Judges Chapter 1: Joshua’s Lingering Momentum Main Text: Judges 2: 11-12, 16

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Judges and Judgment: A Bible Study on the Call to Repentance 2012-2013

Judges Chapter 1: Joshua’s Lingering Momentum
1. Main Text: Judges 2:11-12, 16

2. Burying Joshua and Completing the Conquest



  • Judges 1:1-5, 6-7, 8-11, 12-15 – Where did we previously see the story of Caleb offering his daughter for this city? Joshua 15:16 Why is it repeated?

  • Judges 1:16-21 – Do you know where Gaza and Ashkelon are today?

  • Judges 1:22-26, 27-28, 29 – Why do you think the House of Joseph was so set on conquering Bethel (formerly called Luz)? Genesis 48:3-4
  • Which tribes make up the House of Joseph? Genesis 48:5-6


  • What were they copying from Joshua’s time by sparing the man at Bethel? Joshua 2:1, 12-13 Why might it have been a mistake this time?

  • What is the error of verse 28?

  • Judges 1:30-32, 33-36 – What are some of the challenges we see creeping into this period after the death of Joshua?

  • What was Dan’s problem?

  • We see a few places where it says “The Lord was with Judah” and the House of Joseph, but what, in general, is lacking in this generation?

Hebrews 11:6, Matthew 7:7-8
3. Questions or Comments?
Pastor Tim Moynihan www.pottershouseoceanside.com 760-477-3901

Judges and Judgment: A Bible Study on the Call to Repentance 2012-2013


Judges Chapter 2: The Cycle Begins
1. Main Text: Judges 2:11-12, 16

  • Lat week we said the theme for the Book of Judges was the cycle of blessing, backsliding, judgment, repentance and revival leading back to blessing, can you explain what was meant by that?

  • How does this parallel our U.S. history?

  • In what way had the tribes lost faith and begun to disobey God in Judges 1?

  • What tribe started out well and wholly led by God?

  • What tribe absolutely failed to seize their inheritance?

2. The Angel of the LORD’s Warning


  • Judges 2:1-3, 4-6 – When did we see this Angel before? Joshua 5:13-15


  • Who is this He? How do you know? Exodus 3:4-6, Revelation 22:8-9

  • Judges 2:7-10 – Why were the people able to serve God when Joshua was still alive?

  • What do we see here with reference to the three generations after Moses? What was their relationship with God like?

    • First: ______________________

    • Second: ____________________

    • Third: ______________________

  • This is how the cycle begins to play out.

  • Judges 2:11-13, 14-15 – If you wonder why our country is in distress it is because we are in the middle of a similar crisis of faith. Deuteronomy 28:1-2, 3-6, 7-11, 12-14 and Deuteronomy 28:15-19, 20-23, 24-27, 28-29, 30, 33-36, 37, 43-44, 45-50, 58-59

  • Where did we go wrong as a nation?

3. The Leadership Crisis



  • Judges 2:16-19 – Strong, decisive and/or righteous leaders do not come from “democracy” but from where?
  • But ask yourself this question, do people (like we Americans) really want a Godly leader?


  • What is the real issue?

  • Judges 2:20-23 – Strongholds are left when people refuse to believe God and drive them out. The Christian has the same challenge: 2 Corinthians 10:3-6

3. Questions or Comments?


Pastor Tim Moynihan www.pottershouseoceanside.com 760-477-3901

Judges and Judgment: A Bible Study on the Call to Repentance 2012-2013


Judges Chapter 3: New Challenges for New Leaders
1. Main Text: Judges 2:11-12, 16

  • We said the theme for the Book of Judges was the cycle of blessing, apostasy, backsliding, judgment, repentance and revival leading back to blessing, can you explain what was meant by that?

  • Who is the Angel of Judges chapter 2?

  • How do we know who it is?

  • Why are the people of God either blessed or cursed?

  • Where do strong leaders come from?

2. Strongholds and Strongmen



  • Judges 3:1-4 – What is God’s motivation to leave these strongholds in the land?

  • What do we know is the will of God regarding these nations left in the land?

  • Do you remember what kind of enemy strongholds Christians must contend with?

2 Corinthians 10:3-6 -- How is the experience of the Israelites in Judges like our experience dealing with Christian strongholds? Ephesians 6:10-18
  • Judges 3:5-6 – We see one of God’s principle moral standards violated here – what am I talking about? 2 Corinthians 6:14-17


  • Judges 3:7-11 – What and where is Mesopotamia?

  • Where have we seen Othiel before? Joshua 15:16-17

  • So the people seemed to serve God again for forty years until what happened?

  • Judges 3:12-14, 15-17, 18-19 – What was Gilgal and what could the stone images there represent? Joshua 4:1-2, 20

  • Apparently this was the crossing point between Canaan and the nations to the east such as Moab and Ammon. What modern day nation is located there?

  • Judges 3:20-23, 24-25 – One theory is that this cool chamber was really the bathroom and the embarrassment was due to the people afraid to see the king in there!

  • Judges 3:26-27, 28-30, 31 – Great military and political leaders are often profane or otherwise overlooked men. But when God’s people cry out for help to God, such men often supply critical and inspiring leadership. Can you think of some historical examples?

  • Matthew 9:36 -- God’s people need leadership to avoid becoming “weary and scattered!” – thus God raises up men to “shepherd” the people.

  • But when a nation rebels against God, what happens to good leadership?

  • Proverbs 28:28, Proverbs 29:2, and Proverbs 24:21-22

  • Sound familiar?

