UNIT 1, Lesson 2, ex. 3b. What is the location of the UK?
How many islands are the British Isles made up of?
What seas surround the UK?
How long is the land border?
UNIT 1, Lesson 3, ex. 1a (in the Textbook)
UNIT 1, Lesson 3, ex. 3a (in the Textbook)
UNIT 1, Lesson 4, ex. 1b.
The biggest island in the world is Greenland.
The longest river in the world is the Nile.
The widest river in the world is the Amazon.
The biggest lake in the world is the Caspian Sea.
The deepest lake in the world is Lake Baikal.
The longest mountain range in the world is the Andes.
The highest peak in the world is Everest.
UNIT 1, Lesson 4, ex.2 (in the Textbook)
UNIT 1, Lesson 4, ex. 5a. The first highest mountain in the world is Mount Everest (the Himalayas [ֽhɪmə'leɪəz]), which is 8,848 metres high. The second is K2 – also in the Himalayas – 8,611 metres high. The third one is Kanchenjunga – 8,586 metres high.
The three highest mountains in the UK are Ben Nevis in Scotland – 1,343 metres high; Snowdon in Wales – 1,085 metres high; and Scafel Pike in England – 978 metres high.
UNIT 1, Lesson 5, ex. 1a (in the Textbook)
UNIT 1, Lesson 6, ex. 1a The Giant’s Causeway Part I (ex. 1a)
The Giant’s Causeway is a place of breathtaking beauty, one of the greatest wonders of the world, covered in mystery. It’s located in the County of Antrim in Northern Ireland, in the north-eastern part of Ireland.
Its beauty was opened to people by the Bishop of Londonderry, who visited the north of Ireland in 1692 and discovered the causeway. Later he spoke about it in Dublin and London and in 1694, a debate started on how it was formed. Theories ranged from men-made to natural formation, but scientists were puzzled by the amazing symmetry of thousands of columns. The mechanism of their formation was not clear until 1771 when a Frenchman explained that it was the result of volcanic activity. The columns that make up the causeway were formed about 60 million years ago by cooling lava.
While the Bishop brought knowledge of the causeway to a wider world, the first people who probably saw it were hunters and gatherers who settled in the area after the last ice age (10,000 years ago). It is believed that they travelled around the densely forested north coast by boats and saw the causeway on their travels. Perhaps they created a lot of myths and legends about this area. This is one of them.
UNIT 1, Lesson 6, ex. 1b
Part I + Part II
Once upon a time on the north coast of Ireland, there lived a gentle giant called Finn McCool with his wife Oonagh. At fifty two feet six inches, which is more than 17 metres, he was a small giant. But across the sea in Scotland there lived a giant called Benandonner, who used to shout that he was stronger and could easily beat Finn McCool if there was no sea between them.
So Finn decided to build a causeway (a bridge) out of huge stones across the water, as no boat at their time was large enough to hold a giant. But the work was so hard and Finn was so tired that he fell asleep without waiting for the Scottish giant.
Oonagh, Finn's wife, woke up early the next morning to find Finn sound asleep. Then she heard the sound of huge footsteps and saw the strong Benandonner. He was truly gigantic. She understood that Finn would not win the fight against this Scottish giant. And she knew that fights aren’t always won on the basis of size and strength. Quick thinking Oonagh covered the sleeping Finn with a dress and a hat.
"Where's Finn?" thundered Benandonner, "Where is he hiding?"
Oonagh pointed to the sleeping Finn. "Be quiet," she told Benandonner, "or you'll wake the child!"
Benandonner panicked. If the child was that big, how much bigger might Finn be? He did not stay to see. He quickly went back across the causeway, destroying it him so that Finn McCool couldn’t follow him.
Believe it or not, but this amazing place is called the Giant’s Causeway. In 1986, the Giant’s Causeway was named a World Heritage Site by UNESCO and a year later it became a Natural Nature Reserve in Northern Ireland. Today it’s Northern Ireland’s most popular tourist attraction.
UNIT 1, Lesson 6, ex. 1c
Part I and Part II
UNIT 1, Lesson 6, ex. 3 c
Once upon a time in a picturesque country, near a fabulous lake, surrounded by thick forests, there lived a girl. She was named Nara. Nara was a very attractive girl. Besides, she could sing beautifully and play the goozly.
