Learning Together Through Faiths Food



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Learning Together Through Faiths
Food








What this unit contains

This unit contains the following content from Christianity: How Christians follow the example of Jesus who shared food with His disciples at the last supper. Christians also often pray before a meal to thank God for their food.


And content from the following two faiths:

Sikhism: The Langar and sharing. Concept of hard earned food. The story of Guru Nanak and Bhai Lalo.

Hinduism: Offering food to deities to be blessed during puja. Prasad. Story of Krishna and Sudhama



Where the unit fits and how it builds upon previous learning

This is an optional unit for Key Stage 1.



It makes links with the Christianity units on the Natural World and Easter and symbols.



Extension activities and further

thinking



  • Find out about foods shared during some festivals.

  • Find out about any special food rules followed by people in the school.





Vocabulary



SMSC/Citizenship


  • Equality

  • Sharing with others – in communities and with wider groups

  • Investigate how communities function

  • Friendship and what makes a good friend




food

Christianity

Jewish

reply




special times

Christian

Passover

guest




invitations

Hinduism

Holy communion

Jesus




sharing

Hindu

Mass

Krishna




favourite

Sikhism

Lord’s Supper

Sudhama



please


Sikh

Eucharist

Guru Nanak




thank you




remembering


Bhai Lalo






Session 1. Key Questions: What meals do we share with others? How is that sharing made special?



Learning objectives

A

T

1

A

T

2


Suggested teaching activities


Sensitivities, points to note, resources


Pupils should:


  • consider special times in their lives when friends, family and others come together to share food;


  • explore how there are special times in people’s lives and in the year where particular foods are important;




  • reflect on the feelings associated with sharing




Ask pupils what are their favourite foods? How often are they able to have these?



Resources

Pictures from magazines, photographs or illustrations of families and faith

communities sharing foods.

BBC Active DVD ‘Celebrations and Special Times’ – Introduction







As a whole class activity, list times when members of the class eat alone and when they eat with others. Focus on shared family mealtimes in the week – when they occur and how this is different from eating alone, e.g. sitting at table together, using best table manners.





Look at pictures of people sharing food together. Can you identify any of them? Why is it obvious that these meals are not ‘everyday’? What makes such times special and how do the people involved in meals like this feel? Encourage pupils to share how they have felt during special celebratory meals.


List special times that are common to people whether religious or not when there are special meals – e.g. weddings, birthdays, retirements, and festivals. What foods are eaten? Who shares these celebrations? What else happens that makes it obvious this is a special time? (e.g. best clothes, invitations, catering for all dietary needs.) Some people say prayers at the start of a meal e.g. giving thanks for the food to be consumed. This may be called Grace. Are there any foods the class would like to eat more often but are only available at special times (e.g. Christmas pudding)?



From discussion draw out experiences that are common to a number of occasions e.g. laying table with a ‘best’ cloth, using best cutlery or crockery, inviting special guests, good manners, a special cake. Pupils should each draw a meal that has been special for them – why was this special?




Session 2. Key Question: What happened at The Last Supper?



Learning objectives


A

T

1

A

T

2


Suggested teaching activities



Sensitivities, points to note, resources


Pupils should:


  • know that Jesus had some special friends, helpers and followers;




  • know that Jesus shared food with his friends at the Last Supper;




  • consider the feelings of Jesus and his friends at the Last Supper.





Remind pupils of stories of Jesus that they already know – probably the Nativity will feature most. Explain that when Jesus grew up he travelled around, teaching people about God.




Resources

BBC Whiteboard Active DVD ‘Worship & Sacred Places’ Christianity – Holy Communion

Teacher’s note:
Depending on prior learning about Easter, the Last Supper story may need

contextualising.



People often get together with their friends and share meals. Jesus had a group of friends who travelled with him for several years. Although many people grew to love Him and learned a lot from Him, some people grew angry and afraid of Jesus and how popular he was. Jesus was Jewish and He travelled to Jerusalem to celebrate the Jewish festival Passover. He had a special meal with his friends before what happened at the first Easter. Christians call this ‘The Last Supper’ and remember this meal today.








Watch BBC Whiteboard Active DVD – ‘Worship & Sacred Places’ Christianity – Part 1-2 (The Last Supper)






Sequence the story of The Last Supper.
or





Children could be in role play and act out the story of The Last Supper.

Children could make some freeze frames depicting different scenes from the above story.



Session 3. Key Question: Why is it important for Christians to share bread and wine?

Learning objectives


A

T

1

A

T

2


Suggested teaching activities



Sensitivities, points to note, resources


Pupils should:


  • know that the bread and wine used at communion services remembers the last meal Jesus shared;




  • to understand how the communion service is important for Christians.






Recap on the story of The Last Supper, reminding children about how important this meal was for Jesus and his friends.




Resources

Artefacts:

Chalice

Paten
BBC Whiteboard Active DVD ‘Worship and Sacred Places’ Christianity – Holy



Communion
Short response sheet



Explain that, just like Jesus’ first friends, Christians follow the example of Jesus and the instructions that Jesus gave them. Why do you think they do that?



