IMPORTANT NOTES: When you choose a topic please choose a smaller one so that you can have in-depth discussion. You may choose a topic from the above list or have your topics provided it relates to our course. Remember, it is the quality not the quantity matters in your essay. Please write a title page with the following information: (1) the course title, (2) topic of the essay, (3) your name and dates, (4) your email address.
Ch’en, K. S. Kenneth, Buddhism in China, A Historical Survey. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1972. (Original 1964) This book details the historical development of Buddhism in China from its introduction in the Han dynasty through the period of the most creative maturity in the Tang dynasty and its decline and survival to the present. You can purchase this book from the University bookstore. (You can find this book in HKU main library (294.392 C51 3 copies) as well as in the Centre’s Special Collection (SC) BQ626 .C486 1972) The book is available from HKU Bookstore for purchase.
Ch’en, K. S. Kenneth, The Chinese Transformation of Buddhism. Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press,  294.392 C51 c
Tsukamoto Zenryu, A history of early Chinese Buddhism: from its introduction to the death of Hui-yuan. Translated from the Japanese by Leon Hurvitz. Tokyo: Kodansha, 1985. 294.30951 T8
Wright, Arthur F. Buddhism in Chinese history. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1959. 294.320951 This is a very short but concise history of Buddhism in China.
Wright, Arthur F. 1957. “Buddhism and Chinese Culture: Phases of Interaction” The Journal of Asian Studies, Vol. 17, No.1, 17-42.
Zurher, Erik, The Buddhist Conquest of China: The Spread and Adaptation of Buddhism in Early Medieval China. 2 vols. Leiden: E. J. Brill. 2007 (Original 1959) This is an excellent book in which the author mainly examines Buddhism in China before Huiyuan in the fifth century. (University Library (UL) 294.392 Z96) (Chinese translation: 佛教征服國，李四龍等譯，江蘇人民出版社2003) 294.392 Z96 v.1
湯用彤，《漢魏兩晉南北朝佛教史》北京：北京大學出版社，1997。There are six copies of this text available. [中] BQ636 .T36 2006 EBook also available
呂 澂，《中國佛教思想概論》台灣：天華出版公司印行，1993。(The original title is《中國佛教思想源流》)
任繼愈主編：《中國佛教史》I, II, III, 北京：中國社會科學出版社，1998年。(從漢代到南北朝)
Theodore De Bary and Irene Bloom with the collaboration of Wing-tsit Chan, (eds) Sources of Chinese tradition. Vol. 1 & 2. New York: Columbia University Press, c1999. 951 D286 s
Journal of Chinese Philosophy, Editor Chung-Ying CHENG, published by the University of Hawaii, is a good Source for English articles related to Chinese Buddhism. HKU has both electronic and printed versions of the journal. Please make use of it.
References and Internet Resources 1) Dictionaries A Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms. Free for download. Edited by William Edward Soothill and Lewis Hodous. All the entries are in classical Chinese and the explanation is in English. You can download the entire dictionary from the following website for your private use: http://www.hm.tyg.jp/~acmuller/soothill/soothill-hodous.html
Digital Dictionary of Buddhism, eds., Charles Muller. Free for online checkup. This is an internet based dictionary similar to Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms, by Soothill and Hodous, but has much more entries. If you know the Chinese Buddhist technical terms, but do not know how to translate it into English, please visit Muller’s DDB website address: http://www.acmuller.net/ddb/ Users can access the search function with the user ID of "guest" (case-sensitive, no quotes), leaving the password area blank allowing 20 searches in a 24 hour period. To search Sanskrit and other terms containing diacritics, type in the term in simple ascii.
The Soka Gakkai Dictionary of Buddhism. Free for online checkup. http://www.sgilibrary.org/dict.html This is the online version of The Soka Gakkai Dictionary of Buddhism that was published in 2002. There are more than 2700 entries, including cross references. The dictionary does not aim to cover the entire Buddhist lexicon. Rather, it is meant as a guide for readers of Nichiren' works.
Chinese Japanese Korean and Vietnamese English Dictionary (CJKV-English Dictionary). Free for online checkup. A Dictionary-Database of CJKV Characters and Compounds Related to East Asian Cultural, Political, and Intellectual History. http://www.buddhism-dict.net/dealt/ Users can access the search function with the user ID of "guest" (case-sensitive, no quotes), leaving the password area blank allowing 20 searches in a 24 hour period. To search Sanskrit and other terms containing diacritics, type in the term in simple ascii.
The Korean Buddhist Canon: A Descriptive Catalogue. Free for download. [compiled by] Lewis R. Lancaster in collaboration with Sung-bae Park, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1979. This is a catalogue of Mahayana Buddhist Sutras in Sanskrit together with Tibetan and Chinese translation. It also lists the translators and date of Chinese translation. If you know the title of a sutra in Chinese, but you don’t know how to translate it into Sanskrit, then you can find it in this catalogue. A Hardcopy can be found in HKU Library XR 016.294382 L2 The electronic version can be found at: http://www.acmuller.net/descriptive_catalogue/. You can download the entire web version.
