Learning Objective Name Today, we will recognize



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Learning Objective Name __________________________

Today, we will recognize1 theme in text.

1 look for something
CFU

What are we going to do today?

What does recognize mean?

Activate (or provide) Prior Knowledge

Write down a saying someone has told you that teaches you how to behave.


Example: Treat others as you would like to be treated.

CFU


Have students pair-share with the above scenario.

Students, I’m sure your parents, teachers, or other adults have used a saying to get you to behave. The above example is a message about treating others with respect. Authors also use these messages about life throughout their writing. We call these messages about life, theme. Today, we will recognize theme in text.

Concept Development

Theme is a message, lesson, or idea about life in a story.


  • We use events from the text to infer2 the theme.

2 make a decision based on information
Examples:


  • Treat others as you would like to be treated.

  • Honesty is the best policy3.

  • Hard work now pays off later.

  • Cheating gets you nowhere.

3 a way of doing something



Mercury and the Woodman

Adapted from Aesop’s Fables

1. A woodman was cutting down a tree on the bank of a river when his

axe fell into the water. 2. Suddenly, Mercury appeared. 3. Mercury dove into the

river and brought up a golden axe. 4. The woodman said that this was not his axe.

5. Mercury dove in a second time and brought up the woodman’s axe. 6. The

woodman was very thankful. 7. Mercury was pleased with his honesty and gave


him the golden axe as a gift. Adapted from Aesop’s Fables 75 words


Theme: Honesty is the best policy


Not examples of theme: One-word topics such as: “honesty,” “lying,” “jealousy,” or “greed
CFU

Why is “Treat others as you would like to be treated” a theme? Explain your answer.

What is the difference between Honesty is the best policy” and the word Honesty? Explain your answer.

Which is an example of theme? How do you know?

A War is never the answer. B War

In your own words, what is a theme? The theme ________________.

Skill Development/Guided Practice

Theme is a message, lesson, or idea about life in a story.


  • We use events from the text to infer the theme.

Recognize theme in text.

Step #1: Read the question and the answer choices.

Step #2: Read the passage carefully.

a. Identify events that suggest the theme. (underline)

Step #3: Identify the theme. (circle)

Step #4: Explain how the events helped you recognize the theme.


The Chocolate Factory

1. Willy Wonka gave a tour4 of his secret chocolate factory to three lucky children. 2. One boy wanted to drink from Mr. Wonka’s chocolate river. 3. Mr. Wonka told him to stay away. 4. The boy didn’t listen and fell into the chocolate. 5. When visiting another part of the factory, Mr. Wonka showed the children an incredible piece of gum. 6. Mr. Wonka told them that the gum was not ready to chew. 7. The girl grabbed the gum and stuffed it in her mouth anyway! 8. She started turning colors; then, turned into a giant, purple grape. 9. The last child, Charlie, listened to Mr. Wonka’s rules. 10. After seeing the entire factory, Mr. Wonka gave Charlie a lifetime supply of chocolate.


4 short trip through a place to see it 115 words

Adapted from Charlie and the Chocolate Factory




Which statement is the theme of the story?
A Those who follow the rules will be

rewarded.


B One boy wanted to drink from the

chocolate river.


C Chewing gum is bad for you.
D Rudeness doesn’t pay off.



Explain:

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CFU


(#2a) How did I/you identify the events that suggest the theme?

(#3) How did I/you identify the theme?

Skill Development/Guided Practice (continued)

Theme is a message, lesson, or idea about life in a story.


  • We use events from the text to infer the theme.

Recognize theme in text.

Step #1: Read the question and the answer choices.

Step #2: Read the passage carefully.

a. Identify events that suggest the theme. (underline)

Step #3: Identify the theme. (circle)

Step #4: Explain how the events helped you recognize the theme.

The Goose with the Golden Eggs

1. One day, a farmer going to the nest of his goose found a beautiful, glittering5 egg. 2. When he picked it up, it was as heavy as lead6. 3. He decided to try to sell it at the market, and to his delight, discovered that it was an egg of pure gold.

4. Every morning his goose laid a golden egg, and he soon became rich by selling the eggs. 5. But it was not long before he grew impatient7 with the goose because she gave him only a single golden egg each day. 6. He was not getting rich fast enough. 7. The goose saw that the man was becoming greedier, so

she started laying regular eggs. 8. The man then became very angry

and gave the goose away to a very poor man. 9. At once, the goose

started laying golden eggs again.


5 shiny and sparkling

6 heavy metal

7 annoyed by waiting

Adapted from Aesop’s Fables.

