http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c6I24S72Jps SETTING: Setting is both the _________ and ___________ of the story. It includes the historical, cultural, and social setting. As well, ___________________and ___________ are elements of setting.
PLOT: The plot is _______________________________ in a story. In a narrative, it includes these component IN THIS ORDER:
In the first section of the story, setting is established, characters are introduced, and the situation and problem are set forth.
b. _________________________________________ is the event. or decision that begins the story’s problem. It is the moment that sets the events of the story into motion.
c. _________________________________________ The series of events before the climax - the conflict in the story becomes progressively more tense and complications arise.
d. ____________________ This moment is __________________________________event in the action. The climax of the plot occurs IN THE MOMENT that the __________________________________ or ________________________________ is MOST INTENSE, and the OUTCOME is still uncertain.
Ie: the reader thinks, “OMG, what now!!!!???? “WHAT do you think WILL HAPPEN?!!!!” e. ________________________________________, or denouement:
The falling action includes the set of events that occur after, and because of, the climax.
The ending includes the last outcome of the story.
CONFLICT: All plots include conflict. Conflict occurs when there is a struggle between two or more opposing forces. It includes the following types of conflict:
individual versus ______________________ (INTERNAL)
individual versus _________________________________________ (EXTERNAL)
individual versus _________________________________ (EXTERNAL)
individual versus _____________________________________ (EXTERNAL)
CHARACTER: Characters are the people who carry out the action.
a. Round characters are ___________________________________ individuals with many __________________s. More than one dimension of their personality is revealed throughout the work.
b. Flat characters are the opposite of round characters. Only ____________________________ aspect of their personality is revealed throughout the work.
c. The protagonist is the _____________________________ character of a work. The protagonist also appeals to the reader, gaining empathy and support as the story unfolds.
d. The ________________________ is the character in the story who opposes the protagonist.
e. ___________________________characters change throughout the course of the story, becoming either better or worse human beings.
f. ________________________________ characters do not change throughout the course of the story.
g. Stereotype characters are flat characters which represent a group of people in an oversimplified manner.
CHARACTERIZATIONCharacterization refers to the methods the author uses to develop characters. There are FIVE basic ways to develop character:
d. what characters say about each other (or react to each other)
e. what the author says about the characters
POINT OF VIEW The point of view is the position, or __________________ that the story is told from.
Omniscient POV: The story is told from a ____________________ perspective that is all-seeing and all-knowing.
Limited Omniscient POV: The story is told from a third- person perspective that is ____________________.
First Person POV: A character within the story tells the story in the _________________________________.
Objective POV: The narrative is told objectively, without _________________________ or __________. Information is conveyed, but without entering the characters’ minds and without any kind of commentary.
THEME The theme is the _____________________________ of a work. It is the central idea, ____________________, or focus of a work and can be stated directly, or indirectly. It reveals insight into life, the human condition, the human spirit, or society.
IRONYoccurs when the _________________ of things are very different from _____________________.
There are THREE types:
a. situational irony: the events that occur are the __________________ of what was expected to happen
b. verbal irony: the intended meaning is the __________________of what is stated (sarcasm)
c. dramatic irony: the reader/audience ____________________ about the circumstances or future events than a ____________________________________ does.
A SYMBOL is concrete object, person, or place that represents an ________________________________idea.