Dictionary of Pali Proper Names. Free for online checkup. Extremely useful for the study of Early Buddhism. http://www.palikanon.com/english/pali_names/dic_idx.html Pali English dictionary. Free online search. This is the only largest Pali English Dictionary so far. http://dsal.uchicago.edu/dictionaries/pali/ 《佛光大辭典》線上查詢 Free for online search for Chinese Buddhist Terms explained in traditional Chinese http://sql.fgs.org.tw/webfbd/ 《仏教学辞典》Bukkyōgaku jiten. Taya Raishun 多屋頼俊 et al. 新版 (New Edition). Kyoto: Hōzōkan 法藏館, 1995.
《佛教漢梵大辭典》Bukkyō kan-bon dai jiten (Buddhist Chinese-Sanskrit Dictionary). Hirakawa Akira 平川彰. Tokyo: Reiyūkai 霊友会, 1997. [R] BQ130 .B85 1997 used in library only.
《中国仏教史辞典》Chūgoku bukkyōshi jiten. Kamata Shigeo 鎌田茂雄. Tokyo: Tokyodo shuppan 東京堂出版, 1981. [R] BQ610 .C48 used in library only.
A Dictionary of Official Titles in Imperial China, edited by Charles Hucker. Stanford University Press, 1985. R 354.51001 H88Used only in HKU library
Encyclopaedia of Buddhism, eds., Robert E. Buswell, Jr., Ed. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2003. 982 pp. 2 vols. This encyclopedia describes the Buddhist world view, basic teachings and practices of Buddhism, as well as its different schools and sects. This Encyclopedia needs subscription, so use it through HKU Electronic Recourses.
Encyclopedia of Religion. Lindsay Jones, Ed. 2nd ed. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2005. 10735 pp. 15 vols. This Encyclopedia needs subscription, so use it through HKU Electronic Recourses. Routledge Encyclopaedia of philosophy [electronic resource]. Edward Craig, ed. London: Routledge. Contains over 2,000 state-of-the-art articles, covering a broad range of topics in the philosophical canon, as well as philosophy from all continents and all periods. Includes fast and flexible searching capability, over 25,000 cross-reference hyperlinks and other features. This Encyclopedia needs subscription, so use it through HKU Electronic Recourses. Encyclopedia of religion and ethics. edited by James Hastings, with the assistance of John A. Selbie and other scholars. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1908-21. 12 Vols. R 203 E56 e Encyclopedia Britannica Online. This Encyclopædia needs subscription, so use it through HKU Electronic Recourses. http://search.eb.com/ Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy. Free, it contains a large number of papers in Buddhist and Confucian studies. http://plato.stanford.edu/ The Internet Encyclopaedia of Philosophy. Free. It contains a large number of papers in Buddhist and Confucian studies. http://www.iep.utm.edu/
RoutledgeCurzon Encyclopedia of Confucianism, 2 volumes, edited by Yao, Xinzhong. London and New York: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003. Main Library: R 181.11203 R86 Y25 V.1&2, SC: BL1840 .R68 2003 v.1&2
Encyclopedia of Chinese Philosophy, edited by Antonio S. Cua. London:Routledge, 2003. Serving as a gateway to Chinese thought, this resource introduces the significant historical periods of Chinese philosophy ancient and modern. All the major schools of thought are covered and their proponents, followers and critics discussed. Main Library: R 181.1103 E5 (SC) B126 .E496 2003 3) Academic Journals
Asia Major. Academic Journal dedicated for the Asian study. All past papers are freely downloadable. http://www.ihp.sinica.edu.tw/~asiamajor/ Journal of Chinese Philosophy. Published by the University of Hawaii. HKU Electronic Recourses.
Journal of Indian Philosophy. Published by Springer Netherlands. HKU Electronic Recourses.
Journal Asiatique. Free. This academic journal is published in Paris for Asian studies. http://poj.peeters-leuven.be/content.php?url=journal.php&code=JA The Eastern Buddhist. HKU Library. Published twice a year by the Eastern Buddhist Society in Kyoto. Japan, started from 1965. S 294.3 E13 B9 Buddhist Studies Review. Published twice a year by the UK Association for Buddhist Studies, started form 1984. Both printed and electronic versions are available from HKU Library, the electronic version is gradually uploaded to the web. Now the Journal is free for download from 1983-2005. http://www.ukabs.org.uk/ukabs/resources/journal-archives/buddhist-studies-review-vols-1-22/
You can also get it from HKUL Catalogue: 294.3 B927 S9
Journal of the American Oriental Society. Published bythe American Oriental Society. HKU Electronic Recourses.
Philosophy East & West. Published by the University of Hawaii. HKU Electronic Recourses.
T‘oung pao: International Journal of Chinese Studies. Edited by P.-E. Will (Collège de France, Paris, France) and B. ter Haar (Leiden University, The Netherlands). HKU Electronic Recourses.
