Morning breakout sessions



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The Stephen M. Kellen Term Member Program

Thirteenth Annual Term Member Conference 2008




morning breakout sessions

Friday, November 14, 2008

10:00 to 11:15 AM Roundtable Discussion


  1. Detainee Transfers and the U.S. Reputation

Discussant: Ashley S. Deeks, International Affairs Fellow, Center for Strategic and International Studies

Facilitator: Matthew C. Waxman, Associate Professor, Columbia University School of Law; Adjunct Senior Fellow for Law and Foreign Policy, Council on Foreign Relations; Former Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense, Detainee Affairs, U.S. Department of Defense


Questions:

  1. How should the United States navigate between the two policy goals of closing Guantanamo and ensuring humane treatment of every detainee transferred out of Guantanamo to his home or a third country?

  2. Are there better alternatives to the use of assurances against torture by the United States and Europe? If so, what are they?

  3. What role should international law play in the next administration’s foreign policy?


Readings:

  1. “Judge Halts Transfer of Guantánamo Detainee,” William Glaberson, New York Times, October 10, 2007, http://www.nytimes.com/2007/10/10/washington/10gitmo.html?pagewanted=print
  2. “Detention in Afghanistan: The Need For an Integrated Plan,” Ashley Deeks, Center for Strategic and International Studies, http://www.csis.org/media/csis/pubs/080213_deeks_afghanistan.pdf


  3. Statement of Senator Patrick Leahy on the Convention Against Torture Implementation Act, March 17, 2005, http://leahy.senate.gov/press/200503/031705a.html

  4. Council Special Report “Avoiding Transfers to Torture,” Ashley Deeks, Council on Foreign Relations Press, June 2008, http://www.cfr.org/content/publications/attachments/Assurances_CSR35.pdf



I.Challenges Facing the Armed Forces: A Discussion with the CFR Military Fellows


Discussants: John S. Clark, Jr., U.S. Air Force; Brian T. Donegan, U.S. Navy; John “Jay” C. Kennedy, U.S. Marine Corps; Kevin C. Owens, U.S. Army

Facilitator: Stephanie Ahern, International Affairs Fellow, U.S. Department of the Treasury


Questions:

  1. Based on what the United States has learned from counter-insurgency operations so far, should it consider additional restructuring of its military or change the focus of its training, manning, and equipment for the continuing Global War on Terrorism?

  2. What other challenges does the military face beyond the War on Terror? How does the military balance preparing for and addressing these concerns while maintaining the efforts in Iraq and Afghanistan?

  3. What does a "civilian-led military" mean in determining the role of armed forces in operations other than armed conflict? Do the recent criticisms and relief of several senior Air Force officers over the mishandling of nuclear components indicate a greater need for supervision and/or transparency in military programs tied to national security?


Readings:
  1. “Warheads on Foreheads,” Anna Mulrine, AIR FORCE Magazine, October 2008, http://www.airforce-magazine.com/MagazineArchive/Documents/2008/October%202008/1008warheads.pdf


  2. “A Cooperative Strategy for 21st Century Seapower,” James T. Conway, Gary Roughead, Thad W. Allen, October 2007, http://www.navy.mil/maritime/MaritimeStrategy.pdf

  3. “The Folly of 'Asymmetric Warfare,” Michael J. Mazarr, The Washington Quarterly, Summer 2008, http://www.twq.com/08summer/docs/08summer_mazarr.pdf

  4. “Irregular Warfare: New Challenges for Civil-Military Relations,” Patrick Cronin, Strategic Forum, October 2008, http://www.ndu.edu/inss/Strforum/SF234/SF234.pdf

  5. Secretary of Defense Gates' Remarks at U.S. Global Leadership Campaign Tribute Dinner, July 15, 2008, http://www.usglc.org/images/stories/events/2008_tribute_dinner/usglc%20remarks%20by%20secretary%20of%20defense%20gates.pdf




  1. Africa Policy in the Next Administration

Discussant: J. Anthony Holmes, Cyrus Vance Fellow in Diplomatic Studies, Council on Foreign Relations

Facilitator: Daniella Ballou-Aares, Partner, Dalberg Global Development Advisors


Questions:

  1. Given the financial crisis and U.S. budget deficits, how much energy, resources, and policy priority can or should the new U.S. administration devote to Africa?