One day when she was sitting near a lake a duke saw her. He liked her at first glance and took her to his palace. He wanted to marry her, but Nara loved a young man, so she was very unhappy. The duke killed her groom, which made Nara hate the duke with all her heart.
One night she set fire to the palace and ran away. The duke was very angry, he was furious and sent his servants after Nara. Nara ran as fast as she could, but when she saw the duke’s servants riding their horses, she jumped into the lake and died.
People were touched by Nara’s true love, so they called the lake ‘Narach’.
UNIT 1, Lesson 7, ex. 2a (in the Textbook)
UNIT 1, Lesson 7, ex. 2b.
A. What’s the UK?
B. What countries is the UK made up of? Are the UK countries independent?
What nationality are the people from the UK? Are the people from the UK English?
C. What’s GB?
D. What are counties? What do county governments look after? Why are counties important?
E. Is the UK a kingdom?
F. Do people speak English in the UK? How many languages do people speak in the UK?
UNIT 1, Lesson 9, ex. 2 (in the Textbook)
UNIT 2, Lesson 1, ex. 2b (in the Textbook) UNIT 2, Lesson 1, ex. 4a (in the textbook)
UNIT 2, Lesson 2, ex. 1b.
1. занятие в кружке танцев
2. в библиотеке
3. в бассейне
4. в тренажёрном зале (спортзале)
5. на парковке
6. в столовой
7. в магазинчике (кассовый аппарат)
UNIT 2, Lesson 3, ex. 2c (in the Textbook)
UNIT 2, Lesson 3, ex. 2d, 4a.
The foreign language centre is a language laboratory with multimedia computers and satellite TV programmes in five languages: French, Spanish, English, Italian and Chinese. To practise listening, you can listen to audio books, lectures and dialogues, watch films and presentations in different languages. To practise reading, you can read paper or electronic books. To practise speaking, we have a wonderful facility where you can record your voice and then listen to your speech. We also have a speaking club where experienced teachers and pupils help us discuss different topics every day of the week. Our centre has everything to help you become good at the foreign language of your choice.
The library has thousands of dictionaries and encyclopedias, reference books, audio books, newspapers and magazines, films and documentaries, which you will need for your projects and self-study. Here you can do your homework, or relax reading a book. There is also a WiFi zone here, one of the most popular on the campus. Every week we have a reader club where we usually discuss books. Once a month we invite book writers to the reader club who give presentations on their books and answer questions from the audience. There are no days off here.
The sports centre is used for many different sports and activities with all the equipment you need. Here you can find a swimming pool, a football pitch, a cricket pitch and a hockey pitch which are for boys and girls to play the games. Tennis, basketball and volleyball can be played at any time of the day, light or dark, as well as in any weather. There’s also a 5 kilometer bike lane inside and outside the campus. All pupils and teachers can work out in the school gym, which is fully equipped with 72 different exercise machines and running machines. The gym is open from 6 am till 10 pm every day.
The science centre has three laboratories for experiments and projects in Physics, Chemistry and Biology. If you’re interested in one of the fields, our school labs are the place for you. Each laboratory has all the necessary equipment, computers and instruments to achieve any school project aim. Up to 15 people can work in each lab at one time. The labs are open between 8 am and 8 pm, Monday to Friday.
UNIT 2, Lesson 4, ex. 2a, 2b.
My brother is good at acting.
He thinks acting is cool.
Yes, that’s very true,
A voice is a very strong tool.
An actor can make people laugh,
An actor can make people cry,
An actor can make people like him or want him to die.
UNIT 2, Lesson 4, ex. 4a.
UNIT 2, Lesson 4, ex. 5a, 5b.
Natalie: Hi, Alesya. My name’s Natalie.
Alesya: Hi, Natalie. Nice to meet you.
Natalie: How was your first day at school, Alesya? Do you feel all right?
Alesya: Yes, I like the school and the teachers; and I also like our class but I still need to learn a lot about the school rules and the school day and I need to learn the girls’ and the teachers’ names.
Natalie: You will very soon! The teachers and the girls and I will be helping you.
Alesya: Oh, thank you… Can you please tell me again what time I have to be at school. I hate being late.
Natalie: The registration starts at 8.40 am. And then we have lessons from 9 am to 4 pm.
Alesya: Oh, that’s so long! Are there breaks during the day?
Natalie: Of course, there are. We have 15-minute breaks in the morning and in the afternoon and there’s a long lunch break at 12.05.
