National recovery plan

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1. SUMMARY and Status

Perameles bougainville bougainville, Western barred bandicoot (Shark Bay island subspecies).
Family: Peramelidae

Common name: Marl

DEC Region: Midwest

DEC District: Shark Bay

Shire: Shark Bay

Current status of taxa: EPBC – Endangered,

WAWC Act- threatened

Habitat requirements: Open habitat with some ground cover
Bettongia lesueur lesueur, Burrowing bettong (Shark Bay island subspecies).

Bettongia lesueur unnamed subspecies, burrowing bettong (Barrow Island subspecies).
Family: Potoroidae

Common name: Boodie

DEC Region: Midwest, Pilbara

DEC District: Shark Bay, Pilbara

Shire: Shark Bay, Ashburton

Current status of taxa: B. l. lesueur:

EPBC – Vulnerable

WAWC Act - Threatened

B. l. unnamed subspecies:

EPBC – Vulnerable

WAWC Act - Threatened

Habitat requirements: Open habitat with some ground cover and soil suitable for the construction of warrens beneath calcrete or granite caprock.
Lagostrophus fasciatus fasciatus, Banded hare-wallaby (Shark Bay island subspecies).
Family: Macropodidae

Common name: Merrnine or Munning

DEC Region: Midwest

DEC District: Shark Bay

Shire: Shark Bay

Current status of taxa: EPBC – Vulnerable

WAWC Act - Threatened

Habitat requirements: Areas of dense heath and shrub thickets

Recovery Team: Shark Bay Marsupials Recovery Team
Long term objective:
The long term objective of the recovery program is to undertake conservation actions which:

Ensure the survival and maintain or improve the status of the western barred bandicoot and Shark Bay Islands subspecies of the burrowing bettong and banded hare-wallaby and Barrow Island subspecies of the burrowing bettong based on the IUCN criteria 2001 extent of occurrence1.

Recovery actions

  1. Protect the wild populations and their habitat

  2. Monitor the wild populations

  3. Maintain captive populations (where appropriate)

  4. Maintain existing reintroduced populations

  5. Reintroduce western barred bandicoots, burrowing bettongs and banded hare-wallabies to suitable mainland and island sites (if available)

  6. Conduct research to determine the genetic relationships of isolated populations of each species

  7. Enhance community participation and education in the recovery of the western barred bandicoot, the burrowing bettong and banded hare-wallaby

  8. Manage the recovery program

2. Background INFORMATION

This recovery plan covers four marsupial taxa listed under the Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act) (Table 1). Each of the taxa is listed under Schedule 1 ‘Fauna that is likely to become extinct or is rare’ under provisions of Section 14 of the Western Australian Wildlife Conservation Act 1950. The plan describes the status, relevant ecology, threats, and the recovery objectives and actions necessary to ensure the long-term survival of these taxa. It is the first national recovery plan for these species.

Table 1. Threatened Shark Bay marsupial taxa

Common name / Indigenous name
Taxonomic name


Western barred bandicoot/ Marl

Perameles bougainville bougainville


Burrowing bettong/ Boodie

(Shark Bay island subspecies)

Bettongia lesueur lesueur


Burrowing bettong / Boodie

(Barrow Island subspecies)

Bettongia lesueur unnamed subspecies


Banded hare-wallaby- Merrnine or Munning

Lagostrophus fasciatus fasciatus


V– Vulnerable, E – Endangered

* as western barred bandicoot (Shark Bay subspecies)

^ as banded hare-wallaby (Shark Bay subspecies)

The four listed threatened taxa represent the only extant taxa of their respective species: western barred bandicoot (Perameles bougainville), burrowing bettong (Bettongia lesueur) and banded hare-wallaby (Lagostrophus fasciatus). The recovery plan therefore covers all remaining examples of these three species. The species have each contracted markedly in range and wild populations are now found only on islands off the coast of Western Australia. They are referred to within this plan as ‘threatened Shark Bay marsupials’ as most of the remaining populations are within the Shark Bay region of WA (Figure 1).

The islands which contain populations of threatened Shark Bay marsupials are: Bernier Island (approximately 44 km2), Dorre Island (53 km2) (Figure 1), Barrow (233km2), and Boodie Islands (Figure 2). All are Class A Nature Reserves, managed by DEC. Remaining sites with existing recovery work are mostly National Parks or Private conservation reserves. Recovery of the western barred bandicoot and burrowing bettong occurs within the remaining pastoral leases of Carrarang Station and Lorna Glen with support from DEC. Private conservation sites and those on pastoral leases are very important to the recovery of these species, as is the involvement of both Government and non-Government interests. The common feature of all sites is the absence or control of introduced predators through annual baiting and targeted eradication programs mostly implemented by DEC.

Figure 1: Shark Bay WA, showing Bernier, Dorre, Dirk Hartog and Faure Islands, Heirisson Prong and Peron Peninsula.

Figure 2: Location of Barrow and Boodie Islands, WA.

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