Navy explosive ordnance disposal program



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AVY EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL PROGRAM

This booklet is a brief introduction into the Navy’s Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) Program. You will find some very valuable information in this booklet on subjects such as a course description on the various phases of training, a suggested workout program to get you prepared for the physical stresses of training and helpful hints on nutrition. The EOD booklet is designed to prepare any highly motivated individual, regardless of past military history, for what is easily one of the toughest schools in the military. If you have any questions after reading this booklet, or you think you might be interested in the EOD program, contact your nearest Navy EOD Recruiter in, Great Lakes, Illinois (847) 688-4643/DSN 792-4643, NAB Little Creek Virginia COMEODGRU TWO (757) 462-8452 Ext. 1003/DSN 253-8452 Ext. 1003. 1-800-699-9895 Ext. 1003


HISTORY

Navy Explosive Ordnance Disposal teams trace their history back to the first group of volunteers selected to work with the famed British UXO teams, following the initial German Blitzkrieg attacks in early 1940. In June 1941, these veterans returned to form the first class in what was originally named the Mine Recovery School. Officers and enlisted personnel entered the eleven-week school, qualifying as Mine Recovery Personnel/Second Class Divers.

Between June 1941 and October 1945, nineteen classes graduated and deployed throughout the Pacific and Mediterranean theaters. Divided into Mobile Explosive Investigative Units (MEIU) they were instrumental in the clearance of explosive hazards both on land and at sea. The conflict in Korea saw a return to action on various minesweepers ensuring the continual clearance of shipping hazards. Additionally, the now renamed Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) Units took part in inland intelligence operations and interacted with ground based units in Inchon, Wonson and throughout the United Nations theater of operations.

Vietnam saw an increase in overall participation by EOD units. Units from EOD Mobile Unit ONE, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii deployed throughout the region. With an overall emphasis in sea and riverine mine clearance operations, these teams ensured the continued safety for shipping and maritime operations.

Since the close of the Vietnam conflict, the ever-changing world situation and increased operational tasking have prompted the expansion of EOD units in number, size and capabilities. Their impressive record in recent history includes the Persian Gulf War where EOD Technicians cleared in excess of 500 sea mines. EOD was the critical element in eliminating unexploded ordnance from the USS STARK after two Exocet anti-ship missiles fired from an Iraqi aircraft hit her. EOD developed render safe procedures on-site to prevent a catastrophe. During joint operations in Somalia, Haiti, Bosnia, and Kosovo, EOD provided safety and operational continuity by eliminating booby traps, weapons caches, and performing mine clearance operations. EOD units are presently serving in Afghanistan and Iraq where they are supporting the global war against terrorism, destroying tons of post war ordnance and reducing the threat imposed by Improvised Explosive Devices (IED) that have plagued both countries. Forward deployed and fully integrated within the various special operations and warfare units within the Navy and Marine Corps, the present day EOD technician has changed greatly from that first Mine Recovery class of 1941. But one thing that has never changed is the level of professionalism and dedication that has been the cornerstone of the program.

As an EOD student, you will participate in challenging training and encounter opportunities to develop and test your mental understanding, physical stamina and overall leadership. EOD training is extremely tough, both mentally and physically; but through proper preparation and a positive mental attitude, you can meet its challenges with confidence.


TRAINING

EOD candidates will receive Permanent Change of Station (PCS) orders to Naval School Explosive Ordnance Disposal (NAVSCOLEOD), Eglin Air Force Base, Ft Walton Beach, Florida with TEMDUINST in route to Naval Diving and Salvage Training Center (NDSTC) Panama City, Florida.

A total of approx. 12 months of rigorous training begins with nine weeks of dive training at NDSTC. Students receive training in diving physics, medicine, SCUBA, MK16 mixed gas diving system, Hyperbaric chamber operation, familiarization of the MK21 Superlight surface supplied hard hat diving system, rubber raiding craft small boat operation and small team diving integration.

Upon successful completion of dive school, students transfer to the NAVSCOLEOD facility at Eglin AFB. Training in Eglin is 41 weeks, consisting of core classes, demolition of explosives, EOD tools and methods, chemical munitions and EOD publications.

