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Episode 35

27th November 2012

uestions for discussion


Gaza Conflict

  1. The BtN story explained the conflict between which two groups?

  2. People who live in Gaza call themselves __________________.

  3. What is the military wing in charge of Gaza called?

  4. Before 1948 there was no __________. The area was known as Palestine and it was ruled by _______________.

  5. Why did lots of Jewish people come to Palestine?

  6. People from which religious groups were living in the area known as Palestine?

  7. What solution did the United Nations come up with to solve the dispute?

  8. Why did war break out between Jewish and Arab people?

  9. Why is finding a solution difficult?

  10. What do you understand more clearly since watching the BtN story?



Post a message on the Behind the News Guestbook http://www.abc.net.au/btn/

4 Degrees



  1. What was the main point of the 4 Degrees story?

  2. According to a report by the World Bank how many degrees will the world warm by in 2100?

  3. What could happen to coral if water temperatures rise?

  4. What could happen to the temperature in some places around the world?

  5. What impact could rising temperatures have on crops?

  6. There may be a greater chance of drought and tough conditions for farmers. True or false?
  7. What effect could that have on food supply?


  8. Why might sea levels rise if there is an increase in temperature?

  9. What would it mean for places like Kiribati in the Pacific?

  10. What do you think could be done to stop temperatures from rising?



Test your knowledge in the Climate Change BtN quiz. Go to the BtN website and follow the links.

Young Refugee



  1. Discuss the Young Refugee story with another student.

  2. Why did Bashir leave Afghanistan?

  3. Why do you think it would have been a difficult decision for him to leave Afghanistan?

  4. Describe Bashir’s boat journey from Indonesia to Christmas Island.

  5. What did he teach himself in the detention centre on Christmas Island?

  6. How long did Bashir spend in the detention centre?

  7. Describe Bashir and Mohsen’s relationship.

  8. What does he want to study at university?

  9. How is Bashir’s life in Australia different to his life in Afghanistan?

  10. How did this story make you feel?



The UN Refugee Agency website has a game that gives some insight into what it’s like to be a refugee http://www.playagainstallodds.com/ What did the game teach you about refugees that you didn’t already know?

    Bollywood Culture



  1. Briefly summarise the BtN story.

  2. In your own words, describe Bollywood dance.

  3. What does Bollywood dance involve?

  4. Where does the name Bollywood come from?

  5. Bollywood is the biggest film industry in India. True or false?

  6. Who produces more movies and sells more tickets, Hollywood or Bollywood?

  7. India’s population is about ____times bigger than Australia’s.
  8. What is Australia’s connection to Bollywood films?


  9. What do Bollywood films usually include?

  10. Illustrate an aspect of the Bollywood Culture story.



Design your own Bollywood film poster using Glogster http://www.glogster.com/ . Consider how a movie poster is used as a tool for marketing a new film.

    Year in Review



  1. Describe a significant event that happened in 2012.

  2. What was your favourite BtN story for 2012? Explain your answer.

  3. What was big political news in Australia and overseas this year?

  4. Choose a BtN story about an issue facing young people and briefly describe it.

  5. What were some important moments in science?

  6. Which BtN story had the biggest impact on you this year? Why?

  7. What topics or issues would you like to see reported on BtN next year?

  8. What do you think was the funniest moment on BtN this year?

  9. Choose your top 5 stories from BtN this year. Briefly explain why you chose the stories.

  10. What changes would you make to BtN?



Write your best memory of 2012 in the Behind the News guestbook http://www.abc.net.au/btn/. You can also tell the team what you thought about the show this year.


A
Episode 35

27th November 2012

ctivity


Bollywood Culture
Key Learning

This activity provides strategies and activities for students to explore and appreciate the culture of India and its Bollywood film industry.


The Australian Curriculum > Cross-curriculum priorities > Asia and Australia’s engagement with Asia


Organising ideas

Cross-curriculum priorities

Asia and Australia’s engagement with Asia



General capabilities

Literacy

Intercultural understanding

Personal and social capability

Critical and creative thinking




Asia and its diversity

  • The peoples and countries of Asia are diverse in ethnic background, traditions, cultures, belief systems and religions. 

  • Interrelationships between humans and the diverse environments in Asia shape the region and have global implications.

