To my relatives, however distant, that find this useful,
I have been doing Genealogy (off and on) for nearly 30 years – some years more productive than others. Before the Internet, most was done in local libraries and by mail. I contacted Lucille Jackson Vernon in the latter 1980’s and found that she had done extensive research on my Jackson family.
In phone conversations with her, Lucille said she had written ‘a couple’ of books on her other families, but she said that she was in her 80’s and didn’t have the time/money to publish a manuscript she had written on the Jackson Family. I sent her the money and she copied her manuscript (nearly 600 pages) and sent it to me.
I asked her if I could make copies for other people, and she essentially said that she considered the information to be of too much value to ‘keep locked in a closet’, and to give a copy to anyone who wanted. Copies were made and given to my close family members that were interested.
Lucille had typed her manuscript with a number of manual typewriters, none of which were in very good condition. Some pages were not easily read, and the sentence structure/organization needed some help, so I took it upon myself to scan the complete manuscript into the computer and make the necessary corrections.
Each of the nearly 600 pages was scanned using a hand held half-page scanner, read by a character recognition program, saved in a MS-Word format, opened with WS-Word, ‘Spell Checked’ then compared with the original page for accuracy. Most of the typewriters used were out of adjustment, so the top half of most characters was not printed. As an example, an upper case ‘A’ would look a little tent and the character recognition program had difficulty with many of the letters. The operation took between 45 minutes and an hour per page, so it took a long time for that many pages. Some information was not consistent when a person was listed on more than one page and needed correcting. The 600+ pages of manuscript ended up as 280 pages of 10 point, Times New Roman font.
Health problems caused the effort to be put on hold for a couple of years then surgery corrected my problems (heart) and I was able to finish the effort after nearly 10 years. When it was done, all efforts to contact Lucille failed. Letters were returned and she was not at her old phone number. I found that other researchers had the same problem. Considering she was in her 80’s more than 10 years ago, it is safe to assume that she has gone to meet the ancestors she loved so well.
In my last conversation with her, she said, “This was too much valuable information to keep locked away in someone’s closet.” She wanted me to share to anyone interested. Additionally, after spending almost 600 hours putting it in a computer format, I feel like I’m a part of this work, and feel the same way about sharing. I’m sure there are errors, so please forgive. If blatant errors are found, I would appreciate being notified so they can be corrected.
Samuel Jackson was born in 1725 in Lame, Upper Glen Arm, County Antrim, Ireland. Early history states that his wife was Catherine Plankinhorn. They were married in 1745 in Pennsylvannia (1). No more information is available but this is not strange if they were Quakers because Quakers did not believe that a marriage needed to be sanctioned by the civil authorities and often did not register marriages preformed by them.
In "A Testimony at Fall Creek Monthly Meeting in Highland Co, OH", concerning Jacob Jackson, the eldest son of Samuel and Catherine Jackson,Jacob stated that he was born in Chester Co, PA in 1747, and at the age of twelve or thirteen he came with his parents to Rowan Co, NC. A copy of this testimony can be found in the Quaker College, "Guilford College" in Greensboro, NC.
Samuel Jackson Jr. was a Revolutionary soldier and is believed to be a son of Samuel, though this has not been proven. In his application for pension, he stated that he was born in 1758 in PA, near the Delaware River, about five miles south of the city of Philadelphia. He said that when a small lad, his parents moved to North Carolina, and they settled in Rowan Co, which later became Davidson Co.
From the above statements of Jacob and SamuelJackson, it can be assumed that SamuelJacksonwas living in Chester Co, PA as early as 1747. He then moved to Rowan Co, NC between 1760 and 1762. He lived there for approximately ten years before moving to Surry Co, NC, settling near Tom's Creek in the Westfield Community. Many deeds for Samuel and his sons can be found at the Dobson and Surry County court houses.
Stokes Co was formed from Surry Co in 1789 with the county lines running near the Westfield Monthly Meeting house. Families living on the western side of the church remained in Surry Co, those living on the east side were taken into the newly formed Stokes Co. Samuel Jr., Samuel Sr., and some of his son's property lay in the newly formed Stokes Co. This then poses the problem of researching both counties for family records.
Samuel Jackson was living in Chester Co, PA at the time when several Quaker families by the name of Jackson were living in the area, so most researchers have made the assumption that Samuel was a Quaker. Lucille Vernon wrote to the Quaker College at Guilford Co, NC and she visited their library. The librarian wrote back saying there is no record of Samuel Jackson or his wife Catherine ever being members of either the New Garden or Westfield congregations. Lucille was not able to find any records of Samuel or Catherine ever being Quakers so she assumed that other researchers were wrong.