  2. What should the U.S. focus be: short-term priorities (e.g. terrorism, access to resources, humanitarian crises) or longer term economic, political, and social development (i.e. institution building)?


Readings:
  1. “McCain's Vision for Freedom, Peace and Prosperity,” J. Peter Pham, allAfrica.com, September 29, 2008, http://allafrica.com/stories/200809291333.html


  2. “Obama's Three Objectives for Continent,” Witney W. Schneidman, allAfrica.com, September 29, 2008, http://allafrica.com/stories/200809291346.html

  1. Energy Security, Climate Change, and Foreign Policy

Discussant: Michael A. Levi, David M. Rubenstein Senior Fellow for Energy and the Environment and Director, Program on Energy Security and Climate Change, Council on Foreign Relations

Facilitator: Andrew P. Heaney, President, Heaney Energy Corporation


Questions:

  1. What are the relative roles of domestic and foreign policy in addressing our energy challenges?

  2. Are addressing energy security and climate change at odds? Complementary? Both?

  3. What sort of international institutions do we need to effectively address our energy challenges?


Readings:

  1. “Confronting Climate Change: A Strategy for U.S. Foreign Policy,” Independent Task Force Report, Executive Summary, George E. Pataki, Thomas J. Vilsack, Michael A. Levi, David G. Victor, Council on Foreign Relations, http://www.cfr.org/content/publications/attachments/Climate_ChangeTF.pdf

  2. “Containing Climate Change: An Opportunity for U.S. Leadership” Carter F. Bales, Richard D. Duke, Foreign Affairs, September/October 2008, http://www.foreignaffairs.org/20080901faessay87505/carter-f-bales-richard-d-duke/containing-climate-change.html
  3. “National Security Consequences of U.S. Oil Dependency,” Independent Task Force Report, Overview/Introduction, John Deutch, James R. Schlesinger, David G. Victor, Council on Foreign Relations, http://www.cfr.org/content/publications/attachments/EnergyTFR.pdf


  1. “The Power of Oil Consumers,” Henry A. Kissinger, Martin Feldstein, Washington Post, September 18, 2008, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/09/17/AR2008091702969.html




  1. The Responsibility to Protect: International Efforts to End Mass Atrocity Crimes

Discussant: Stewart M. Patrick, Senior Fellow and Director, Program on International Institutions and Global Governance, Council on Foreign Relations

Facilitator: Shelley C. Inglis, Rule of Law Officer, Office of the Deputy Secretary-General, United Nations


Questions:

  1. What can the international community do to prevent mass atrocities? What has been its record so far?

  2. What would it take to make the "responsibility to protect" norm operational? Is it possible or even wise to try to do so?

  3. What changes to U.S. foreign policy would be required to combat mass atrocity crimes around the world?


Readings:

  1. "The United Nations and the Responsibility to Protect," Edward C. Luck, Policy Analysis Brief, the Stanley Foundation, August 2008, http://www.stanleyfoundation.org/resources.cfm?id=345

  2. Alex De Waal, "Darfur and the Failure of the Responsibility to Protect," International Affairs, November 2007, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1065835#
  3. Darfur and Beyond: What is Needed to Prevent Mass Atrocities, Lee Feinstein, Council on Foreign Relations Special Report, January 2007, http://www.cfr.org/publication/12444/darfur_and_beyond.html


  4. "The Responsibility to Protect," Gareth Evans and Mohammed Sahnoun, Foreign Affairs November/December 2002, http://www.foreignaffairs.org/20021101faessay9995/gareth-evans-mohamed-sahnoun/the-responsibility-to-protect.html




  1. U.S.-China Relations in the Next Administration: Opportunities and Challenges

Discussant: Adam Segal, Maurice R. Greenberg Senior Fellow for China Studies, Council on Foreign Relations

Facilitator: Michael A. Dal Bello, Principal, The Blackstone Group


Questions:

  1. What lessons can the new administration take away from the Bush administration’s China policy? Can we expect any changes from the previous administration or largely the status quo?