3. Questions or Comments?


Pastor Tim Moynihan www.pottershouseoceanside.com 760-477-3901

Judges and Judgment: A Bible Study on the Call to Repentance 2012-2013


Judges Chapter 4: Deborah Judges as Barak Battles
1. Main Text: Judges 2:11-12, 16

  • Introduction: Our main text is the theme for the Book of Judges, a period before the Israelites had a king in which the cycle of blessing, apostasy, backsliding, judgment, repentance and revival leading back to blessing, would be repeated over and over -- Explain

  • Has this cycle ever manifested in the spiritual history of the United States of America? Give an example

  • Who is Othniel, who is he related to and what did he accomplish?

  • What were the stone images at Gilgal?

  • Ehud was left handed. How did he use that to deceive King Eglon’s guards?

  • Why did God raise up deliverers to judge Israel?

  • How many years passed from the start of Othniel’s judgeship to the end of Ehud’s?

2. Deborah’s Ministry and the Death and Defeat of Sisera



  • Judges 4:1-3 -- Sound familiar?

  • Judges 4:4-6 – Is Deborah leading Israel?

  • Consider the entire three verses here and note some details about her life. She is a judge and a prophetess but note some things:

    • Is she married?

    • Is she acting like a queen? Does she lead men into battle?
    • What appears to be her mission? How is she like Godly women in the Church today? Acts 2:17-18, Acts 21:8-9, 1 Timothy 2:12-15, 1 Corinthians 12:28, Titus 2:3-5


    • How does Deborah’s testimony and these New Testament scriptures contrast with modern women preachers or pastors you have met or heard of?

  • Judges 4:7, 8, 9, 10 – What is Barak’s problem? How will he be chastised about it?

  • Judges 4:11-13 – Why is the Israelite fear of these chariots misplaced? Psalm 20:6-9

  • Judges 4:14-16, 17-20, 21-22, 23-24 – Notice in verse 6, which tribes are involved in this battle? Why only them?

3. Questions or Comments?


Pastor Tim Moynihan www.pottershouseoceanside.com 760-477-3901

Judges and Judgment: A Bible Study on the Call to Repentance 2012-2013


Judges Chapter 5: Duet of Remembrance
1. Main Text: Judges 2:11-12, 16

  • Introduction: Our main text is the theme for the Book of Judges, a period before the Israelites had a king in which the cycle of blessing, apostasy, backsliding, judgment, repentance and revival leading back to blessing, would be repeated over and over – Explain

  • Deborah judged the land of Israel in a time of war with the Canaanites. Did she lead them into battle? In what way was Deborah a “covered” woman?

  • What was Deborah’s title? Is this a Biblical role for a woman?

  • What are some Biblical roles for women in the New Testament Church?

  • What two roles did Paul not permit women to have?


  • What was Barak’s problem with Deborah’s prophetic Word from the LORD?

  • How did Barak lose the glory?

  • Which tribes fought with Barak against Sisera?

2. The Song of Deborah and Barak



  • Ancient cultures often put the details of historical events into the form of a song (or epic poem) to make them easier to remember. Like a song you can’t get out of your head, a song of remembrance is meant to stay with a people and get re-sung to commemorate the event. Read and discuss the following lines from this song?

  • Judges 5:1-2 – What is this basically saying?

  • Judges 5:3-5 – What kind of clue does this give us as to how God may have defeated the 900 chariots of Sisera’s Army?

  • Judges 5:6-9 – Who is Shamgar? Judges 3:31

  • Who is Jael? Judges 4:11, 18, 21

  • Judges 5:10-11 – This is the job of the preacher in modern society!

  • Judges 5:12-13 – Discuss: This gives us some insight into the opposition Deborah faced from the “nobles” of Israel and why Barak had a hard time believing her.

  • Discuss the behavior of each of the described tribes as described in these verses:

    • Judges 5:14, 15-16, 17, 18
  • Judges 5:19-23 – What is the “torrent” of Megiddo? Again, we see a hint as to the method God used to defeat Sisera’s Army. Note vs. 20-21.


  • What is Meroz?

  • Judges 5:24-27, 28-30 – Vs. 30 gives us some insight into Sisera’s ungodly character

  • Judges 5:31

3. Questions or Comments?


Pastor Tim Moynihan www.pottershouseoceanside.com 760-477-3901

Judges and Judgment: A Bible Study on the Call to Repentance 2012-2013


Judges Chapter 6: God Calls, Gideon Tests
1. Main Text: Judges 2:11-12, 16

  • Introduction: Our main text is the theme for the Book of Judges, a period before the Israelites had a king in which the cycle of blessing, apostasy, backsliding, judgment, repentance and revival leading back to blessing, would be repeated over and over – Explain

  • There were clues in the song of Barak and Deborah that give us some insight into how Sisera’s 900 chariots were defeated – What did God do?

  • Why do we think the defeat of Sisera was commemorated in a song?

  • How many years of rest did the children of Israel have in the days of Deborah and Barak?

2. The Cautious Judge



  • Judges 6:1-2 – Who are the Midianites? Genesis 25:1-2, Numbers 31:1-2

  • What is the Hebrew response to Midianite domination in Judges 6?
  • Judges 6:3-6, 7-10, 11-12 – What is the first thing God sends to the people when they cry out to Him? What is that person’s ministry?


  • Once God’s people begin to repent, God can raise up a deliverer for His people – What is verse 11 an example of? How can you tell?

  • Judges 6:13 – What is Gideon’s basic error? Malachi 3:13-18

  • Judges 6:14-15, 16-17, 19-21 – Is it right for Gideon to ask for a sign? 1 John 4:1

  • How is Gideon proving his faith in verse 19-21? Luke 6:38

  • Judges 6:22-27 – What Christian situation does this remind you of?

  • Judges 6:28-30, 31-32, 33-35, 36-38, 39-40 – What do you think of Gideon’s test -- was it a sign of faith or of unbelief?

