Kendriya vidyalaya sangathan regional office



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KENDRIYA VIDYALAYA SANGATHAN

REGIONAL OFFICE

PATNA



STUDY MATERIAL

2015-16

CLASS XI

ENGLISH CORE (301)
PREFACE
Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan is a pioneer organization which caters to the all round development of the students. Time to time various strategies have been adopted to adorn the students with academic excellence.
This support material is one such effort by Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan, an empirical endeavor to help students learn more effectively and efficiently. It is designed to give proper platform to students for better practice and understanding of the chapters. This can suitably be used during revision. Ample opportunity has been provided to students through master cards and question banks to expose them to the CBSE pattern. It is also suggested to students to keep in consideration the time-management aspect as well.
I extend my heartiest gratitude to the Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan authorities for providing the support material to the students prepared by various Regions. The same has been reviewed by the Regional Subject Committee of Patna Region who has worked arduously to bring out the best for the students. I also convey my regards to the staff of Regional Office, Patna for their genuine cooperation.
In the end, I earnestly hope that this material will not only improve the academic result of the students but also inculcate learning habit in them.

M.S. Chauhan


Deputy Commissioner

EXAMINATION SPECIFICATION
ENGLISH CORE (CODE NO. 301)

CLASS – XI
SECTION – A

READING COMPREHENSION(20 marks)


  • Very short answer +/ Short answer and MCQ type questions:

Two unseen passages (including poems) with a variety of questions including 04 marks for vocabulary such as word formation and inferring meaning. The total range of the 2 passages including a poem or a stanza, should be around 900-1000 words.

1. 550-600 words in length (for note-making and summarising)

2. 350-400 words in length (to test comprehension, interpretation and inference)

An unseen poem of about 28-35 lines.

The passages could be of any one of the following types:


  • Factual passages, e.g., illustrations, description, reports

  • Discursive passages involving opinion, e.g., argumentative, persuasive

  • Literary passages e.g. extracts from fiction, biography, autobiography, travelogue, etc. In the case of a poem, the text may be shorter than the prescribed word limit.


SECTION B

WRITING SKILLS AND GRAMMAR (30 marks)


  • Short Answer Questions: Based on notice/ poster/ advertisement
  • Long Answer Questions: Letters based on verbal/visual input. It would cover all types of letters.


Letter types may include:

(a) business or official letters (for making enquiries, registering complaints, asking for and giving

information, placing orders and sending replies)

(b) letters to the editor (giving suggestions/opinions on an issue)

(c) application for a job with a bio-data or resumé

(d) letter to the school or college authorities, regarding admissions, school issues, requirements/suitability of courses, etc.



  • Very Long Answer Question: Composition in the form of article, speech, report writing or a narrative

GRAMMAR
Different grammatical structures in meaningful contexts will be tested. Item types will include gap filling,sentence re-ordering, dialogue completion and sentence transformation. The grammar syllabus will include determiners, tenses, clauses, modals and Change of Voice. These grammar areas will be tested using the following short answer type and MCQ type questions.

  • Error Correction, editing tasks,

  • Re - ordering of sentences,

  • Transformation of sentences

SECTION C

LITERATURE AND LONG READING TEXTS/NOVELS(30 marks)
Questions to test comprehension at different levels: literal, inferential and evaluative

1. Hornbill: Textbook published by NCERT, New Delhi

2. Snapshots: Supplementary Reader published by NCERT, New Delhi

The following have been deleted:


Textbooks Name of the lessons deleted

Hornbill 1. Landscape of the Soul

2. The Adventure

3. Silk Road

4. The Laburnum Top (Poetry)

Snapshots

The Ghat of the only World


Very Short Answer Questions - Based on an extract from poetry to test reference to context

comprehension and appreciation.



  • Short Answer Questions - Based on prose, poetry and plays from both the texts.

  • Long Answer Question - Based on prescribed texts to test global comprehension and extrapolation beyond the texts to bring out the key messages and values.

