Kendriya vidyalaya sangathan regional office


READING COMPREHENSION (PRACTICE)



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READING COMPREHENSION (PRACTICE)

Passage-1

1. Read the following passage carefully and answer the question that follow:
(Select the correct answer for MCQ)
6 marks

There are many among us who, given the opportunity to leave India, are only too happy to go. But whenever I have had the chance to go away, I have held back. Or something has held me back.

What is it that has such a hold on me, but leaves others free to where they will, sometimes never to come back?

A few years ago I was offered a well-paid job on a magazine in Hong Kong. I thought about it for weeks, worried myself to distraction, and finally, with a great sigh of relief, turned it down.

My friends thought I was-crazy. They still do. Most of them would have jumped at a comparable offer, even if it had meant spending the rest of their lives far from the palm-fringed coasts or pine-clad mountains of this land. Many friends have indeed gone away, never to return, except perhaps to get married, very quickly, before they are off again! Don't they feel homesick, I wonder.

I am almost paranoid at the thought of going away and then being unable (0 come back. This almost happened to me when, as a boy, I went to England, longed to return to India, and did not have the money for the passage. For two years I worked and slaved like a miser (something I have never done since) until I had enough to bring me home.

And 'home' wasn't parents and brothers and sisters. They were no longer here. Home, for me, was India. So what is it that keeps me here? My birth? I take too closely after a Nordic grandparent to pass for a typical son of the soil. Hotel receptionists often ask me for my passport. 'Must I carry a passport to travel in my own country?' I ask. 'But you don't look like an Indian,' they protest. 'I'm a Red Indian,' I say.

India is where I was born and went to school and grew to manhood. India was where my father was born and went to school and worked and died. India is where my grandfather lived and died. Surely that entitles me to a place in the Indian sun. If it doesn't, I can revert to my mother's family and go back to the time of Timur the Lame. How far back does one have to go in order to establish one's Indianness? It must be the land itself that holds me. But so many of my fellow Indians have been born (and reborn) here, and yet they think nothing of leaving the land. They will leave the mountains for the plains; the villages for the cities; their country for another country, and if other countries were a little more willing to open their doors, we would have no population problem-mass emigration would have solved it.

But it's more than the land that holds me. For India is more than a land. India is an atmosphere. Over thousands of years, the races and religions of the world have mingled here and produced that unique, indefinable phenomenon, the Indian: so terrifying in a crowd, so beautiful in himself.

And oddly enough, I'm one too. I know that I'm as Indian as the postman or the paanwala or your favorite MP.

Race did not make me an Indian. Religion did not make me an Indian. But history did. And in the long run, its history that counts.

Q. 1. When the narrator was offered a well-paid job in Hongkong, did he accept it?

a. He accepted it

b. He did not accept it

c. He was confused

d. He was worried

Q.2. What was 'Home' for the author?

a. Parents and brothers and sisters

b. Love for his native place

c. Home for him was India

d. Beauty of his village

Q.3. The writer says : India is an atmosphere. What does it mean?

a. Beautiful climate of India

b. Inclusive way of life

c. India's strength lies in its resources

d. India' rich history

Q.4. find out the word which mean : i) something that stops you from paying attention to (para - 2).

a. Worried

b. Distraction

c. Turn down

d. Well-paid

Q.5. What, according to the writer, has made him an Indian?

a. His family background of her mother

b. His religion

c. His broad point of view

d. History

Q.6. What can you learn from the text?

a. Writer is talking about his longing to go abroad

b. Writer wants prove his patriotism

c. Writer feels proud to be Indian

d. Wants to state his family history


Passage-2

2. Read the following passage carefully and answer the question that follow: (Select the correct answer for MCQ ) 6marks

What is a classical dance? A dance which is created or choreographed and performed according

to the tenets of the Natya Shastra is called a classical dance. The two broad aspects of classical dancing are the tandava and the lasya. Power and force are typical of the tandava;grace and delicacy, of the lasya. Tandava is associated with Shiva, and lasya with Parvati. Dance which is pure movement is called nritta, and dance which is interpretative in nature is called nritya.