Journal of Buddhist Ethics. Free. This is a web based academic journal for free distribution. Web address: http://www.jbe.gold.ac.uk/ Journal of Global Buddhism. Free. This is a web based academic journal for free distribution. http://www.globalbuddhism.org/dig.html Japanese Journal of Religious Studies. Free academic journal dedicated to Japanese religions including Buddhism. http://www.ic.nanzan-u.ac.jp/SHUBUNKEN/publications/jjrs/jjrs_cumulative_list.htm The Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies is the leading interdisciplinary journal on Asia, Africa and the Near and Middle East. It carries unparalleled coverage of the languages, cultures and civilisations of these regions from ancient times to the present. Publishing articles, review articles, notes and communications of the highest academic standard, it also features an extensive and influential reviews section and an annual index. so use it through HKU Electronic Recourses. http://search.eb.com/ Western Buddhist Review. Free. It contains good academic papers for download. http://www.westernbuddhistreview.com/
Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies. HKU Library. Published twice a year, Wilmingtoon, NC : International Association of Buddhist Studies, 1978-
S 294.305 I6 A8
Contemporary Buddhism. HKU Library. Published twice a year, Richmond, England: Curzon, c2000- S 294.3 C761 B.
Buddhist-Christian Studies.HKU Library. Published once a year Publisher: University of Hawai'i Press started 1981.
《唐研究》Tang Studies.http://www.tangrf.org/index03.htm 《歐亞學研究》(Journal of Eurasian Studies). Free for download. http://www.eurasianhistory.com/cgi-bin/main/main.cgi?act=list;c=a02 《東方文化》Journal of oriental studies = Dong fang wen hua. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University, S 950 J8 O69 S9
《中國文哲研究集刊》全文下載，臺灣中國文哲研究所。HKU Library: 期078 153
http://www.litphil.sinica.edu.tw/publish/Bulletin_Catalog.htm Free for download.
4) Web Recourses Accesstoinsight. Free. This is a website entirely dedicated to the teaching of Theravada Buddhism including the Pali Canon, Theravada text archive and sources. Most of the Pali texts are translated into English for free distribution. Website address: www.accesstoinsight.org/ Buddhist Digital Library and Museum. Free. There is a good collection of academic articles some with full texts in both Chinese and English. It is a good place to relevant academic articles for your study. Website address: http://ccbs.ntu.edu.tw/DBLM/index.htm please go to database.
Taisho Edition of Chinese Tripitaka大正藏. Free. If you can read classical Chinese and wish to refer to the original Chinese texts, please visit http://www.cbeta.org/index.htm. This website includes volumes 1-55 & 85 of the Taisho Edition of Chinese Tripitaka and volume 1-88 of Shinsan Zokuzokyo (Xuzangjing續藏經). Now the database is still developing.
Buddhasasana. Free. You can find many full text articles on Buddhism in English, but not all of them are academic so you have to be selective. The website address is: http://www.saigon.com/~anson/ebud/ebidx.htm The Internet Sacred Text Archive. Free You can find the old texts of almost all major religions in the world in this site and you can download and copy the full texts if you wish. For instance, you can find the Sacred Books of the East. Website Address: http://www.sacred-texts.com/ Mahayana Buddhist Sutras in English. Free. In this site you can find some popular Chinese Mahayana texts in English translation. Website address: http://www4.bayarea.net/~mtlee/ NII Scholarly and Academic Information Navigator. Mostly Free. The National Institute of Informatics (Japan) has incorporated approximately 2.8 million full text articles (PDF) in NII-ELS, from 1,000 published academic journals . Currently NII has obtained permission of 271 academic societies. NII-ELS also provides full text (PDF) of Research Bulletins of Japanese universities. All of the full text articles incorporated in NII-ELS are available through CiNii along with bibliographical information on other academic papers.
Persée. Free, French Journals in French online, http://www.persee.fr/web/guest/home/
Persée is a program which was created for the digital publication of scientific journals in the field of the humanities. The entire printed collection of journals is digitized and published online through a portal which offers access to the collections as well as advanced functionalities which facilitate and enhance use of the portal’s resources. The journals are selected by an editorial board, thereby guaranteeing the collection’s scientific coherence. You can create your own account and use save your searches.
Early Medieval China Archive. Free http://www.aall.ufl.edu/EMC/ 國學Guoxue. 收錄有上起先秦、下至清末兩千多年的歷代典籍4000餘種，總字數逾10億，近10萬卷，基本涵蓋了文史研究領域所有重要的文獻資料。Free for online reading and download. http://www.guoxue.com/ 中國期刊全文數據庫(Web) 全文數據庫收錄中、英文核心期刊和專業期刊5,000餘種，學科內容分為九個專輯，包括理工A、理工B、理工C、農業、醫藥衛生、文史哲、經濟政治與法律輯、教育與社會科學輯、電子技術及信息科學。收錄時間由1994年開始。This database needs subscription, so use it through HKU Electronic Recourses. JSTOR The Scholarly Journal Archive. This Archive needs subscription, so use it through HKU Electronic Recourses. http://www.jstor.org/jstor 中國思想論壇
http://www.zhongguosixiang.com/index.php Further Reading General Reading on Chinese Buddhism
Barrett, Timothy Hugh. Li Ao: Buddhist, Taoist, or Neo-Confucian?Oxford University Press, 1992 (London Oriental Series, Vol. 39). X 181.111 L694 D1 B
Buswell, Robert E. (ed.) Chinese Buddhist Apocrypha, Studies in East Asian Buddhism, Kuroda Institute,1990. 294.385 C5 Ebook available
Chappell, David W., ed., Buddhist and Taoist Practice in Medieval Chinese Society. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1987.
