Essential Questions: How does a writer put together ideas and develop them to create a desired impact on the reader? How can you recognize when a writer is using trickery to influence you? How do good readers support heir ideas? What are elements and devices in non-fiction and how do authors use them? How do good writers build and support an argument?
Multiple Choice-Read the following italicized passages. After reading, answer the questions below each passage.
Rhode Island is the smallest state in the union. It was the last of the thirteen original colonies to become a state, and its capitol is Providence. It borders Connecticut and Massachusetts, which were also original colonies.(CC RI 1) (Glencoe Standardized Test Prep and Practice Grades 9 and 10 p. 27 Inferences) 1. Which of the following conclusions can be drawn from the above information?
A. Rhode Island is to the east of Connecticut and west of Massachusetts.
B. Connecticut became a state before Rhode Island did.
C. Massachusetts is a smaller state that Connecticut.
D. Providence was the capitol of Rhode Island before Rhode Island became a state.
My mother and I played a quick game of basketball in the park. I was surprised when she completely defeated me. She suggested that we play again next week but that we bet our chores on the game. Whoever lost would have to do the winner’s chores for a month. I practiced all week against my friends. When the time came to play, I was prepared. Boy, was I glad not to have to do my chores.(CC RI 8) (Glencoe Standardized Test Prep and Practice Grades 9 and 10 p. 26 Organization of Arguments)
2. The passage is logically incomplete because a sentence is missing. Which of these is the missing sentence?
A. My mother played basketball for all four of her college years.
B. When the game day finally arrived, I barely won against my mother.
C. My chores are to do the dishes, take out the garbage, and scrub the kitchen floor.
D. My friends are not good basketball players, but I needed practice.
The most important day in all my life is the one on which my teacher, Anne Mansfield Sullivan, came to me. I am filled with wonder when I consider the immeasurable contrasts between the two lives which it connects. It was the third of March, 1887, three months before I was seven years old....One day, while I was playing with my new doll, Miss Sullivan put my big rag doll into my lap also spelled “d-o-l-l,” and tried to make me understand that “d-o-l-l” applied to both. Earlier in the day, we had had a tussle over the words “m-u-g,” and “w-a-t-e-r.” Miss Sullivan had tried to impress upon me that “m-u-g,” is mug, and that “w-a-t-e-r,” is water, but I persisted in confounding the two. In despair she had dropped the subject for the time, only to renew it at the first opportunity. I became impatient at her repeated attempts and, seizing the new doll, I dashed it onto the floor. I was keenly delighted when I felt the fragments of the broken doll at my feet. Neither sorrow nor regret followed my passionate outburst. I had not loved the doll. In the still, dark world in which I lived there was no strong sentiment or tenderness. I felt my teacher sweep the fragments to the side of the hearth, and I had a sense of satisfaction that the cause of my discomfort had been removed. She brought me my hat and I knew that I was going out in the warm sunshine. This thought, if a wordless sensation may be called a thought, made me hop and skip with pleasure.
(Helen Keller, from The Story of My Life) (Glencoe Standardized Test Prep and Practice Grades 9 and 10 p. 31 Inferences)
3. Which of the following is the most likely reason that the author considers the day she describes at the beginning of the passage to be the most important day in her life? (CC RI 8)
A. It was a day shortly before she turned seven years old.
B. It was the day she met the woman who would teach her to connect words to objects
4. Which choice states the inferred main idea of the passage? (CC RI 1)
A. The author was grateful to learn what words mean even though it was a difficult process.
B. The author enjoyed playing with her new doll until she broke it.
C. The author turned seven years old three days before March 3, 1887.
D. The author felt satisfied that her teacher swept up the pieces of her broken doll.
5. Which statement is the strongest support for the main idea of the passage? (CC RI 8)
A. The author never wanted to learn to spell.
B. The author was confused and angry because she lived in a “still, dark world.”
C. Anne Mansfield Sullivan was a very kind woman.
D. The author is now remembered as a courageous woman.
6. Which assertion is best supported by the evidence of the passage? (CC RI 8)
A. The author was always very studious and thoughtful.
B. Anne Mansfield Sullivan worked as a school teacher before working with the author.
C. At first, learning to relate words to objects was very difficult for the author.
The author did not need a teacher to learn how to spell.
Types of Fire Extinguishers (CC RI 6)
Fire extinguishers are labeled according to the type of fire on which they should be used. Using the wrong type of extinguisher can be dangerous and make things worse. Type A extinguishers are used for fires involving such things as paper, cloth, wood, rubber, and many plastics. These types of fires usually leave ashes when they burn so use Type A extinguishers for fires that leave ashes. Type B extinguishers are used for burning liquids, such as oil, gasoline, paints, grease, and solvents. These substances often come in barrel-shaped containers, so use Type B extinguishers for barrels. Type C extinguishers are used for electrical fires such as wiring or fuse boxes. Electricity travels in a circuit, so use Type C extinguishers for circuits. Remember, A is for ashes, B is for barrels, and C is for circuits. Make sure you have the correct type of extinguisher before you try to use it.
Using a Fire ExtinguisherTo help you remember how to use a fire extinguisher, learn this simple acronym: PASS. PASS stands for Pull, Aim, Squeeze, and Sweep.
Pull the pin at the top of the extinguisher cylinder.
Aim the nozzle at the base of the fire.
Squeeze or press the handle.
Sweep the spray from side-to-side at the fire’s base until it goes out. (Glencoe Standardized Test Prep and Practice Grades 9 and 10 p. 39 Purpose)
7. The primary purpose of the passage is to
Arguments (CC W1) (Ten Steps to Improving College Reading Skills p.367)
Consider the following point. This point is followed by three “facts,” only one of which is relevant support. Indicate whether each statement is relevant (A) or non-relevant (B).
Point: My dog Otis is not very bright. _____ 12. He’s five years old and doesn’t respond to his name yet.
_____ 13. He gets along very well with my neighbor’s cat.
_____ 14. He always gets excited when visitors arrive.