Paramagnetismo, diamagnetismo e ferromagnetismo



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Paramagnetismo , diamagnetismo e ferromagnetismo 

    Abrimos uma porta , existem de fato locais em que animais e plantas preferem , crescer o ficar , estes pontos tem propriedades Eletromagnéticas ( normalmente pelos minerais no subsolo ) é esta característica e propriedade é chamada PARAMAGNETISMO , desde a era medieval era conhecido pois os locais de peregrinação religiosa ( proibido na Inglaterra po Henrique VIII , pois sabia do poder destas peregrinações e a mudança de comportamento que produzia nas pessoas por isso as temia ) .

     Paramagnetismo , diamagnetismo e ferromagnetismo a física conhece a séculos , mais ai começa a ficar interessante foi Dr. Philip S. Callaham , Ph.D. ja que vocês gostam tanto de titulos e tambem separa o esotérica , que conseguiu medir pela primeira vez e criou  um aparelho  " PCSM Meter " que faz a leitura em segundos e cabe numa valise tipo 007 .

      Esta característica Paramagnética  ( O Livro chama-se Paramagetism - Rediscovering Nature´s Secret Force of Growth ) das pedras solos e plantas , foi fruto de sua observação durante a 2ª guerra mundial , quando estava montando uma base de Radar Secreta para os EUA vigiar os submarinos alemães na Irlanda ( apesar de ser pais neutro ) e dele tambem a patente usada pelo jatos da força area os Morcegos Negros ( não sei o nome ) para confundir os radares inimigos ( nunca foram invisíveis ) baseado em outro trabalho seu sob a observação das antenas de insetos ( O Livro chama-se Tuning in to Nature ) .Bom poderia continuar a falar sobre Callaham , mais acho que os dois textos abaixo da para ter uma idéia e sim este para mim é um dos mais Importantes Cientistas vivos ( Universidade da Florida , agora isolou-se no deserto ) que apesar da complexidade dos assuntos , e dos temas pesquisados , qualquer um pode ler e entender sintético e objetivo , e sem duvida sem ler , testar e experimentar parece Esoterismo .

    Eu tambem tive o privilegio de conhecer um " Achadô " de agua , é o Sr. Me ( como era conhecido ) e sua casa fica na entrada do RASO DA CATARINA ,ele foi desafiado varias vezes por empresas de Poços Artesianos e nunca perdeu uma ( È o que contam ) era capaz de dizer a profundidade e se a agua era boa para beber ou para os bichos ( Salobra ) .Fora os rezadores de cobra do Nordeste e alias em qualquer canto tem é so perguntar , que aparece rezador de bicheira etc. 

Gostei , paramagnetismo esta faltando neste grupo , Sheldrake , que adora , pois seu trabalho foi inspirado na Agricultura Familiar na India durante um estagio , Alberto


PS : O SEGUNDO LIVRO"Tuning in to Nature " É UMA OBRA DE ARTE DE PURA CRIATIVIDADE  desta mente brilhante   

In this earlier work, Dr. Callahan explains, with considerable "scientific" detail, his theories of paramagnetism and the round towers of Ireland, the "real" meanings of Egyptian hieroglyphics and of the pyramids, the relationship between cathedral towers and the antennae of insects, and how he "proved" that particles moving faster than the speed of light (tachyons) actually exist, using only an "electrometer" and a Benjamin ficus tree.  Furthermore, he explains how ancient Egyptian priests levitated people, lists the requirements for levitation and for levitating a person or object, and explains how levitation is directly related to paramagnetism.