Ch'en, Kenneth, The Chinese Transformation of Buddhism. Princeton, N. J.: Princeton University Press, 1973.
de Bary, Wm. Theodore, ed., Sources of Chinese Tradition. New York: Columbia University Press, 1960. Pages 306-408 contain Chinese Buddhist texts, well-chosen and well-translated by Leon Hurvitz.
Dunnell, Ruth W. The Great State of White and High: Buddhism and State Formation in Eleventh-Century Xia. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 1996.
Ebrey, Patricia Buckley and Peter Gregory, eds. Religion and Society in T'ang and Sung China. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1993. Excellent set of essays, with an informative introduction, on the relationship of religion, culture, and social change at a pivotal juncture in Chinese history. 200.951 R38 Ebook available
Grant, Beata. Mount Lu Revisited: Buddhism in the Life and Writings of Su Shih. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1994. Shows the influence of Buddhist language, imagery, and ideas on the work of a major literary figure of the Sung dynasty.
Gregory, Peter N., ed. Sudden and Gradual: Approaches to Enlightenment in Chinese Thought. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1987. Excellent set of essays covering Ch'an, T'ien-t'ai, Hua Yen, and Chinese arts. 294.3442 S9
-----, ed. Traditions of Meditation in Chinese Buddhism. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1986. The heart of this book consists of scholarly essays on Ch'an and T'ien-t'ai meditation texts, and the connections between the two schools. [M]
Gregory, Peter, and Daniel A. Getz Jr. ed. Buddhism in the Sung. Studies in East Asian Buddhism, #13, Kuroda Institute, 2002. 294.3095109021 B92 G82 Haar, B.J. ter. The White Lotus Teachings in Chinese Religious History. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1992.
Halperin, Mark. Out of the Cloister:Literati Perspectives on Buddhism in Sung China, 960-1279. Harvard University Press, 2006.
Hsu Sung-peng, A Buddhist Leader in Ming China: Life and Thought of Han-Shan Te-Ch'ing, 1546-1623. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1979.
Kieschnick, John, The Eminent Monk: Buddhist Ideals in Medieval Chinese Hagiography, Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1997. 294.3657A K4
Kieschnick, John, The Impact of Buddhism on Chinese Material Culture (佛教對中國物質文化的影響) Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2003. 294.30951 K47 i
Lopez, Donald S., Jr., ed., Religions of China in Practice. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996. An anthology of readings that stresses popular religion, the interaction of the "Three Traditions," and gives room to minority cultures usually excluded from such anthologies. Best read in conjunction with an anthology, such as deBary or Sommers, that provides the more classical sources.
Mair, Victor H. Painting and Performance: Chinese Picture Recitation and Its Indian Genesis. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 1988. Excellent study of a performing art that came to China along with Buddhism and helped in its popular propagation.
Mair, Victor, trans., Tao Te Ching: The Classic Book of Integrity and the Way. New York: Bantam Books, 1990. The best translation of this Taoist classic.
Naquin, Susan and Chun-fang Yu, Pilgrims and Sacred Sites in China. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992.
Overmyer, Daniel L., Folk Buddhist Religion, Dissenting Sects in Late Traditional China. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1976.
Robinson, Richard H., Chinese Buddhist Verse (hereafter referred to as Verse). London: John Murray, 1955. Didactic and liturgical hymns from the Chinese Canon.
Salomon, Richard. Ancient Buddhist scrolls from Gandhara: the British Library Kharoṣṭhī fragments, with contributions by Raymond Allchin and Mark Barnard; foreword by the Dalai Lama. Seattle, Wash: University of Washington Press; [London]: British Library; c1999. 294.38 S174 a
Saso, Michael and David W. Chappell, eds., Buddhist and Taoist Studies I. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1977.
Schipper, Kristofer, The Taoist Body. Translated by Karen C. Duval. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993. Comprehensive, insightful introduction to all aspects of Chinese Taoism.
Shahar, Meir and Robert P. Weller, eds., Unruly Gods: Divinity and Society in China. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1996. A series of essays showing the ways in which the Chinese view of their pantheon did not merely reflect Chinese society, but interacted with the social order in a more dynamic way.
Sharf, Robert H. Coming to Terms with Chinese Buddhism: A Reading of the Treasure Store Treatise. Studies in East Asian Buddhism, #14, Kuroda Institute, 2001. 294.30951 S531 c Ebook available
Sommer, Deborah, ed., Chinese Religion: An Anthology of Sources. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995. More up-to-date than deBary, with a better balance on women. Includes not only readings on Chinese Buddhism but also anti-Buddhist writings by Confucian bureaucrats.
Takakusu, Junjiro, The Essentials of Buddhist Philosophy, Motilal Banarsidass Pub 2002. (Original Hawaii, 1947) This book presents and discusses the Buddhist schools and philosophy in China and Japan. The author presents Buddhist philosophy in an ideological sequence, not in its historical development. It is rather the systematization of the different schools of thought for the purpose of easier approach. (SC) 294.3 T13
Teiser, Stephen F., The Ghost Festival in Medieval China. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1988. An excellent study of one of the most important festivals in medieval popular Chinese Buddhism. 294.3438 T2 Main library A 294.3438 T2 CAS
-----, The Scripture on the Ten Kings and the Making of Purgatory in Medieval Chinese Buddhism. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1994. Combines textual and ethnographic study to analyse the development of Chinese ideas on the trials one faces in going from one life to the next, and the role these ideas have played in religious practice. 294.3423 T2
Thompson, Laurence G., Chinese Religion: An Introduction, 4rd ed. Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth, 1996. Places Buddhism within the panorama of Chinese religiosity.