Alesya: Sounds good! Are lunches good here?
Natalie: Yes, they are! They always serve us a freshly cooked lunch. I don’t know anyone who doesn’t like the food here!
Alesya: Yes, I liked the lunch today very much! What else do I need to know about school rules, Natalie?
Natalie: The rules are easy: do your homework every day and don’t forget to bring it to school as well as your exercise-books and stationary – pens and pencils and that kind of stuff.
Alesya: It’s easy. These rules are the same as we had in Belarus. Natalie, I wanted to ask you about the school uniform. Do we really have to wear our shirts and skirts every day? What if I come in jeans or a dress?
Natalie: That’s not a good idea, Alesya. We all have to wear our uniforms every day. I know it is kind of boring if you wear the same clothes every day, but we have some choice! You can choose from trousers or a skirt, a jumper, a cardigan or a blazer. We also have a choice of blouses and tank tops.
Alesya: I see.
Natalie: Why are you so unhappy about our school uniform? Was the uniform in Belarus much better?
Natalie: I’m sure you will. Good news is you can wear whatever you like on school trips and at weekend activities.
Alesya: It is really good news!
Natalie: Here’s our school booklet. On the first page you’ll find the most important rules.
Alesya: Thanks a lot!
UNIT 2, Lesson 5, ex. 2b (in the Textbook)
UNIT 2, Lesson 6, ex. 2a (in the Textbook)
UNIT 2, Lesson 6, ex. 4a, 4b, 4c.
Hi, Mr Smith. This is Alesya. She’s my new friend.
Hello, Mr Smith.
Well, Alesya, it’s time to choose a club or two. The aim of our clubs is to develop our students. We have wonderful facilities. Are you ready?
Yes, Sir. You have such great clubs here! I like all of them!
Thank you, Alesya. We try to have clubs interesting for everyone. OK… Have you chosen anything?
Well… I’m afraid of speaking in front of people but I need it for my lessons. So I think I need the Speaking skills club… I’m fond of working on the computer - so I’d like to join the web design club.
OK, Alesya. It’s a good choice. I’m sure you’ll get good help from our experienced teachers. Anything else?
Oh, yes, Mr. Smith! I’ve always been interested in world dances. This is my third choice… Then, I think the Shakespeare fans club is also fun. I want to learn more about William Shakespeare and his plays and I think it will also help me not to be afraid of the stage.
Yes, Alesya, this club is a very good choice. The club teacher is a professional actor and they always make very good performances. Is this all?
No, Mr. Smith. I would also like to learn to play field hockey because everybody here plays it but I‘ve only watched it on TV.
I agree, Alesya. Field hockey is very popular here. You can take the Field hockey club now but you can also learn to play it next term.
Oh? Can I choose other clubs in January?
Yes, of course, Alesya! In January you can stay in your club or change it.
It sounds great! I’d like to learn more new activities!
So, Alesya, you’ve chosen five clubs.
Yes, Mr. Smith. I’d like to choose more.
No, Alesya. I’m afraid, five is a lot. Don’t forget that each club is two or three times a week and you also have homework to do and books to read.
Oh? Is five a lot?
Yes, I think it’s too many. You will also need time for being with your school friends and for relaxing. What if you take three clubs now and then choose other clubs in January? What do you really want to do now?
OK, Mr. Smith… Three clubs… I need the Speaking skills clubs… I’ll take the World Dances club… And I’ll do the Web Design.
A very good choice, Alesya! These clubs will develop your talents and skills. Good luck!
Thank you, Mr. Smith.
UNIT 2, Lesson 7, ex. 2b.
A school year is nine months long and it’s full of events! Many of them became traditions because they happen every year on the same dates. Some traditions are similar in all Belarusian schools, some are unique. The school year starts on September, 1.This day is special for all: school children, their teachers and parents. The day starts with the school gathering when all classes and teachers stand in front of the school and listen to the welcoming speeches of their teachers, schoolmates and parents. Students look really nice in their new school uniforms! Everyone is excited to see their school friends and teachers after long summer holidays. After the school gathering teachers take their classes to their classrooms for the first lesson. When the lesson is over, students may have a class event – a picnic or a walk in the park or a class trip. The events on this day are usually the same every year but everyone waits for this day, likes it and remembers it.