However, in Henshaw’s “Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy” Volume I, page 504 (New Garden Monthly Meeting) lists Samuel, Catherine as follows:
CatherineJackson d. 4-24-1780
Joseph born 12-27-1761
Elizabeth born 5-12-1763
Jehu born 7- 4-1765
William born 5-15-1767
AmerS. born 6- 9-1769
Also, page 14 shows that Samuel and Catherine were present for the marriage of JacobJackson and AnnBeals.
Lucille found that in Jacob Jackson’s application for membership at New Garden, he stated that he was not a Quaker, and that his parents were not members of the Society of Friends. Samuel JacksonJr. was received into membership at the age of nineteen, at his own request on May 31, 1777. He stated that he had never been a member of the Society of Friends, and that his parents were not members.
Upon the arrival of the family in Rowan Co, his father placed Jacob with a Quaker family (name unknown) with the acknowledgment of learning a trade. He remained with that family for several years. It was at this time that Jacob became impressed with the Quaker religion, and believed it his duty to make an application to become a member. After much deliberation by the church Elders, he was granted acceptance.
Shortly after his marriage, Jacob had the feeling that he was called to the ministry, unto which be submitted. His being a member of the Quakers was probably instrumental in getting his brothers and sisters to join the church.
Where Samuel had settled in Rowan Co was a puzzle. Samuel Jr. had settled in the part which later became Davidson Co, records in Davidson Co that would indicate just where they had settled could not be found. This puzzle was cleared up somewhat by the library research Lucille Vernon was doing for a client on Randolph Co, NC. She found an old map on Randolph Co dated in the late 1700's which showed a part of Davidson Co., and a little village or settlement called "Jackson" near the Davidson Co line . There was a large creek that ran across both boundaries called “Jackson Creek”. This find led Lucille to the conclusion that Samuel might have settled in this area, since Jackson Village was on the county line and quiet possibly this was mentioned as the place in Samuel Jr.’s application for a pension. This settlement was located southwest of the New Garden settlement in Guilford Co, NC and along the Uharie River, in Grant Township, four miles northeast of Farmer.
The "Jackson School", a log school house, was built on Jackson Road in 1837. The "Mount Tabor Methodist Chapel", one of the oldest churches in the county, was also built on Jackson road. The exact date of the founding of the chapel is unknown.
On Mar. 29, 1779, seventy-two men along the Uharie River petitioned to the General Assembly in Raleigh, NC. They asked that the people living along the Uharie River not be allowed to build dams that would extend from bank to bank so all the people living along the river would be allowed to benefit of the said river in getting fish, as they formerly had for many years. The Jackson men that signed the petition were RobertJackson, JamesJackson, AndrewJackson, and SimeonJackson.
The Randolph Co librarian informed Lucille Vernon that the Jacksons in this area originally came from the state of Maryland. Lucille Vernon believed that Samuel Jackson knew of these "Jacksons" prior to his arrival in North Carolina. Closer investigation might prove them to be related in some manner and may be the reason that Samuel chose Rowan Co in which to settle. If Samuel had been a Quaker, there were three Quaker settlements near by that he could have settled in: New Garden, Eno and Snow Camp.
The early records of Samuel found in Surry Co show an elderly JohnJackson, who died before 1802 was living near him. This John had several sons: John Jr., William, Ruben, Nathan, and maybe a James and a Samuel. Just what the relationship, if any, to Samuel is unknown. They appear in the area of Tom's Creek around the same time, and the two families were closely connected. John Jackson Jr. was a witness to the signing of the deed where William Jackson is buying fifty acres of land from his father Samuel's estate. There has an elderly JohnJackson who sold his plantation in the Jackson settlement prior to 1749 and this may be the same John. It is possible that this John Jackson may be a brother of Samuel. I do not think that he could be Samuel's father, as his children were around the same age of Samuel's children.
One question that has puzzled so many Jackson researchers is: "Was the one called Samuel Jackson Jr., the son of Samuel and Catherine Jackson?”. All census records show Samuel Jr. and Sr. Additionally, Samuel Jr. names most of his children the same names as the names of the children of SamuelSr. They lived side by side in Stokes Co. No written proof has been found to indicate that he was, or was not the son of Samuel and Catherine. If he is not the son of Samuel, then he is probably the son of the JohnJackson, as this John and Samuel were the only Jackson families in the area at that time.
Catherine Jackson died Apr. 24, 1780. Samuel Jackson out lived his wife by twenty-six years, and died in Stokes Co in 1806. Records show he was married to a lady by the name of "Sarah" at the time of his death. No record of this marriage has been located. Sarah was probably an older woman when they married, as the records show no children born to this couple.
In Sept. of 1985, I (Lucille) had the pleasure of accompanying James "Gene" Jackson from Dallas, TX, and his lovely wife "Polly" on a trip to Washington, DC, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware. We were able to investigate the Jackson and the Plankinhorn families more thoroughly.