137 words


Which statement is the theme of the story?
A Always treat animals kindly.
B Greed results in having nothing.
C Geese cannot make real golden

eggs.
D The man sold the goose eggs.



Explain:

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CFU


(#2a) How did I/you identify the events that suggest the theme?

(#3) How did I/you identify the theme?


Importance

Theme is a message, lesson, or idea about life in a story.



  1. Recognizing the theme in text will help you learn an important lesson or moral about life through a story.




The big secret in life is that there is no big secret. Whatever your goal, you can get there if you’re willing to work hard.

Theme/Message: Hard work pays off




  1. Recognizing the theme in text will help you do well on tests.



CFU

Does anyone else have another reason why it is important to recognize the theme in text? (pair-share) Why is it important to recognize the theme in text? You may give me one of my reasons or one of your own. Which reason is more important to you? Why?



Theme is a message, lesson, or idea about life in a story.

  • We use events from the text to infer the theme.

Concept Closure

George said the theme of Cinderella is Love. Why is he not correct? _____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________




Skill Closure

Recognize theme in text.

Step #1: Read the question and the answer choices.

Step #2: Read the passage carefully.

a. Identify events that suggest the theme. (underline)

Step #3: Identify the theme. (circle)

Step #4: Explain how the events helped you recognize the theme.

Ant and the Dove

1. An Ant, going to a river to drink, fell in. 2. A Dove felt sorry for her, and threw a small branch into the water so that the Ant could crawl out. 3. Afterward, the Ant saw a man with a gun aiming at the Dove. 4. The Ant bit him in the foot, made him miss, and saved the Dove’s life.

Adapted from Aesop’s Fables

70 words


Which statement is the theme of the story?
A Good deeds pay off.

B Ants are harmful to humans.

C You can’t rely on friends to help you.
D Doves are peaceful animals.


Explain:

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Summary Closure

What did you learn today about recognizing theme in text?

Day 1 _________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

Day 2 _________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Independent Practice Name __________________________


Theme is a message, lesson, or idea about life in a story.

  • We use events from the text to infer the theme.

Recognize theme in text.

Step #1: Read the question and the answer choices.

Step #2: Read the passage carefully.

a. Identify events that suggest the theme. (underline)

Step #3: Identify the theme. (circle)

Step #4: Explain how the events helped you recognize the theme.

The Cherry Tree


by M. L. Weems

1. When George was about six years old, he was given a hatchet1. 2. He went about chopping everything that came his way.

3. One day in the garden, he found a beautiful cherry tree. 4. His father was very proud of the cherry tree. 5. George went and chopped at the tree’s bark until it died.

6. His father soon discovered what had happened to his favorite tree. 7. He was very upset, and demanded to know who cut away the bark. 8. Nobody could tell him anything about it. 9. Just then, George came into the room.


1 small axe with a short handle


10. "George,'' said his father, "do you know who has killed my beautiful cherry tree in the garden?

11. George started to cry and yelled: "I cannot tell a lie, father! 12. I did cut it with my little hatchet.''



13. The anger died out of his father's face, and taking the boy tenderly2 in his arms, he said: "My son, you should not be afraid to tell the truth. 14. The truth means more to me than a thousand trees!”

2 careful in a way that shows love

166 words



Which statement is the theme of the story?
A The cherry tree died because of what

George did.


B Sometimes you have to lie, so you

don’t hurt others.


C Be careful with sharp objects.
D Honesty is the best policy.

Explain:

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Periodic Review 1 Name __________________________


Theme is a message, lesson, or idea about life in a story.

  • We use events from the text to infer the theme.

Recognize theme in text.

Step #1: Read the question and the answer choices.

Step #2: Read the passage carefully.

a. Identify events that suggest the theme. (underline)

Step #3: Identify the theme. (circle)

Step #4: Explain how the events helped you recognize the theme.


A Horse That Wore Snowshoes

Adapted from: http://www.apples4theteacher.com/holidays/winter/short-stories/a-horse-that-wore-snow-shoes.html


1. Mr. Brown had to go to his camp at Pine Tree Valley, which is in the midst1 of the mountains. 2. There was a lot of snow on the mountains, and Mr. Brown knew it would be hard climbing to the camp, but Lady Gray was strong.
3. Lady Gray was Mr. Brown's pet horse. 4. She was always happy when her master was in the saddle. 5. But today, the snow was very deep and soon Mr. Brown had to get off and lead her.
6. Late in the afternoon they reached the camp exhausted2, and it was several days before they were able to return.