The final phase of basic EOD training continues at NAVSCOLEOD, Eglin AFB Florida. Training is broken down into specific types of ordnance. Each division teaches an in depth course on both foreign and domestic weapons. These divisions are broken down into the following:

Ground Ordnance. Covers Landmines, grenades, booby traps and projected munitions (projectiles, mortars and rockets).

Air Ordnance. Bombs, missiles, egress systems, gun systems and aircraft explosive hazards.

Improvised Explosive Devices. Homemade bombs, terrorist devices and their render safe procedures.

Underwater Ordnance. Torpedoes, mines, underwater explosive devices, search techniques and foreign ordnance exploitation.

Nuclear Weapons. Basic nuclear physics and radiation monitoring, decontamination procedures and nuclear weapon render safe procedures.

FOLLOW ON TRAINING

Once stationed at an EOD Mobile Unit the EOD technician has opportunities to advance their training through a variety of military schools applicable to the EOD field including:

•Helo-Rope Suspension Training (HRST)

•Basic parachute training and parachute water insertion training.

•Advanced Access and Disablement

•Jumpmaster training

•Small unit tactics

•Small Arms Instructor

•Language School (DLI)

•EOD Communications (tactical radio communications)

In addition to normal pay allowances, EOD Technicians currently receive:

•$215.00 per month dive duty pay

•$150.00 per month hazardous duty pay

•$150.00 per month parachutist pay

•Special duty assignment pay based upon their level of experience:

$150.00 per month for Basic Technicians

$225.00 per month for Senior Technicians

$300.00 per month for Master Technicians

EOD is a warfare specialty.

TOURS OF DUTY

EOD personnel are detailed by a closed loop NEC. Closed loop detailing ensures that EOD technicians are assigned only to EOD billets. EOD tours (60 months sea and 36 months shore) are as follows:


First Tour. EOD Mobile Unit, This tour is considered sea duty for rotation purposes. A Mobile Unit EOD technician is part of a six to eight man detachment, usually consisting of an EOD Officer in Charge, a Leading Chief and four to six enlisted personnel. An EOD detachment could be deployed to fill shipboard requirements on Aircraft Carriers and Amphibious ships. While deployed, each team fills a variety of responsibilities throughout the Carrier Battle Groups and Amphibious Ready Groups. The variety of assignments can include flight deck operations, amphibious operations and training throughout the Battle Group. Additionally, personnel can be assigned to a Mine Counter Measures Detachment, Marine Mammal Systems Detachment. Detachments are also involved in Secret Service Support.

The location of Groups and Units are:


WEST COAST EAST COAST

EOD Group ONE, San Diego, CA EOD Group TWO, Little Creek, VA

EODMU THREE, San Diego, CA EODMU TWO, Little Creek, VA

EODMU FIVE, NAS Guam EODMU SIX, Charleston, SC

EODMU ELEVEN, Oak Harbor, WA EODMU EIGHT, NAS Sicily

EODMU FOUR, Bahrain



Second Tour. EOD Shore Detachments, Shore detachments can be found at most major Naval Air and Weapon stations supporting the base mission, as well as response for the geographic area. Detachments are located worldwide.

Third Tour. The third tour is normally as an instructor at Explosive Ordnance Disposal Training Evaluation Unit ONE San Diego, Training Evaluation Unit TWO FT Story VA, Naval School Explosive Ordnance Disposal or Naval Diving and Salvage Training Center.

ENTRY REQUIREMENTS

EOD candidates must be in top physical condition and have a positive attitude. The minimum requirements for EOD candidates are as follows:

Reference: (a) MILPERS MANUAL 1220-100

Requirements:

1. 30 years of age or less, as of the date application is received by NPC, per reference (a). (Waivers available on case-by-case basis)

2. Paygrade E-2 through E-5 (personnel E2-E3 must be designated)

3. ASVAB Score:

PAY 80 version: VE+AR=110, MC=50 or GS+MC+EI=165 (Waivers on case by case basis)

PAY 97 version: VE+AR=109, MC=51 or GS+MC+EI=169 (Waivers on case by case basis)

4. Obligated service (OBLISERV) of 36 months upon completion of class graduation date.

NOTE: Applicants having less than the required obligated service shall execute an

agreement to extend enlistment, NAVPERS 1070/621, or an extension of active duty

agreement, NAVPERS 1070/622. Page 13 entry agreeing to extend or reenlist at EAOS

to meet OBLISERV requirements is authorized if it will prevent economic loss to the

individual.