UNIT 2, Lesson 8, ex. 2a (in the Textbook)
UNIT 2, Lesson 8, ex. 2b (in the Textbook)
UNIT 2, Lesson 8, ex. 2c (in the Textbook)
UNIT 2, Lesson 9, ex. 2a (in the Textbook)
UNIT 3. Food
UNIT 3, Lesson 1, ex. 2b, 2c. A: The bell has gone. Let’s go to the canteen. I’m so hungry. I could eat a horse!
N: Yeah, I’ll go with you but I don’t need to buy anything. I’ve brought a packed lunch but I’d love to have some tea and it’s so much nicer to have a meal with friends.
A: Wonderful! I still need your help with some names of the dishes. What’s bangers and mash, for example?
N: Bangers and mash is a nice and simple dish. It’s just a good plate of mashed potatoes with a few sausages. It’s all just covered in gravy (подливка).
A: I hate gravy!
N: So do I, but many people, here in Britain, love it.
A: I love fish and chips. But I’ve had it twice this week already.
N: I like fish fingers.
A: I don’t. There’s more flour in them than fish. Is there anything on the menu you would recommend me to try?
N: I’d recommend roast beef and Yorkshire pudding but it’s never served as school lunch.
A: Pudding with meat? I’ve always thought puddings are sweet.
N; Yeah, most often, but Yorkshire pudding is made from flour, eggs, and milk and traditionally served with roast beef. It’s yummy. I love it. There is also black pudding, very popular in Scotland. It is, in fact, not pudding at all. It’s blood sausage. OK, listen, have some roast chicken. It is usually very good here.
Bob: Sorry for breaking in, but if I were you I’d have pork chop with boiled potatoes and pickles. I am having it now and actually always have them for lunch.
A: Pork chops and pickles? How interesting! We often have them at home. It’s typically Belarusian. But no, thanks, maybe later. I’d like to try something new.
UNIT 3, Lesson 2, ex. 3a (in the Textbook)
UNIT 3, Lesson 3, ex. 2a, 2c (in the Textbook)
Alesya: I am Alesya. I live in Belarus. My breakfast is usually scrambled or boiled eggs, a piece of bread with cheese and ham and a cup of tea. Sometimes I have a plate of kasha with a glass of milk.
Ian: I am Ian. I live in Scotland. Every morning I have a bowl of porridge and a glass of milk or cereals with milk. On Sundays we always have bacon and eggs with tomatoes. Sometimes we have black pudding. I always have a cup of milk tea, as my parents don’t allow me to drink black or white coffee.
I am Lee from China. For breakfast I eat a bowl of noodles or a plate of rice with some fish or some meat, usually beef or pork and a plate of vegetables. Sometimes it is simply a plate of vegetables when I need a quick breakfast. I also have a cup of good tea. I never drink milk.
UNIT 3, Lesson 3, ex. 4b (in the Textbook)
UNIT 3, Lesson 4, ex. 2.
On special occasions my aunt always makes her special apple pie. We have a large family, and my aunt makes it on a large baking sheet. It is so delicious! We all look forward to getting a piece at the end of our meal.
One day, the freshly baked pie was left on the kitchen table to cool as always. To everyone’s horror, the pie disappeared! We all knew that it was my cousin Dan and his friends who had taken it. They were teenagers at the time, and like all teenage boys, they ate a lot. Dan refused to admit that he took the pie. My uncle was so angry that he sent Dan to his room, without dinner, for stealing the pie and then lying about it.
Imagine my uncle’s surprise when, two days later, he found a chewed-up baking sheet in his dog Bobo’s doghouse! That day, my aunt made another apple pie just for Dan — and Dan got to decide with whom he would share it. My uncle and Bobo had to watch as the rest of us ate the apple pie.
UNIT 3, Lesson 4, ex. 4b.
To make this pie you need 5 large apples, just about 1 kilo; 4 large eggs, at room temperature; 1 cup of sugar, 1 cup of flour, a pinch of vanillin powder and a little bit of butter, to butter the pan.
UNIT 3, Lesson 4, ex. 4c.
First of all, peel and slice the apples. Then, preheat the oven to 180ºC.
Butter the pan. Put the apples into the pan. You do not have to arrange them beautifully.
Meanwhile, in a bowl, beat the eggs and sugar well. The more you beat, the more the cake will rise and the softer it will be.
Add a pinch vanilla powder and flour. Mix well until the batter is made.