We uncovered a lot of information, some of which I have included in a section done on the Plankinhorn family as well as the Jacksons. In each locality we visited libraries, archives, and county court houses. We found information on early Jacksons, but were unable to find any clue as to who Samuel's parents were.
After researching the family of Samuel Jackson for more than six years, I now believe that if his parents are ever found, they will be among the many Jackson families that settled on the eastern shores of Maryland, Delaware, and New Jersey, not from the Quaker Jacksons of Pennsylvania.
Many Jackson researchers over the years have written articles on who they believe to be Samuel's parents, some which I (Lucille) am including.
The descendants of Samuel and Catherine who are now living in the Westfield area will tell you that his father was one Aaron Jackson, son of William, born Feb. 25, 1725in Pasquotank, NC. This information was taken from a research done by Luther Byrdof Westfield, and can be found in the Guilford College Library.
Mr. Luther N. Byrd, grew up in Mt. Airy, NC and while a teacher of the Westfield High School, became interested in the history of the early Quakers that had settled in that area. He started his students working on family trees, and in order to help the students he did genealogical research himself. In his research on the Jacksons, he gives the name of Aaron Jackson, son of a WilliamJackson as the father of, Samuel, and Priscilla Jackson Jessup as a sister of Samuel.
Aaron Jackson of Pasquotank Co, NC did have a son by the name of Samuel and a brother named Samuel. He also had a daughter Priscilla, who became the wife of Joseph Jessup. This couple moved in the New Garden Area of Guilford Co and made the move from Guilford to the Westfield community around the same time that Samuel with his family moved from Rowan Co to the Westfield Area. Two of Samuel's sons, William and Joseph married the daughters of Priscilla and JosephJessup,Mary and SarahJessup. Thus becoming the first two marriages between the Jessup and the Jacksons.
Samuel Jackson's birth is estimated to be ca. 1720-25 as his eldest son was born in 1747. Aaron Jackson of Pasquotank Co, NC was born in 1725, so the two men would be around the same age and could not be father and son. These Pasquotank Jacksons were descendants of Samuel Jackson of Maryland and some of the names are the same names found in the Jackson settlement. If there should be any truth in this statement, would mean that Samuel Jackson,brother of Aaron, went back to PA before he moved to North Carolina, and therefore could have been the uncle of Priscilla JacksonJessup, and not her brother.
Professor Edwin P. West, great-grandson of Jacob and Ann Jackson, gave an account which was used in the History of Clinton Co, OH. This article had been written earlier by Judge Harlan on “Sketches of Clinton Co”, which stated that three brothers Jacob, John, and Samuel Jackson were among the first settlers of Clinton Co and that their father was Samuel Jackson who was the son of Isaac Jackson, who was the son of Anthony Jackson, who was a descendant of Ralph Jackson who was burned at the stake as a martyr at Stratford, England in 1556. He also stated that Samuel was probably a first cousin and intimate friend of President Andrew Jackson.
I have found many discrepancies in this article. First, the Isaac Jackson, son of AnthonyJackson, married Ann Evans, and brought his family to America in 1725 when he was sixty years of age and settled in Chester Co, PA. His life has been well documented in Quaker records and Pennsylvania histories. They did not have a son by the name of Samuel, so Samuel Jackson was not the son of Isaac and Ann Evans Jackson.
The brother Samuel that he speaks of is believed to be the son of Jacob and not his brother. Jacob had a son named Samuel born in Surry Co, NC in 1774 and would have been old enough to be the Samuel that Professor West wrote about.
He stated that Samuel was probably an intimate friend and first cousin of President Andrew Jackson. Records show that Andrew Jackson received his license to practice law in Surry Co at the old Richmond court house (now gone) which was located on the banks of the Yadkin River, just below where Samuel and his family lived. It is possible that they did become friends with Andrew. From information that has been handed down, it is apparent they never liked Andrew, and could not believe that it was the Andy Jackson they knew who had been elected President of the United States, as he was such a rough character, always getting into brawls, fighting, gambling, etc.
Samuel Jackson was around forty-five years old when Andrew Jackson was born, and had been in America for several years before Andrew Jackson Sr. came to America and settled at Waxhaw. Andrew Sr. did have a brother named Samuel, "Called Sam the Sailor" and as the story goes was instrumental in getting the Jackson and Hutchins family out of Ireland and to America.
If there is any relationship between Samuel Jackson of Westfield and Andrew Jackson, it would be way back in England or Ireland where they may have had a common ancestor, as I can find no close connection between these two families in America.
With so many descendants of SamuelJacksonSr. and SamuelJr. doing research on both families, maybe some day one of them will get lucky and find the clue that will lead to the identity of their parents.