5. Be classified in, or a designated striker for a source rating for the requested program. If not in an approved source rating, the applicant must sign a Page 13 entry agreeing to convert to an undermanned source rating within a year of completion of initial training.

6. No NJP or Court Martial convictions during the previous twelve months prior to application.

7. Meet medical standards as specified in the NAVMED P-117, Manual of the Medical Department, Chapter 15 article 66 - Diving Duty.

8. Meet minimum performance standards. Evaluation marks (3.0 and above) and comments should indicate a member who is industrious, capable of self-discipline, and who meets the requirements for an honorable discharge.

9. Pass a hyperbaric pressure tolerance test. This test is conducted in a hyperbaric recompression chamber. It is designed to determine if the applicant can successfully adapt to increase atmospheric pressure without adverse physiological reaction. Waivers to this may be granted if a hyperbaric facility is not available within a reasonable distance, however, the test must be successfully completed before enrollment.

10. Be on board present command for two years in accordance with reference (a).

11. Be screened by an EOD Officer or an E-6 or above Master EOD Technician (5336/37), and pass the EOD Physical Screening test.

12. EOD applicants must be eligible for a SECRET clearance based on a DD 398-2, Personnel Security Questionnaire National Agency Checklist (NAC). EOD applicants must meet Personnel Reliability Program (PRP) as specified in OPNAVINST 8027.6E, Commands will initiate a background investigation in these members approved for EOD Training prior to the transfer of such personnel.

13. Be recommended by applicant’s current Commanding Officer.

14. Minimum requirements for the EOD Physical screening test:




EVENT

TIME

(minutes)

POSITION

500 Yard Swim

14:00

Continuous Sidestroke and/or Breaststroke

REST

10:00

Standing Position

42 Pushups

2:00

Straight Back and Knees, Locking the elbows on the up position

REST

2:00

Standing Position

50 Sit-ups

2:00

Knees bent, arms across chest, hands on shoulders

REST

2:00

Standing Position

6 Pull Ups

No Limit

Palms Away, No Swinging or Jerking

REST

10:00

Standing Position

1.5 Mile Run


12:45

Running Shoes and Shorts

 

SUGGESTED STUDENT PREPARATION

The following workouts are designed for two categories of people: Category I are for future EOD students that have not been on a regular routine physical training program. Category 11 is designed for potential students that have had a regular routine physical training program. Usually participants in sports or activities that require a high level of cardiovascular activity are in Category II. Swimming, running, bicycling and wrestling are good examples of such sports.



PREPARATION FOR CATEGORY I

RUNNING: The majority of the physical activities you will be required to perform during your first phase of EOD training will involve a substantial amount of running. The intense amount of running can lead to unseen injuries of the lower extremities in trainees who arrive without physically preparing themselves to handle the activities. Swimming, bicycling and lifting weights will prepare you for some of these activities at EOD school, but, ONLY running can prepare your lower extremities for the majority of the physical demands you will be required to overcome.

The goal for the category I student is to work up to sixteen miles per week of running. After you’ve achieved that goal, THEN and ONLY THEN should you continue on to the category II goal of thirty miles per week. Category I is a build up program, follow the workout as best you can and you will be amazed at the progress you will make.



