Literary Terms Elements of Narrative Fiction 1D

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Literary Terms - Elements of Narrative Fiction 1D
SETTING: Setting is both the _________ and ___________ of the story. It includes the historical, cultural, and social setting. As well, ___________________and ___________ are elements of setting.
PLOT: The plot is _______________________________ in a story. In a narrative, it includes these component IN THIS ORDER:
a. ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­________________________________________

In the first section of the story, setting is established, characters are introduced, and the situation and problem are set forth.

b. _________________________________________ is the event. or decision that begins the story’s problem. It is the moment that sets the events of the story into motion.
c. _________________________________________ The series of events before the climax - the conflict in the story becomes progressively more tense and complications arise.
d. ____________________ This moment is __________________________________event in the action. The climax of the plot occurs IN THE MOMENT that the ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­__________________________________ or ________________________________ is MOST INTENSE, and the OUTCOME is still uncertain.

Ie: the reader thinks, “OMG, what now!!!!???? “WHAT do you think WILL HAPPEN?!!!!”

e. ________________________________________, or denouement:

The falling action includes the set of events that occur after, and because of, the climax.

f. __________________________________:

The ending includes the last outcome of the story.

CONFLICT: All plots include conflict. Conflict occurs when there is a struggle between two or more opposing forces. It includes the following types of conflict:

  1. individual versus ______________________ (INTERNAL)

  2. individual versus _________________________________________ (EXTERNAL)

  3. individual versus _________________________________ (EXTERNAL)

  4. individual versus _____________________________________ (EXTERNAL)

CHARACTER: Characters are the people who carry out the action.
a. Round characters are ___________________________________ individuals with many __________________s. More than one dimension of their personality is revealed throughout the work.
b. Flat characters are the opposite of round characters. Only ____________________________ aspect of their personality is revealed throughout the work.
c. The protagonist is the _____________________________ character of a work. The protagonist also appeals to the reader, gaining empathy and support as the story unfolds.
d. The ________________________ is the character in the story who opposes the protagonist.
e. ___________________________characters change throughout the course of the story, becoming either better or worse human beings.
f. ________________________________ characters do not change throughout the course of the story.
g. Stereotype characters are flat characters which represent a group of people in an oversimplified manner.


Characterization refers to the methods the author uses to develop characters. There are FIVE basic ways to develop character:

a. what the character says

b. what the character does

c. what the character thinks

d. what characters say about each other (or react to each other)

e. what the author says about the characters

The point of view is the position, or __________________ that the story is told from.

Omniscient POV: The story is told from a ____________________ perspective that is all-seeing and all-knowing.

Limited Omniscient POV: The story is told from a third- person perspective that is ____________________.

First Person POV: A character within the story tells the story in the _________________________________.

Objective POV: The narrative is told objectively, without _________________________ or __________. Information is conveyed, but without entering the characters’ minds and without any kind of commentary.
The theme is the _____________________________ of a work. It is the central idea, ____________________, or focus of a work and can be stated directly, or indirectly. It reveals insight into life, the human condition, the human spirit, or society.
IRONY occurs when the _________________ of things are very different from _____________________.

There are THREE types:

a. situational irony: the events that occur are the __________________ of what was expected to happen

b. verbal irony: the intended meaning is the __________________of what is stated (sarcasm)

c. dramatic irony: the reader/audience ____________________ about the circumstances or future events than a ____________________________________ does.
A SYMBOL is concrete object, person, or place that represents an ________________________________idea.

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