------------- A ------------- Activation Formal request from DHS/FEMA to a TF via the Point of Contact, that an event has occurred or is projected to occur, that requires mobilization and response for a mission.
Advisory Formal notification by DHS/FEMA to all TFs that an event is imminent or has occurred but does not require action at this time.
After-Action Debriefing Form Used by the TF managers at the conclusion of a mission to collect and categorize appropriate information.
After-Action Meeting A formal meeting of the TF personnel assigned to a mission after return from the field.
After-Action Report Documentation of TF actions and other pertinent information.
Alert Formal notification by DHS/FEMA to identified TFs that a disaster is imminent or has occurred that may result in activation.
Assembly Point(AP) Location or facility where TF members initially report after receiving activation orders from the sponsoring organization.
------------- B ------------- Base of Operations TF base camp used to facilitate mission activities.
------------- C ------------- Cache A DHS/FEMA-approved complement of tools, equipment, and supplies stored in a designated location, available for emergency use.
Collapse hazard zone The area established by the TF for the purpose of controlling all access to the immediate area of the collapse.
------------- D ------------- Demobilization The process used to plan for and implement the return of TFs to their original Point of Departure.
Department of Homeland Security (DHS) The executive department of the United States [whose] primary responsibility is to: (a) prevent terrorism; (b) reduce the vulnerability of the United States to terrorism; (c) minimize the damage, and assist in the recovery, from terrorist attacks that do occur within the United States; (d) carry out all functions of entities transferred to the Department, including by acting as a focal point regarding natural and manmade crises and emergency planning; (e) ensure that the functions of the agencies and subdivisions within the Department that are not related directly to securing the homeland are not diminished or neglected except by a specific explicit Act of Congress; (f) ensure that the overall economic security of the United States is not diminished by efforts, activities, and programs aimed at securing the homeland; and (g) monitor connections between illegal drug trafficking and terrorism, coordinate efforts to sever such connections, and otherwise contribute to efforts to interdict illegal drug trafficking.
Disaster Field Office (DFO) The temporary office established in or near the designated disaster area from which the Federal Coordinating Officer and staff, the Emergency Response Team, the State Coordinating Officer and staff (when possible), and regional response organizations coordinate response activities.
Disaster Medical Assistance Team (DMAT) The basic medical unit of the National Disaster Medical System (NDMS). All TF Medical Teams will be registered as a "specialized" DMAT with the NDMS.
------------- E ------------- Emergency signaling Signals produced by warning devices on the US&R work site to address evacuation of the area, cease operations or quiet the area, and resume operations.
Engagement/disengagement Procedures followed by a TF when beginning or ending operations at a specific work site or assigned area.
Emergency Response Team (ERT) The interagency group assembled to assist the assigned FCO in carrying out his/her disaster response coordination responsibilities. The ERT coordinates the overall Federal disaster response reporting on the conduct of specific operations, exchanging information, and resolving issues related to ESFs and other response requirements. ERT members respond and meet as requested by the FCO.
ERT ESF #9 Leader The position on the ERT that assumes management and coordination of ESF #9 resources when the RST transfers all US&R responsibilities to the ERT and when the IST is operational in the field. The ERT ESF #9 Leader coordinates all US&R activities with the State, the Emergency Services Branch Chief, the IST ESF #9 Assistant, and the EST ESF #9 Leader.
Emergency Support Function (ESF) – A functional area of response activity established to facilitate the delivery of Federal assistance required during the immediate response phase of a disaster to save lives, protect property and public health, and to maintain public safety. ESFs represent those types of Federal assistance which the State will most likely need because of the overwhelming impact of a catastrophic or significant disaster on its own resources and response capabilities, or because of the specialized or unique nature of the assistance required. ESF missions are designed to supplement State and local response efforts.
ESF #9 National US&R Response System
ESF #9 Assistant The position located with the IST that provides management oversight to the IST. The ESF #9 Assistant coordinates with the EST and ERT ESF #9 cells, the IST Leader, Task Force Leaders, local and State incident management personnel, and supporting ESFs.