Welter, Albert. Monks, rulers, and literati: the political ascendancy of Chan Buddhism. Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 2006. 294.39270951 W43 Waley, Arthur, "Texts from China and Japan," in Conze, Buddhist Texts, pp. 269-306. Choice morsels that Waley happened to like.
Weidner, Marsha, (ed.) Cultural Intersections in Later Chinese Buddhism, Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 2001. 294.34370951 C96 W41 Ebook available
Weinstein, Stanley, Buddhism under the T'ang. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987. Well-written account of a turbulent time in Chinese Buddhist history. Emphasizes politics, Tantra, and Pure Land.
-----, "The Schools of Chinese Buddhism," in Kitagawa and Cummings, Buddhism and Asian History: 257-265. One of the most original essays in the book.
Wright, Arthur F., Buddhism in Chinese History. Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press, 1959. Readable, strong on history, weak on doctrine. See review by Richard H. Robinson, Journal of the American Oriental Society, vol. 79 (1959): 311-318.
-----, Studies in Chinese Buddhism. Ed. by Robert M. Somers. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1990. 294.30951 W9 two copies.
Yang, C. K., Religion in Chinese Society. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1961. A sociological approach to the study of Chinese religion.
Yu Chun-fang, "Chinese Women Pilgrims' Songs Glorifying Guanyin," in Lopez, Buddhism in Practice: 176-180. [W]
-----,The Renewal of Buddhism in China: Chu-hung and the Late Ming Synthesis. New York: Columbia University Press, 1980.
-----, Kuan-yin: the Chinese transformation of Avalokiteśvara. New York: Columbia University Press, 2001.
First to Tenth Centuries
Gernet, Jacques, Buddhism in Chinese Society, An Economic History from the Fifth to the Tenth Centuries, Translated by Franciscus Verellen, Columbia University Press, 1998. Fascinating information on the economics of Chinese Buddhism and the co-opting of the tradition by the upper classes during the T'ang dynasty. Tends to side with the Confucians in regarding Buddhism as a burden on society. (SC) 294.30951 G37
Holcombe, Charles, In the Shadow of the Han: Literati Thought and Society at the Beginning of the Southern Dynasties. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1994. Focuses on the life and thought of a Buddhist monk, Chih Tun, as an example of the new elite class of literati that arose in the fourth century C.E.
Keenan, John. How Master Mou Removes Our Doubts: A Reader-Response Study and Translation of the Mou-tzu Li-huo Lun. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1994. 294.342 K26 ebook
Kohn, Livia, Laughing at the Tao: Debates among Buddhists and Taoists in Medieval China. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1995. Fine translation of a text of Buddhist-Taoist debates in the sixth century, with an excellent historical discussion of the political/cultural process by which Buddhism and Chinese culture adapted to one another during the period. 299.514 L37
Paul, Diana Y, Philosophy of Mind in the Sixth Century China: Paramrtha’s Evolution of Consciousness. California: Stanford University Press, 1984.
Robinson, Early Madyamika. Concerns the years around 400 C.E., the Buddho-Taoists, and the first serious Chinese attempt to master an Indian treatise system.
Tsai, Kathryn Ann, Lives of the Nuns: Biographies of Chinese Buddhist Nuns from the Fourth to Sixth Centuries. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1994. Readable translations of the Lives of the Eminent Nuns, with a useful introduction.
Chappell, David W., ed., T'ien-t'ai Buddhism. Tokyo: Daiichi-Shobo, 1983. A translation of Chegwan's synopsis of T'ien-t'ai teachings.
Chapell, David, T’ien t’ai Buddhism: An Outline of the Fourfold Teachings, Tokyo: Daiichi Shobo, 1993. 294.342 C51
de Bary, Chinese Tradition, pp. 349-368.
Donner, Neal, and Daniel B. Stevenson, The Great Calming and Contemplation: A Study and Annotated Translation of the First Chapter of Chih-i's Mo-ho Chih-Kuan. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1993. [M]
Donner, Neal, "Sudden and Gradual Intimately Conjoined: Chih-i's T'ien-t'ai View," in Gregory, Sudden and Gradual: 201-226. A very clear statement of the general outlines of Chih-i's thought.
Hurvitz, Leon, Chih-i (538-597): An Introduction to the Life and Ideas of a Chinese Buddhist Monk. Melanges Chinois et Bouddhiques, XII, Bruges, Belgium, 1963.
Ng Yu-Kwan, T'ien-t'ai Buddhism and Early Madhyamika. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1993.
Swanson, Paul L., Foundations of T'ien-t'ai Philosophy. Berkeley: Asian Humanities Press, 1989.
See also, Gregory, Traditions of Meditation, above.
de Bary, Chinese Tradition, pp. 333-343.