  • Discuss: Presumption

  • What benefit of the Christian life do we have to guide us in our understanding of God’s will for us? (Hint: Some things Gideon did not have ready access to) John 14:16, 26, 15:26, 16:13 and 2 Timothy 3:16-17

3. Questions or Comments?


Pastor Tim Moynihan www.pottershouseoceanside.com 760-477-3901

Judges and Judgment: A Bible Study on the Call to Repentance 2012-2013

Judges Chapter 7: From Visions to Victory
1. Main Text: Judges 2:11-12, 16


  • Introduction: Our main text is the theme for the Book of Judges, a period before the Israelites had a king in which the cycle of blessing, apostasy, backsliding, judgment, repentance and revival leading back to blessing, would be repeated over and over – Explain

  • When a people are under judgment and they begin to cry out to God, what does the Lord send to them before anything else?

  • When Gideon was first called by the Angel, what was his initial complaint against God?

  • How are the ways Gideon confirms that it is the Lord really calling Him?

  • What does Gideon do for the Angel to confirm his willingness to act in faith?

  • What is the sin of presumption and how can we avoid committing it?

  • What resources do Christians have to confirm the Will of God for their life?

2. God gets the victory over the enemies of His people



  • Judges 7:1, 2-3 – What do you think of God’s decision to let the fearful depart?

    • 2 Timothy 1:7 – How does that apply to our text? Discuss

  • Judges 7:4-6, 7-8Why did God choose these 300 (two reasons)?

    • Matthew 26:41 ___________________________

    • Zechariah 4:6 ___________________________
  • Judges 7:9-11, 12-14, 15 – Why would the Midianites draw that conclusion?


  • What does this reconnaissance do for Gideon?

  • Judges 7:16-18, 19-21, 22-23 – What other story involving trumpets does this story remind you of?

  • The trumpets and torches of Gideon’s army are also available to the Christian who is serious about soul-winning. In what ways to we blow our trumpets and raise our torches? Matthew 10:27, Matthew 5:16

  • Judges 7:24-25

  • What lessons can we draw from this story with regard to the Church and our assigned mission? Think of three:

1. Proverbs 3:5-8 ___________________________

2. 1 Corinthians 1:26-31 ___________________________

3. Psalm 20:7 ___________________________
3. Questions or Comments?
Pastor Tim Moynihan www.pottershouseoceanside.com 760-477-3901

Judges and Judgment: A Bible Study on the Call to Repentance 2012-2013


Judges Chapter 8: From Victory to Apostasy
1. Main Text: Judges 2:11-12, 16

  • Introduction: Our main text is the theme for the Book of Judges, a period before the Israelites had a king in which the cycle of blessing, apostasy, backsliding, judgment, repentance and revival leading back to blessing, would be repeated over and over – Explain
  • Why did God decide to shrink the Army of Gideon? How small did He cause it to go?


  • Why were those who “lapped like dogs” chosen?

  • In what way did God discourage the Midianites and encourage Gide on?

  • What “weapons” were wielded by Gideon’s 300? What was the result?

  • What battle from in the days of Joshua was Gideon’s victory reminiscent of?

  • What lesson might we glean from that for our church?

2. The Rewards and Temptations of Victory



  • Judges 8:1-3 – Why are the men of Ephraim upset? Could they have helped Gideon if he had wanted them to?

  • How does Gideon defuse the tension here?

  • Judges 8:4-6 – What is the problem here? Matthew 12:30

  • What are the leaders of Succoth doing that is so unwise? John 20:24-25

  • Judges 8:7, 8-9 – What does the tower at Penuel represent? Isaiah 2:12-15

  • Judges 8:10-12, 13-17 – What do you think of Gideon’s judgments here? Two scriptures come to mind: Hebrews 12:11, 2 Corinthians 10:4-6

  • Judges 8:18-19, 20-21 – Compare this to 1 Corinthians 13:11 – what is wrong here with Jether? What were the Midianite kings saying here?
  • Note the crescents in verse 21 – what is the significance here?


  • Judges 8:22-23, 24-27, 28 – A king would have been obviously against the Will of God here, but what does Gideon do that is worse then making himself king?

  • Judges 8:29-32 – What do you think about the son named “Abimelech?” What is the problem with that? Do you know what that name means?

  • Not much humility in Jerubbaal/Gideon as time went on!

  • But Gideon never did make himself king – why not? What was he famous for doing before making any dramatic moves involving God’s people? 1 John 4:1

  • Judges 8:33-35 – Uh-oh, what is happening here again? Deuteronomy 28:58-59

3. Questions or Comments?


Pastor Tim Moynihan www.pottershouseoceanside.com 760-477-3901

Judges and Judgment: A Bible Study on the Call to Repentance 2012-2013


Judges Chapter 9: The Sordid Reign of Abimelech
1. Main Text: Judges 2:11-12, 16

  • Introduction: Our main text is the theme for the Book of Judges, a period before the Israelites had a king in which the cycle of blessing, apostasy, backsliding, judgment, repentance and revival leading back to blessing, would be repeated over and over – Explain

  • Gideon/Jerubbaal was famous for avoiding the sin of presumption. What is presumption and how did Gideon/Jerubbaal avoid it?

  • Gideon/Jerubbaal did not dare allow himself to be made king – what did he do that was worse spiritually?
  • But ironically, Gideon/Jerubbaal gave one of his sons by his concubine the name, Abimelech – what does Abimemlech mean?


  • Did the people of the land respect Gideon/Jerubbaal and his family?

2. The Leadership Vacuum must be filled!



  • Judges 9:1-3, 4-6 – Uh-oh, what sin is Abimelech so quick to commit that his father held back from doing himself?