ESF #9 cell (at the DFO) DHS/FEMA representatives at the DFO who coordinate State requests for US&R resources.
EST ESF #9 Leader The individual at working at the EST responsible for assessing requests for US&R Task Forces, alerting, activating and deploying ESF #9 resources when approved and overseeing ESF #9 mission assignments, staffing, information and planning, and demobilization activities.
ESF #9 Leader The individual at DHS/FEMA Headquarters responsible for assessing requests for US&R TFs.
Emergency Support Team (EST) The Emergency Support Team (EST) is organized, using Incident Command System (ICS) functional groupings of management, operations, logistics, information and planning, and administration/finance, for the activation of the EST, of Federal resources, and mission assignments. The EST coordinates requests for additional resources and receives situation reports.
------------- F ------------- Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Agency with primary responsibility for ESF #9 (Urban Search and Rescue.)
Federal Coordinating Officer (FCO) The senior official in charge at the DFO who manages all Federal response activities.
Federal Response Plan (FRP) The Federal Government's plan of action to assist affected States and local jurisdictions after a major disaster or emergency.
------------- I ------------- Incident Action Plan (IAP) A document developed by the ICS management team that identifies all incident objectives, strategies and tactics, and assigns responsibilities.
Incident Command Post (ICP) The location where the local jurisdiction's primary command functions are executed.
Incident Commander (IC) The local jurisdiction's person responsible for the management of all incident operations.
Incident Daily Briefing Form A form for conducting planning sessions and briefings during the course of a mission.
Incident Support Team (IST) The IST provides a group of highly qualified specialists readily available for rapid assembly and deployment to a disaster area. The IST furnishes Federal, State, and local officials with technical assistance in acquiring and using US&R resources. It provides advice, Incident Command assistance, management, and coordination of US&R Task Forces, and US&R logistics support.
Initial TF Briefing Form A form developed for use during the activation phase of the response.
------------- J ------------- Joint Information Center (JIC) The physical location where Public Information Officers collocate and form the core of the Joint Information System.
------------- L ------------- Load master Individual responsible for all matters associated with preparing the TF equipment, supplies, and personnel during the palletizing, loading, in-flight logistics, and down-loading of the aircraft.
Local Emergency Operations Center (EOC) Each local jurisdiction will usually have an EOC to coordinate response to and support of moderate to large-scale incidents. Initial damage and needs assessment information is consolidated at this point to determine response needs and State and Federal asset requirements. Authority for the management of a disaster rests with the local officials and/or Incident Leader of the affected jurisdictions. State and Federal response is in support of local requests once local resources and capabilities are overwhelmed.
Local jurisdiction The affected locality/government that has the mandated responsibility for managing the disaster within its borders or boundaries.
------------- M ------------- Medical Team Fact Sheet An informational sheet outlining the capabilities and requirements of the TF Medical Team.
Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) The document between an organization sponsoring a TF and DHS/FEMA outlining all agreements and responsibilities.
Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) Written agreements developed on site between the IST and jurisdictional incident management personnel to ensure a complete understanding of the scope, nature and requirements of the ESF #9 assignment.
Mobilization Center A temporary facility used to receive process and support resources/TFs during the mobilization and demobilization phases of a mission.
------------- N ------------- National Disaster Medical System (NDMS). A system under the auspices of NDMS used during natural disasters or emergencies.
------------- O ------------- Operational checklist A chronological listing of considerations and/or tasks that the identified user should address when carrying out mission assignments.
Operational period The time interval scheduled for execution of a given set of US&R actions.
Operational procedures Documents developed to address strategies and tactics that a TF may be required to address and execute during a mission response.
Operational work area The area established by the TF for controlling all activities in the immediate area of the work site.
Operations Chief The position in the Incident Command System that is responsible for managing the overall incident tactical operations and to whom the US&R TFs directly or indirectly report.
------------- P ------------- Point of Arrival (POA) The location where responding resources arrive, prior to being transported to a mobilization center or assigned to an affected local jurisdiction.
Point of Departure (POD) Designated location where a TF reports for transport to an incident.