  2. What are the top priorities for the next president regarding China? In which areas does the United States need China’s cooperation? Where will we face the greatest challenges?

  3. Now that the elections are over, how will the next president's rhetoric toward China differ from his position during the campaign?

  4. How can/should the United States engage China?


Readings:

  1. “A Strategic Economic Engagement,” Henry Paulson, Foreign Affairs, September/October 2008, http://www.foreignaffairs.org/20080901faessay87504/henry-m-paulson-jr/a-strategic-economic-engagement.html
  2. “The Real China Threat,” Robert J. Samuelson, Washington Post, August 20, 2008, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/08/19/AR2008081902256.html


  3. “The Candidates on U.S. Policy toward China,” CFR.org, Issue Tracker, April 14, 2008, http://www.cfr.org/publication/14759/candidates_on_us_policy_toward_china.html?breadcrumb=%2Fcampaign2008%2Ftrackers%3Fpage%3D2

  4. Memorandum to the President-elect on a Progressive China Policy, “A Global Imperative: A Progressive Approach to U.S.-China Relations in the 21st Century,” Center for American Progress, August 2008,

Full report: http://www.americanprogress.org/issues/2008/08/pdf/china_report.pdf

Brief: http://www.americanprogress.org/issues/2008/08/pdf/china_report_brief.pdf

5. China Brief No. 8, The American Chamber of Commerce People’s Republic of China, http://www.amcham-china.org.cn/amcham/show/contentList.php?Cat=Publications&Subcat=China%20Brief&menuid=04&submid=04&Year=2008

afternoon breakout sessions

Friday, November 14, 2008

2:30 to 3:45 PM Roundtable Discussion


  1. A New American Realism?

Discussant: Peter Beinart, Senior Fellow for U.S. Foreign Policy, Council on Foreign Relations

Facilitator: Gary J. Bass, Associate Professor of Politics and International Affairs, Princeton University


Questions:

  1. Does the U.S. need to define its interests more narrowly?

  2. Is there still a place for morality in American foreign policy?


Readings:
  1. “Power Play,” Robert Kagan, Wall Street Journal, August 30, 2008, http://www.carnegieendowment.org/publications/index.cfm?fa=print&id=20438


  2. “The Realist Persuasion,” Andrew J. Bacevich, The Boston Globe, November 6, 2005, http://www.boston.com/news/globe/ideas/articles/2005/11/06/the_realist_persuasion




  1. The ‘New’ New Middle East

Discussant: Steven A. Cook, Senior Fellow for Middle Eastern Studies, Council on Foreign Relations

Facilitator: Reza Aslan, Assistant Professor, University of California Riverside


Questions:

1. Is Washington's influence in the Middle East waning? If so, is this decline a permanent condition?

2. Should democracy promotion be a central feature of U.S. policy in the Middle East?

3. What are the threats to U.S. interests in the region?


Readings:

  1. “The New Middle East” by Richard N. Haass, Foreign Affairs, November/December 2006, http://www.foreignaffairs.org/20061101faessay85601/richard-n-haass/the-new-middle-east.html

  2. “Fix This Middle Eastern Mess” by Glenn Kessler, The Washington Quarterly, Autumn 2008, http://www.twq.com/08autumn/docs/08autumn_kessler.pdf

  3. “Disentangling Alliances” by Steven A. Cook, The American Interest, Autumn (September/October) 2008 (Vol. IV, No. 1), http://www.the-american-interest.com/ai2/article-bd.cfm?Id=468&MId=21



  1. A League of Democracies: Bold Innovation or Bad Idea?


Discussant: Charlie A. Kupchan, Senior Fellow for Europe Studies, Council on Foreign Relations

Facilitator: Saskia S. Reilly, Former International Affairs Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations


Questions:

1. As the United States shapes relations with other countries, to what extent should U.S. policy take into consideration those country's regime type and domestic affairs?