  • Keep these two thoughts in mind: Proverbs 28:12 and Proverbs 28:4

  • Why were the people of Shechem so inclined to follow him? What basic human mistake are they making? 1 Samuel 16:7

  • Judges 9:7-9, 10-13, 14-15 – This is an example of an Old Testament parable. What is a parable and what is it supposed to do?

  • Now remember those proverbs we read. What do you think is being revealed by this parable? [Hint: This has to do with the “vacuum of leadership”]

  • Judges 9:16-19, 20-21 – This is a basic Christian truth: Galatians 6:7

3. The Reign of the Counterfeit King



  • Judges 9:22-25 – Is Abimelech king over all the land?
  • Judges 9:26-29 (Proverbs 24:21-22, 2 Corinthians 6:14), 30-33, 34-37, 38-41, 42-45, 46-49 – Zebul is a good example of an un-righteous opportunist (Discuss examples in the church). But it seems his conspiracy against Abimelech backfired and the “Bramble” succeeded in sending fire on his enemies.


  • Watch how God uses “victory” and “presumption” to bring judgment on an un-Godly ruler:

  • Judges 9:50-52 – Abimelech goes to his trademark tactic… but watch what happens – Judges 9:53-55, 56-57

  • Never forget, these were God’s people at war with one another! Based on what you read, ultimately, what is the most common cause of friction within any church or Christian organization? And why do elected politicians seem so corrupt?

4. Questions or Comments?


Pastor Tim Moynihan www.pottershouseoceanside.com 760-477-3901

Judges and Judgment: A Bible Study on the Call to Repentance 2012-2013


Judges Chapter 10: From Apostasy to Desperation
1. Main Text: Judges 2:11-12, 16

  • Introduction: Our main text is the theme for the Book of Judges, a period before the Israelites had a king in which the cycle of blessing, apostasy, backsliding, judgment, repentance and revival leading back to blessing, would be repeated over and over – Explain

  • How did Abimelech become a king? What city gave him his power and why?

  • What does it mean when we say the leadership vacuum will always be filled?

  • Who cursed that city, what was the nature of the curse and how did he prophesy (technique)?

  • Abimelech was an opportunist
    – what is an opportunist and why are they dangerous to God’s people?

  • How did Abimelech finally die?

2. The Pagan Revival and Judgment


  • Judges 10:1-2, 3-5 – How many years pass from the beginning of Tola’s judgeship to the end of Jair’s? In Bible terminology this is roughly equivalent to one ______________. (what?)


  • Why is this significant? Judges 2:10-11

  • In what way is Jair much like Gideon/Jerubbaal?

  • What does Havoth Jair mean? Note that these cities are located in Gilead. Do you remember where Gilead is located?

  • Judges 10:6-7 – Remember the issue here: Apostasy! Falling away in pagan idolatry

  • This is a pagan revival of sorts happening is America today; what does that mean for our future? Consider Exodus 20:1-6, 2 Corinthians 6:16-18, 1 Timothy 4:1

  • Judges 10:8-9 – Remember Deuteronomy 28:47-52

  • Judges 10:10-14, 15-16 – What is the difference in attitude of God’s people between verses 10-14 and in 15-16?

  • Why is this so important? 2 Corinthians 7:10

  • Why does God allow His people to fall into tribulations such as those that take place here in our text? Psalm 119:67

  • Here is the problem with modern people in these Last Days: Revelation 9:20-21

  • Judges 10:17-18 – There is a need for a confrontation with evil here. The people have repented and gathered together for war, there is just one thing missing. What is it?

3. Questions or Comments?

Pastor Tim Moynihan www.pottershouseoceanside.com 760-477-3901

Judges and Judgment: A Bible Study on the Call to Repentance 2012-2013

Judges Chapter 11: A Great Man and His Desperate Vow
1. Main Text: Judges 2:11-12, 16


  • Introduction: Our main text is the theme for the Book of Judges, a period before the Israelites had a king in which the cycle of blessing, apostasy, backsliding, judgment, repentance and revival leading back to blessing, would be repeated over and over – Explain

  • How many years passed from the time of Abimelech to the death of Jair?

  • In Bible terms that is often referred to as a ___________________________. What does that mean to us in terms of this study?

  • After the death of Jair, what “evil” did the people begin to do?

  • What foreign group began to oppress them?

  • What did the people finally do that got God’s attention?

  • By the end of Judges 10, the people have repented and assembled. What was missing?

2. The Deliverer



  • Judges 11:1-3Jephthah shares some things with Abimelech (which is why his brothers may have chased him out), what were they? Anyone else in the Bible have a similar history?

    • 1 Samuel 22:1-2 and John 7:5

  • Judges 11:4-6, 7-11 – There is some irony in the people’s selection of Jephthah. Do you see a parallel in the Church? 1 Corinthians 1:26-29
  • Judges 11:12-13, 14-17, 18-21, 22-25, 26-28What is the basic defense of Jephthah against the Ammonite arguments?


  • Note Jephthah’s use of history – what does this tell you about this man? And about us?

  • Look at his faith in verse 24 and compare to: Deuteronomy 3:22 and Joshua 23:10-11

  • Judges 11:29, 30-31, 32-33 – What do you think about Jephthah’s vow? Was it necessary?

  • Was it “presumptuous?” (Note that he was filled with the spirit of God)

  • Did Jephthah forget Deuteronomy 3:22 and Joshua 23:10-11?

  • What do Christians sometimes forget regarding grace and help from God?