  • Long Answer Questions - Based on theme, plot, incidents or events from the prescribed novels.

  • Long Answer Question - Based on understanding appreciation, analysis and interpretation of the characters.

Note: Values-based questions may be given as long answers in the writing or literature sections.

Long Reading Texts/Novels (either one)

With a view to inculcate the habit of reading among the students, CBSE has introduced compulsory reading of a Long Reading Text - Novel in the English Core Course which will be evaluated in the Term-end Assessments. Schools can opt for either one of the texts.

i) The Canterville Ghost Oscar Wilde (unabridged 1906 Edition)

ii) Up from Slavery Booker T. Washington (unabridged 2000 Edition)


Assessment of Speaking and Listening Skills (ASL)(20 marks)

It is recommended that speaking and listening skills should be regularly taught in the class.



SECTION – A
READING SKILLS
(20 MARKS)

READING SKILLS

Reading skill is one of the cardinal skills of language. As listening paves the way for speaking skills, reading skill enhances the confidence of the learner in his written presentation.

Comprehension means understanding or perception.


  • Develop ability to comprehend the passage as a whole

  • Concentrate on the main ideas and important vocabulary

  • To save time, read the questions first and then the passage.

  • Answer the questions in simple language

  • Make a habit of regular reading of a newspaper, magazine (Speaking tree from The Times of India, Down to Earth Magazine, Editorial (The Hindu) etc.)


EXAMINATION SPECIFICATIONS

1. Comprehension Passages:

Very short answer +/ Short answer and MCQ type questions:

Two unseen passages (including poems) with a variety of questions including 04 marks for vocabulary such as word formation and inferring meaning. The total range of the 2 passages including a poem or a stanza, should be around 900-1000 words.

1. 550-600 words in length (for note-making and summarising)

2. 350-400 words in length (to test comprehension, interpretation and inference)

An unseen poem of about 28-35 lines.

The passages could be of any one of the following types:



  • Factual passages, e.g., illustrations, description, reports

  • Discursive passages involving opinion, e.g., argumentative, persuasive

  • Literary passages e.g. extracts from fiction, biography, autobiography, travelogue, etc. In the case of a poem, the text may be shorter than the prescribed word limit.

There shall be 06 MCQs, and 06VSAQs of 01 mark for comprehension.

2.Passage of 600 Words for Summary and Note Making 08 Marks


  1. Note making - 5 Marks

  2. Summary - 3 Marks


READING COMPREHENSION (SOLVED)

Passage -1

  1. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow:

University of Cambridge, is an institution of higher education, the second-oldest university in the United Kingdom after the University of Oxford. It is located in the city of Cambridge, Cambridge shire, (para-1)

The University of Cambridge is a loose confederation of academic faculties and departments, and 31 colleges. There are over 15,500 full-time students taught at the university: 11,000 undergraduates and 4,500 graduates. Although the colleges and the university per se are separate bodies, all are parts of an integrated educational entity. The university examines candidates for degrees during their residency and at the conclusion of their studies; confers degrees; regulates the curricula of the colleges and the system of education; deals with disciplinary problems; and administers facilities, such as libraries, lecture rooms, and laboratories, that are beyond the scope of the colleges. The colleges provide their students with lodgings and meals, assign tutors, and offer social, cultural, and athletic activities. Every student at the University of Cambridge is a member of a college, (para-2)

The academic year is divided into three terms of approximately eight weeks each: Michaelmas (autumn), Lent (late winter), and Easter (spring). Students are required to be in residence for the duration of each term Much of the year's work is done, however, out of term time, during the holidays. Students usually study under the supervision of members of the college's faculties, who maintain close relationships with the small groups of students in their charge and assist them in preparing for university exams, (para-3)