Achievements and contributions of the peoples of Asia

  • The peoples and countries of Asia have contributed and continue to contribute to world history and human endeavour.

  • The arts and literature of Asia influence aesthetic and creative pursuits within Australia, the region and globally.

Asia-Australia engagement
  • Collaboration and engagement with the peoples of Asia support effective regional and global citizenship.


  • Australia is part of the Asia region and our histories from ancient times to the present are linked.

  • Australians play a significant role in social, cultural, political and economic developments in the Asia region.

  • Australians of Asian heritage have influenced Australia’s history and continue to influence its dynamic culture and society.

Link Cross-curriculum priorities

Focus Questions

  1. Briefly summarise the BtN story.

  2. In your own words, describe Bollywood dance.

  3. What does Bollywood dance involve?

  4. Where does the name Bollywood come from?

  5. Bollywood is the biggest film industry in India. True or false?

  6. Who produces more movies and sells more tickets, Hollywood or Bollywood?

  7. India’s population is about ____times bigger than Australia’s.

  8. What is Australia’s connection to Bollywood films?

  9. What do Bollywood films usually include?

  10. Illustrate an aspect of the Bollywood Culture story.

    Activity

K-W-L-H organiser

After watching the BtN Bollywood story, working in pairs, ask students to discuss and record what they already know about Bollywood. What questions were raised in the discussion (what are the gaps in their knowledge)? The following K-W-L-H organiser provides students with a framework to explore their prior knowledge on this topic and consider what they would like to know and learn.




What do I know?

What do I want to know?


What have I learnt?

How will I find out?










Students can investigate their own questions or some of the following:



  • Where does the Bollywood film industry originate?

  • What makes Bollywood unique?

  • What influence has Bollywood had on western culture?

  • Do Bollywood films reflect everyday life in India? How or how not?

  • How does Bollywood reflect Indian culture (e.g. dance, music, festivals)?

  • How has Indian culture influenced your life?

  • What are some of the similarities and differences between India and Australia?

Encourage students to share their research with the class. Interesting ways to present the information include:



  • Diagram/flow chart

  • Information report

  • Prezi presentation http://prezi.com/index/

  • Brochure

  • Oral presentation

  • Web page


Comparison activity

Ask students to compare aspects of Bollywood and Hollywood by completing the table below.


Interesting fact: Do you know where the word Bollywood comes from? The term Bollywood was created by combining the words Bombay (a city in India now called Mumbai), and Hollywood (the famous centre of the United States film industry).


Comparison Activity

Bollywood


film industry


Hollywood

film industry

Locate on a world map where this film industry based.







What is the main language spoken?







How many films are made each year?







What is the average budget spent per movie?







How many tickets are sold at the cinema each year?







On average how much profit is made from each film?







Name some popular films







List 5 words that best describe this industry






Ask students to summarise in a paragraph some of the similarities and differences between Bollywood and Hollywood. Encourage students to share their summaries with the class.



Filmmaking activity

Discuss with students what elements are needed to make a Bollywood film. Here are some areas for discussion:


  • Script – Hindi (language).


  • Musical – songs and dances.

  • Entertainment – comedy, romance, action, drama.

  • Heroes who are able to fight off villains by themselves.

  • Duration – generally 3 hours or longer.

  • Modern fashion and/or traditional costume.

Encourage students to think like a filmmaker and create their own Bollywood movie trailer using iMovie.


Interesting fact: Did you know that trailers were originally shown at the end of films which is where they got their name from – they trailed after the film. However people would leave the cinema once the movie finished and missed the trailers, so they were moved to be shown before the film.
Some questions for students to consider when creating their movie trailer might include:

  • What is the purpose of a movie trailer?

  • Generally, how long is a movie trailer?

  • Who is your target audience?

  • Will you use a voice over?

  • What type of music and/or sound effects will you use to create mood?

  • How does music help the audience understand the story’s setting and events?

Further Investigation

Design your own Bollywood film poster using Glogster http://www.glogster.com/ . Consider how a movie poster is used as a tool for marketing a new film.