    • Ephesians 2:8-9 and Philippians 4:13, 19

  • We have a religious side that always wants to force the Hand of God and it is unnecessary…

  • Judges 11:34-35, 36-37, 38-40 – Did Jephthah actually burn his daughter? Discuss

  • What pagan kings did: 2 Kings 3:26-27

  • What some scholars think: Matthew 19:12

3. Questions or Comments?


Pastor Tim Moynihan www.pottershouseoceanside.com 760-477-3901

Judges and Judgment: A Bible Study on the Call to Repentance 2012-2013


Judges Chapter 12: Uncivil War

1. Main Text: Judges 2:11-12, 16


  • Introduction: Our main text is the theme for the Book of Judges, a period before the Israelites had a king in which the cycle of blessing, apostasy, backsliding, judgment, repentance and revival leading back to blessing, would be repeated over and over – Explain

  • In what ways was Jephthah’s life similar to Abimelech’s? Why did his brothers cast him out?

  • What kind of life did Jephthah lead in his early days and who did he hang around with?

  • What nation begins to move against Gilead?

  • Why did the Gileadites choose Jephthah?

  • How did Jephthah use his knowledge of history and heritage to rebuke the Ammonites? What lesson does that teach us modern believers?

  • What was Jephthah’s presumptuous vow? Why was it unnecessary?

  • What happened to Jephthah’s only child, his daughter?

2. Ephraim’s Prideful Threat



  • As you read the next several verses keep in mind that Ephraim was the largest tribe in Israel!

  • Judges 12:1-3What is wrong with Ephraim’s actions and attitude in verse 1? [There are several correct answers!]

  • What is Jephthah’s argument? Matthew 12:30

  • How do we know if people are really “with us” in our service to God? Matthew 7:15-20

  • Judges 12:4 – This is a strange statement of the Ephraimites.

  • Why would they say such a thing? Numbers 32:1, 5, 33, 39-41,
  • The accusation of leadership illegitimacy against God’s chosen leaders is a common one in the Bible. Can you think of two notable examples? 1 Samuel 25:10 John 8:19, 39-42


  • Judges 12:5-6 – How we speak the things of God says a lot about where we are from spiritually!

  • Judges 12:7-15 – What is the significance of the “marriages” in verse 9 and the “donkeys” in verse 14? Matthew 24:38 Matthew 21:5

  • Anything interesting about the places these judges come from?

  • How many years pass from the time of Jephthah’s judgeship to the end of Abdon’s?

3. Questions or Comments?


Pastor Tim Moynihan www.pottershouseoceanside.com 760-477-3901

Judges and Judgment: A Bible Study on the Call to Repentance 2012-2013


Judges Chapter 13: The Miraculous Nativity of Samson
1. Main Text: Judges 2:11-12, 16

  • Introduction: Our main text is the theme for the Book of Judges, a period before the Israelites had a king in which the cycle of blessing, apostasy, backsliding, judgment, repentance and revival leading back to blessing, would be repeated over and over – Explain

  • The tribe of Ephraim met Jephthah after the battle against Ammon – What was Ephraim’s attitude? How did they view Jephthah’s legitimacy to rule over them as a judge?

  • How did Jephthah react to their arrogant remarks?

  • What is significant about the word “shibboleth?”

  • During the period of peace after Jephthah’s reign, what did we say that the marriages of Izban’s children and the donkeys of Abdon’s sons represented?

2. A Child of Destiny


  • Judges 13:1 – What do we call a 40 year period in the Bible?


  • Judges 13:2-3, 4-5 – What other Bible story comes to mind here? Luke 1:26-31

  • Judges 13:6-7, 8-9, 10, 11-14 – Why the dietary restrictions? Numbers 6:1-8

  • There are three men in the Bible who were Nazirites from birth, can you name them?

  • There was another man in the Bible who was “called a Nazarene.” Who was that?

    • Matthew 2:23

  • Judges 13:15-16 – Where have we seen this before? Judges 6:18-21

  • Judges 13:17-18 – What is the significance of this question about names?

  • Who is called “wonderful?” Isaiah 9:6 Who do you think this “Angel” is?

  • Judges 13:19-21, 22-23, 24-25 – Do you know what the name “Samson” means?

    • (Hint: compare to Malachi 4:2)

  • Whose “nativity” does Samson’s foreshadow? Why did God work it that way?

3. Questions or Comments?

Pastor Tim Moynihan www.pottershouseoceanside.com 760-477-3901

Judges and Judgment: A Bible Study on the Call to Repentance 2012-2013

Judges Chapter 14: Living on the Edge of Temptation
1. Main Text: Judges 2:11-12, 16


  • Introduction: Our main text is the theme for the Book of Judges, a period before the Israelites had a king in which the cycle of blessing, apostasy, backsliding, judgment, repentance and revival leading back to blessing, would be repeated over and over – Explain

  • God’s people fell into the hands of the Philistines for how many years?

  • How was Samson’s birth miraculous?

  • What were the similarities between Samson’s birth and Christ’s birth?

  • What were the similarities between Manoah’s angelic encounter and Gideon’s?

  • Who was this angel?

  • What does the name, Samson, mean?

2. Abusing the grace, calling and gifts of God



  • Judges 14:1-2, 3-4 – What can we say about this young man that is immediately clear?

    • Matthew 5:28, Ecclesiastes 2:10

  • How do we know he is one who lives by his feelings?

  • What does it say about him that he enlists his parents help in his sin?

    • Genesis 26:34-35, Genesis 28:8-9, Ephesians 6:1-2, 2 Corinthians 6:14-15

  • Judges 14:5-9 – In what ways has Samson violated his vows?

  • What does the lion represent? 1 Peter 5:8
  • What is Samson’s main overriding sin? Luke 4:9-12; Matthew 23:12


  • Remember that word, presumptuous? How does it apply here?

  • Judges 14:10-13, 14, 15-16 – What has Samson’s wife figured out about this “strong man?”