Liebenthal, Walter, Chao Lun, The Treatises of Seng-chao, 2nd rev. ed. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 1968. 294.382 S47 c.3
Liu, Ming-Wood, Madhyamaka Thought in China. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1994. 294.392 L78
Robinson, H. Richard, Early Mdhyamika in India and China. Motilal Banarsidass Pub 1978. X 294.392 R66
Douglas, Whitehead, James (1976) The Sinicization of Buddhism: A Study of The "Vimalakirtinirdesa Sutra" And Its Interpretations in China From the Third Through the Sixth-Century. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Harvard University.
de Bary, Chinese Tradition, pp. 343-349.
Sponberg, Alan, Affliction and Awakening: Yogacara Buddhism in T'ang China.
Takakusu, "Amitayur-dhyana-sutra," pp. 80-95.
Chang, Garma Chen-chi, The Buddhist Teaching of Totality: The Philosophy of Hwa-yen Buddhism. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1971. Includes a translation of Fa-tsang's most approachable work, The Golden Lion.
Cleary, Thomas, Entry into the Inconceivable: An Introduction to Hua Yen Buddhism. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1983.
Cook, Francis H., Hua-yen Buddhism: The Jewel Net of Indra. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1977. Clear, sympathetic introduction to the thought of Fa-tsang.
Gimello, Robert and Peter N. Gregory, Studies in Ch'an and Hua-yen. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1983.
Gregory, Peter N., trans., Inquiry into the Origin of Humanity: An Annotated Translation of Tsung-mi's Yuan Jen Lun with a Modern Commentary. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1996. A fluent translation of one of the works discussed in the following book.
-----, Tsung-mi and the Sinification of Buddhism. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991. A very insightful study, clear and well-presented, of a major Ch'an/Hua-yen patriarch. (SC) 294.392 G82
Hakeda, Yoshito, The Awakening of Faith. New York: Columbia University Press, 1967. A translation of the text that, in some ways, was more influential in the formation of the Hua-yen school than was the Avatamsaka Sutra itself.
Kao Kuan-ju, "Avatamsaka Sutra," EoB 11, vol. 3, pp. 435a-446a.
Suzuki, D. T., "Zen and the Gandavyuha," in Essays in Zen Buddhism, Third Series. London: Rider, 1953: 21-214.
de Bary, Chinese Tradition, pp. 374-386.
Gomez, Luis O., The Land of Bliss: The Paradise of the Buddha of measureless Light. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 1996. "User-friendly" translations, with useful notes and introductions, of both the Sanskrit and Chinese versions of the longer and shorter Sukhavativyuha Sutra, the basic Pure Land text.
Robinson, Verse, pp. 41-45, 64-74. The Pure Land liturgical hymns.
Shih, Heng-ching, The Syncretism of Chan and Pure Land Buddhism. New York, San Francisco, Peter Lang Publishing Inc., 1992. 294.3927 S555
Tanaka, Kenneth K., The Dawn of Chinese Pure Land Buddhist Doctrine. Albany: SUNY Press, 1990.
See also Weinstein, Buddhism under the T'ang, above; and the articles, "Pure Land Buddhist Worship and Meditation in China" and "Death-bed Testimonials of the Pure Land Faithful," in Lopez, Buddhism in Practice.
Third Period Sect
Hubbard, Jamie, "A Heretical Chinese Buddhist Text," in Lopez, Buddhism in Practice: 272-283. A translation, with introduction, of one of the sect's few surviving texts.
Aitken, Robert, trans., Gateless Barrier. San Francisco: North Point Press, 1990. Translation of one of the great classic k'ung-an collections.
App, Urs, trans., Master Yunmen: From the Record of the Chan Master "Gate of the Clouds." New York: Kodansha America, 1994. Clear translations from, with a good introduction to, the teachers of one of the founders of the Five Houses of Chan.
Buswell, Robert E., Jr., "The 'Short-cut' Approach of K'an-hua Meditation," in Gregory, Sudden and Gradual: 321-377. Buswell later repudiated parts of this article in his book, The Zen Monastic Experience (see bibliography for BR chapter 9), but it still contains much valuable material on the development of k'ung-an mediation.
Chang, Chung-yuan, Original Teachings of Ch'an Buddhism. New York: Vintage, 1971. Useful translations from the Transmission of the Lamp.
Chang, Garma Chen-chi, The Practice of Zen. New York: Harper & Row, 1959. Presents Ch'an/Zen from the viewpoint of a modern Chinese practitioner who has also worked with Tibetan Tantra. Contains some good practical tips on meditation, in addition to history and teachings.
Cleary, Christopher (J. C.), trans., Swampland Flowers: The Letters and Lectures of Zen Master Ta Hui. New York: Grove Press, 1977. Short pieces by the 11th century Ch'an master who pioneered the "crucial phrase" approach to k'ung-an meditation.
Cleary, Thomas and J. C., trans., The Blue Cliff Record. 3 vols. Boston: Shambala, 1992. One of the classic k'ung-an collections.
Cleary, Thomas, trans., The Book of Serenity: One Hundred Zen Dialogues. Hudson, N. Y.: LIndisfarne Press, 1990. Another greath k'ung-an collection.
-----, trans., Zen Dawn: Zen Texts from Tun-huang. Boston: Shambala, 1986.
Dumoulin, Heinrich, Zen Buddhism: A History. 2 volumes. New York: MacMillan, 1988. An updated version of the author's earlier A History of Zen Buddhism. Readable and scholarly, though the author's interpretations sometimes depend on Catholic apologetic concepts.