8 Related Research Links

CBBC Newsround – What is Bollywood?

http://news.bbc.co.uk/cbbcnews/hi/find_out/guides/2003/bollywood/newsid_2683000/2683799.stm
CBBC Newsround – Bollywood Newsround Extra

http://news.bbc.co.uk/cbbcnews/hi/static/find_out/specials/newsround_extra/bollywood/html/default.stm
Asia Education – Bollywood Inspiration

http://www.asiaeducation.edu.au/resource/asiascopeseqartsunits_bollywood_inspiration.html

A
Episode 35

27th November 2012


ctivity


Year in Review
Key Learning

Students will explore various news stories presented by Behind the News throughout 2012, and then research and write their own news story presentation.




The Australian Curriculum > English / Literacy / Interpreting, analysing, evaluating

Content description & elaboration

General capabilities

Literacy


Information and communication technology capability

Critical and creative thinking



Modes

Writing

Listening

Speaking

Reading

Use comprehension strategies to interpret and analyse information and ideas, comparing content from a variety of textual sources including media and digital texts. Code ACELY1713


  • making connections between the text and students’ own experience or other texts

  • making connections between information in print and images

  • finding specific literal information

  • using prior knowledge and textual information to make inferences and predictions

  • asking and answering questions

  • finding the main idea of a text

Content description & elaboration

Understand that the coherence of more complex texts relies on devices that signal text structure and guide readers, for example overviews, initial and concluding paragraphs and topic sentences, indexes or site maps or breadcrumb trails for online texts. Code ACELA1763

  • analysing the structure of media texts such as television news items and broadcasts and various types of newspaper and magazine articles

Focus Questions



  1. Describe a significant event that happened in 2012.

  2. What was your favourite BtN story for 2012? Explain your answer.

  3. What was big political news in Australia and overseas this year?

  4. Choose a BtN story about an issue facing young people and briefly describe it.

  5. What were some important moments in science?

  6. Which BtN story had the biggest impact on you this year? Why?

  7. What topics or issues would you like to see reported on BtN next year?

  8. What do you think was the funniest moment on BtN this year?

  9. Choose your top 5 stories from BtN this year. Briefly explain why you chose the stories.

  10. What changes would you make to BtN?


Activity

Write your best memory of 2012 in the Behind the News guestbook http://www.abc.net.au/btn/. You can also tell the team what you thought about the show this year.





Choose your five favourite stories from BtN this year. To ensure there are a variety of stories, ask students to choose one from each of the following topics (for further topics visit BtN’s Teacher Inquiry Topics page http://www.abc.net.au/btn/topics.htm):

  • Science

  • Environment

  • Health

  • Animals

Once students have chosen their favourite stories from 2012, answer the following questions and then share with the class:



  • Why did you choose these stories?

  • Why do you think kids would be interested in these stories?

  • Write a quiz question for two of the stories you chose.

  • Write an online poll question.



    Be a news reporter!

What topics or issues would you like to have seen reported on BtN this year? Provide students with the opportunity to think and behave like a reporter. Discuss as a class what the following key words mean in relation to news writing. Ask students to check the meanings.

  • Investigate

  • Journalism

  • Reporter

  • Bias

  • Opinion

  • Fact

  • Source

    Organise an excursion to your local news broadcasting corporation or conduct online research to find out how a news story is produced. Alternatively take a look at BtN’s Behind BtN video http://www.abc.net.au/btn/ to get a behind the scenes look at news reporting.

    Ask students to start a journal to record their findings, ideas and questions as they learn. Here are some areas of research that students may want to investigate.


  • Where do you find your daily news? What other types of mediums can you find the news?

  • What makes a story newsworthy?

  • The Five W’s of Journalism are Who? What? When? Where? Why? – What do you think is meant by this phrase? How do these question starters help with the process of information gathering?



The media provide us with news stories from around the world. They keep us informed about the many aspects of life on our planet. In pairs or small groups ask students to work on researching, writing and preparing a news story. Students will prepare an outline for presenting the details of a current news story for a younger audience. Ask student to complete the following plan with details of their presentation.