A dancer in the classical tradition has to have years of training before he or she can begin to perform on the stage. The four main schools of classical dancing in India are: Bharata Natyam, Kathakali, Manipuri, Kathak. Bharata Natyam is the oldest and most popular dance-form of India. Earlier, it was known by various names. Some called it Bharatam, some Natyam some Desi Attam and some Sadir. The districts of Tanjore and Kanchipuram of Tamil Nadu were the focal points in the development of Bharata Natyam. It was danced as a solo performance by devadasis (temple dancers) on all auspicious occasions. Later, kings and rich people lent their patronage to it and it started shedding its purely sacred character.

The dancer is directed by the natuvanar, who is a musician and, invariably, a teacher. Another musician plays the cymbals. The music for Bharata Natyam is the Carnatic School of music. The mridangam (a drum), played on both sides with the hands, provides the rhythm.

The home of Kathakali is Kerala. Kathakali literally means 'story-play'. It combines music, dance, poetry, drama and mime. Its present form has evolved out of older forms such as Ramanattam and Krishnanattam



Kathakali dance-dramas last from dusk to dawn. The artistes use elaborate costumes; mask-like make-up and towering head-dresses. The dancers are all males - female roles are usually played by boys. There is no stage - a few mats are spread on the ground for the audience to sit on. The only 'stage-lighting' is a brass lamp fed with coconut oil. .

Two singers provide the vocal music. The chenda, a large drum, which is beaten on one side with two slender curved sticks, is an integral part of the Kathakali performance. A metal gong, a pair of cymbals and another drum complete the orchestra. Besides providing the beat, they are also the means by which all the sound-effects are created.

Manipur, in the north-east is the home of Manipuri. It has evolved out of the folk dances of the land, which are religious in nature. LaiHaroba is the oldest dance-drama of Manipur and is based on folk-lore and mythology. But RasLeela is the most popular one. It tells of the legendary love of Radha and Krishna. In the Manipuri style of dancing, the accent is on grace and softness. The women's costumes are extremely picturesque.

Besides the singers, the dhol, the manjira and the flute also accompany the dancers. Kathak has its home in north India. 'Kathak'means 'story-teller'. In ancient times, the story­teller used gestures and movements while narrating the great epics. In course of time it became an elaborate art, rich in beautiful movements and facial expressions. Later, under the Persian influence, the original dance form underwent many changes, gradually losing its religious and moral character. It became a court dance. Both men and women danced.

With the passing of years, the Kathak performance was reduced to being an evening's entertainment, and the girls, who danced, were no more than pretty entertainers.

Kathak, however, was revived under the patronage of the rulers of Lucknow and Jaipur, and this gave rise to two styles known as the Lucknow gharana and the Jaipur gharana. Gharana means 'house' or 'school'.

In Kathak, the accent is on footwork. A dancer wears anklets with several rows of bells and skillfully regulates their sound, sometimes sounding just one bell out of the many on his feet.

The singer who accompanies the Kathak dancer not only sings, but reproduces the drum syllables also. The sarangi, a string instrument, provides the music at a Kathak performance.

Q. 1. What is the Natya Shastra?

a. Scientific study of a classical dance

b. Science of dances

c. A book written by a sage

d. A book deals with a drama

Q.2. choose the appropriate meaning of the under lined word. The four main school of classical dancing in India?

a. Place where children are taught

b. Training centers for artists

c. Group of artists having a similar style.

d. Schools that are purely for dance

Q.3. When did Bharata Naatyam start shedding its purely sacred character?

a. When devadasis stopped dancing

b. When danced as a solo performance

c. When kings & rich patronised it

d. When they used Carnatic music

Q.4. In which drama form the dances are all males?

a. Bharat Natyam

b. Manipuri

c. Kathak

d. Kathakali

Q.5. Which dance form has a origin in folk dance?

a. Ras Leela

b. LaiHaroba

c. Manipuri

d. Kathak

Q.6. In Kathak, the accent is

a. On the basis of dancer's anklets

b. On sound created by bells

c. On the regulation of sound

d. On footwork



NOTE MAKING & SUMMARISING

Question 2: Reading Passage of 500 Words for Summary and Note Making 08 Marks

  1. Note making - 5 Marks

  2. Summary - 3 Marks

Important points to remember:-

1) Minimum three readings are necessary to comprehend the content.

(i) First reading mark the difficult words

(ii) Second reading mark the important lines, deleting examples and data and quotations.

(iii) In Third reading, mould the chosen sentences in note form.