-----, Zen Enlightenment: Origins and Meaning. New York: Weatherhill, 1979.
Faure, Bernard, Chan Insights and Oversights: An Epistemological Critique of Chan/Zen Buddhism. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993. Deconstructionism meets the Ch'an/Zen tradition. Brilliant, witty, gossipy, but rarely so gauche as to come to any definite conclusions.
-----, The Rhetoric of Immediacy: A Cultural Critique of Chan/Zen Buddhism. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991. A very intelligent book, surveying the entire spectrum of Ch'an/Zen culture. Calls into question many of the myths about the Ch'an/Zen tradition common both to Eastern and to Western scholarship.
-----, A Will to Orthodoxy, a critical genealogy of Northern Chan Buddhism. California: Stanford University Press, 1997. 294.39270951 F26 bc
Foulk, T. Griffith, "Daily Life in the Assembly," in Lopez, Buddhism in Practice: 455-472.
-----, "Myth, Ritual, and Monastic Practice in Sung Ch'an Buddhism," in Ebrey and Gregory, Religion and Society: 147-194.
Gregory, Peter, (ed.) Traditions of Meditation in Chinese Buddhism. Studies in East Asian Buddhism, no. 4. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1986. 294.3443 G82
Jan, Yun-hua, “Conflict and Harmony in Ch’an and Buddhism,” in Journal of Chinese Philosophy, 4.3 (1977): 360-381.
Jan, Yun-hua, “Tsung-mi: His Analysis of Ch’an Buddhism,” in T’oung Pao, 58 (1972): 1-54.
Jan, Yun-hua, “Tsung-mi’s Questions Regarding the Confucian Absolute,” in Philosophy East and West, 30.4 (1980): 495-504.
Lancaster, Lewis, and Whalen Lai, eds., Early Ch'an in China and Tibet. Berkeley: Asian Humanities Press, 1980. Collection of eighteen essays on the development of Ch'an; influences of Indian Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism considered.
Luk, Charles, Ch'an and Zen Teaching. Series 1, 2, 3. London: Rider, 1960-1962. Sloppy translations of many important texts otherwise not accessible. See review by Richard H. Robinson, Journal of Asian Studies, vol. 21 (1962): 368f.
Lynn, Richard John, "The Sudden and Gradual in Chinese Poetry Criticism: An Examination of the Ch'an-Poetry Analogy," in Gregory, Sudden and Gradual: 381-428. An excellent corrective to the many books that see Ch'an as a major influence on Chinese aesthetics.
McRae, John R., The Northern School and the Formation of Early Ch'an Buddhism. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1986. Excellent study that sets the record straight on Shen-hsiu and the Northern School in general.
-----, "The Ox-head School of Chinese Buddhism: From Early Ch'an to the Golden Age," in Gimello and Gregory, Ch'an and Hua-yen Studies: 218-232. On the possible source of the Platform Sutra.
Powell, William F., The Record of Tung-shan. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1986. Excellent translation, with a very useful historical introduction, of the Record of the first patriarch of the Tsao-tung school.
Sasaki, Ruth Fuller, trans., The Record ed Sayings of Ch'an Master Lin-chi. Kyoto: The Institute for Zen Studies, 1975.
----- et. al., trans., The Recorded Sayings of Layman P'ang. New York: Weatherhill, 1971.
Schloegl, Irmgard, trans., The Zen Teaching of Rinzai. Boulder, Colo.: Shambhala, 1979.
Welch, Holmes, The Practice of Chinese Buddhism. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1967. Based on interviews with refugee Ch'an monks. Readable, scholarly, reliable. One of the best books on any regional variant of modern Buddhist monastic life.
Yampolsky, Philip, trans., The Platform Sutra of the Sixth Patriarch. New York: Columbia University Press, 1967. Translation and notes, with an thorough but now somewhat dated introduction. Should be read in conjunction with McRae, above.
See also, Gregory, Traditions of Meditation and Tsung-mi, above.
Chan, Wing-tsit, Religious Trends in Modern China. New York: Columbia University Press, 1953.
Chandler, Stuart. Establishing a Pure Land on earth: the Foguang Buddhist perspective on modernization and globalization. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, c2004. 294.3926 C4
Charles Brewer Jones, Buddhism in Taiwan: Religion and the State, 1660–1990. Honolulu, 1999.
Ching, Yu-ing, Master of Love and Mercy: Cheng Yen. Nevada City, CA: Blue Dolphin Publishing. 1995. By no means a scholarly or objective account, but this is the only book available on a nun who is one of contemporary Taiwan's most important religious figures.
Laliberte, Andre. The Politics of Buddhist Organizations in Taiwan: 1989-2003. London and New York: RoutledgeCurzon, 2004. 294.3372 L1
Pittman, Don A. Toward a Modern Chinese Buddhism: Taixu’s Reform. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, c2001. 294.3095109041 P689 t
Welch, Holmes. Buddhism under Mao. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1972. Excellent information on Buddhism in China since 1949. 294.392 W43, X 294.392 W43
-----, The Buddhist Revival in China. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1968. Readable and authoritative. 294.392 W43 b, X 294.392 W43 b
-----, The practice of Chinese Buddhism, 1900-1950. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1967. 294.392 W43 p 3 copies.