    Story Headline:



    Type of Story (sports, politics etc):

    Location (local, national or overseas):



    People involved (includes their role in the story):

    Story outline (notes) or script if for TV/radio (Who? What? When? Where? Why?):



    Additional information:



    Resources required for the presentation:

Students will need to consider how they communicate their story to enhance audience engagement and understanding. Students will need to consider how they adapt their news story for the medium they will be using. If you would like to create your own BtN style news visit the BtN website for some basic media assets to help you! http://www.abc.net.au/btn/teachers.htm



Further Investigations

Be a reporter! Learn to research and report on endangered species.

http://teacher.scholastic.com/scholasticnews/indepth/endangered_species/activities/reporter/index.asp




Write a number of general knowledge questions, with answers, relating to recent current affairs. Use them to organise a class general knowledge quiz.



8 Related Research Links

Behind the News – Stories


http://www.abc.net.au/btn/stories.htm
BBC News School Report – Quiz: Keeping news safe and legal

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/school_report/6447675.stm
BBC News School Report – Keeping your news safe and legal Teachers notes

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/school_report/resources_for_teachers/4779911.stm
A
Episode 35

27th November 2012


ctivity


End of Year Quiz


  1. The boss and founder of Facebook is...

    1. Bill Gates

    2. Mark Zuckerberg

    3. Steve Jobs




  1. A foley artist creates...

    1. Animations

    2. Sound effects

    3. Costumes




  1. In which decade did the Cold War between the USA and the USSR end?

    1. 1950s

    2. 1970s

    3. 1990s



  1. Using sound to locate objects and navigate is called...


    1. Oscillation

    2. Echolocation

    3. Amplification




  1. What is the chemical symbol for oxygen?

    1. CO2

    2. O

    3. Oxy




  1. About one in four Aussie kids has been bullied.

    1. True

    2. False




  1. Is the world population

    1. Increasing

    2. Decreasing

    3. Staying the same




  1. The Mountain Pygmy-possum is a...

    1. Reptile

    2. Monotreme

    3. Marsupial



  1. The currency of Greece before they joined the Eurozone was the...

    1. Franc

    2. Krona

    3. Drachma




  1. The art and science of making maps is called...

    1. Topography

    2. Cartography

    3. Orienteering




  1. Indigenous people used native plants for...

    1. Food

    2. Medicine

    3. Both food and medicine




  1. Korfball is an Olympic sport.

    1. True

    2. False




  1. How many people around the world live below the poverty line?

    1. 1.4 million

    2. 1.4 billion

    3. 2.4 billion




  1. What did Queen Elizabeth II celebrate recently?

    1. Golden Jubilee


    2. Diamond Jubilee

    3. Coronation




  1. Which Australian building is on the $5 note?

    1. Opera House

    2. Parliament House

    3. Centrepoint Tower



  1. Which planet in our solar system is most like Earth?

    1. Mars

    2. Jupiter

    3. Venus

  2. Julian Assange is the founder of which website?

    1. WebLeaks

    2. WikiLeaks

    3. SpyLeaks



  1. Gorillas are...

    1. Primates

    2. Monotremes

    3. Marsupials




  1. What type of industry is mining?

    1. Retail

    2. Primary

    3. Manufacturing



  1. If you’re on the internet you are...

    1. Online

    2. Offline

    3. Onside




  1. Approximately how many small reefs and islands make up the Great Barrier Reef?

    1. 3

    2. 3,000

    3. 3 million




  1. What are you called if you study dinosaur fossils?

    1. Geologist

    2. Palaeontologist

    3. Astronomer




  1. The Tasmanian devil is currently classified as...

    1. Extinct

    2. Endangered

    3. Vulnerable



  1. Australia has the biggest reserve of uranium in the world.


    1. True

    2. False




  1. Many say we’re at the start of the...

    1. Asian Year

    2. Asian Power

    3. Asian Century




  1. What family does the vegetable kale come from?

    1. Marrow

    2. Cabbage

    3. Carrot




  1. Junior life savers are also called

    1. Joeys

    2. Dolphins

    3. Nippers




  1. Oral health is not an important part of a person’s general health.

    1. True

    2. False




  1. Koalas have a strong immune system.

    1. True

    2. False




  1. Bollywood is the biggest film industry in India.

    1. True

    2. False

End of Year Quiz – Answers



  1. b. Mark Zuckerberg

  2. b. Sound effects

  3. c. 1990s

  4. b. Echolocation

  5. b. O

  6. a. True

  7. a. Increasing

  8. c. Marsupial

  9. c. Drachma

  10. b. Cartography

  11. c. Both food and medicine

  12. b. False

  13. b. 1.4 billion

  14. b. Diamond Jubilee

  15. b. Parliament House

  16. a. Mars

  17. b. Wikileaks

  18. a. Primates

  19. b. Primary

  20. a. Online

  21. b. 3000

  22. b. Palaeontologist

  23. b. Endangered

  24. a. True
  25. c. Asian Century


  26. b. Cabbage

  27. c. Nippers

  28. b. False

  29. b. False

  30. a. True





BtN: Episode 35 Transcript 27/11/12
On this week's Behind the News


  • Rising temperatures but what difference would an extra four degrees make to the planet?