THE PLANKINHORN FAMILY
Peter and Susanna Plankinhorn who, in 1778, were mentioned as "late of Gloucester in the Province of New Jersey, deceased" as "Cope" wrote in 1901, the earliest progenitor of the Plankinhorns
Catherine Plankinhorn was the wife of Samuel Jackson. Jackson researchers over the years have tried to find her parents or anyone by the name of Plankinhorn. Every available source has been researched in the states of New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland, New Jersey and Delaware and the libraries in Washington, DC, including the Library of Congress and the D.A.R. Library. Research was done in archives, county seats, and tax records, and in all of this research, only two small articles have been found on the name of Plankinhorn, and they were on Peter and SusannaPlankinhorn.
One of the reasons for not finding the name is that prior to the war in 1776 the name was changed from Plankinhorn to Plankenton. Information has been found in Pennsylvania on the Plankenton families who were the children and grandchildren of Peter and Susanna.
The first valuable source of information on the Plankinhorns was compiled in 1901 by Gilbert Cope, on the descendants of George and SarahSmedley, early settlers of Chester Co, PA, who's descendants had married into the Robinsfamily of Edgemont Township, Delaware Co, PA. Two of the Robin sisters, Jane and Sarah, married Jesse and SamuelPlankenton, son of Peter Plankinhorn Jr. Jane and Sarah were the granddaughters of Joseph and Lear (Crayton) Robins of New Jersey, and the daughters of Joseph and Jane (Hooper) Robins, of Edgemont. In 1901, Cope wrote that Peter and SusannaPlankinhorn who, in 1778 (now deceased) were mentioned as "Late of Gloucester in the Providence of New Jersey." He named four known children: Jacob, John, Peter Jr. and Elizabeth. Information on these four is found in census, tax records, and marriages of Pennsylvania. Since he did not research the family, they probably had other children.
The second piece of information written on the family of Peter and SarahPlankinhorn was four pages written out in long hand, and very hard to read. It was written by one of the great-grandsons of Peter Plankinhorn Jr. and placed in one of the libraries in Washington, DC. Mr. Keith Parrish from Washington found these pages while researching the family and sent copies to me. The name of the writer was not given
The compilation of this Genealogy is of the “Plankenton family of Pennsylvania” descended from Peter and SusannaPlankinhorn, colonial settlers in Gloucester Co, New Jersey sometime before 1778. They were probably from Wales. Two reasons may be given for undertaking and bring together widely scattered published records of the family. First, no extensive genealogy of the Plankenton family has ever been published and second, it was my desire and ambition at that time to gather all available records of the families of my eight great-grandparents.
"Cope" named four known children, Jacob, John, PeterJr., and Elizabeth. Catherine and Samuel Jackson named their eldest son Jacob, their third son John and their two daughters Susannah and Elizabeth. If Catherine was their daughter, the children were named for her two brothers, her mother Susanna, and her sister Elizabeth.
Peter and Susanna may have had other children name Susannah, Michael, and Bridget. One SusannahBlankinhorn was married to JohnHepperset, on Aug. 27, 1763 at St. Michael and Zion Lutheran Church in Philadelphia. One BridgetBlackenton was baptized in 1760 at the age of 23. In 1777, Michael Blankinhorn was in the Revolutionary war, and in 1780 he was listed as Michael Plankinhorn. In Colonial Days, the "'P" and "B" were used often interchangeably,
Joseph Plankinton had said he thought that the origin of the Plankinhorns were from Great Britain, (Wales). Cope said he thought they came from Wales, since no one has found any written information on where they came from or how many children they had. The origin could be German instead of Wales.
A book was published in 1969 by the Baltimore Genealogical Publishing Company, called, "Naturalizations of foreign of foreign Protestants in the American and West Indian Colonies” (Pursuant to Statute 13 George II, c 7). I only have three pages from this book. Page 99, Pennsylvania Supreme Court at Philadelphia in Sept. and Oct. of 1765, lists the names of some who took the Sacrament in 1765. Page 137 gives the name of John Plankinhorn, and on page 148 is the name of Jacob Plankinhorn. These two men were from Whit Paine Township of Philadelphia. The Sacraments were given by the Moravians, but the year when the Sacrament was taken was not given.
The Moravians had settled in Pennsylvania around 1722. They had come from Hernhut, Germany. Their religion is very similar to that of the Lutheran Church. In the early 1800's, a JohnPlankinhorn settled in Lycoming Co, PA. He was from Germany. The SusannahBlankinhorn was married in a Lutheran Church, Elizabeth was married in the Old Swede Church, (now Lutheran), so the religion of the early Plankinhorns may have been Lutheran. One of their sons John married a Quaker girl and later joined the Concord MM, in Philadelphia.
What information on the four known children of Peter and Susanna is given, and my many thanks go to Keith Parrish who sent most of the information that I have on the family, along with Mrs. Edith Hankins. I am very grateful several other Jackson researchers who were so kind as to share their findings with me.