 O que fica, é que muita coisa que se acredita pode OU não ser verdade, mas é importante SABER comprovar para sair da ignorância. Não se trata de acreditar em tudo que ouve ou lê, principalmente na internet, mas de ser criterioso, e isso a ciência faz, ela é criteriosa, não partidária! Não há porque confundir ciência com conservadorismo, ou afirmar que ela esta a serviço desta ou aquela filosofia, isso tudo é falso.

 in this earlier work, Dr. Callahan explains, with considerable "scientific" detail, his theories of paramagnetism and the round towers of Ireland, the "real" meanings of Egyptian hieroglyphics and of the pyramids, the relationship between cathedral towers and the antennae of insects, and how he "proved" that particles moving faster than the speed of light (tachyons) actually exist, using only an "electrometer" and a Benjamin ficus tree.  Furthermore, he explains how ancient Egyptian priests levitated people, lists the requirements for levitation and for levitating a person or object, and explains how levitation is directly related to paramagnetism

Agriculture:Paramagnetic Rock


Paramagnetism is a low level weak magnetic force that can be read about in any good physics book. However it is only recently that the genius of Phil Callahan has recognized the vital importance of this force to the fertility of soils and hence to agriculture, connecting modern physics understanding to the knowledge of the ancients.
Put simply - poor soils do not display a paramagnetic force good ones do.
Measurement is a simple test using a PCSM meter (see illustration). Good rock dust is available which can be spread a tonne an acre or more to raise the reading and hence the general fertility not only to benefit the crops but also the soil’s flora and fauna.

Poor soil

0-100

Good Soil

100-300

Very Good soil

300-700

Superior Soil

700-1200

Good Rock Dust

1200-3000

Our Paramagnetic Rock

4000



1) The PCSM Meter provides a digital readout, using the standard unit of

measurement of CGS, or Centimeter-Grams-Seconds, which is the weight of

paramagnetic material that will move one centimeter to a magnet in one

second. Substances that can be analyzed by this meter include rock dusts,

humates, soils, minerals, fertilizers, and others agricultural amendments.

The following table, Range of Paramagnetic Values, was provided by Dr.

Callahan at the 1995 Acres, USA Conference in St. Louis, Missouri.

Range of Paramagnetic Values

CGS Value

0-100 Poor

100-300 Good

300-800 Very Good

800-1,200 Excellent

Dr. Callahan also presented the following table, Range of Paramagnetic

Values for Soils, at the 1995 Acres, USA Conference in St. Louis, Missouri:

Range of Paramagnetic Values for Soils

Soils Paramagnetism

Poor 0-100

Good 100-300

Very Good 300-700

Superior >700 _

In Paramagnetism: Rediscovering Nature's Secret Force of Growth, Callahan

states that the key to a healthy, productive soil is Compost, Soil

Organisms, and Paramagnetism, or C-O-P. Thus, the use of paramagnetic rock

dusts may be viewed as a complementary practice to traditional

humus-building practices like composts, cover crops, green manures, and crop

rotations.

Here it may be helpful to place paramagnetism in the larger context of

alternative agriculture.

Alternative farming systems include Organic Agriculture, Biodynamic Farming,

Nature Farming, Permaculture, and Eco-Farming. Sustainable Agriculture may

be viewed as an umbrella term that includes all of these alternative farming

systems, as well as Low-Input. Acres, USA is the eco-farming magazine that

publishes books and articles on Phil Callahan's work, paramagnetism, rock

dusts, and related concepts and practices.


At the recent, USA conference in Minneapolis, MN, on December 7–9,

2000, Dr. Callahan gave a keynote address on paramagnetism and related

topics like insect attraction to infra-red frequencies, which occur as spots

on plant leaves when crops are improperly fertilized (i.e., with synthetic

nitrogen fertilizers). In reference to his latest research, Callahan said

(paraphrased) "plant roots and leaf hairs are dielectric wave guides for

carriers of biophoton light energy; therefore in the presence of

paramagnetic materials, these organs become super charged."

Based on these latest insights from Callahan, my conclusion is that

paramagnetism super charges the energetic plant system, thus enabling roots

and leaves to function and metabolize at a higher rate of activity which

results in enhanced photosynthetic carbohydrate production, thereby

resulting in improved plant growth and yield, improved nutritional

composition, and a natural ability to resist insect attack. Some of these

outcomes, especially differences with insect attraction, are due as much to

variations in resonance frequency as an improved status to plant health.

Part III: Paramagnetic Influence Separate from Any Biological-Chemical

Affect

Rock dusts are known to enhance plant growth by altering biological and


chemical aspects of the rhizosphere — that rich region of biological

activity at the root-soil interface. A few researchers have designed

experiments to look at the sole influence of paramagnetism on plant growth.