------------- R ------------- Responder Information Sheet A form developed to collect and list all necessary information on TF personnel.
Regional Support Team (RST) Entity that serves as the initial point of contact for the affected State(s), other Federal agencies, and the Emergency Support Team. The RST ceases to be a coordinating center once the DFO is established.
------------- S ------------- Safety Officer an individual assigned the primary responsibility of safety compliance.
Sponsoring Organization the entity responsible for developing and managing all aspects of a TF.
Staging Area A designated area or facility where incoming resources report to and receive their tactical assignments and situation briefings by the local jurisdiction.
------------- T ------------- TF Base of Operations Location Checklist A form developed to assist TF personnel select a location for the BoO.
TF Command Post (TFCP) Central control point within the TF BoO.
TF Operations Report A form for documenting events during the execution of rescue operations.
TF Fact Sheet summarizes the composition, capabilities and limitations, and support requirements of a US&R TF.
APPENDIX C UNITS OF MEASURE, SYMBOLS, AND CONVERSION FACTORS TEMPERATURE CONVERSION FACTORS Centigrade to Fahrenheit:
(Centigrade Temperature X 1.8) + 32 = Fahrenheit
(Fahrenheit Temperature - 32) X 0.555 = Centigrade
SAFFIR/SIMPSON HURRICANE SCALE (Source: Department of Commerce,
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration,
National Weather Service, National Hurricane Center)
Category 1 hurricane -- The lowest of five levels of relative hurricane intensity on the Saffir/Simpson hurricane scale. A Category 1 hurricane is defined by winds of 74 to 95 MPH, or a storm surge of 4 to 5 feet above normal. This category normally does not cause real damage to permanent structures, although damage to unanchored mobile homes, shrubbery, and trees can be expected. Also some coastal road flooding and minor pier damage.
Category 2 hurricane -- The second of five levels of relative hurricane intensity on the Saffir/Simpson hurricane scale. A Category 2 hurricane is defined by winds of 96 to 110 MPH, or a storm surge of 6 to 8 feet above normal. This category normally causes some roofing material, door, and window damage to buildings. Considerable damage to vegetation, mobile homes, and piers can be expected. Coastal and low-lying escape routes can be expected to flood 2-4 hours before arrival of storm center. Small craft in unprotected anchorages will break moorings.
Category 3 hurricane -- The third of five levels of relative hurricane intensity on the Saffir/Simpson hurricane scale. A Category 3 hurricane is defined by winds of 111 to 130 MPH, or a storm surge of 9 to 12 feet above normal. This category normally does some structural damage to small residences and utility buildings, with a minor amount of curtain wall failures. Mobile homes are destroyed. Flooding near the coast can be expected to destroy smaller structures, with larger structures damaged by floating debris. Terrain continuously lower than 5 feet above sea level may be flooded inland as far as 6 miles.
Category 4 hurricane -- The fourth of five levels of relative hurricane intensity on the Saffir/Simpson hurricane scale. A Category 4 hurricane is defined by winds of 131 to 155 MPH, or a storm surge of 13 to 18 feet above normal. This category normally causes more extensive curtain wall failures, with some complete roof structure failure on small residences. Major erosion will occur at beach areas. Major damage to lower floors of structures near the shore can be expected. Terrain continuously lower than 10 feet above sea level may be flooded, requiring massive evacuation of residential areas inland as far as 6 miles.
Category 5 hurricane -- The severest of five levels of relative hurricane intensity on the Saffir/Simpson hurricane scale. A Category 5 hurricane is defined by winds greater than 155 MPH, or a storm surge greater than 18 feet above normal. This category normally causes complete roof failure on many residential and industrial buildings; some are blown over or away. Major damage to lower floors of all structures located less than 15 feet above sea level and within 500 yards of the shoreline can be expected. Massive evacuation of residential areas on low ground within 5-10 miles of the shoreline may be required.
Wind Factors The following chart classifies wind speeds by both miles per hour (mph) and knots per hour (kph).
1 knot per hour equals 1.15 miles per hour