    • Genesis 3:17, Matthew 10:28;

  • Judges 14:17-18, 19-20 – Was Samson’s sin part of God’s plan? Was it God’s will that Samson be living in sin?

    • James 1:13-16

3. Questions or Comments?


Pastor Tim Moynihan www.pottershouseoceanside.com 760-477-3901

Judges and Judgment: A Bible Study on the Call to Repentance 2012-2013


Judges Chapter 15: The Further Adventures of Samson
1. Main Text: Judges 2:11-12, 16

  • Introduction: Our main text is the theme for the Book of Judges, a period before the Israelites had a king in which the cycle of blessing, apostasy, backsliding, judgment, repentance and revival leading back to blessing, would be repeated over and over – Explain

  • How did we describe the young Samson last week in Chapter 14?

  • In what ways did Samson violate his vows in Chapter 14?

  • What did the lion represent?

  • What lesson did he fail to learn or somehow get backwards while at Timnah?

  • How were his parents dragged into his sin?

  • What really is his over-riding sin problem?
  • What weakness did Samson’s wife discover about him?


  • Did Samson need to sin like this so God could use him to judge the Philistines?

2. The Hebrew Superman



  • Judges 15:1-3 – What is Samson discovering about his new “family and friends” among the Philistines? Proverbs 2:10-16

  • Judges 15:4-5, 6, 7-8 – The Philistines are covenant-breakers, remember Judges 14:15?

  • Judges 15:9-10, 11-13 – Do you know what Lehi means? There is a double-meaning here!

  • What is the problem with these men of Judah? Matthew 6:24

  • What is Samson’s problem? Leviticus 24:17-22

  • When sin and unbelief dominate a land, what happens to its men? Proverbs 28:28

  • What does Samson already know is going to happen?

  • Judges 15:14-15, 16-17 – Compare to Leviticus 26:7-8, Isaiah 40:29

  • How has Samson violated his covenant again?

  • The donkey is a strong but stubborn animal; this jawbone actually represents what?

  • In New Testament language, we see a correlation with Christians:

    • 1 Corinthians 1:17-18, 26-29
  • Judges 15:18-19 – What does the rock and the stream represent? 1 Corinthians 10:4


  • See also: Isaiah 40:31 -- En Hakkore = Spring of the Caller; Lehi = Jawbone

  • Judges 15:20

3. Questions or Comments?


Pastor Tim Moynihan www.pottershouseoceanside.com 760-477-3901

Judges and Judgment: A Bible Study on the Call to Repentance 2012-2013


Judges Chapter 16: The Fall of Samson
1. Main Text: Judges 2:11-12, 16

  • Introduction: Our main text is the theme for the Book of Judges, a period before the Israelites had a king in which the cycle of blessing, apostasy, backsliding, judgment, repentance and revival leading back to blessing, would be repeated over and over – Explain

  • What did Samson begin to discover about his new “friends” and “family” among the Philistines? How is that like what many young people go through today?

  • What does “Lehi” mean? How does that meaning apply to Samson? To us?

  • In what way was Christ revealed to Samson at En Hakkore (The Spring of the Caller)?

2. Spiritual Kryptonite



  • Judges 16:1 – What bad habit/chronic sin issue is still with Samson?

  • Is this a problem with Christians? What is the solution? Hebrews 12:1-2

  • Judges 16:2-3 – Do you know what the “gateposts” represented in that culture?

  • What is Samson doing?

  • In what way is Samson setting himself up for an ambush? 2 Timothy 2:26
  • He seems to have forgotten Numbers 32:23!


  • Judges 16:4-5 – What have the Philistines figured out about this man?

  • Can you see Satan’s strategy at work? Do Christians need to worry about such a thing? 1 Peter 5:5-8 – Seems to me there are a lot of Samson’s in the Church!

  • Philippians 3:17-19 – Too many Christians “walk” with unrepentant hearts, still involved in a besetting sin and unwilling to get right with God because they think God’s grace is going to get them out of trouble with their sin. What did we say this sin was called? Matthew 4:5-7

  • Judges 16:6-9 – What is Samson doing now that is so dangerous?

  • Judges 16:10-12, 13-14 – What is most dangerous about this last little teaser?

  • Judges 16:15-17, 18-20 – What does it mean that Samson has “told her all his heart?”

  • How do Christians make this same mistake today?

  • What happens to the Christian who becomes trapped in ungodly relationships and at the mercy of sinners?

  • What did Samson’s hair actually represent? James 4:7

  • Judges 16:21-22 – How is Samson’s bondage here like what we see spiritually in backsliders and former church kids?

  • What can we say if happening spiritually to Samson as his hair begins to grow back?
  • Judges 16:23, 24, 25 – There are some famous backsliders and church kids who are now “performers.” Can you think of any?


  • Satan loves to put his trophies on display – trophies of former believers and servants who went astray in their pride: 1 Samuel 31:8-10

  • Judges 16:26-27, 28-30, 31 – Did Samson need to die like this?

3. Questions or Comments?


Pastor Tim Moynihan www.pottershouseoceanside.com 760-477-3901

Judges and Judgment: A Bible Study on the Call to Repentance 2012-2013


Judges Chapter 17: Self-made Religion
1. Main Text: Judges 2:11-12, 16

  • Introduction: Our main text is the theme for the Book of Judges, a period before the Israelites had a king in which the cycle of blessing, apostasy, backsliding, judgment, repentance and revival leading back to blessing, would be repeated over and over – Explain

  • Samson was much like many modern Christians – what were some of his major weaknesses?

  • How did Samson “get close to the edge” spiritually and morally?

  • What did we say was his particular sin? (Hint: a form of presumption and pride)

  • During his 20 years judging Israel, what kind of moral example was Samson?