  • We meet a young refugee who now calls Australia his home.




  • And we head to the bright lights of Bollywood.

Hi I'm Nathan Bazley, welcome to the last episode of BtN for 2012.


Also on the show today, we'll look back at some of the big stories we've brought you this year. But first:
Gaza

Reporter: Sarah Larsen


INTRO: Last week you might have heard a lot in the news about two places called Israel and the Gaza Strip or Gaza for short. For more than a week they fired rockets at each other and many people were killed. So what was the fighting all about? And why did it take so long to stop it? Here's Sarah.
SARAH LARSEN, REPORTER: They were the first happy scenes we'd seen from Gaza in more than a week.
And they followed news many people had been hoping for; a ceasefire.
The leaders of Israel and Gaza agreed to stop firing rockets at each other and end the violence that had killed more than 160 people.
REPORTER: So why were they fighting? Well, answering that isn't easy, and people with different points of view will tell the story differently.
Israel is here in the Middle East, and this is Gaza. It's not technically a separate country but the people who live there call themselves Palestinians and they have their own government.

Militants in Gaza had been firing hundreds of rockets at Israeli cities so two weeks ago Israel killed the man in Gaza who they said was leading the attacks.

He led the military wing of a group called Hamas, which is in charge of Gaza.
That sparked a series of rocket attacks from both sides which have killed many people. Hamas has fired rockets which have reached Israel's main cities; Tel Aviv and Jerusalem.
And Israeli rockets have killed more than 160 in Gaza, including many innocent people.
REPORTER: It's not the first time we've seen fighting like this in Gaza. In fact, it's just one episode in a conflict that's been going on longer than most of you have been alive. Let's go back to that map:
It didn't always look like this.
Before 1948 there was no Israel. The area was known as Palestine and it was ruled by Britain.
The people who lived there were from different ethnic groups and while the majority were Muslim there were also Christians and Jews and other religions.
In other parts of the world Jewish people were being treated really badly and when the Nazis came to power in Germany thousands fled to Palestine.
Some of them wanted to set up their own Jewish country there, in home of their ancestors and a place that they believed was promised to them by God.
But it was also sacred to Muslims and Christians and some already living in Palestine were worried about losing their land and there was some fighting.
So the United Nations came up with a solution.
They wanted to split Palestine into two separate countries, one Arab and one Jewish.
The Jewish leaders said yes and created the state of Israel. But the Arab leaders didn't accept the plan and a war broke out.
Israel won that war and others that followed and claimed the area we know as present day Israel.
Many Palestinians left their homes in Israel and became refugees in Gaza and the West Bank.

Many who live there still feel like they were forced off their land and over the years there's been a lot of bloodshed on both sides.

But there have also been steps forward. In the 90’s the Palestinians got their own government and some land back and started talking to Israel about ways to find a lasting peace.
Sadly, it didn't last and every now and then violence breaks out between Israelis and Palestinians.
Many Palestinians believe they're being treated unfairly and Israel says Hamas want to destroy it, so finding a solution is hard.
But, of course, not everyone agrees. On both sides there are many people who just want peace.
And around the world people are watching waiting and hoping that this time it lasts.
PRESENTER: Let's see what else is making the news. Here's Sophia with the Wire.
The Wire
The NAPLAN national school tests have been criticised for putting too much pressure on teachers and students.
A survey of teachers revealed many believe the tests are stressing kids out while also putting pressure on teachers to make sure their students do well.
Subjects like art, music and languages were also said to be suffering because of the time it takes to prepare for the exams.
But the government has defended the tests, saying they're meant to show which schools need extra help.
*****
No hat, no play or slip slop slap.
They are the sun safety messages we've all heard.
But now, research has shown that we've taken notice of them too.
Rates of childhood melanoma, a type of skin cancer, have halved over the last 15 years.
Overseas, the rates are rising, so experts think it's those little rhymes and the education campaigns that went with them that might have made the difference.
Climate Change

Reporter: Nathan Bazley

INTRO: Some people are predicting that in the next hundred years temperatures will rise by 4 degrees. That might not sound like much but according to a new report the consequences could be really serious. Let's take a look.