Yü, Chün-fang. The Renewal of Buddhism in China: Chu-hung and the Late Ming Synthesis. New York, 1981.
-----, Kuan-yin: The Chinese Transformation of Avalokiteśvara. New York, 2001.
Idema, Wilt L. (tr.) Personal Salvation and Filial Piety: Two Precious Scroll Narratives of Guanyin and Her Acolytes. University of Hawaii, Classics in East Asian Buddhism, Published in association with the Kuroda Institute. 294.3422 P467 I19
Readings in Chinese and Japanese 鎌田茂雄：《中國佛教通史》I, II, III, IV, 關世謙譯，臺灣：佛光山出版社，1998。(從漢代到南北朝)
Readings in Buddhist Sanskrit texts (Elementary) (This course is equivalent to two single semester courses.)
Ven. Prof. K.L. Dhammajoti
Schedule: 1st and 2ndSemester; Friday 6:30 – 9:30 p.m.
CPD-2.42, 2/F, Centennial Campus (1st semester)
CPD-2.16, 2/F, Centennial Campus (2nd semester)
Course Description This course is based on the reasonable assumption that the most interesting and rewarding way to learn Classical Sanskrit as a beginner is to actually read some simple Sanskrit texts that interests him, under the guidance of a teacher. Classical Buddhist Sanskrit texts have their own styles, idiomatic expressions and technical terminologies with which the student must first be familiarized. As the student reads, he is being gradually introduced to both Buddhist textual material on the one hand, and elementary grammar on the other.
In this course, the student will first be introduced to short passages selected on the basis of (i) simplicity in terms of grammatical structure and doctrinal meaning, and (ii) the existence of corresponding Chinese versions (particularly those translated by Xuan Zang and Kumarajiva). Hybrid Sanskrit passages will be excluded. As he reads the graded passages, all the grammars involved will be analyzed and doctrines explained to him. After a gradual build up, long passages from the Vajracchedik-prajpramit-stra deemed appropriate for the student’s level will be taken up for analysis.
Advantage will be taken from the fact that most students here can understand basic Classical Chinese, and some can even memorize most of the passages from Kumarajiva’s version of the Vajracchedik-prajpramit-stra. It will also be an advantage if the student already has some familiarity with the elementary Sanskrit grammar. However, neither familiarity with Buddhist scriptures and Classical Chinese nor knowledge of Sanskrit is an absolute prerequisite of this course.
Mid-term test (10%)
Written examination (50%)
Textbook K.L. Dhammajoti (2012). Reading Buddhist Sanskrit Texts: An Elementary Grammatical Guide. Hong Kong: The Buddha Dharma Centre of Hong Kong
Course details and lecture materials will be provided by the teacher during the class.
Study of important Buddhist meditation texts Lecturer
Ven. Sik Hin Hung
Schedule: 2nd Semester; Tuesday 6:30 – 9:30 p.m.
Class Venue: CPD-3.04, 3/F, Centennial Campus
Course Description Meditation is an integral part of the study and practice of Buddhism. This course will read and study important Buddhist texts related to the practice of meditation from various traditions. Passages will be selected from texts such as: the Satipatthana Sutta, Visuddhimagga, Sandhinirmochana Sutra (Sutra of the Explanation of the Profound Secrets, 解深密經), The Treatise on the Two Entrances and Four Practices《菩提達磨略辨大乘入道四行》, and The Three Statements that Strike the Essential Points by Garab Dorje. Students will also be introduced to the actual practice of meditation.
To introduce some of the important Buddhist meditation texts from various Buddhist traditions.
To enable students to see the differences and similarity of these meditation methods.
To help students to read and study Buddhist texts on their own
(1) Two written essays of 3500 words each
Content and discussion
The Buddha’s Experience: Samyutta Nikaya XII.65
Nagara Sutta--The City
The fundamental of Buddhist meditation, and the Satipatthana Sutta
Why meditation is an integral part of Buddhist teachings and practice? What is its relationship with the path of purification and the elimation of suffering?
Why the practice of the four foundations of mindfulness is “the only way” to purification and overcoming sorrow and suffering?
The Satipatthana Sutta
On mindfulness of Breathing and body movements
The Satipatthana Sutta
On the Contemplation of Feeling, volition and consciousness
No Class----Chinese New Year Holiday
4th Feb 19
Visuddhimagga, the Path of Purification
Study of the Description of Concentration – Taking a meditation subject
Visuddhimagga, the Path of Purification
Study of the Description of Concentration—Six Recollections
Visuddhimagga, the Path of Purification
Study of the Description of Concentration—Loving-kindness
No Class----Reading Week
Sandhinirmochana Sutra or "Sūtra of the Explanation of the Profound Secrets," 解深密經
Chapter on Analzying Yoga
Chapter on Analzying Yoga
Chapter on Analzying Yoga
Bodhidharma: The Treatise on the Two Entrances and Four Practices《菩提達磨略辨大乘入道四行》
The entrance of principle (理入) and the entrance of practice (行入)
The Sixth Patriarch Platform Sutra
The Sixth Patriarch Platform Sutra
Tsig-sum nèdék, The Three Statements that Strike the Essential Points,大圓滿椎擊三要訣
The Three Statements that Strike the Essential Points by Garab Dorje