That is, paramagnetic rock dusts were placed in close proximity to roots of

seedling plants, rather than incorporating the rock powders into the potting

medium itself.

In one experiment (5), Men of the Trees in Western Australia planted 80

Acacia scirpifolia tree

seedlings in individual pots. A small plastic envelope containing 6 grams of

granite rock dust was placed down the side of 40 pots to evaluate the effect

of paramagnetism on survivability and plant growth. The other 40 pots served

as a control. Acacia scirpifolia was chosen because it is difficult to

propagate and because A. scirpifolia trees have responded well to rock dust

applications in the field.

The results: 57.5% of the plants in treated pots survived, whereas only 15%

of the un-treated plants survive. The researchers concluded that remote

plant stimulation by rock dusts warrant further investigation.


In Florida, similar research was conducted by several students working with

paramagnetic materials obtained from Dr. Callahan's lab. Plastic tubes and

film canisters containing paramagnetic materials were buried in potting

mixes to ascertain the effect of a subtle energy field on plant growth,

separate from the rock dust material as a contributor of mineral nutrition.

The results were significant. When paramagnetic materials were in close

proximity to plants, increases were seen in root length, root branching,

plant biomass, and plant height (6).

Part IV: Practical Application of Paramagnetic Rock Dusts

With respect to the cost of these materials, it is my understanding the bulk

material itself is not too expensive—by the 50-lb bag or by the ton—but the

shipping costs can be substantial depending on the distance from the source.

Since there is currently little information or substantiated data on the use

of rock dust available from the scientific literature or the Extension

Service to draw upon, my suggestion to farmers is to start with a trial

quantity, for example a 50-lb bag, and experiment with paramagnetic rock

dusts in greenhouse pot trials and on small plots of land raising vegetables

or field crops.

How to Conduct Research on Your Farm or Ranch (5) is a publication from SAN,

the Sustainable Agriculture Network sponsored by USDA, which you may find

helpful. On-farm research is a common practice in sustainable agriculture.

This SAN booklet provides the background information to help farmers design

demonstration research plots and evaluate "new" practices and products in

comparison to "traditional" methods.

 

2) PHIL CALLAHAN, THE GURU OF PARAMAGNETISM


The idea of using lava sand to add "paramagnetic energy" to the soil didn’t originate with Howard Garrett, the "Doctor of Dirt," although he has become it’s chief proponent.  Rather, as he wrote in his column in The Dallas Morning News on September 8, 1995:

"I learned about lava sand from Phil Callahan, the scientist who taught me to add lava sand to the soil…To learn more about soil and plant energy, read any of Mr. Callahan’s books."

That seemed fair enough, so I took him up on his suggestion.  I acquired the books and read them from cover to cover.  And, indeed, it was both an education and an eye opener -- a foray into a world I previously believed to exist only in the realm of fable and New Age superstition.

Philip S. Callahan, Ph. D., schooled as an entomologist, was stationed in Ireland as a radio technician during World War II.  He has written two books dealing specifically with his discoveries there of the seemingly magical properties of the ancient Irish round towers and of certain rocks and rock powders.  Titled Nature’s Silent Music and Paramagnetism--Rediscovering Nature's Secret Force of Growth,

Reading either of these books should be enough for any intelligent person to learn all he or she would ever need to know about Dr. Callahan, lava sand, and paramagnetism.

On the other hand, if you would like to know more about the pursuits and conclusions of Dr. Callahan before purchasing either of these books, I’ll relate for you a sampling of what he has to say.  And I'll include page numbers in case you want to refer to the original texts and confirm that I am not inventing any of this and that I am not, in any manner, distorting his words.

On the other hand, if you’re a devout believer in pyramid power, the magical qualities of quartz crystals, and other New Age phenomena, you may just want to skip the rest of this.



Nature's Silent Music (1992)

In Nature's Silent Music (page 32), Dr. Callahan tells us that the ancient Hebrews and Egyptians understood and utilized the power which is in rocks.    Modern Jews still do this, he says, when they visit the Wailing Wall in Jerusalem.  Furthermore, while traveling around Ireland, Dr. Callahan claims to have located some magical rocks.