1 middle

2 tired

7. The snow was still deep and Mr. Brown was afraid Lady Gray would have to be left behind.
8. Finally, someone suggested making her some snow-shoes. 9. They cut four round pieces of board and fastened them on with rope. 10. Lady Gray tried very hard to walk in them. 11. She was very awkward3 at first and could hardly stand up. 12. But by practicing a little every day, she was soon able to manage nicely.
13. So, Mr. Brown and Lady Gray both returned on snow-shoes, and how every one did laugh when they saw them.

3 not comfortable

194 words



Which statement is the theme of the story?

A One should not travel in bad weather.

B Horses are hardworking animals.
C You don’t know what you can do until

you try.


D Snow shoes can be useful when

walking in snow.




Explain:

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Periodic Review 2 Name __________________________


Theme is a message, lesson, or idea about life in a story.

  • We use events from the text to infer the theme.

Recognize theme in text.

Step #1: Read the question and the answer choices.

Step #2: Read the passage carefully.

a. Identify events that suggest the theme. (underline)

Step #3: Identify the theme. (circle)

Step #4: Explain how the events helped you recognize the theme.

Beauty and the Beast

1. There once was a great Beast that lived in a castle in the middle of a forest. 2. Everybody in the country held the Beast in great fear.

3. One day, a young woman from a nearby village was lost in the woods and sought1 shelter in the Beast’s castle. 4. The woman was blamed for trespassing2, and the Beast told her that she could not leave. 5. Belle was frightened at the sight of the ghastly3- looking Beast and did not want to live in the castle. 6. But, over time, the Beast gave Belle anything she wanted. 7. She had only to express a wish and it was immediately granted. 8. She had ponies to ride, dogs, cats, and pet birds; even the most beautiful dresses. 9. He told her that he loved her and asked her to marry him three times a day.

10. One day, Belle couldn’t find the Beast. 11. Fear and anxiety filled her heart as she ran through the castle. 12. In the garden, she found him lying on the grass and thought he was dead. 13. “Oh darling Beast; do not die, for I love you with all my heart, and will marry you tomorrow," and kissed him. 14. At once, he sprang to his feet; no longer a hideous monster, but a beautiful prince. 15. “A wicked fairy turned me into a monster,” he said, “until the day came when a girl should tell me that she loved me.”

16. The spell was finally broken. 263 words



1 search for 2 go onto someone’s land without permission 3 scary and ugly

Adapted from: http://www.popularchildrenstories.com/stories/Kids-Story-Beauty-and-the-Beast-0569.htm




Which statement is the theme of the story?
A Magic causes problems.
B One should not trespass onto other

people’s land.


C You shouldn’t judge someone by the

way they look.


D Sharing your things leads to people

taking you for granted.



Explain:

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Periodic Review 3 Name __________________________
Theme is a message, lesson, or idea about life in a story.


  • We use events from the text to infer the theme.

Recognize theme in text.

Step #1: Read the question and the answer choices.

Step #2: Read the passage carefully.

a. Identify events that suggest the theme. (underline)

Step #3: Identify the theme. (circle)

Step #4: Explain how the events helped you recognize the theme.



King Midas

1. King Midas was a very kind man who ruled his kingdom fairly, but he didn’t think about what he said. 2. One day in his garden, he saw an elderly satyr1 (sader) asleep in the flowers. 3. Taking pity2 on the old satyr, King Midas let him go. 4. When the god Dionysus (Di-o-ny-sus) heard about it, he rewarded King Midas with one wish. 5. The king thought for only a second and then said, “I wish for everything I touch to turn to gold." 6. And so it was.

7. The beautiful flowers in his garden turned toward the sun for light, but when Midas touched them, they became rigid and gold. 8. The king grew hungry and thin, for each time he tried to eat, he found that his meal had turned to gold. 9. His water, his bed, his clothes, his friends, his family, and eventually the whole palace was turned to gold.

10. King Midas knew his whole kingdom would turn to gold unless he did something right away. 11. He asked Dionysus to take back his golden touch. 12. Because the king was ashamed3 and very sad, Dionysus took pity on him and granted his request. 13. Instantly, King Midas was poorer that he had been, but richer in the things that really mattered.

1 god that was half human and half goat from ancient Greek stories

2 feeling sorry for someone

3 feeling bad or guilty about something

Adapted from: http://www.hipark.austin.isd.tenet.edu/mythology/midas.html

208 words


Which statement is the theme of the story?
A You should not take pity on others.
B Gold (money) cannot buy you

happiness.


C Magic can cause problems.
D Gold (money) can buy everything in

life.


Explain:

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5th Grade Literary Analysis 3.4 (2Q)

Understand that theme refers to the meaning or moral of a selection and recognize themes (whether implied or stated directly) in sample works.



Lesson to be used by EDI-trained teachers only.







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