National recovery plan

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Perameles bougainville, BURROWING BETTONG Bettongia lesueur and BANDED HARE-WALLABY Lagostrophus fasciatus


Wildlife Management Program No. 49


Prepared by

Dr Jacqueline D. Richards

For the Western Barred Bandicoot, Burrowing Bettong and Banded Hare-wallaby Recovery Team, Department of Environment and Conservation (Western Australia), and the Australian Government Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities

© Department of Environment and Conservation (Western Australia) 2012

Species and Communities Unit

Locked Bag 104

Bentley Delivery Centre

Western Australia 6983

Copyright protects this publication. Except for purposes permitted by the Copyright Act, reproduction by whatever means is prohibited without the prior written consent of the author and the Department of Environment and Conservation (Western Australia).

Cover photo of the banded-hare wallabies by Amy Mutton, Peron Captive Breeding Centre.


Recovery Plans are developed within the framework laid down in Department of Environment and Conservation (DEC) Policy Statements Nos 44 and 50, and the Australian Government Department for Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPAC) Revised Recovery Plan Guidelines for Nationally Threatened Species and Ecological Communities (Environment Australia 2002).
Recovery Plans delineate, justify and schedule management actions necessary to support the recovery of threatened species and ecological communities. The attainment of objectives and the provision of funds necessary to implement actions are subject to budgetary and other constraints affecting the parties involved, as well as the need to address other priorities. Recovery Plans do not necessarily represent the views or the official position of individuals or organisations represented on the Recovery Team.
A multi-species approach to recovery planning is supported by DSEWPAC, where species occur in the same area and have closely related requirements based on their habitats, threats or recovery actions. This Recovery Plan was approved by the Department of Environment and Conservation, Western Australia. Approved Recovery Plans are subject to modification as dictated by new findings, changes in status of the taxon or ecological community and the completion of recovery actions. The provision of funds identified in this Recovery Plan is dependent on budgetary and other constraints affecting the Department, as well as the need to address other priorities.

Information in this Recovery Plan was accurate at May 2012.



1. SUMMARY and Status 4

2. Background INFORMATION 6

2.1 Affected interests 8

2.2 Role and interests of Indigenous people 11

2.3 Benefits to other species 11

2.4 Social and economic impacts 13

2.5 International obligations 14

3. species INFORMATION 15

3.1 Western barred bandicoot Perameles bougainville 15

3.2 Burrowing bettong Bettongia lesueur 17

3.3 Banded hare-wallaby Lagostrophus fasciatus 21

3.4 Habitat critical to survival 23

3.5 Important populations 24

3.6 Threats 24

3.7 Populations under threat 30

4. Recovery PROGRAM 31

4.1 Prior and existing conservation measures 31

4.2 Recovery objectives and performance criteria 36

4.3. Recovery actions 37

4.4 Implementation 42

4.5 Management practices and policies 44

4.6 Guide for decision-makers 44

5. References 46

Kutlin, A., Roblin, P.M., Kumar, S., Kohlhoff, S., Bodetti, T., Timms, P. and Hammerschlag (2007) Molecular characterization of Chlamydophila pneumoniae isolates from Western barred bandicoots. Journal of Medical Microbiology. 56(3): 407-414 49

APPENDIX 1: translocation and captive breeding 55


ARR Arid Recovery Reserve

AWC Australian Wildlife Conservancy

DEC Department of Environment and Conservation, WA (formerly CALM)

DENR Department for Environment and Natural Resources, South Australia

RTDBF Return to Dryandra Breeding Facility

DSEWPaC Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities

EPBC Act Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999

NP National Park

NSW New South Wales

PCBC Peron Captive Breeding Centre

PVA Population Viability Analysis

SA South Australia

SBSJV Shark Bay Salt Joint Venture

ULCBPG Useless Loop Community Biosphere Project Group

WA Western Australia

WAWC Act Western Australia Wildlife Conservation Act 1950

WS Wildlife Sanctuary


This plan was prepared with the generous assistance of, and consultation with, the many people and organisations involved in the management and recovery of threatened Shark Bay marsupials, including: Dr Nicky Marlow, Dr Colleen Sims, Dr Peter Mawson, Keith Morris, Neil Thomas, Stephanie Hill, Dr Ian Abbott and Dr Tony Friend (DEC); Dr Jeff Short (Wildlife Research and Management formerly from CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems); Andre Schmitz from Outback Ecology; Alison Dugand, Joss Bentley, Jo Williams and Atticus Fleming from the Australian Wildlife Conservancy; Katherine Moseby, Karl Newport and Adam Bester from the Arid Recovery Project; Jason van Weenan and Peter Copley (DENR); Mandy O’Hara (Murdoch University); Felicity Donaldson (University of WA); Bryan Cane (ULCBPG and Shark Bay Shire Council); Emma Lee (Natural and Cultural Resources Unit of the Uluru - Kata Tjuta National Park); and Brian Clarke (Yadgalah Aboriginal Corporation). Additional thanks to Nicky Marlow and Jeff Short for their contribution in providing critical comments. Funding was provided by the Australian Government. Amy Mutton prepared the maps used within the recovery plan.

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