DI. General Histories; DII. General Works on Specific Topics; DIII. Works on Specific Periods
A vast number – perhaps hundreds of thousands – of books and essays have been devoted to the Soviet experience. This means that for each one of the titles listed below (see for instance the bibliographies quoted in section CIb), hundreds more could be added. This list is thus very selective, including what I believe to be the most important works and but a handful of articles and dissertations. As I wrote in the introduction, and for the reasons given there, I have accorded preference to material in Western languages. For the same reasons, I have listed important works in Russian, Ukrainian, and other languages in translation, whenever possible.
Because most of the listed works have been, and often still are, important, or representative of major trends and opinions, I asked myself whether it was appropriate to highlight some among them. Ultimately I did so, guided by my personal preferences, not to diminish the others but in the hope of enliving what could have seemed a dreary list.
The section has three main subdivisions. The first is devoted to general works on Tsarist history, 1861-1914; Soviet and Russian history; and history of the main Soviet republics and nationalities. The second is arranged by topic. The third chronologically. A few works on other socialist countries, as well as on the communist movement, have been included.
The thematic portion includes works of a more theoretical nature, or ambition, as well as those covering large segments of Soviet history. In the chronological section I grouped the studies exclusively or mainly devoted to specific periods, such as the civil war, the NEP, the 1930s, World War II, the thaw, etc. Within each of these periods, I arranged the works once again by topic, such as countryside, memoirs, foreign policy, etc.
DI. General Histories
DIa. Russian empire
O. Anweiler, The Soviets, 1905-1921, New York, 1974;
A. Asher, The Revolution of 1905, 2 vols., Stanford, 1988-1992;
A. Ascher, P.A. Stolypin. The Search for Stability in Late Imperial Russia, Stanford, 2001;
D. Beauvois, La bataille pour la terre en Ukraine, 1863-1914, Lille, 1993 (a different perspective);
D.R. Brower, E.J. Lazzerini, eds., Russia’s Orient: Imperial Borderlands and Peoples, 1700-1917, Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana University Press, 1997;
G. Cigliano, Liberalismo e rivoluzione in Russia: il 1905 nell’esperienza di M.M. Kovalevskij, Napoli: Liguori, 2002;
F.-X. Coquin, 1905: la Révolutions russe manquée, Bruxelles, 1905;
F.-X. Coquin, Des pères du peuple au père des peuples: la Russie de 1825 à 1929, Paris, 1991;
F.-X. Coquin, La Sibérie: peuplement et immigration paysanne au XIX-XX siècle, Paris, 1969;
M. Confino, Systèmes agraires et progrès agricole, Paris, 1969 (a beautiful book);
T. Dan, The Origins of Bolshevism, London, 1964 (a classic);
T. Emmons, The Formation of Political Parties and the First National Elections in Russia, Cambridge, 1983;
J. Frankel, Prophecy and Politics: Socialism, Nationalism and the Russian Jews, 1862-1917, Cambridge, 1981;
M. Gammer, Muslim Resistance to the Tsar: Shamil and the Conquest of Chechnia and Daghestan, London: Frank Cass, 1994;
P. Gatrell, The Tsarist Economy, 1850-1917, London, 1986;
V. Gitermann, Geschichte Russlands (1949), 3 vols., Frankfurt (Main): Athenäum, 1987;
P.R. Gregory, Russian National Income, 1885-1913, Cambridge, 1982;
L.H. Haimson, The Russian Marxists and the Origins of Bolshevism, Cambridge, MA, 1955;
A. Kappeler, The Russian Empire: A Multiethnic History, New York, 2001 (important);
A. Khalid, The Politics of Muslim Cultural Reform: Jadidism in Central Asia, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999;
R.G. Pikhoia, Sovetskii soiuz: istoriia vlasti, 1945-1991, Moscow, 1998 (perhaps the best work on the postwar period);
S. Pons, A. Romano, eds., Russia in the age of wars, 1914-1945, Milano: Feltrinelli 2000;
N. Riasanovsky, A History of Russia, New York, 2000;
K. Schlögel, ed., Der grosse Exodus: Die russische Emigration und ihre Zentren, 1917 bis 1941, Munich, 1994;
R.G. Suny, The Soviet Experiment: Russia, the USSR and the Successor States, New York, 1998;
D. Treadgold, Twentieth Century Russia, Boulder: Westeview, 1987;
N. Werth, Histoire de l’Union soviétique, Paris: PUF, 1992 ;
V. Zaslavsky, Storia del sistema sovietico: l’ascesa, la stabilità, il crollo, Roma: NIS, 1995.
See also DIIh. Repression and political police, and the chronological subsections below.
S. Blank, The Sorcerer as Apprentice: Stalin as Commissar of Nationalities, 1917-1924, Westport, CT, 1994;
P. Blitstein, “Stalin’s Nations: Soviet Nationality Policy between Planning and Primordialism,” Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California at Berkeley, 1999;
Y.M. Brudny, Reinventing Russia: Russian Nationalism and the Soviet State, 1953-1991, Cambridge, MA, 1998 (an interesting perspective);
J. Cadiot, “La constitution des catégories nationales dans l’Empire de Russie et dans l’Union des Républiques Socialistes Soviétiques (1897-1939): Statisticiens, ethnographes et administrateurs face à la diversité du ‘national’”, Ph.D. Dissertation, EHESS, 2001;
H. Carrère d’Encausse, The Great Challenge: Nationalities and the Bolshevik State, 1917-1930, New York, 1992;
W. Connor, The National Question in Marxist-Leninist Theory and Strategy, Princeton, 1984;
R. Denber, ed., The Soviet Nationality Reader: The Disintegration in Context, Boulder, CO.: Westview, 1992;
I. Dzyuba, Internationalism or Russification, 3rd ed. New York: Monad Press, 1974 (a classic);