2) Characteristics of good notes:

(i) Brevity:- Notes should be brief and to the point

(ii) Relevance:- notes should be relevant to the topic

(iii) Clarity:- the notes should not be so brief that their clarity is lost

3) Formats & indentation

Title

A1___________subtitle



(i)

(ii)


(iii)

A2---------------------subtitle

(i)

(ii)


(iii)

A3-------------------------------

(i)

(ii)


(iii)

A4--------------------------------

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

4) Abbreviations and symbols ( four minimum)

(i) Standard abbreviations should be used. capitalized first letter of words

For examples: UNO for United Nation Organization

(ii) Pick up first three or four letters and put dot.

For examples: exa. , feb.

(iii) Pick up first , middle and last letter

For example: LKW for Lucknow, VNS for Varanasi

(iv) Symbols:

For example- e.g

Percentage % etc.

5. Marking scheme

Title --------1 mark

Abbreviation(4)------ 1 mark

Notes with subtitles------3 marks

Solved Passage -1

Q.2. Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow: .

Research has shown that the human mind can process words at the rate of about 500 per minute, whereas a speaker speaks at the rate of about 150 words a minute. The difference between the two at 350 is quite large. So a speaker must every effort to retain the attention of the audience and the listener should also be careful not to let his mind wander. Good communication calls for good listening skills. A good speaker must necessarily be a good listener.

Listening starts with hearing but goes beyond. Hearing, in other words is necessary, but is not a sufficient condition for listening, Listening involves hearing with attention. Listening is a process that calls for concentration. While listening, one should also be observant. In other words, listening has to do with the ears, as well as with the eyes and the mind. Listening is to be understood as the total process that involves hearing with attention, being observant and making interpretations. Good communication is essentially an interactive process. It calls for participation and involvement. It is quite often a dialogue rather than a monologue. It is necessary to be interested and also show or make it abundantly clear that one is interested in knowing what the other person has to say.

Good listening is an art that can be cultivated. It relates to skills that can be developed. A good listener knows the art of getting much more than what the speaker is trying to convey. He knows how to prompt, persuade but not to cut off or interrupt what the other person has to say. At times the speaker may or may not be coherent, articulate and well-organised in his thoughts and expressions. He may have it in his mind and yet he may fail to marshal the right words while communication his thought. Nevertheless a good listener puts him at ease, helps him articulate and facilitates him to get across the message that he wants to convey. For listening to be effective, it is also necessary that barriers to listening are removed. Such barriers can be bolt physical and psychological. Physical barriers generally relate to hindrance to proper hearing whereas psychological barriers are more fundamental and relate to the interpretation and evaluation of the speaker and the message.

Q. 1. On the basis of your reading of the above passage, make notes in points only, using

abbreviations wherever necessary. Supply a suitable title. Q.2. Write a summary of the above passage in about 80 words.

Ans.


Title : Good communication skills/ Good Listening/ Listening Skills/ Art of Listening / Good Communication and Listening/ any other relevant title.

1. Research


  1. human mind processes 500wpm

  2. speaker speaks 150 wpm

  3. difference between the 2

2. A good speaker/ Good commun./ listng.

  1. must retain attention of audience

  2. stop not to let mind wander

  3. must be a good listener

3. Listening / Requirement Of Listening/ listening Skills

  1. hearing with attention

  2. being observant

  1. making interpts.

  2. concentration

  3. participation

4. A Good Listener / Good Listening - An Art/ Traits of Good Listening

  1. gets much more from speaker

  2. knows how to prompt and persuade

  3. puts speaker at ease

5. Effective listening/ Barriers To Good Listening

  1. barriers - phy./psychological

  2. physical-hindrance to hearing

  3. psy.-interpretations & evaluation

Key to abbreviations

  1. wpm - word per minute

  2. commun.- communication

  3. listng. - Listening

  4. interpts. - interpretations

  5. phy. - Physical

  6. psy. - psychological


Summary

Human mind processes 500 word per minutes but a speaker speaks 150 words. It reveals the co-relation between listening and speaking skills. As you listen shall you speak. Listening and speaking are the two sides of same coin. Speaker should draw the attention of listener, listening skills requires hearing with attention, being observant, making interpretations and being concentrate. Good listening is and art when we restore faith in speaker and remove physical and psychological barriers.


