Compilation of EMPRs are based on Integrated Environmental Management (IEM) and involves but are not necessarily restricted to:
Consultation with the Director: Mineral Development of DME and all relevant authorities to determine the scope of the EMPR
Scoping with other interested and affected parties to further define the scope of the EMPR through identification of issues of concern
Assessment and Evaluation of Impacts (involving I&APs)
Compilation of a plan for management of impacts (involving I&APs)
Submission of a draft EMPR to DME who will circulate it to relevant Government departments and make it available to the public
Revision and resubmission (if needed)
Approval unless further mitigatory planning is required and revisions necessary.
Contents of EMPRs
As a minimum, EMPRs for offshore mining should be separated into three parts: Part A (EIA); Part B (EMPR) and Part C (Supporting References and Statutory Requirements) and should contain:
Contact addresses and numbers,
Maps showing concession area, proposed mining area, location of mining and onshore logistical facilities, other projects and activities in adjacent areas
Description of proposed project (production rate, life expectancy, timetable of project phasing and sequencing)
2. Project Motivation
Local, regional and national socio-economic benefits (mine expenditure, revenue, multiplier effects, infrastructure benefits etc.
3. Detailed Project Description for all offshore and onshore activities including infrastructure and support facilities; mining methods including processing operations, transportation requirements and methods; all waste emissions and disposal methods; chemicals to be used; and use of water and electricity.
4. Description of Pre-mining Environment to provide baseline information to establish a reference for determining and evaluating impacts, and design of mitigation measures. The following environmental aspects should be described and mapped: geology and sediment; oceanographic patterns, physical nature of surrounding areas (coastal zone, sensitive areas e.g. wetlands, islands, dunes etc); fauna and flora that occur in the area and may be affected, particularly benthic organisms; climate; sites of cultural resources (archaeology, shipwrecks etc); recreational areas and transport routes; mariculture areas; fishing areas, and other marine harvesting areas e.g. kelp.
Environmental Impact Assessment should include a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the nature of impacts of all project activities on all components of the natural, socio-economic and cultural environment before and after mitigation for each phase of mining: construction, operation, decommissioning and post closure. Each impact should be evaluated using the following criteria: nature; time of occurrence; spatial extent; duration; intensity; probability and significance.
Environmental Management Plan. Measures to mitigate the effect of each impact on each environmental component (identified in Part A of the report) for each project phase should be described. The plan must include rehabilitation of disturbed areas, pollution control, emergency procedures, links with existing contingency plans, future public participation strategies, and outline of the decommissioning strategy.
Monitoring of EMP Performance and Reporting Requirements. Describe the monitoring programmes to be implemented for each phase, and include a statement of objectives, targets for compliance, description of physical monitoring systems and frequency of monitoring. Describe the auditing system that will be followed to assess EMP performance (adequacy and appropriateness) and the reporting procedures to be followed (type, frequency and format of reports and other information to be submitted).
Financial Provision. Indicate what financial provisions (complying with regulations under the Minerals Act) have been made to implement environmental management and rehabilitation.
Supporting Documentation and Statutory Requirements. Include in this section permissions granted under other statutes, applications submitted, and future statutory requirements.
EMPR requirements for a) concessions and surf zone mining
As an alternative to the above, a tabular format for EMPRs for companies mining in the a) concession and surf zone areas only can be completed and submitted together with a locality map (1:50 000 map), and a layout plan showing the location of all infrastructure including access roads.
Operating and Rehabilitation Requirements of the EMP
The DME has compiled a set of standard operating and rehabilitation requirements for mining in the a) concession area and surf zone, which are legally binding on the mining operation after approval of the EMP has been given. These standards cover issues such as the requirement to update maps on a quarterly basis, minimum infrastructure requirements for construction camps, use and maintenance of access roads to beach and campsite areas; waste disposal; water pollution control; location of processing areas; deposition of tailings onshore and at sea, and rehabilitation.
Compliance with EMPRs: Performance Assessment and Monitoring
Regulations for EMP Performance Assessment (PA) and Monitoring have been gazetted under the Minerals Act. These regulations stipulate the need for holders of prospecting and mining authorisations to undertake ongoing monitoring of the EMP and to compile performance assessments for submission to the Director: Mineral Development. EMP performance assessment and reporting should be done according to the period specified in the EMP; annually, or as agreed by the Director: Mineral Development. The PA report should contain information on the period applicable to the PA; procedures used for the assessment; information yielded from monitoring; criteria used in evaluation performance and the results; and recommendations on rectifying deficiencies identified and areas of non-compliance.
Responsibility for PA lies with the prospecting/mining authorisation holder and may be done by independent qualified consultants. Where a PA report is deemed inadequate by the Director: Mineral Development, the holder may be required to repeat the whole or relevant aspects of the EMP PA and resubmit a revised report or appoint an independent team to do so. A final EMP PA is required where closure of a mine is intended and should accompany or precede a closure application. The final PA will be assessed to ensure that all relevant legislation has been complied with; closure objectives as described in the EMP have been met and all residual and latent environmental impacts have been identified and arrangements finalised for managing their risk and/or occurrence.
The regulations do not specify whether the PA reports are circulated to other relevant government departments for comment prior to their approval by the Director: Mineral Development. PA reports are available on request.