Bachelor of Arts degrees may be conferred, upon the satisfactory completion of exams, after nine terms, or three years of residency. The majority of students are candidates for honours degrees and take a special examination called a tripos (named after the three-legged stools on which examiners formerly sat). Successful candidates for triposes are classified as first, second, or third class according to their standing. Other degrees conferred by the university include the Master of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy degrees, as well as higher doctorates in law, medicine, music, science, and theology, (para-4)

The University of Cambridge figured prominently in the Protestant Reformation in the 16th century. The Dutch scholar Desiderius Erasmus was a professor of Greek and divinity at Cambridge from 1511 to 1514 and translated the New Testament from Greek into Latin there; the religious reformers William Tyndale, Hugh Latimer, and Thomas Cranmerwere educated at Cambridge. As a result of the decrees of Henry VIII establishing the Church of England, the humanistic method of study replaced the scholastic. Canon law studies were ended, public lectures in Latin and Greek were held, and the Bible was studied in the light of contemporary learning, (para-5)

A reaction took place, however, during the reign of Elizabeth I, when Cambridge became a stronghold of Puritanism. Restrictive legislation enacted in 1570 transferred teaching authority to the heads of the colleges. In 1604, early in the reign of James I, the university was granted the right to elect two members to the English Parliament; this right was ended in 1949. During the 17th century the group of scholars known as the Cambridge Platonists emerged, and, through the influence of such faculty members as the scientists Isaac Barrow and Sir Isaac Newton, an emphasis on the study of mathematics and natural sciences developed for which Cambridge has subsequently become renowned, (para-6)

(a) Answer the following questions in a sentence or two: 1x4= 4

i. What is the duration of the three terms in every academic year?

Answer: Approximately three weeks.

ii. What are basic functions that the colleges perform in respect with the


students?

Answer:. The colleges provide their students with lodgings and meals, assign tutors, and offer social, cultural, and athletic activities.

iii. Does the University provide only bachelor degrees?

Answer: No, apart from bachelor degrees, the University also provides other degrees such as Master of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy, as well as higher doctorates in law, medicine, music, science, and theology.



iv. In which period of history there was a massive shift in the fields of study
for the University and what were they?

Answer: In the 16th Century, due to the decrees passed by Henry VIII, there was a shift from scholastic studies to humanistic and thus public lectures in Latin and Greek and study of Bible were given importance.



In the following two questions, find out the right answer from the choices given: 1x2=2

v. What is not true about the students' lifestyle?

(a) The students prepare their works especially during the three terms of
eight weeks in every academic session.


  1. The faculty members help the students in preparing for the exams.

  2. During the holidays the students have to work hard.

  3. The students spend more time in the colleges than at home

Answer: (a) The students prepare their works especially during the three terms of eight weeks in every academic session.

vii. What is not true about the changes that overtook the Cambridge University during the reign of Queen Elizabeth and during the 17 century?



  1. Study of Mathematics became a stronghold for the University.

  2. More freedom was awarded to the University in different aspects through legislation.


  3. The University's right to elect two members to the Parliament was ended.

  4. There were some other changes during the 17 century.

  5. Answer: More freedom was awarded to the University in different aspects through legislation.

(b). Find out words from the passage which mean the following: 1x2=2

(i) alliance (Para-2) (ii) educational (Para-5)


Answer: (i) Alliance – Confederation (ii) educational - Scholastic
Passage-2

1. Read the following passage carefully and answer the question that follow: (Select the correct answer for MCQ) 6 marks

FOOD AND STRESS

We are what we eat. The type of food we eat has both immediate and long-term effect on us at all the three levels - the body, the mind and the spirit. Food which is tamasik (i.e. stale or leftover) in nature is bound to generate stress as it tends to upset the normal functioning of the human body. Taking piping hot teal milk or steaming hot food, whenever available, must be preferred. Further, it is a mistaken belief that smoking or drinking, even in moderation, relieves stress/ Simple meals with one or two food items, rather than too many lavish dishes, are advisable. Thus, vegetarian diet is preferable. Although it is customary to serve fruits with food, it is not the right thing to do. This is because different kind of digestive secretions are produced by the stomach for variant foods. Mixing up top many varieties of food items at one meal creates unavoidable problems for the digestive system. In fact, anyone type of fruit, preferably taken in the morning, is better.