NATHAN BAZLEY, REPORTER: How do you imagine the world will look in 100 years time?
Something like Wall-E? Or maybe Tron?
Well either of those predictions could always end up to be true.
Although it's probably not likely.
But recently the World Bank, an international aid group, said they have a prediction of their own.
And it's got nothing to do with cute robots. It's all about temperature.
Their prediction is that by 2100, the world will have warmed by 4 degrees.
NATHAN: Wait up, 4 degrees is nothing! Yesterday was 4 degrees warmer than today for example, but it doesn't even feel that much different! So how could 4 degrees possibly have much effect on our planet?
Well our earth is a really delicate place. All of our weather patterns, ice caps and water systems are finely balanced.
Even one degree could cause things to change. And four degrees could change everything.
Here are 4 ways the World Bank says that 4 degrees would make a difference.
1. Ocean Changes
Under the water here at the Great Barrier Reef, life looks pretty spectacular.
But if the world warms four degrees over the next century, it could look very different.
Coral is really sensitive to changes in water temperature.
A couple of degrees rise can stop their growth, a couple more degrees can start to destroy them.
So 4 degrees could spell disaster for many reefs around the world.
2. Heat Extremes
During a heatwave, things already feel pretty hot. You might think 4 degrees extra wouldn't make much difference.
But the temp rises wouldn't spread out evenly across the globe.

If you're living in these areas in 2100, then your temps might rise by up to 9 degrees.

And considering many of those areas are already pretty hot now, your air con might struggle.
3. Food Shortages
We all like a good feed, but with 4 degrees extra on the temperature gauge, food could be a problem.
Some crops die if conditions are too hot.
And with extra heat around, some water sources are likely to evaporate too, making it a double whammy.
So we could see more drought and even tougher conditions for farmers.
4. Rising Sea Levels
Finally, we have the most dramatic change of all - rising sea levels.
With extra heat around, the immense amount of ice around the polar caps will start to melt, dumping billions and billions of litres into the sea.
Low lying island nations, like Kiribati in the Pacific, are already facing big problems with rising sea levels.
These people's homes aren't far from going under the waves forever.
But by 2100, if the predictions are correct, all of these areas could follow suit, including some parts of Australia.
That's why the World Bank is calling for all countries to work together to fight climate change now.
Because it'll require a big effort from everyone to reduce pollution and stop the 4 degrees before it happens.

Quiz 1
OK, on the subject of the environment, let's have a quiz.


The question is: Which of the following is not a source of renewable energy?
Wind power
Fossil fuels
Geothermal power
Answer: Fossil fuels
Young Refugee

Reporter: Natasha Thiele

INTRO: Renewable energy is power from things like sunlight and wind. We hear a lot about asylum seekers travelling to Australia by boat and the politicians trying to protect our borders. But on those boats are real people with individual stories of struggle and survival. We met up with a kid who made the journey on his own and is finally settling in Australia. Here's Tash.

NATASHA THIELE, REPORTER: It's a normal school day for Bashir. He's like any other 16 year old, laughing and having fun with his mates between lessons. But life hasn't always been like this.
Bashir is from Afghanistan, a country in central Asia. He's the oldest of four brothers, who were left orphaned after their dad died in a car accident and they lost their mum to illness. For many years now, a war has been going on in their country and some people have fled Afghanistan in search of a better and safer life.
BASHIR: When I left Afghanistan I was 14 years old. It was because of the Taliban. Every day is fighting and everyday is no education, lack of education, the people is killing each other.
He made the tough decision to go on a dangerous journey to Australia, while his uncle took care of his brothers. He travelled by car from Afghanistan into Pakistan. Then to Malaysia, Indonesia and across to Christmas Island, where the boat he was on was intercepted by the Australian Navy.
BASHIR: That was absolutely horrible. For 7 days and 7 nights we didn't have any water. We didn't have any food to eat, nothing. Because the smuggler promised us, everything is on the boat.
Bashir stayed at a detention centre on Christmas Island, where he tried to learn as much English as possible.
BASHIR: When I arrived to Christmas Island, I found a friend. He can speak English a little bit. So I took his dictionary, then after that I read the words and then I remember the words. It's like a daily 15 words or 20 words I remember every day.