Passage for Practice -1

2 . Read the passage carefully and complete the notes:

Anything printed and bound in book size can be called a book, but the quality or mind distinguishes the value of it.

What is a book? This is how Anatole France describes it: "A series of little printed signs-essentially only that. It is for the reader to supply himself the forms and colors and sentiments to which these signs correspond. It will depend on him whether the book be dull or brilliant, hot with passion or cold as ice. Or if you prefer to put it otherwise, each word in a book is a magic finger that sets a fibre of our brain vibrating like a harp string and so evokes a note from the sounding board of our soul. No matter how skilful, how inspired' the artist's hand, the sound it makes depends on the quality of the strings within ourselves."

Until recently books were the preserve of a small section-the urban upper classes. Some, even today, make it a point to call themselves intellectuals. It would be a pity if books were meant only for intellectuals and not for housewives, farmers, factory workers, artisans and, so on.

In India there are first-generation learners, whose parents might have been illiterate. This poses special challenges to our authors and to those who are entrusted with the task of disseminating knowledge. We need much more research in the use of language and the development of techniques by which knowledge can be transferred to these people without transmission loss.

Publishers should initiate campaigns to persuade people that a good book makes a beautiful present and that reading a good book can be the most relaxing as well as absorbing of pastimes. We should aim at books of quality no less than at quantitative expansion in production and sale. Unless one is constantly exposed to the best, one cannot develop a taste for the good.


Ans:

Title

A. Value of Bks. acc. to Anatole France


  1. Not merely printed signs

  2. Reader gives i) Colours

ii)

iii) Sentiments

a.

b.


c. Touches solution

B. Bks. Means for diff. sections

  1. intellect.

  2. housewives

3)

4)


C. Books for lstgen. learners

1) Challenge for authors

2)

3)


D. Publisher's role

1)


2)

3)


4)

E. Abbreviations used


Acc.

according

1st

first

Bks.

books

gen.

generation

diff.

different

lang.

language

intellect.

intellectuals








SECTION - B
ADVANCED WRITING SKILLS

AND GRAMMAR
(30 MARKS)

ADVANCED WRITING SKILLS - 20 MARKS


Examination Specifications


  • One out of two short writing / composition tasks based on notice/ poster/ advertisement. (50 Words) 04 Marks

  • Writing one letter based on verbal input. It would cover all types of letters. 06 Marks

  • One composition in the form of article, speech, report writing or a narrative (150 - 200 Words) 10 Marks

NOTICE

A Notice is a written or a printed information or news announcement. Notices are either displayed at prominent places or published in newspapers / magazines. It is meant only for a select group. Since a notice contains a formal announcement or information, its tone and style are formal and factual. Its language should be simple and formal. A notice is always brief and to the point. Remember, Circulars are also written like notices, but unlike notices, they carry more than one message, and they are circulated through a messenger.



Points to be remembered:

  • Adhere to the specified word limit of 50 words.

  • Name and place of the school, organization or office issuing the notice should be mentioned.

  • Write the word NOTICE at the top.

  • Give an appropriate heading.

  • Write the date of issuing the notice.

  • Clearly mention the target group (for whom the notice is to be displayed)

  • Mention the purpose of the notice.

  • Mention all the relevant details (date, venue, time)

  • Mention whom to contact for extra information.

  • Signature, name and designation of the person issuing the notice.

  • Put the notice in a box.

Format of Notice


Name of the School / Organization

NOTICE


A suitable heading

Date __________


Content ____________________________

___________________________________

___________________________________
Signature

Designation of the issuing authority






Marking Scheme

1 Mark for the format,

1½ Marks for the content and

1½ Marks for expression, accuracy and coherence.




Notice Writing

Example - 1

On behalf of the Vice-Principal of your school write a notice regarding implementation of new school uniform in your school. Mention the given guidelines for purchasing new uniform and relaxation given to students of some classes. Write the notice in not more than 50 words.




Galaxy International School

NOTICE


New Uniform

30 September 2015

This is to inform all the students and the parents that the school management committee has decided to change the uniform of the students to meet with the climatic conditions pertaining to this area. For the newly admitted students it is mandatory while for others it will be mandatory from August 15. Refer the notice board for sample of the same or contact the undersigned.

Mr. P. K. Singh

Vice- Principal




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