On an average, we eat almost three to four times the quantity of food than we actually need. A lot of body's energy is used up for digesting the excess food. It is said that after a particular level of food intake, the 'food actually eats one up'.

It is always good to eat a little less than your 'full-stomach' capacity. Besides, never eat food unless you are really hungry. Having dinner at 8 or 9 pm after a heavy snack at 5 or 6 pm in the evening is asking for trouble. In fact, skipping an odd meal is always good if the stomach is upset. There are varying views on the benefits o fasting, but we will not discuss them here. However, giving a break to one's stomach, at least once a week, by having only fruit or milk, etc. may be worth trying.

While a little bit of water taken with meals is all right, drinking 30160 much water with food is not advisable. Water, taken an hour or so before or after meals, is good for digestion.

One's diet must be balanced with all the required nutrients for a healthy living. Also remember, excess of everything is bad. Related to the problem of stress, excessive intake of salt is definitely out. Too much of sugar, fried food and chillies are not good either. Overindulgence and excessive craving for a particular taste / type of food generates rajasik (aggressive) or at worst, tamasik (dull) tendencies.

An even more important aspect of the relationship between food and stress lies not so much in what or how much we eat but how the food is taken. For example, food eaten in great hurry or in a state of anger or any other negative state of mind is bound to induce stress. How the food is served is also very important. Not only the presentation, cutlery, crockery, etc. play a role, the love and affection with which the food is served is also significant.

Finding faults with food while it is being eaten is the worst habit. It is better not to eat the food you do not like, rather than finding fault with it.

It is good to have regular food habits. Workaholics who' do not find time to eat food at proper mealtimes are inviting stomach ulcers.

One must try to enjoy one's food, and therefore, eating at the so-called lunch / dinner meetings is highly inadvisable. Every morsel of food should be enjoyed with a totally peaceful state of mind. Food and discussions should not be mixed.

There are accepted ways to 'charge' the food we eat. Prayer is perhaps 'the best method for energizing the food and it will do some definite additional good at no extra cost.

Q. 1. How does tamasik food influence the person?

a. Generates stress

b. Makes a person energetic

c. Generate large amount of energy

d. Make a person bold

Q.2. What are the mistaken belief people practice at the table?

a. Smoking helps to digest

b. Smoking of drinking even in moderation relieves stress

c. Pickles add the taste

d. Condiments help to enhance appetite

Q.3. Why does the writer say that 'food actually eats one up?

a. Digestive system takes too much time

b. Excessive intake of food takes a lot of body's energy to digest it

c. Food sustains the body

d. It makes the person healthy

Q.4 What generates rajasik & Tamasik tendencies?

a. Over indulgence of fried food

b. Too much use of spicy food

c. Over indulgence and excessive craving for a particular taste

d. Excess of everything

Q.5 Where does the root cause of stress generated by food lie in?

a. How much we eat

b. What we eat

c. How the food is taken

d. Because of irregular food habit

Q.6. What does 'induce' mean?

a. Reduce

b. Cause, influence

c. Aggressive

d. To intake

ANSWER:


  1. a

  2. b

  3. b

  4. c

  5. c

  6. b

Passage-3

2.Read the following passage carefully and answer the question that follow: (Select the correct answer for MCQ) 6 marks

IMPORTANCE OF VEGETABLES

Vegetables' are important protective food and highly beneficial for the maintenance of health and prevention of disease. They contain valuable food ingredients which can be successfully utilized to build- up and repair the body.

