Mastering New Testament Greek Textbook Ted Hildebrandt Baker Academic



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handmade

xeirotone

I choose, appoint

xei

very bad, worse

Xerou

Cherub angel

xh

widow

xili

commander of 1000

xilia

thousand

xi

thousand

Xi

Chios

xitw

tunic, shirt

xiw

snow

xlamu

cloak

xleua

I mock, scoff

xliaro

lukewarm

Xlo

Chloe

xlwro

green, fresh

xoi*ko

earthy, made of dust


xoi?nic, -ikoj, h[

quart

xoi?roj, -ou, o[

pig, swine

xola

I am angry

xolh<, -h?j, h[

gall, bile

Xorazi

Chorazin (city)

xorhge

I provide, supply

xoro

dancing

xorta

I feed, satisfy, fill

xo

food

xo

grass

Xouza?j, -a?, o[

Chuza

xou?j, xoo

soil, dust

xra

I employ, act

xrei

need, necessity

xreofeile

debtor

xrh<

it should, it ought

xr^

I need

xrh?ma, -atoj, to<


property, wealth

xrhmati

I prophesy, reveal, warn

xrhmatismo

divine revelation

xrh

useful

xrh?sij, -ewj, h[

use, sexual relations

xrhsteu

I am kind, loving

xrhstologi

smooth speech

xrhsto

useful, good, worthy

xrhsto

goodness, kindness

xri?sma, -atoj, to<

anointing

Xristiano

Christian

Xristo

Christ, Messiah

xri

I anoint, assign

xroni

I linger, delay

xro

time, long time

xronotribe

I spend time

xrusi


gold

xrusodaktu

with a gold ring

xruso

chrysolite

xruso

chyrsoprase (quartz)

xruso

gold

xrusou?j, -h?, -ou?n

golden

xruso

I make golden

xrw

skin

xwlo

lame, crippled

xw

region, district

xwre

I go out, reach

xwri

I divide, separate, divorce

xwri

field

xwri

without, separately

xwri

xwri

xw?roj, -ou, o[

northwest

Y


ya


I sing praises

yalmo

psalm, song of praise

yeuda

false brother

yeudapo

false apostle

yeudh

false, lying

yeudodida-ou, o[

false teacher

yeudolo

lying

yeu

I lie, deceive

yeudomarture

I give false testimony

yeudomarturi

false witness

yeudo

a false witness

yeudoprofh

false prophet

yeu?doj, -ouj, to<

falsehood, lie

yeudo

false Christ

yeudw

falsely called

yeu

falsehood, lying


yeu

liar

yhlafa

I touch, handle

yhfi

I calculate, reckon

yh?foj, -ou, h[

pebble

yiqurismo

gossip, whispering

yiquristh

gossiper, whisperer

yixi

crumb, little bit

yuxh<, -h?j, h[

life, soul, person

yuxiko

physical, natural

yu?xoj, -ouj, to<

cold

yuxro

cold

yu

I make cold

ywmi

I feed, give away

ywmi

crumb, piece of bread

yw

I rub

W


W


Omega, last

w#

O!

w$de

here

&]dh<, -h?j, h[

song, ode

w]di

birth pains

w]di

I have birth pains

&]kodo

oi]kodome

w#moj, -ou, o[

shoulder

w@mosa

o]mnu

w]ne

I buy

w]nhsa

w]ne

w]no

o]noma

w]noma

o]noma

&]o

egg

w!ra, -aj, h[

hour, occasion

w[rai?oj, -a, -on

lovely, timely

w!risa

o[ri

w@ruca

o]ru

w]ru

I roar


w[j

as, like, that, when

w[sanna<

hosanna

w[sau

similarly, likewise

w[sei<

as, like

[Wshe<, o[

Hosea

w!sper

just as

w[sperei<

just as, like

w!ste

therefore, so that

w]ta

ear

w]ti

ear

w]fe

benefit, use, advantage

w]fele

I help, aid, benefit

wfe

useful, beneficial

w@fqhn

o[ra


Index

Greek:

a]gaqo

a]gapa

a]llh

grafh< paradigm 37

gra

dei

di

di

e[autou? paradigm 68

e]gw< paradigm 53

e]kei?noj paradigm 53

ei]mi< present active indicative 49-50

ei]mi< future active indicative 63

ei]mi< imperative 128

ei]mi< imperfect active indicative 72

ei]mi< participle 104

ei]mi< subjunctive 123

ei#j, mi

e]mautou? paradigm 67

i[ero

i!sthmi 132

lamba

lo

lu

lu

lu

lu

lu

lu

lu

lu

lu

lu

lu

lu

lu

lu

o[, h[, to< paradigm 39

oi#da paradigm 97

o@noma paradigm 77

o!j, h!, o! paradigm 67

ou], ou]k, ou]x 50

ou$toj paradigm 66

pa?j paradigm 77

pi

profh

sa

seautou? paradigm 68

su< paradigm 53

ti

xa

w!ra paradigm 38


English:
Accents 18

Accent placement chart 19

Accent rules 18

Accusative case description 25, 32, 34

Acute accent 18

Active voice verbs 26

Adjective 47ff

Adjective, attributive 47, 49

Adjective, comparative 137

Adjective, definition 22

Adjective, paradigm 48, 49

Adjective, predicate 47, 49

Adjective, substantive 47, 49

Adjective, superlative 137

Adversative, conjunctions 138

Agreement 28, 33

Alexander the Great 6

Alphabet 12-13

Antepenult syllable 18

Aorist, first 83ff

Aorist, first, stems 85-86

Aorist, participles 107ff

Aorist, passive 87ff

Aorist, passive, stems 89

Aorist, second 79ff

Aorist, second, stems 81

Apostrophe 22

Articular, infinitives 119

Aspect, infinitives 118

Aspect, verbs 24, 26

Aspirate sound 75

Augments 72, 80-81, 84

Bauer, Danker, Arndt and Gingrich [BDAG] lexicon 10

BDAG lexicon 10

Books, for Greek 148ff

Breathing marks 21

Breathing, smooth 21

Breathing, rough 21


Cardinal numbers, 136

Case description, nouns 25, 32

Case, revisited 143

Causal, conjunctions 138

Circumflex accent 18

Clause types 139f

Clauses 23

Clitics 20

Colon, punctuation mark 21

Comma, punctuation mark 21

Comparative, Adjectives 137

Complementary Infinitives 119

Compound verbs 60

Conditional types 124

Conjunctions 138

Consonant cluster 16

Consonant, double 13

Contract verbs 91

Contract verb, rules 91

Coronis 22

Dative case definition 25, 32, 34

Dative, revised 145-146

Declension definitions 32

Declensions, first, nouns 37ff

Declensions, second, nouns 31ff

Declensions, third, nouns 75ff

Declining nouns 35-36

Definite article, definition 22, 33, 38

Definite article paradigm 39

Demonstrative, pronouns 65-66

Dental sounds 75, 85, 88

Deponent verbs definition 59

Diaeresis 14, 22

Diphthongs 14

Elision 44

Enclitic 20-21

English grammar review 22-23
Final sigma 14

First aorist, verbs 83ff

First class condition 124

First declension, nouns 37ff

First person, pronouns 53

First person, verbs 27

Future tense verbs 61ff

Future of ei]mi< 63

Future, irregular verbs 63-64
Gamma nasal 14

Gender, nouns 31, 33

Genitive absolute 116

Genitive case, nouns 25, 32, 34

Genitive revised 143ff

God spoke in Greek 6-7

Grave, accent 18

Greek, Byzantine 11

Greek, Classical 10

Greek, Koine 6, 10-11

Greek, Modern 11

Greek is hard 8


Historical present, verb 28

Imperative verb mood, definition 24, 27

Imperative verbs 127ff

Imperative verbs, function 129

Imperfect verbs 70ff

Indicative verb mood, definition 24, 27

Indirect discourse, infinitive 119

Infinitive, articular 119

Infinitive, aspect 118

Infinitive, complementary 119

Infinitive, form 118

Infinitive, function 117

Infinitives 117ff

Interrogatives 125, 135

Iota, pronunciation 13

Iota subscripts 14

Koine Greek 6, 10-11
Labial, sounds 75, 85, 88

Liquid, sounds 62-63, 85, 93

Liquid, sounds, with future verbs 62-63

Long vowels 13


Memory verses

John 1:1 46, 51

Mat. 6:9 73, 86, 90, 94

Mat. 6:10ab 78, 90, 94

Mat. 6:10c 82, 90, 94

Mat. 6:11 86, 90, 94

Mat. 6:12a 90, 94

Mat. 6:12b 94

Mat. 6:13a 99

Mat. 6:13 105-106

mi-verbs 130ff

Mood, verbs 24, 27

Movable nu 29
Nasal, sounds 93

Nasal gamma 14

Negating, participles 104

Nominative case, nouns 25, 32, 33

Noun definition 22

Noun, first declension 37ff

Noun, second declension 31ff

Noun, third declension 75ff