RUNNING SCHEDULE I

WEEK


MON

TUES

WED

THUR

FRI

TOTAL

WEEK #1

2 Miles

Off

2 Miles

Off

2 Miles

6 Miles

WEEK #2

2 Miles

Off

2 Miles

Off

2 Miles

6 Miles

WEEK #3

Off

Off

Off

Off

Off

0 Miles

WEEK #4

3 Miles

Off

3 Miles

Off

3 Miles

9 Miles

WEEK #5

2 Miles

3 Miles

4 Miles

2 Miles

Off

11 Miles

WEEK #6

2 Miles


3 Miles

4 Miles

2 Miles

Off

11 Miles

WEEK #7

3 Miles

4 Miles

5 Miles

4 Miles

Off

16 Miles

WEEK #8

3 Miles

4 Miles

5 Miles

4 Miles

Off

16 Miles

WEEK #9

3 Miles

4 Miles

5 Miles

4 Miles

Off

16 Miles

PHYSICAL TRAINING SCHEDULE I

(Perform Mon/Wed/Fri)

Sets X Repetitions


WEEK

PUSH-UPS

SIT-UPS

PULL-UPS

Week #1

4X15

4X20

3X3

Week #2


5X20

5X20

3X3

Week #3

5X25

5X25

3X4

Week #4

5X25

5X25

3X4

Week #5

6X25

6X25

2X8

Week #6

6X25

6X25

2X8

Week #7

6X30

6X30

2X10

Week #8

6X30

6X30


2X10

Week #9

6X30

6X30

3X10

NOTE: For best results, alternate exercises. Do a set of pushups, then a set of sit-ups followed by a set of pull-ups. Do the three sets of exercises with no rest between, take a 30 second rest, and repeat for remainder of program.

SWIMMING SCHEDULE I

(Alternate sidestroke and breaststroke with no fins 4-5 days a week)



Week

Swim Continuously

Week #1

15 minutes

Week #2

15 minutes

Week #3

20 minutes

Week #4

20 minutes

Week #5

25 minutes

Week #6

25 minutes

Week #7


30 minutes

Week #8

30 minutes

Week #9

35 minutes

NOTE: If you have no access to a pool, ride a bicycle for twice as long as you would have swam. If you do have access to a pool, swim every day available. Your initial workout goal needs to be for you to swim 200 meters a day four to five days a week. In addition, work to develop your sidestroke on both the left and right side. Try to swim one direction on the left side, return the opposite side.

PREPARATION FOR CATEGORY II

Category II is a more intense workout designed for those who have been involved with a regular routine physical training program or for those who have completed the requirements of category I. DO NOT ATTEMPT THIS WORKOUT SCHEDULE UNLESS YOU CAN COMPLETE THE WEEK #9 LEVEL OF CATEGORY I WORKOUTS.



RUNNING SCHEDULE II

WEEK

MON

TUES

WED

THUR

FRI

TOTAL

Week #1

3 Miles

5 Miles

4 Miles


5 Miles

2 Miles

19 Miles

Week #2

3 Miles

5 Miles

4 Miles

5 Miles

2 Miles

19 Miles

Week #3

4 Miles

5 Miles

6 Miles

4 Miles

3 Miles

22 Miles

Week #4

4 Miles

5 Miles

6 Miles

4 Miles

3 Miles

22 Miles

Week #5

5 Miles

5 Miles

6 Miles

4 Miles

4 Miles

46 Miles

Week #6

5 Miles

6 Miles

6 Miles

6 Miles

4 Miles

27 Miles

Week #7

6 Miles

6 Miles


6 Miles

6 Miles

6 Miles

30 Miles

NOTE: For weeks #8, #9 and beyond, it is not necessary to increase the distance of the runs. Work on the speed of your six-mile runs and try to get them down to a 7:30 minute per mile pace or lower (this would allow you to complete your run in 45 minutes or better). If you wish to increase the distance of your runs, do it gradually—no more than three miles per week for every week beyond week #9.

PHYSICAL TRAINING SCHEDULE II

(Perform Mon/Wed/Fri)

Sets X Repetitions


WEEK

PUSH-UPS

SIT-UPS

PULL-UPS

DIPS

Week #1

6X30

6X35

3X10

3x20

Week #2

6X30

6X35

3X10

3X10

Week #3

10X20


10X25

4X10

10X15

Week #4

10X20

10X25

4X10

10X5

Week #5

15X20

15X25

4X12

15X15

Week #6

20X20

20X25

5X12

20X15

These workouts are designed for long-distance muscle endurance. Muscle fatigue will gradually take longer and longer to develop doing high repetition workouts. For best results, alternate exercises each set, in order to rest particular muscle groups for a short time. The above exercises can get a bit boring after a while. The following workouts can be used to break up the monotony.

