes.


Climax:

At the moment when the narrator says that: “So the little girl took and automatic out of her basket and shot the wolf dead”.



Characterization:

Resources Stylistic

I analyzed the resources stylistics used by the author and observed that this short story was very drawn, and at the end have a surprise because in the begin I can see the same characters and atmosphere of the original story, but at the end the story changed and took the other way retelling the story with the critical thinking.

He used the adjectives tho increase the same atmosphere of the original story.



The little girl

The big wolf

dark forest

But when the narrator used this, he had been ironical and sarcastic because he knows that this text have another way, different from the originally story. This story contains a lesson about the standards of morality, the girl was little, the wolf was big and the forest was dark, however we did not wait that the girl was ready to react.

We can see below, that he used the adverb to print a deeper variation, transmitting the certainty of that he waiting for long time.

Finally, a little girl...

We can see also a little girl”, he used the indefinite article as a resource to show the wolf's situation. He was waiting a girl, not the girl and could be any one.

At the second paragraph the little girl into at grandmother's house and saw somebody in bed, a long distance she perceived that was not her grandmother. Who was in the bed, it was the big wolf.

This shows us how much the girl was smart and came prepared to do anything. This detail marks the style of our author. It was possible to observe that in this story did not exist mother guiding her daughter, by the way the mother did not exist in this story. The changes were done from people who lived in different times, with different intentions and knowing in which the reception also will be distinct of the original.

In his story, James used irony and sarcasm. The underlying sense or irony precisely the tension between the simple stab and its multiple interpretations. Since sarcasm is defined by the violence and coarseness of proposition, which leaves no space for doubt, screamed through the speaker.


Conclusion:

The girls of today are not deceived as the girls of the past,. But it does not appear only in the moral of the story, we can see when the author speaks for us : “...for even in a nightcap a wolf does not look any more like your grandmother...” It wants to say that nor the headdress to sleep makes that the wolf itself seems the grandmother.

This contemporary version, considered for children nowadays, show us the dilemma lived for the children of our time. Perhaps either a critical one to the fact of the children in the current days, and have to decide theirs problems alone, without the presence of an adult.

The author used elements of American culture (a president born in the American independence day and a producer of children drawings that has as symbol a lion), this presences were used as part of the criticism.






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