Show pupils the artefacts used in the communion service. Then show them the brief piece of film ‘Communion’ from the DVD, sections beginning and Part 2 (which are on the either side of The Last Supper story.) Discuss how Christians remember Jesus’ special meal with His friends when they celebrate the Eucharist. This is sometimes called ‘The Lord’s Supper’ in some churches, ‘the Mass’ in some or ‘Holy Communion’ in others.



What shows that this is an important service for Christians in the film? Why is it important for Christians to continue to share bread and wine together? Fill in a short response sheet.






Session 4. Key Question: Why is sharing food important to Sikhs?



Learning objectives


A

T

1

A

T

2


Suggested teaching activities



Sensitivities, points to note, resources


Pupils should:





  • know the story of Guru Nanak and Bhai Lalo;




  • in the Gurdwara people share food together to show this equality.







Explain that this lesson will focus on the beliefs of another faith, Sikhism. Some important rules for Sikhs about food are:



  • Food must be obtained by hard work

  • Sharing food with others is important
  • Know everyone is equal and should have enough food.



Resources

Story of Guru Nanak and the poor man Bhai Lalo


Film of people eating in a Gurdwara




The word Guru means teacher and Sikhism was started by their first Guru, Guru Nanak, who lived in India about six hundred years ago. Like Jesus he travelled around telling people how to follow God.






Tell the story of Guru Nanak and Bhai Lalo.




When you have read the story, hot seat with the teacher in role as Guru Nanak. Draw out with the class what the Guru wanted people to learn from the situation. Watch an excerpt of video / DVD showing people sharing food in a Gurdwara, explaining that the Langar in the special kitchen where food is prepared daily for anyone to come to eat.






Session 5. Key Question: Why is offering food to God important to Hindus?



Learning objectives


A

T

1

A

T

2


Suggested teaching activities



Sensitivities, points to note, resources


Pupils should:


  • know that making an offering of food in Hindu worship is a way of receiving blessings from God;




  • consider why the small offering Sudhama made to his friend Krishna was rewarded so much.





Explain that in this lesson pupils will be finding out how Hindus offer food to God during their worship.




Resources

Film or images of food being offered during Hindu worship.


Story of Krishna and Sudhama, his friend the Brahmin (available from a number of sources).




Show pupils film or images of Hindu worship at a home shrine. Explain that offering food to God includes receiving blessed food back to share. This offering also takes place in the Hindu Temple.





Tell the story of Krishna and Sudhama, his friend, the Brahmin. Introduce the fact that Hindus believe Krishna was God come to earth.




Hot seat with the children in Sudhama’s role. Draw out why Sudhama felt so embarrassed at the offering he made to Krishna and also why Krishna rewarded Sudhama so well.






Session 6. Key Question: How does sharing food together make us feel?


Learning objectives


A

T

1

A

T

2


Suggested teaching activities



Sensitivities, points to note, resources


Pupils should:





  • consider how sharing together makes us feel.





Recap on what has been learnt in the unit about the importance of food in the faiths studied.




Resources

Planning sheet

Party/picnic food.




Include views about sharing meals and how most faiths use food as part of sharing.




Organise a class party or picnic, this could be based around preparing and sharing the food from a particular faith or culture. Point out to pupils that there is a need to conserve the world’s resources and food is a valuable resource. Choices as to which foods to offer to guests should provide an opportunity to talk about foods that members of the class are unable to eat for different reasons – e.g. health or faith rules. This experience is an opportunity for the whole class to share with each other and some guests. These guests could be parents, members of another class or school, people from the community or other members of the school community, e.g. Head teacher, Governors or the premises officer.







Using the planning sheet, organise and experience a food sharing event.





Short response sheet
We talked about why Christians share bread and wine together


I think it is because



SESSION 3




The Story of Guru Nanak and Bhai Lalo
Guru Nanak was travelling around the country. In one town his custom was always to stay with a poor, but honest carpenter called Bhai Lalo. On one occasion while he was there, Guru Nanak was invited by a very rich local man to have a meal with him. Guru Nanak was important and the rich

man could not understand why he didn’t want to eat rich food with rich people.


“Why don’t you like my delicious cakes and prefer to eat your friend Lalo’s dry bread?” he asked.
“Why do you want to give me such an expensive meal?” asked Guru Nanak.
“For me it is nothing, a tiny part of my wealth, don’t worry about it,” said the rich man.
“The food my friend Lalo gives me is a big sacrifice for him but he does it because he is my friend. He works hard for it. You will never make such a sacrifice for me, that is why I prefer my friend Lalo’s dry bread,” Guru Nanak replied.

Guru Nanak continued to stay and eat with Bhai Lalo. The rich man went away and thought about what Guru Nanak had said and became more understanding about the importance of honest work.

Sharing Food Planning Sheet


  1. Food choices – following work done earlier in the unit or through sessions in health education on food preferences and intolerances, pupils should consider dietary requirements and faith rules that will affect the experience that they and their guests can share together, catering for everyone, then plan your menu and shopping list.




  1. Design, make and send your invitations.




  1. Plan the venue and wet weather contingency plans as necessary.




  1. Purchase and prepare foods, table coverings, table decorations etc.




  1. Write some thank you thoughts to say about the foods that will be shared and the company of the people with which the food is shared.




  1. Share the occasion, considering the enjoyment of all.

Tidy up.


Lewisham Agreed Syllabus for Religious Education 2009

KEY STAGE 1 UNITS – 5.






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