PYRAMID WORKOUTS

You can do this with any exercise. The object is to slowly build up to a set goal, then work back down to the beginning. For instance, push-ups, sit-ups, pull-ups and dips can be alternated as in the above workouts, but this time chose a number to be your goal and build up to that number. Each number counts as a set. For example, say your goal is “5”.


Pull-ups

1

2

3

4

5

4

3

2

1

 

Push-ups

2

4

6

8

10

8

6

4

2

2 X number of pull-ups

Sit-ups

3

6

9

12

15

12

9

6

3

3 X number of pull-ups

Dips

2

4

6

8

10

8

6

4

2

same as push-ups

 

SWIMMING WORKOUTS II

(4 - 5 days per week)


Week

Swim continuously

Week #1

35 minutes

Week #2

35 minutes

Week #3

45 minutes with fins

Week #4

45 minutes with fins

Week #5

60 minutes with fins

Week #6

75 minutes with fins

NOTE: At first, to reduce stress on your foot and calf muscles when starting with fins, alternate swimming 1000 meters with fins and 1000 meters without. Your goal should be to swim 50 meters in 45 seconds or less.

STRETCHING

Since Monday, Wednesday and Friday are devoted to physical training exercises, it is wise to devote at least twenty minutes on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday to stretching. You should always follow up any workout with at least fifteen minutes of stretching, however, on non-exercise days, just stretching the muscles will make you more flexible and less likely to get injured. A good way to start stretching is to start at the top and work toward the bottom. Stretch each muscle group to the point of tightness - not to pain - hold for ten to fifteen seconds. DO NOT BOUNCE. Stretch every muscle in your body from the neck to the ankles, concentrate especially on the calves, thighs, hamstrings, chest, back and shoulders.



NUTRITION

Proper nutrition is extremely important now and especially when you arrive at EOD School. You must make sure you receive the necessary nutrients to obtain maximum performance output during exercise as well as to promote muscle/tissue growth and recovery. The proper diet provides all the nutrients for the body’s needs and supplies energy for exercise. As well, it promotes growth and repair of tissue and regulates the body processes.

The fastest, most readily used source of energy is carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are divided into two categories: simple and complex. Simple carbohydrates are quickly broken down into fuel, although they provide a fast source of energy to the body they are used very rapidly. For long-distance endurance activities simple carbohydrates alone cannot adequately supply the body with the fuel it requires. In comparison, complex carbohydrates require a slightly longer period of time to break down to fuel. However, that fuel will be utilized over a much longer period of time.

A combination of simple and complex carbohydrates is optimal for proper energy and recovery. Foods rich in complex carbohydrates would include potatoes, pasta, rice, fruits and vegetables.

Simple carbohydrates are found abundantly in processed foods: Fig Newton cookies and dried fruit would be healthy sources. Readily available performance nutrition bars generally provide a good ratio of complex to simple carbohydrates, their drawback would be the high cost per bar.

Carbohydrates alone will not provide the body all that it requires. Your diet requires, in addition, a combination of protein and fat. Protein is essential in the diet, especially for active individuals. It contains amino acids, which are the building blocks of all muscle within the body. High quality protein will help aid in muscle growth, repair and recovery. Fat, on the other hand, provides the muscles with a long-term source of energy. Even in the leanest athletes, the body’s fat storage can potentially provide more then twice the amount of energy as carbohydrates. The trick in utilizing this gold mine of energy is to provide the body with a regular supply. Contrary to popular thought, diets void of fat will not unable you to lose weight and maintain energy.

The amount of food consumed each day should coincide with the level of exercise you are doing. As a general rule, the average adult male requires approximately 2000 calories per day. As you increase your energy usage you need to increase the amount of fuel you consume. A good practice is to regularly refuel following each substantial workout. This means getting in a balanced amount of nutrients within fifteen to thirty minutes following a workout. This is a good time to utilize those nutrition bars, energy drinks or even a peanut butter and jelly sandwich.

