Moral Decision Making

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Moral Decision Making
The Moral Decision Making process helps each of us to listen to our conscience and the voice of God so that we can do good and avoid evil.
When faced with any decision

  • Sometimes that process is carefully thought out

  • Sometimes we go through it without thinking about it

The Moral Decision Making Model (S.J.A.E Model)
The process involves four basic steps:

  • Seeing

  • Judging

  • Acting

  • Evaluating

1. Seeing

  • What is the decision I must make?

  • Is this a moral decision?

  • Does this decision have anything to do with loving God, loving myself, or loving others?

  • Ask God to help us see with loving eyes.

2. Judging

  • What are my choices for my decision?

  • Analyze all options and evaluate which options would truly be a loving choice.

  • Judging means calling on our conscience, and considering what the Bible says, what the Church teaches and our parents too.

3. Acting

  • What was my decision?

  • Deciding to do the loving thing and then doing it.
  • It is important to ask God to help us put our decisions into action.

4. Evaluating

  • What was the impact of my decision?

  • We must be aware of how that decision has affected our relationships with God, with ourselves and with others.

  • We must empathize with others and put ourselves into their shoes.

The Examen of Conscience

  • Evaluating all of the decisions we made during the day through prayer.

  • This will keep us closely connected with God.

The Examen

  • During the examen, or prayerful review of our day, we go back over our day and our choices, we try to see how God was guiding us and speaking to us through those choices.

Three Principles

  • We must never do evil even for the sake of accomplishing something good

  • We should always treat others with the same love and respect with which we wish to be treated.

  • Everything we do should reflect genuine concern for other people.


  1. Read “Caught in the Act” on p. 81 in your textbook

  2. Answer the questions for the story “Caught in the Act”

  3. Work with a partner on the “Case Studies” Assignment
  4. Each partner must read the case study assigned to them and evaluate how the person involved used the S.J.A.E Model as well as how carefully they were, to listen to their conscience.

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