Living Islam Questions and Answers on faith and practice


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Living Islam

Questions and Answers on faith and practice.

Answers by

Hujjat-ul-Islam Sayed Mohammad Al-Musavi

Published By:

Imaan Foundation

(Publication Division)

Najafi House, 159, Nishanpada Road,

Bombay – 400009.

Tel.: +91-22-23436353, 23433295

Fax: +91-22-23438703



Living Islam 1

Contents 3

Foreword 5

Namaz (The Ritual Prayers) 9

(B) Mustahab Prayer 69

(C) Doubts in Prayer 79

Supplications 81

Wuzu/Tayammum/Ghusl (bath) 88

Fasting (Sawm) 97

Hajj and Umrah 115

Khums 132

Zakat 155

Taqlid 158

Death Related Issues 162

Medical Issues 163

Quran 167

The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) and Ahlul Bayt (a.s.) 191

Taharat/Najasat 207

Hereafter 225

Major Sins 230

Women’s Issues 237

Marriage / Muta 260

Divorce 303

Dress and Clothing 306

Music and Singing 308

Eating and Drinking 311

Will / Inheritance 326

Sale / Purchase 335

Business / Investment 339

Interaction in Social Life 351

Miscellaneous 361

Glossary of Islamic Terms 464

Errata 470

Corrigenda 473


In The name of Allah, The most Merciful, Most Compassionate and by the remembrance of His Last Proof (a.t.f.s.)

In the present world, Information Technology (IT) is given a lot of importance. To make information available to people in different fields is looked up with respect. Those who are involved in imparting information are accorded reverence and esteem.

The reason for the respect and esteem is that the accuracy of any decision depends upon the accuracy and treasure of the information available. Also, accurate information minimizes probabilities of errors. Therefore, availability of correct and accurate information is a foremost requirement for entering any arena of life.

As per the various verses of the Holy Quran, Allah, the High has created the world for the humans and the humans for His worship. The aim of the existence of humanity is the worship of Allah.

The meaning of worship is:

All those actions which are done as per the command of Allah are worship. Therefore, prayers and hajj done for ostentation are not considered as worship.

When Allah, the High ordered Shaitan, the accursed to prostrate in front of Hazrat Adam (a.s.), he (Shaitan) said, “O Allah! If You excuse me from this prostration; I “will worship You as nobody has worshipped You”. Allah replied to him, “Worship is that what I desire and not what you wish.”

Hence, whatever is done as per the command of Allah is worship.

Islam is a complete and comprehensive religion. The comprehensiveness available in Islam is not found in any religion of the world. This is because there is not a single moment in the life of man i.e. from his first breath till his last breath in this world, wherein Islam has failed to provide any command for his benefit. Islam has explained the simplest and the most ordinary things of life. Islam has provided direction for keeping and clipping nails, manners for entering and exiting the house, the etiquette for sitting on dining cloth, picking up a morsel and even chewing the morsel. Also, it has been explained where a person should look while having his food, while reciting prayers or while walking on the road... In brief, Islam has explained each and every aspect related to human life. There is not a single affair of humans which has been neglected by Islam.

On one hand, Islam has given the explanation of each and every necessity of human beings; on the other hand, the commands are in their simplest form so that they can be acted on very easily. Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) said: “I have brought simple and easy Shariat (laws).” Therefore, all the rules of holy Islam are easy to act upon. Also, Allah has not put any obligations on man which are beyond his capacity to fulfill.

The question before us is that - when Allah has not made anything binding on a human which is beyond his capacity and Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) has brought simple and easy Shariat - then why is it difficult for us to act on the laws of Islam? And why is worship associated to few things?

The most important reason for the above is not being aware of the laws of Islam and the other significant reason being negligence. We have not paid heed to the fact that Islam has provided laws for each and every aspect of human life. This negligence is the cause of our not knowing the laws of Islam.

Islam has condemned heedlessness and ignorance. Islam has ordered people to refer to scholars for things about which they are ignorant. The scholars have been ordered to make the reality of things clear to those who inquire from them. Allah has never kept the earth void of His Proof so that people may contend that if they would have known the command they would have definitely acted on it. When the Imams (a.s.) were physically present among the people they explained the laws to them.

Now when Allah due to disobedience and carelessness of the people has hidden His Last Proof (may Allah hasten his reappearance), the Last Imam (a.s.) has made the scholars a proof of Allah upon the people so that people may inquire about their problems from them and their trustworthy representatives.

Allah, the High had sent Hazrat Hujjatul Islam Wal Muslemeen, al Haaj Aqae Sayyed Mohammad Musawi (May Allah shower His bounties on him) as a bounty to India. In reality, he awakened the people of India and imparted determination and enthusiasm to the youth. He stirred them to act on the truthful religion. He sparked the feelings of religiousness everywhere and brought upon the Shias of India a new era. Many religious organizations, schools and madrasas came into existence due to his guidance. Imaan Foundation, Najafi House and other organizations under it are the result of his leadership and foresight. There might not be any other similar organization which is serving the Shia community on such a large scale.

One of the effects of his efforts in bringing the people towards religion was that people sought replies from him about their daily problems of life. Inspite of his busy schedule, he made it a point to reply to the queries of the people. The system of question and answer from Hujjatul Islam is still continuing.

The book in your hand is a compilation of the questions put forth by people and the replies given by Hujjatul Islam Wal Muslimeen Sayyed Musawi. The questions dealt within the book pertain to many aspects of life. You will easily find replies to questions which are usually not dealt within other books of laws.

May Allah (s.w.t.) hasten the reappearance of Imam Al-Mahdi (a.t.f.s.) and include us among his sincere servants. May He give us taufeeq to act according to the commands of Allah. Aameen

May Allah (s.w.t.) protect Hujjatul Islam from calamities and jealousy of evil people and give him a Iong life and increase his Tawfeeq to serve the holy Ahlul Bayt (a.s.) and their followers. Aameen.


Imaan Foundation, Najafi House, Mumbai.

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