National recovery plan

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2.1 Affected interests

Interests affected by and involved in the implementation of this recovery plan include:
Department of Environment and Conservation (Western Australia)

DEC manages:

  • Bernier, Dorre, Barrow and Boodie Islands, and the François Peron National Park, including their resident wild, captive and reintroduced populations of threatened mammals and Dirk Hartog Island National Park.

  • Project Eden, aims to reconstruct and rejuvenate an entire ecosystem on the 105 000 ha Peron Peninsula, by controlling introduced predators and reintroducing a suite of native fauna (Morris et al. 2004; Hardman and Moro 2006). Project Eden was launched in 1994. Fox baiting was implemented in 1995 and feral cat control in 1996. Reintroductions have included malleefowl, greater bilbies, woylies, quenda and chuditch.

  • Peron Captive Breeding Centre is the captive breeding facility for Project Eden in Shark Bay, Western Australia. This facility provides quality source stock for reintroductions and has successfully bred the following species banded hare-wallaby (BHW) (Lagostrophus fasciatus), western barred bandicoot (WBB) (Perameles bougainville), the mala (Lagorchestes hirsutus), greater bilby (Macrotis lagotis) and malleefowl (Leipoa ocellata). There are multiple enclosures at the facility with the larger of these built to accommodate wallabies (30 enclosures that measure 8 x 12m and a further 6 that measure 24 x 12m) and include custom built ground shelters. Additional enclosures are available for the rearing of other smaller species. 
  • The 24,000 ha Dryandra Woodland south-east of Perth, its surrounding area and the Return to Dryandra Field Breeding Facility (RTDBF). The RTDBF was established in 1997, which involved the construction of two ten-hectare captive breeding enclosures of natural vegetation.

  • The Western Shield fox control program instigated in 1996 over an area of 3.5 million ha of land (primarily in National Parks, Nature Reserves and State forest) (Possingham et al. 2004). Western Shield aims to maximise the recovery of native fauna by the control of foxes and feral cats, to reintroduce locally extinct species of native mammal and to involve rural communities in fox control (Possingham et al. 2004; Wyre 2004).

  • the Shark Bay World Heritage property.

  • the Recovery Team.

South Australian Department for Environment and Natural Resources (DENR)

DENR manages the Arid Recovery Project in partnership with BHP Billiton and the University of Adelaide. This project commenced in 1997. Initially 1,400ha area was fenced and rabbits, cats and foxes removed (Arid Recovery Project 2002). The Arid Recovery Reserve (ARR) is now 12 300 ha and has reintroduced populations of burrowing bettong, western barred bandicoot, greater stick-nest rat, greater bilby, numbat and woma python. Introduced predators and rabbits have been eradicated from 6,000 ha of the ARR, and control is ongoing in the remaining 2,600 ha ‘Red Lake expansion area’ (Arid Recovery 2011). The project aims to facilitate ecological restoration of an arid ecosystem through partnerships between mining, pastoral, tourism and conservation organisations. Other aims include researching this restoration and providing opportunities for education and training (Arid Recovery Project 2002).

Australian Wildlife Conservancy (AWC)

AWC is responsible for the management of a number of properties throughout Australia, including:

  • Faure Island in WA - a 5,800 ha pastoral lease within the Shark Bay World Heritage Area, with resident introduced populations of western barred bandicoots, burrowing bettongs, banded hare-wallabies and Shark Bay mouse (Pseudomys fieldi). The island is managed for conservation, and is free of introduced predators and rabbits. All feral goats have been culled (Richards 2007). Feral cats were eradicated from the island in 2001 by DEC (Algar et al. 2001; Algar and Burrows 2004).

  • Yookamurra Wildlife Sanctuary in South Australia – a 5,000 ha property, with a population of captive burrowing bettongs in a four ha predator-proof enclosure was upgraded in 2006 (formerly within a 1,100 ha enclosure). Burrowing bettongs and bilbies were released into the sanctuary in 2006, once feral animals were eradicated.

  • Scotia Wildlife Sanctuary in New South Wales – a 65,000 ha property, with a population of burrowing bettongs and bilbies in a second, larger 4,000 hectare fenced area (stage 2) is now complete.

The intention at these properties is to establish free-ranging and self-sustaining populations of these species within large enclosures.

Useless Loop Community Biosphere Project Group Inc. (ULCBPG)

The Useless Loop Community Biosphere Project Group Inc. (ULCBPG) is responsible for the management of the Heirisson Prong Community Biosphere Reserve and its resident reintroduced populations of the burrowing bettong (Short and Turner 2000; Richards and Short 2003; Richards et al. 2004). Heirisson Prong is a 1,200 ha peninsula fenced at its base to exclude introduced predators (Short et al. 1994). It was established in 1989 with the support of the local ULCBPG, mining company Shark Bay Salt Joint Venture (SBSJV) and the CSIRO. It is dedicated to nature conservation, education and recreation (Short 1999b).

BHP Billiton

WMC Resources supported the Arid Recovery Project near Roxby Downs in SA from 1997 to 2005, by providing infrastructure and financial assistance to assist in the re-establishment of western barred bandicoot and burrowing bettongs. BHP Billiton acquired WMC Resources in 2005 and is continuing to support the Arid Recovery Project. However, a project to expand the Olympic Dam mine at Roxby Downs (received Federal government approval on 10 October 2011- reference EPBC 2005/2270) has the potential to affect the Arid Recovery Project (P. Copley2 pers. comm.), which is bordered by the Olympic Dam Special Lease to the south, and is situated partly on the Olympic Dam Mine Lease and adjoining pastoral properties leased by BHP Billiton (Arid Recovery 2004). Further information regarding the project’s approval and conditions can be found at

Pastoral lessees - Carrarang Station

Part of the Carrarang Station lease has been surrendered to DEC. Management activities by DEC include feral animal control, mainly removal of goats through shooting, fence maintenance and baiting. Nanga Station has also been purchased by DEC and baiting for foxes was prioritised again for 2011, particularly in the northern half and buffer to Hamelin Pool Nature Reserve. Tamala Station is also partly owned by DEC.

Recovery of the burrowing bettong occurs within the existing pastoral leases of Carrarang Station in WA. Most recovery actions on these lands are implemented with DEC support and involve baiting and control programs of foxes and cats and to a lesser degree fence maintenance.

Shark Bay Salt Joint Venture (SBSJV)

SBSJV harvest salt within the vicinity of recovery actions for burrowing bettongs at Useless Loop in Shark Bay. The mining company supports a number of recovery actions related to the reintroduction of this threatened mammal adjacent to their existing mining lease, and within their current pastoral lease, by providing infrastructure and financial assistance. This includes support to ULCBPG to manage Heirisson Prong and funds for feral animal control such as baiting and fence maintenance.

Local communities

This includes residents, landholders and all community members.

Indigenous communities

This includes the Anangu indigenous community, members of the Mutijulu Community, and the Yadgalah Aboriginal Corporation.

The Shark Bay Shire Council

The Council maintains a community-based interest and support for the recovery of these species (B. Cane3 pers. comm.).


Staff that work on Barrow Island have had the opportunity to become directly involved with the monitoring of the island fauna and are made aware of the conservation significance of the island during their induction.

University of Adelaide, South Australia

The University is a partner in the Arid Recovery project

Wildlife Research and Management

Wildlife Research and Management monitor the burrowing bettong population at Heirisson Prong, and offer advice to the ULCBPG.

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