Lesson 2: The art of using fonts, colours in text aim

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Lesson 2: The art of using fonts, colours in text


In this lesson you will learn:

What is a font and why it is important to choose a particular font.

Where and how to use different font type, size, style and colour.

Moz brings computer printout of a story.


A picture of Moz holding a sheet with story of the little fingers.

The story of the little finger
Once the five fingers on the hand started boasting and arguing about their greatness.

Angushta the thumb said “ Among the five of us I am the greatest. Without my hold you cannot do anything”.

Next Tarjani the index finger said angrily “ To point to a person or a thing I am used. Hence I am the greatest”.

Immediately Madhyama the middle finger arrogantly said “ All of you stand on both sides of me. I stand tall like a gold medallist who stands on the victory podium above all. Four of you are lower than me.”

Next Anamika the ring finger proudly said “I am decorated with golden rings studded with diamonds. None of you are equal to me. I am the most respected “.

It was now the turn of the little finger Kanishtika.

All the four fingers started laughing at Kanishtika as they thought that the little finger is good for nothing. It has no part to play in any activity.

Kanishtika was sad. It started thinking and then with all humility it said “ When the two hands are folded in prayer to God, I stand in the front and all of you stand behind me. But all of us are needed to fold the hands. ”

The four fingers were ashamed of themselves. They realized that each one of the fingers is important and together they can do many tasks.
One finger cannot do much all by itself but when in a group they are used for work, play, expressing, learning, communicating, building, eating, painting and many more activities. The fingers together form a strong and powerful team. "Unity is strength".

Tejas: Moz, How did you make the text look different.

Jyoti: Some text is even coloured!

Moz: [opens Open office word]: The Word Processor application has the options to make the text look different and also to colour the text.

Tejas and Jyoti: We will enter the text of the story again.

Tejas and Jyoti start entering the story.

Jyoti: The text does not look the same when I type.

The story of the little finger

Tejas: Mine too is different. This is something like our handwriting. My handwriting is different from Jyoti's.

The story of the little finger

Moz: In the Word Processor similar to hand writing we have font. There are many types of fonts.

Jyoti: Looking at a handwriting we can recognize who has written it. So does the font have different names?

Moz: Yes it has. Tejas, the font that you are using is Kochi Gothic. And Jyoti you are using Comic Sans.

Tejas: Yes. It is written on the tool bar.

Tejas and Jyoti: Oh! This is interesting. Let us try different fonts, and select the font that we like, to enter the story.

Moz: Remember that since you are entering a story. This will be read by others. So choose a font which is clear and easy to read.

Skill: Selecting a different font is called changing the font type.

The following options on the tool bar can be used to change the font type.

Option to select a font type

Usha: Please show that the drop down will come when clicked with various font types. Maybe you can have two figs.

One without and one with the drop down list.

Kaumudi: Tejas and Jyoti are trying out many font types. The following on the screen please.

  • The story of the little finger

  • Kanishtika was sad.

  • The four fingers were ashamed of themselves.

Tejas: Moz, See how it looks in the following two sentence. The first sentence has same font whereas the second sentence has different types of fonts.

1. Tejas, Jyoti and Moz are discussing fonts.

2.Tejas, Jyoti, Moz are discussing fonts. [ Use different fonts in the illustrator ]

Jyoti: It is not easy to read the second sentence.

Tejas: Yes. I think we should not use different fonts in a sentence.

Moz: Correct.


  • In a sentence or paragraph, if you mix different types of fonts it is not easy to read. [insert the above in concept box]

Tejas and Jyoti select a font and start entering the story.

Tejas: Title of the story has a big size font. There is a number next to the font type. Let us try increasing this number.

Jyoti: The font size increases!

Moz: Correct. Give me a few examples of other places where you find big size fonts.

Jyoti: Our text book title and lesson heading are in big size fonts.

Moz: Why are the title and heading in big size font?

Jyoti: It is easy to identify the book or a lesson when we are searching.

Tejas: It is easy to read. The title is important.

Moz: Why is the title important?

Jyoti: When we read the title we come to know what the lesson or a story is a about.

Tejas: It also captures our attention.

Moz: Correct.

[Concept] Larger fonts are used

    • for text which is important and

    • also to capture the attention of the reader.

  • For example titles and subheading are in larger fonts than the other text.

[Skill] Option to set size of the font [ small icon of font size ]

Usha: Changing the font size

Jyoti: Some words like the names of the fingers are darker than the others. Is it because they are the main characters of the story?

Moz: Correct.

Tejas: The last sentence of the story has text which is slant. It looks like the text is going to fall down. Is it because the story writer wants to highlight this sentence?

Moz: Correct. This is called changing the style of the font. Darker text is called bold style of the font. Slant text is called italics style of the font.

