Mastering New Testament Greek Textbook Ted Hildebrandt Baker Academic



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Pronoun Enclitics

An enclitic is a word that is phonetically attached so closely with the preceding word that it has no accent of its own.

Many personal pronouns are enclitics (e.g., mou, moi, me, sou, soi, se).


An enclitic is sometimes accented—

1. for emphasis or

2. when it is the first word in a sentence.
Declension Format




Person +

Case +

Number

e]gw<

First

nominative

singular (I)

soi<

Second

dative

singular (to you)

u[mw?n

Second

genitive

plural (your)

Third Person Pronoun: Introduction

The third person pronoun au]to

au]to

Third Person Pronoun Paradigm: Three Genders


Masculine




Singular




Plural




Nom.

au]to

he

au]toi<

they

Gen.

au]tou?

his

au]tw?n

their

Dat.

au]t&?

to/for him

au]toi?j

to/for them

Acc.

au]to

him

au]tou

them


Feminine




Singular




Plural




Nom.

au]th<

she

au]tai<


they

Gen.

au]th?j

hers

au]tw?n

their

Dat.

au]t^?

to/for her

au]tai?j

to/for them

Acc.

au]th

her

au]ta

them


Neuter




Singular




Plural




Nom.

au]to<

it

au]ta<

they

Gen.

au]tou?

its

au]tw?n

their

Dat.

au]t&?

to/for it

au]toi?j

to/for them

Acc.

au]to<

it

au]ta<

them

Three Uses

au]to1. As a pronoun, au]tole

Jesus said to him (Jn. 14:6).
pro>j tou>j po

at his feet (Acts 5:10)


e]n trisi>n h[mein three days I will raise it (Jn. 2:19).

(“it,” au]to2. As a reflexive intensifier, when au]tonominative case) and translated reflexively (e.g., He himself will get the car).
au]to> to> pneu?ma summarturei?

The Spirit itself [himself] beareth witness (Rom. 8:16).


]Ihsou?j au]to>j ou]k e]ba


Jesus himself did not baptize (Jn. 4:2).
3. As an adjective meaning “same,” when au]toh[ au]th> sa>rc

the same flesh (1 Cor. 15:39)
e]n au]t^? t^? h[me

in that same day (Lk. 23:12).




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