  • This will take us to the next several chapters, where the pendulum of apostasy takes Israel into idolatry, rebellion, moral degradation and finally, civil war.

2. A Religion of Convenience and Gain



  • Judges 17:1-2 – What is so odd about this exchange? Proverbs 3:33
  • Why does it seem that Micah has returned the money?


  • What do we already know about this Micah and his mother? Deuteronomy 27:16

  • Judges 17:3-5 – consider Deuteronomy 27:14-15 – What is exactly going on here?

  • Why would someone make up their own religion? Proverbs 16:25

  • Note this phrase in the next verse: Judges 17:6 – what is the problem with this?

  • What if a person sincerely thinks they are doing the right thing? Matthew 7:21

  • In modern society we have the problem of “do it yourself” religion – can you think of some examples?

  • We also have the problem of Christian “half measures” – How does Jeremiah 48:10 fit into this idea? Jude 3-4, 22-23 Romans 16:17-18 1 Corinthians 6:2-3, 9-11

  • Judges 17:7-8, 9-10, 11-12 – What can we say about this unnamed Levite?

  • What does Jesus call this kind of spiritual leader? John 10:13

  • Can you think of any other examples of this kind of issue in the Bible? 2 Peter 2:12-15
  • While opportunists do not do well spiritually with God they do very well in the religious world – consider examples you know from modern “churchianity.”


  • Judges 17:13 – What fundamental mistake does Micah make at this point?

3. Questions or Comments?


Pastor Tim Moynihan www.pottershouseoceanside.com 760-477-3901

Judges and Judgment: A Bible Study on the Call to Repentance 2012-2013


Judges Chapter 18: Accursed Believers
1. Main Text: Judges 2:11-12, 16

  • Introduction: Our main text is the theme for the Book of Judges, a period before the Israelites had a king in which the cycle of blessing, apostasy, backsliding, judgment, repentance and revival leading back to blessing, would be repeated over and over – Explain

  • What was the sin of Micah in Judges 17?

  • In what way did his mother enable him?

  • How was his sin “generational?”

  • What motivated the unnamed Levite to become Micah’s priest?

  • How did Micah use this Levite to “legitimize” his idolatry?

  • What is the motivation behind “self made” religion?

  • Give some modern examples of a “self made” religion.

2. How false religion spreads



  • Judges 18:1 – Dan HAD been given their inheritance (Joshua 19:40-48) -- So what was their “problem” with it? 1 Timothy 6:6-9

  • And so what does it mean that their inheritance “had not fallen to them?”

  • Judges 18:2 – What traditional method is employed here to find their inheritance?
  • Judges 18:3-6, 7, 8-10 – How did the men of Dan recognize this priest and why were they surprised? What do you think of the Levite’s “blessing?” Jude 3-4, 11


  • What was one of the things that motivated these spies to have “faith?”

  • Judges 18:11-13, 14-15, 16-18, 19-21 – What is motivating the men of Dan to take this Levite and Micah’s religious articles with them? How did the Levite’s previous “blessing” encourage their behavior? Jude 16

  • What is motivating the Levite to go with them (made his “heart glad”)?

  • Judges 18:22-23, 24, 25-26 – What has happened to Micah’s “religion?”

  • False teaching and religious rebellion are evangelical – they spread easily: Genesis 3:6

  • Why is that? Galatians 5:19-21

  • This is the great sin that separates true believers from the merely religious: Revelation 22:15

  • In what way had the tribe of Dan learned well from their wayward champion, Samson?

  • Judges 18:27-29, 30-31 – This would become the permanent curse of this tribe: 1 Kings 12:26-30 – the only “lost tribe” as in Revelation 7:5-8

  • Why is that? Exodus 20:3-6

3. Questions or Comments?


Pastor Tim Moynihan www.pottershouseoceanside.com 760-477-3901

Judges and Judgment: A Bible Study on the Call to Repentance 2012-2013

Judges Chapter 19: Moral Mayhem
1. Main Text: Judges 2:11-12, 16


  • Introduction: Our main text is the theme for the Book of Judges, a period before the Israelites had a king in which the cycle of blessing, apostasy, backsliding, judgment, repentance and revival leading back to blessing, would be repeated over and over – Explain

  • What was the sin of Micah in Judges 17?

  • How did Micah’s Levite priest impress the spies from Dan?

  • What motivated the Levite to go with the men of Dan to Laish?

  • Why did the tribe of Dan leave their allotted inheritance?

  • Why did it seem to the Danites that “God was in it?”

  • Why was the religion of Micah and his Levite so attractive to the Danites?

  • How are the Danites like so many “believers” today?

  • What ultimately happened to the tribe of Dan?

2. Signs of a Civilization in Decline



  • Judges 19:1 – What is the spiritual condition of the people here?

  • What is the significance of the phrase, “when there was no king in Israel?”

  • What is a concubine? Discuss significance of concubines in the Bible; the definition; the justification; the moral and ethical dilemma

  • Are concubines valid for Christians? Matthew 19:4-6, 1 Timothy 3:2, 1 Corinthians 7:2-5

  • Judges 19:2-3 – What is the evidence of a married life that is out of order?
  • The concubine’s father is “glad to meet” the Levite – why? Is he sincere?


  • Note his behavior in this next passage – Judges 19:4-9 -- what is the father trying to do?

  • Judges 19:10 – Note the lateness of the hour.

  • Judges 19:11-15 – What is his logic for not staying in Jebus? 2 Corinthians 6:14-15

  • But why might Gibeah be worse? (Hint: what are Gibeonites?) 1 Corinthians 5:9-11

  • The Levite should know this lesson from Proverbs: Proverbs 27:10

  • Judges 19:16-21 – What is the old man from Ephraim trying to do?