[Concept]Whenever you want to highlight or emphasize a word or sentence

  • Use either bold or italics style of the font.

  • Remember not to use too much of either of them in your story, essay or any document that you are preparing.

  • Use bold and italics together only if necessary.


Usha: changing the font style to bold.

Option to set the text as bold [ small icon of bold ]
Usha: changing the font style to italic.

Option to set text as italics

Kaumudi: A picture of tejas and jyoti, with the mouse pointer at the font colour option on the tool bar, and the drop down of the colours.

Tejas and Jyoti find the option to change the colour of the font. They complete entering the story.

Option to set the colour of the font
The following figure shows the different options on the toolbar to edit the text in a document.

Tejas: Moz, We found the option to change the colour of the font.

Jyoti: I used one colour for the names of the fingers which are the main characters in the story.

Kaumudi/Usha/Malati: Please decide if a pic. is necessary here.

Tejas: I used one colour for the title and the last sentence which are both important in the story.

Kaumudi/Usha/Malati: Please decide if a pic. is necessary here.

Moz: Good. Both of you have now understood the formatting concepts.

Tejas: Is changing font type, size, style and colour called formatting.

Moz: Yes.

Jyoti: Is it possible to format after we enter the text. I want to make the title in bold style. Let me try Selecting the text like we do for copy. Now click on bold. Yes, I got it!

Kaumudi/Usha : Example of changing the colour of text like the drag and drop images in class2

Little finger -------------------- Little finger

Step 1: Select text with the mouse. Pointer of the mouse at the start of the text to be selected. Left click and hold. Then drag till the text that has to be selected is highlighted. (click, hold, drag)

Step 2: Select the colour option with the mouse from the tool bar.

Move the mouse pointer to the colour option on the tool bar and left click.

[insert the above in skill box]

Tejas and Jyoti play around with text processing for some time.

Tejas: Moz, I have been using the mouse for a long time. Should we take a break?

Moz: Yes. Do some of the exercises that you know for wrists and hands. Tomorrow you can learn some more new exercises. Chin chinaki.


After you have studied this lesson, you will be able to:

  • Format the text on the computer.

  • Use different options like font type, bold, italics, colour from the toolbar.

Worksheet 3.7

  1. Label each figure with the different font styles (given) that you feel are most appropriate: ( Bold, Italics, Regular, Underlined)

  1. Circle the correct options.

    1. Circle the words that are in same font .

happy joy play team game laugh

edit copy paste cut save

    1. Circle the words which are italics

print open click file folder

    1. Identify and circle which of the following words are in same font size

login shutdown logout username password

  1. Match the column to show which words are bold, italics and underline

1. Bold


2. Italics


3. underline



Activity 3.2

Use a word processor to do the following:

  1. Write names of colours and change the text to the same colour. For example, green, blue.

  2. Write names of ten students in your class. Select the names and change the font style to bold. Below each name write two qualities of your classmate in a different font. For example,

i. Manas

honest, caring

  1. 3. Observe the following picture and list the items in each room in a different font style.

  2. [Illustration of kitchen and living room with 5 items]

  1. You have to make an announcement for picnic and put it on th4e school notice board. Use the different formatting options and prepare the text.

[Illustration of a notice board and write up : Kaumudi : any other ideas to show activities for fonts?]

  1. Observe the fonts in newspapers, story books and everything that you read.


  • What happens if you write a particular word and change the text colour to white? Click on redo to find what was written.

  • Explore the highlighting and underline options available on the toolbar.

  • Besides using the toolbar is there any other way to change font size, style, and colour?

Teacher's corner 3.2
  • Begin the class by asking students to observe each other's handwriting and note the similarities and differences. Tell them, that they can use the computer to write in different styles and colours. Inform them that the handwriting on computer is called font and they can also make it bigger or smaller. Ask them to open a particular textbook and note the different styles of fonts and whether they are bold, underlined and so on. You can also type a short essay or a poem where you use different fonts for title and text.

  • Open a word processor and demonstrate how to change the font and its size. Ask the students to explore which button can be clicked to change the color of the font. (ensure that the colour tool bar is seen). As students already know the action of selecting a particular word to edit it, they can be guided to change the fonts and colour on their own. For students who are unable to do it on their own, demonstrate the procedure.

  • Inform the students that the styles of writing a particular text has to be used appropriately. Illustrate this by showing them the text “Tejas, Jyoti, Moz are discussing computers” and ask what is written and if they can read it easily. Emphasize that while the word processor allows us to use a variety of styles of writing and can make our task easier, it is a skill to use each of these in places that suit their purpose well.

  • Summarize the lesson and allow the students to do the activities using the word processor. Remind them to use the edit options they have already learnt.

  • Write a short story on the computer and ask students to use the different font options to format the text.

Further reading:


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