Nouns, grammar review 25

Nu movable 29

Numbers 135-136

Number, nouns 31

Number, verbs 28

Object, accusative, nouns 25

Optative, verb, mood 24, 27

Optative, verbs 126

Ordinal numbers 135


Palatal, sounds 85, 88

Parsing format 29

Participle, aorist 107ff

Participle, aorist forms 108, 110

Participle, future 104

Participle, Perfect 112ff

Participle, Present 100ff

Participle, time 101-102, 108

Participle, translating 102, 103, 105, 108, 114f

Particle definition 22

Particles 139

Parts of speech, review 22-23

Passive voice, verbs 27

Past tense, English 79

Penult, syllable 18

Perfect verbs 95ff

Period, punctuation 21

Periphrastics 115

Person, verb 27

Personal pronouns 52ff

Personal pronouns, first person paradigm 53

Personal pronouns, second person paradigm 53

Personal pronouns, third person paradigm 54

Phonetic addition 14

Phonetic chart 14, 75

Phrases 23

Placement, accent chart 19

Pluperfect verbs 97

Possessive, genitive, nouns 25, 32

Predicate of sentence 23

Prepositional phrase 40

Prepositions 40ff

Prepositions, case 40

Prepositions, chart 45

Prepositions, compound 45

Prepositions, definition 22

Present middle/passive verb 57

Present pariticiples 100ff

Present tense verbs 27ff

Present tense, historical 28

Primary endings, verbs 29

Principle parts, verbs 87, 98

Proclitic 20, 44

Pronoun, definition 22

Pronoun, demonstrative 65ff

Pronoun, enclitics 54

Pronoun, indefinite 134

Pronoun, interrogative 135

Pronoun, person, first 53

Pronoun, person, second 53

Pronoun, person, third 54

Pronoun, personal 52ff

Pronoun, reciprocal 68

Pronoun, reflexive 67-68

Pronoun, relative 67

Pronoun, types 52

Punctuation marks 21

Purpose clauses 139

Purpose conjunctions 138

Question mark 21

Questions, negative 125

Questions, interrogatives 135
Reasons to study Greek 6-7

Reciprocal, pronouns 68

Reduplication, perfect verbs 95-96

Reflexive, pronouns 67-68

Relative, pronouns 67

Result clause 139

Result conjunctions 138

Rough breathing mark 21

Second aorist verbs 79ff

Second class condition 124

Second declension nouns 32ff

Second perfect verbs 97

Second person pronouns 53

Secondary verbal endings 71

Sentence syntax 23

Short vowels 13

Sibilant sounds 88

Sigma, final 14

Smooth breathing mark 21

Subject of sentence 23

Subjunctive verb, mood definition 24, 27

Subjunctive verbs 121ff

Subjunctive, verbs, form 122

Subjunctive, verbs, function 124-125

Subjunctive, verbs, translation 123-124

Subjunctive, verbs, triggers 123

Subscripts, iota 14

Superlative, adjectives 137

Syllable names 18

Syllable rules, slicing 16-17

Temporal clauses 140

Temporal conjunctions 138

Tense, verb, present 26

Third declension nouns 75ff

Third person pronouns 54-55

Third person verbs 28

Translations, use of 7
UBS New Testament 10

Ultima, syllable 18

Unvoiced sounds 75

Velar sound 75

Verbal adjective, participle 101-101

Verbal adverb, participle 101-101

Verb definition 22

Verb, aorist, First 83ff

Verb, aorist, Passive 87

Verb, aorist, Second 79ff

Verb, aspect review 24, 26

Verb, contract 91ff

Verb, first aorist 83ff

Verb, future active/middle 61ff

Verb, future passive 89

Verb, Imperative, mood 127ff

Verb, Imperative, form 127ff

Verb, Imperative, function 129

Verb, imperfect 70ff

Verb, imperfect paradigm 71

Verb, infinitive 117ff

Verb, moods 24

Verb, optative, mood 126

Verb, participle, aorist 107ff

Verb, participle, perfect 112ff

Verb, participle, present 100ff

Verb, perfect 95ff

Verb, perfect, second 97

Verb, present active indicative 26ff

Verb, present active paradigm 29

Verb, present middle/passive 57ff

Verb, pluperfect 97

Verb, review grammar 24

Verb, second aorist 79ff

Verb, subjuncive 121ff

Verb, subjunctive, forms 122

Verb, subjunctive, triggers 123

Verb, voice 24

Vocative case definition 25, 34

Voiced sounds 75

Voice, verbs 24, 26

Vowels 13

Vowel contractions 92


Word order 36





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