After 7 months, he was allowed to move to mainland Australia. He now goes to school, where he attends English classes like this. Bashir's best friend is Mohsen. They met at Christmas Island and they now live together.

MOHSEN: He is alone and I am alone so he and me became a family here. We have nobody else here to talk with, to sit with. Me and Bashir live together, come to school together, go home together, all our activity together.
But there's still one thing missing in his life.
BASHIR: So the only thing sometimes I can't concentrate properly and sometimes worry about my brothers. I wish they come to here soon so they can study. I'm waiting still I'm waiting for the result what the government will say, yes or no.
Bashir is one of thousands of young people, who've made the dangerous journey by boat to Australia looking for a better life.
BASHIR: I feel I belong to Australia, I don't belong to Afghanistan or I don't belong to some other country. So that's why I'm always feeling I'm always proud of myself. Bashir, you took that dangerous journey, but you will make a better life here because this is your own country.
PRESENTER: Good luck to him.
Bollywood

Reporter: Sarah Larsen


INTRO: A few weeks ago we told you how the government was trying to encourage kids to learn an Asian language. But part of that plan was to teach kids about Asian cultures too. Sarah met some Aussie kids who are getting involved in an Indian tradition that's bigger than you might think.
SARAH LARSEN, REPORTER: It's colourful, it's fast and it's fun. Ask these guys and they'll tell you Bollywood dance is the sort thing any kid would enjoy.
KID: It's just fun it inspires us to be free.

KID: You can express your feelings and you do lots of grooves and you feel much better, I do.

KIDS: It's colourful, the costumes, the music I think is amazing compared to normal music that we listen to every day.
Bollywood blends lots of different types of dance together, from jazz and hip hop to traditional dances from all around India.

KID: I know that our Goddesses they do do it and it's been a tradition from the ancient times of doing it and then we get taught to do it.

KIDS: It's really graceful. It can be graceful, hip-hop style, contemporary, jazzy all different type of dances can be put together and that is Bollywood

While to some Aussie kids it might seem a little unusual, in India it's a different story.
Singing and dancing is a massive part of Bollywood films. It's used to help tell the story, to show characters falling in love, or just because dancing is fun!
KID: It's another way to connect the audience and it's also there to make the movie a bit more happy and stuff.
Bollywood is based in India's biggest city, Mumbai. It used to be called Bombay, and that's where the name comes from; a mixture of Bombay and Hollywood.
It's not the only film industry in India but it's the best known, and it's the biggest.
REPORTER: Judging from what you see at the cinema you might think most of the world's films come from Hollywood; not even close.
If you look at the stats you'll see that while Hollywood makes more money, Bollywood makes more films and sells about a billion more tickets every year.
And that's not too surprising when you consider that 1.2 billion people live in India.
Its population is about four times bigger than the US and about 55 times bigger than Australia.
So you can see why Australians are paying more attention to this part of Indian culture.
In the past few years some big budget Indian films have been made in Australia. Love Story 2050 was Bollywood's first science fiction and a lot of it was filmed in South Australia.
It helped to promote Australia to huge audiences overseas.
But Bollywood is also finding fans in Australia helped by scenes like this in some big Hollywood films.

Francesca McMillan, BOLLYWOOD DANCE TEACHER: It definitely is getting more popular we've seen the emergence of Slumdog Millionaire, Bend it Like Beckham and, it's sort of getting more commercial in Australia, since then we've had an emergence of people wanting to get into Bollywood.

These kids are helping to show people what Bollywood is all about, performing at parades and festivals like this.
KID: When people see us they are also amazed of the costumes and the colour and the songs and just the moves.

KID: They find it new so they're like really interested and they say, "wow, you're so pretty", and stuff like that.


They reckon this is a piece of Indian culture that anyone can enjoy, and just about anyone can give it a go.