Your basic diet should consist of a proper percentage of each of these nutrients:

Carbohydrates 40 - 60 %

Protein 30 - 20 %

Fat 30 - 20 %

Of all the things you put into your body, water is by far the most important. Depending on your level of exercise, you should be consuming as much as four quarts of water daily. It is very easy to become dehydrated while exercising, this is especially true while in EOD school. The single most important rule to remember is to DRINK BEFORE YOU GET THIRSTY! Substances such as alcohol, caffeine and tobacco increase your body’s need for water. So, if you are going to utilize these, do so in moderation! Too much of these substances will definitely harm your body and hinder your performance. Supplemental intake of vitamins, as well, has not been proven to be beneficial. If you are eating a well balanced diet, you will be getting all the vitamins, minerals and trace elements your body requires to get you through the training.


REQUIREMENTS AND PROCEDURES FOR

EOD APPLICATION
Entry requirements (From MILPERSMAN section 1220-100):


  • Meet ASVAB test score requirements:

  • PAY 80: VE+AR=110 and MC=50 or GS+MC+EI=165*

  • PAY 97: VE+AR=109 and MC=51 or GS+MC+EI=169*

  • Meet age requirements: 30 yrs old of less when you enter training*

  • Pass the physical screening test & interview with screening activity (must be master EOD TECH E-6 or above)

  • Pass a diving physical(must be signed by DMO, flight surgeon can do P.E. but will need to be faxed to BUMED for review/sign fax# 202-762-0931)

  • Pass pressure test(must have dive physical complete)

  • Meet EAOS requirements(page 13 may be required)

  • Be in a source rating or agree to cross to a source rate within one year of graduating EOD school

  • Eval marks 3.0 and above

  • No NJP in the previous 12 months

  • Complete and submit an SSBI prior to detaching from present command

*Waivers for age and ASVAB scores can be handled on a case-by-case basis.


How do I get Started:


  • Submit special request chit through your chain of command requesting EOD screening

  • Meet with Command Career Counselor, review MILPERSMAN 1220/100

  • Pass PT test and Interview

  • Pass Dive Physical
  • Pass Pressure Test*


  • Submit a “Personal Action Request” (Form 1306/7) to EOD assignments


Include with your request:

*Cover Page, NAVPERS 1306/7 will reference MILPERSMAN 1220-200. A sample for the

required statement can be found in 1220-100, EXHIBIT 3

*Copy of ASVAB scores(MILPERSMAN 1220-200)

*Report of Applicant Screening(from EOD screening activity)

*Previous 3 years performance evaluations

*Pressure test results

*Medical Screening questionnaire

*SF 88 Dive Physical

*SF 93 Dive Physical

*or DD2808/2807-1
FAX YOUR PACKAGE TO:

DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY

NAVY PERSONNEL COMMAND

NPC-401DH

5720 INTEGRITY DRIVE

MILLINGTON TN 38055-8520


FAX NUMBER: DSN 882-2716, COMM (901) 874-2716

VERIFY THAT YOUR PACKAGE WAS RECEIVED CALL:

(901) 874-4261; DSN 882-4261



NEW RECRUITS

How to become an EOD Technician





  • Contact your Navy Recruiter

  • Enlist in the Navy for four or Six years under the “EOD Challenge Program”

  • Choose a “source rating”

(AB AO BU, CM, EN, DO, GM, EM, IC, IT, HT, MN, OS, PH, MM, SK, PR, QM)

  • Successfully complete Navy recruit training:

    • Pass the physical screening test and Interview with EOD Motivator
    • Pass your diving physical


  • Attend your source rating class “A” school

  • Complete EOD Dive school

  • Complete EOD Technician school

  • Complete Basic Airborne school

  • Complete EOD Tactical Training course

  • Report to an operational EOD mobile unit



The EOD Challenge Program

Qualified Recruits Receive:



  • “A” School Guarantee

  • EOD School guarantee, (must meet the requirements, Physical screening test, Interview with EOD Motivator, pass diving physical, etc.)

  • Three chances to pass the physical screening test at RTC

  • $12,000.00 enlistment bonus (if available)

  • Automatic advancement to E-4 upon completion of EOD school


WEB SITES:


WWW.NAVY.COM

WWW.EOD.NAVY.MIL


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