Presumably, he says (page 34), since long before the ancient Egyptian civilization, man has attributed mystical and supernatural powers to rocks and rock crystals.  He adds that, according to his own measurements, sea-green slate is the most magical rock of all.   (Curiously, this conflicts with his next statement, below, since slate is not an igneous rock.  Rather, it's a metamorphic rock derived from shale and is, therefore, not of volcanic origin.)

According to Dr. Callahan (page 38), the ancient Celtic and megalithic peoples knew all about the energy emitted by granite and "other igneous and metamorphic stone of volcanic origin."  He says (page 39) that the early Irish Celts also understood the healing forces in their highly paramagnetic granite rocks.  All over Ireland, he continues, there are "standing stones utilized for healing and also as birthing stones for the Celtic lassies."

Where did these stones get this power?  According to Dr. Callahan (page 56), the crushing and grinding forces of the drifting continents caused great quantities of cosmic energy to be trapped within the minerals that make up stone and clay.  And "one of these energies is the little understood force called paramagnetism," which he says the ancients knew how to manipulate.

If you’re not familiar with the terms "paramagnetism" and "diamagnetism," they are the positive and negative aspects of an electromagnetic property described in many books used to teach elementary college physics.  But Dr. Callahan refers to them as forces or energies.  To comprehend what he means, he says (page 63), we must understand them as the ancients did.  Of course, he repeats, modern man doesn't understand them at all, despite the fact that we have scientific names for them.

The Chinese call them yin and yang, he explains.  And, although the ancient Irish had no specific names for them, they "saw them in the abodes of fairies and leprechauns."  He says (page 69) he now knows that what modern science calls paramagnetism and diamagnetism are, in reality, the magical forces the ancient Celtic and megalithic peoples found in rocks and plants.

In later travels in the Far East and around the globe, Dr. Callahan became aware of other mysterious phenomena.  As an example (page 118), he describes the magic of Sai Baba, an Indian mystic.  Apparently, Sai Baba can materialize "sacred dust" from his fingers.  And, according to Dr. Callahan, nobody has ever proved that he is practicing sleight of hand.

[As an aside, one can only wonder if this is the same Sai Baba mentioned in a music review written by Matt Weitz in the February 6, 2001 issue of The Dallas Morning News.  In part, Mr. Weitz reviewed a concert given in Fort Worth by the avant garde jazz trumpeter, Maynard Ferguson, as follows.

"There followed a number of songs, most impressively a sprawling raga-based composition based on what he (Ferguson) has learned about Indian music at the ashron of his spiritual leader, Sai Baba, where he visits and teaches annually."]

Using the "theory of materialization" and Einstein's formula, Dr. Callahan goes on to explain (page 119) that Sai Baba's feat is entirely possible.  Einstein's formula (E=mc²) "demands light having speeds equal to or lower than the energy," he says, and mass wouldn't exist at all "were not light traveling at speeds equal to or slower than the speed of light squared."  (Check it out; I am not making this up.)

In a provocative footnote on page 120, Dr. Callahan explains that a particle moving faster than the speed of light is called a tachyon, and a message sent by such a particle would actually arrive before it was sent.  He also states that he published, in 1986, the first experimental proof that tachyon particles actually exist.  (One of the world's great unsolved mysteries is why Dr. Callahan has never been honored with the Nobel Prize in physics for such an amazing and historic achievement.)

On page 179, he reminds us again that the ancient Egyptians knew about both human auras and silent forces in the rocks.  Therefore, he says, they had two separate hieroglyphs for stone.  One represented "limestone types of rocks that are diamagnetic, or very weakly paramagnetic."  The other represented "granite, porphyry, basalt and other highly paramagnetic stone."

In his own experiments (page 180), Dr. Callahan found that good fertile soil is highly paramagnetic and that viable soil always comes from volcanic rock, which he says is much more likely to be paramagnetic than sedimentary rocks, such as limestone (and, I presume, shale, which is converted into his "most magical of all rocks," sea-green slate.)