  • Judges 19:22-24 – Uh-oh, here have we heard this sort of thing before? Genesis 19:1-8

  • What does it mean?

  • Judges 19:25-28 – Why did the old man offer his daughter? On the other hand, what might have motivated the Levite to offer up his concubine?

  • Judges 19:29-30 – This is a horrible act to end this chapter on but there is a symbolic reason for this. Do you know what it is? 1 Samuel 11:6-7 -- Some might interpret this to mean that this Levite was a kind of Judge in Israel although he is not referred to as one.
  • This chapter contains nothing but bad examples of petty human behavior – so becomes a nation that forgets God, that lacks godly leadership and where people do “what is right in their own eyes” or according to the dictates of their own heart. Proverbs 16:25, 14:34


  • What do you think comes next for such a nation? Deuteronomy 28:15, 20, 25

  • Where is the USA on the cycle of blessing, apostasy, backsliding, judgment, repentance and revival leading back to blessing?

3. Questions or Comments?


Pastor Tim Moynihan www.pottershouseoceanside.com 760-477-3901

Judges and Judgment: A Bible Study on the Call to Repentance 2012-2013


Judges Chapter 20: The Uncivil War
1. Main Text: Judges 2:11-12, 16

  • Introduction: Our main text is the theme for the Book of Judges, a period before the Israelites had a king in which the cycle of blessing, apostasy, backsliding, judgment, repentance and revival leading back to blessing, would be repeated over and over – Explain

  • What is a concubine? How is a concubine different and similar to a wife?

  • Why did the Levite go to Bethlehem in Judges 19?

  • How did his concubine’s father delay him from returning to Ephraim?

  • Why did the Levite choose to stay in Gibeah instead of Jebus? Why was this a mistake?

  • What did the men of Gibeah want to do with the Levite?

  • Why did the Levite give his concubine to the perverted men of Gibeah? What happened?

  • What tribe did Gibeah belong to?

  • How did this Levite draw attention to this crime?

2. Mutual Assured Judgment


  • Judges 20:1 – This appears to be a traditional gathering place war for the Israelites for– Judges 10:17 – Why are they gathered this time?


  • Judges 20:2-3, 4-7 – Was the Levite the good guy in his tale?

  • Judges 20:8-9, 10-11, 12-13 -- What Old Testament story is this situation reminding the Israelites of? Genesis 19:4-5

  • What do they fear that might be motivating them to act against Benjamin? Genesis 19:29

  • Are Christians to take action when their brethren sin? If so, how? Matthew 18:15-17, Galatians 6:1, Romans 16:17-18

  • Judges 20:14-17, 18-21, 22-23, 24-25, 26-28 – Why is God sending these tribes to their on defeat? Two disturbing possibilities: Deuteronomy 28:15, 20 OR Proverbs 3:5-6, 11-12

  • In all things keep in mind: Romans 8:28

  • Note the name of the priest in Judges 20:28 – Why is this a bad omen? 1 Samuel 2:12, 17 and 1 Samuel 4:10-11
  • Judges 20:29-31, 32-35, 36-37, 38-41, 42-44, 45-48 – Why did the Israelites feel compelled to kill so many of the Benjaminites? Joshua 7:12-13


  • Why did God allow this situation to play out the way it did?

3. Questions or Comments?


Pastor Tim Moynihan www.pottershouseoceanside.com 760-477-3901

Judges and Judgment: A Bible Study on the Call to Repentance 2012-2013


Judges Chapter 21: The End of an Era
1. Main Text: Judges 2:11-12, 16

  • Introduction: Our main text is the theme for the Book of Judges, a period before the Israelites had a king in which the cycle of blessing, apostasy, backsliding, judgment, repentance and revival leading back to blessing, would be repeated over and over – Explain

  • What did the Israelite tribes do when confronted by the sin of Gibeah?

  • What moral lesson from Genesis may have motivated them to take harsh action?

  • How are Christians to deal with the same kind of sin problems in the church?

  • Why would God order people to go into a battle that He knows they are going to lose?

  • Was the cause of the 12 tribes that arose against Benjamin a just one? Or not?

  • What sometimes happens when we stand up for moral righteousness?

  • Does that change whether our moral position is just or not?

  • What finally happens to the tribe of Benjamin? Judges 20:48

  • How many Benjaminite men survived this civil war? Where did they go to hide?

2. Where Moral Anarchy Leads Us



  • What might we say has been the great motto of the Israelites during the time of the Judges? Deuteronomy 12:8
  • Judges 21:1-3 – What is the problem here?


  • Judges 21:4-7 – Who are the ones who remain that now need wives? Judges 20:47

  • What do you think of their concern over this issue? Ecclesiastes 5:2, 4-6

  • Judges 21:8-9, 10-12 – So what do you think of this solution?

  • Why are four hundred virgins insufficient for this purpose?

  • Judges 21:13-15, 16-18, 19-22 – What is this called in modern language? (Hint: a way to get out of something without technically breaking a rule or violating a promise)

  • Consider this warning from Jeremiah 48:10 and Jesus in Matthew 23:16-24, 28 -- How are they in violation here in Judges 21?

  • Judges 21:23-25 – How does this last verse sum up all that was wrong with the Israelites in the days of the Judges?

  • Given the events of the last three chapters of Judges, what do you think will be the perceived solution to this on-going moral anarchy? 1 Samuel 8:1-6

  • What will be the problem with that? 1 Samuel 8:7-9, 10-20

  • So where does moral anarchy lead? _____________________
  • There were some good things that took place in the time of the Judges. To learn more about the time of the Judges read the next book of the Bible on your own, the Book of Ruth.

3. Questions or Comments?


Pastor Tim Moynihan www.pottershouseoceanside.com 760-477-3901


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