Vegetables are valuable in maintaining alkaline reserve in the body. They are valued mainly for their high vitamin and mineral contents. Vitamins A, Band C are contained in vegetables in fair amounts. Faulty cooking and prolonged careless storage can, however, destroy these valuable elements.

There are different kinds of vegetables. They may be edible roots, stems, leaves, fruits and seeds. Each group contributes to diet in its own way. Fleshy roots are high in energy value and good sources of vitamin B group. Seeds are relatively high in carbohydrates and proteins. Leaves, stems and fruits are excellent sources of minerals, vitamins, water and roughage.

It is not the green vegetables only that are useful. Farinaceous vegetables consisting of starchy roots such as potatoes, sweet potatoes, the tubers arid legumes are also valuable. They are excellent sources of carbohydrates and provide energy to the body.

To derive maximum benefits of their nutrients, vegetables should be consumed fresh as far as possible. Most vegetables are best consumed in their natural raw state in the form of salads. An important consideration in making salads is that the vegetables should be fresh, crisp and

completely dry. If vegetables have to be cooked, it should be ensured that their nutritive value is preserved to the maximum extent possible. The following hints will be useful in achieving this:

(i) The vegetables, after thorough wash, should be cut into as large pieces as possible.

(ii) The cut pieces should be added to water which has been brought to boiling point and to

which salt has been added. This is necessary to avoid loss of B-complex vitamins and vitamin C.

(iii) Only bare minimum water necessary to cover vegetables should be used. Spinach and other


tender greens need no water.

(iv) Vegetables should not be exposed to atmospheric air. They should be covered tightly while


cooking

(v) They should be cooked for as short a time as possible. They should be cooked till they-are

just soft to the touch for easy mastication.

(vi) They should be served hot.

To prevent loss of nutrients in vegetables, it would be advisable to steam or boil vegetables in their own juices on a slow fire and the water or cooking liquid should not be drained off. If the vegetables are boiled hard and for a long time in a large quantity of water, they would lose their nutritive and medicinal values.

No vegetable should be peeled unless it is so old that the peeling is tough and unpalatable. In most root vegetables the largest amount of minerals is directly under the skin and these are lost if vegetables are peeled. Soaking of vegetables should also be avoided if taste and nutritive value are to be preserved. Finally, vegetables should not be cooked in aluminium utensils. Aluminium is a soft metal and is acted upon by both food acids and alkalis. There IS scientific evidence to show that tiny particles of aluminium from foods cooked in such utensils enter the stomach and that the powerful astringent properties of aluminium injure the sensitive lining of the stomach, leading to gastric irritation, digestive and intestinal ailments.

An intake of about 280 grams of vegetables per person is considered essential for maintenance of good health. Of this, leafy vegetables should constitute 40 per cent, roots and tubers 30 per cent and the other vegetables like brinjals, ladies fingers the remaining 30 per cent.


Q. 1. How are vegetables important for us?

a. They build up and repair the body

b. Give us energy

c. They are tasty

d. Highly beneficial when we fall ill

Q.2. What do farinaceous vegetables consist of


a. Proteins

b. Starchy roots

c. Vitamins

d. Energy

Q.3. How do cooking aluminium utensils affect the body of consumers?

a. Cause day blindness

b. Cause heart attack

c. Cause kidney failure

d. Injure the sensitive lining of the stomach.

Q.4. How does salt work to sustain the value of vegetables while boiling?

a. By retaining B complex vitamin & Vitamin C

b. By adding the energy level

c. By enhancing the nutrient value

d. By adding taste

Q.5. Find the word which mean: 'to remove the skin from vegetable or fruit.

a. to soak

b. to peel

c. scratch

d. to expose

Q.6. How much vegetables does a person need for good health?

a. 280 grams

b. 40% leafy & 30% tubers & roots

c. As much as they can eat

d. Maximum brinjals & ladies fingers



ANSWERS :

  1. a

  2. b

  3. d

  4. a

  5. b

  6. a




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