He then says (page 185) that construction engineers ought to be interested in these two forces "since concrete (limestone) and clay (adobe) are highly paramagnetic," and water is diamagnetic.  (Personally, I found this statement to be a bit confusing, since he had previously described limestone, on pages 179 and 180, as being diamagnetic or weakly paramagnetic.)

In any case, he claims that both the growing of crops and the hardening of cement depend on the joining together of these "opposite yin and yang forces."

In an epilogue, Dr. Callahan says (page 194) that the most important principle he wants to impart is that we must "treat rocks, stone and even the soil as antenna collectors of magnetic energy waves."  He points out that, in his opinion, the ancient Celtic round towers of Ireland are conical antennas, that rocks are antennas, and that even soil is a flat ground antenna if it contains enough volcanic, paramagnetic rock.

The other side is the diamagnetic force of the organic matter, which, he assures us, is just as important.  It stores the water, but the paramagnetic forces control its evaporation.

So, how does one accomplish a balance?  Dr. Callahan admits (page 195) that filling the soil with magnets wouldn't be very practical, even though, he says, magnetic energy controls root growth.  On the other hand, he believes that restoring "this paramagnetic energy collector…with truck loads of volcanic gravel or ash plowed into the soil is a much more practical idea."

And Dr. Callahan believes this same approach is extremely practical for small gardeners, "as is the building of six foot miniature round towers in a garden."   (I’ll swear it once more; I’m not making any of this up.)

Finally, he sums up his approach by saying, "It is much better to do all things as God intended by capturing the magnetic frequencies from the sun with the paramagnetic soil or round tower antenna. In one sentence, make your soil susceptible (resonate) to the sun, do not, with magnets, try to bring the sun to earth."


Paramagnetism (1995)

Much of this same information is repeated or summarized in his second book, Paramagnetism, but Dr. Callahan introduces an additional aspect when he describes (pages 80 and 81) the need for an inexpensive, hand-held meter for measuring the paramagnetism of soil samples.   It turns out that he, working with others, has developed just such a device. (Surprise! Surprise!)

Dr. Callahan's meter is named the P. C. Soil Meter (PCSM), which, he explains, can be interpreted as either the "Paramagnetic Count Soil Meter" or the "Phil Callahan Soil Meter," whichever you choose.  The wonderful thing, he says, is that this meter can be bought for only $400, instead of the $4,000 to $5,000 cost of other meters of this type.

If you want to buy a PCSM for your own use, or if you’re interested in the plans for building miniature round towers for your garden, I feel sure you could contact Dr. Callahan through his publisher,   Or maybe the "Doctor of Dirt" can help you.


Addendum

It turns out that Phil Callahan wrote a book in 1984, which preceded the two discussed here.  That book, Ancient Mysteries, Modern Visions, was previously out of print, but . reissued it in the latter part of 2000, so it's once again available.

This book is quite entertaining and, at a cost of only $16.00, is certainly worth what amounts to the price of a couple of movie tickets.

THOSE VOLCANIC ROCK POWDERS

The "Doctor of Dirt" has been recommending "volcanic rock powders" for amending alkaline clay soils since at least January of 1993. His reasons for doing so have been many and varied.  But, at one time or another, he has claimed that "volcanic rock powders" provide plant nutrients and have high cation exchange capacity, water retention capability, and "paramagnetic energy."

Also, at one time or another, he has recommended the use of lava sand, azomite, granite sand, basalt, zeolite, greensand, schist, diatomaceous earth, and glacial rock powder as "volcanic rock powders."

Laying all claims of potential benefits aside, only 3 of his 9 recommended materials are actually associated with volcanic activity. But, since another one began life as a molten material in the subsurface, we’ll grant him that one, too. That means we will allow lava sand, azomite, granite sand, and basalt to be classed as "volcanic rock powders." But zeolite, greensand, schist, diatomaceous earth, and glacial rock powder are, by no stretch of the imagination, volcanic in origin, so let’s examine each of those -- and have a look at Azomite.

And let's also have a look at Ironite, a falsely maligned gardening product the "Doctor of Dirt" vehemently opposes, and at Earth's Fortune™, a newer product he added to his recommended list in September of 2001.





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