2. How should the global institutional architecture be reformed to address emerging challenges more effectively?
Readings:


  1. “Democracies of the World, Unite,” by Ivo Daalder and James Li ndsay, The American Interest, Winter (January/February) 2007, http://www.the-american-interest.com/ai2/article.cfm?Id=219&MId=6

  2. “Minor League, Major Problems: The Case Against a League of Democracies,” by Charles A. Kupchan, Foreign Affairs, November / December 2008, http://fullaccess.foreignaffairs.org/20081001faessay87607/charles-a-kupchan/minor-league-major-problems.html




  1. Foreign Policy Toward Latin America Under the Next Administration

Discussant: Shannon K. O’Neil, Douglas Dillon Fellow for Latin America Studies, Council on Foreign Relations

Facilitator: Blair Pillsbury Enders, Consultant, Ashoka: Innovators for the Public


Questions:

  1. Seeing that Latin America will mostly likely not be among the next president’s top priorities, how will U.S. policy toward Latin America change under a new administration?
  2. What will the next president’s policies be toward the United States’ staunchest allies, such as Colombia, and toward the countries that challenge U.S. influence in the region, such as Venezuela?


  3. How will Latin American governments respond to the next administration and how can the next president best take advantage of this change in perceptions?


Readings:

  1. “U.S.-Latin America Relations: A New Direction for a New Reality,” Council on Foreign Relations Independent Task Force Report, May 2008, http://www.cfr.org/publication/16279/

  2. Business Latin America Select, “USA/Latin America: Obama vs McCain,” September 8, 2008. (This document is not available online. We will email it to those confirmed for this session.)

  3. “Public Views Clash with U.S. Policy on Cuba, Immigration, and Drugs,” Zogby/Inter-American Dialogue Survey, October 2, 2008, http://www.thedialogue.org/page.cfm?pageID=403




  1. Intelligence Community Support to the Next Administration

Discussant: Frank Procida, National Intelligence Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations

Facilitator: Mercedes C. Fitchett, Program Manager, Business Transformation Agency, U.S. Department of Defense


Questions:

  1. How can the intelligence community gain the trust of the new administration?

  2. How can the intelligence community stay relevant in today’s information market?


Readings:
  1. “The Real Intelligence Failure? Spineless Spies” Mark Lowenthal, Washington Post, May 25, 2008, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/05/22/AR2008052202961.html


  2. “Overhauling Intelligence,” Mike McConnell, Foreign Affairs, vol. 86, no. 4 (Jul/Aug 2007), http://www.foreignaffairs.org/20070701faessay86404/mike-mcconnell/overhauling-intelligence.html

  3. “The New Politics of Intelligence: Will Reform Work This Time?” Richard Betts, Foreign Affairs, vol. 83, no.3 (May/Jun 2004), http://www.foreignaffairs.org/20040501facomment83301/richard-k-betts/the-new-politics-of-intelligence-will-reforms-work-this-time.html




  1. The Future of Conflict and How to Prevent It

Discussant: Paul B. Stares, General John W. Vessey Senior Fellow for Conflict Prevention and Director, Center for Preventive Action, Council on Foreign Relations

Facilitator: Caroline Pfeiffer Wadhams, Senior National Security Policy Analyst, Center for American Progress


Questions:

  1. What has caused conflict trends to fall in recent years?

  2. What might cause these trends to be reversed in the mid to long term?

  3. What can be done to reduce the likelihood of an increase in conflict?


Readings:

  1. “Trends in Armed Conflict and Coups d’État,” Human Security Brief 2007, Chapter 3, Human Security Report Project, Simon Fraser University, http://www.humansecuritybrief.info/hsb07_chapter3.pdf
  2. "What Resource Wars?"David Victor, The National Interest, November 12, 2007, http://www.nationalinterest.org/PrinterFriendly.aspx?id=16020


  3. “Debating Disaster: The World Is Not Enough” Thomas Homer-Dixon, Michael T. Klare, Sherri W. Goodman, Paul J. Kern and David G. Victor, The National Interest, January 2, 2008, http://www.nationalinterest.org/PrinterFriendly.aspx?id=16522

  4. “The New Wars of Religion,” The Economist, November 1, 2008 http://www.economist.com/specialreports/PrinterFriendly.cfm?story_id=10015219






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