Quiz 2
Let's have a quiz about India.


The question is: What is the name of a piece of traditional Indian clothing?
Sari
Ao Dai
Kimono
Answer: Sari
A sari is a strip of cloth that's draped over the body and can be around 8 metres long! Let's catch up with some sports news now. Here's Sophia with the Score.
The Score
Sebastian Vettel has become the youngest Formula One driver to win three world titles.
“Once, twice, three times a world champion, it's Sebastian Vettel.”
The 25-year old German won the championship by just three points after finishing sixth in the Brazilian Grand Prix.
It was Jenson Button who won the race in very wet and slippery conditions followed by Fernando Alonso.
Aussie Mark Webber came fourth and finished sixth in the overall standings.
****
Australia's best young footy players have been selected in this year's AFL Draft.
18-year old Lachie Whitfield was chosen as number one pick and is off to Greater Western Sydney.
Lachie Whitfield: I'm just genuinely stoked, I don't think it's really sunk in yet.
The Giants had the top three picks in the draft.
****
And the Australian International Three-Day Event has been held in Adelaide.
Craig Barrett from New South Wales won the competition with his horse Sandhills Brillaire'.

Craig Barrett: This event is the biggest event in the southern hemisphere, it's the pinnacle of our sport in the southern hemisphere, so winning it is look I've gotta say it's the best win of my career and I'll remember it for the rest of my life.

Craig had an almost perfect show jumping round with only one rail falling at the end.
Year In Review

Reporter: Nathan Bazley


INTRO: Well, that nearly brings us to the end of BtN for 2012. But before we go, we thought we'd give you a quick look back at what a huge year it was. We covered more than 170 stories from Australia and around the world. Here's a reminder of some of them.
NATHAN BAZLEY, REPORTER: 2012.
Apparently it's the year the Mayans predicted would be the end of the world.
But so far so good!
So assuming that big event doesn't come to pass, what other stories have been that big this year?
Let's start off with the biggest headlines.
It was a wet start to 2012 for parts of QLD and NSW as flood waters burst river banks and ruined homes. The damage was huge, although some put up a good fight against all odds.
On the other side of the world, the people of Greece were putting up a fight of their own. Huge economic problems resulted in violent protests and worry of a widespread collapse.
Meanwhile, worry was also being whipped up on the internet.
Online bullying hit the headlines, as did a viral internet campaign to rid the world of a war criminal called Joseph Kony. But many months down the track, the world seems no closer to catching the man millions were talking about.
Further north in the Middle East, violence routinely hit the headlines in 2012.
Afghanistan was once again never far from the front page, as sadly 7 more Australian soldiers died there.
Not too far away in Syria, protests against the government turned into all out war as well. Thousands have been killed there so far and the fight for control of the country is far from over.

Back at home, a very different fight for control had lots of people talking.

Former PM Kevin Rudd surprised many with a play for the top job. The vote was bitter, but in the end, Julia Gillard held on.
More recently, Barack Obama also held on for a win in America's 2012 presidential election. He held off challenger Mitt Romney to secure the presidency for four more years.
And speaking of four more years, it'll be that long until the next Olympics are held, after London played host to the Olympics and then Paralympics this year.
We showed you some inspiring scenes of some Paralympians, but much less inspiring vision of the Olympics.
And finally, the world got a glimpse into the future of scientific research, after the discovery of the Higgs Boson particle. It's a complicated little thing, but it has the potential to change the world as we know it.
It wasn't just adults making the news this year. Kids also found themselves a part of all the action in 2012.
We met special BtN reporter Pablo from the Philippines, as he took us around his neighbourhood after flooding there.
And we met Claire from the US, as she told us how she was going after Hurricane Sandy.
They were just a few of the kids we met this year from all four corners of the globe.
Back in Australia, we met kids making music and kids making jokes.
Kids making dinner and kids making a splash.
Some doing the right thing, and others writing about things.
There were some with pedals on two wheels and four, and some without pedals at all.
But that wasn't the only way kids used their hands, or their legs, or their heads.
But why let you guys have all the fun?
We stopped at nothing to cover the news this year and here's the proof.

Closer
I remember that guy!


Well, we'll be back with more BtN after the school holidays.
So I'll see you then.
Bye for now.



©ABC 2012







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