1FE10.1. If there are titles in more than one language or script, but only a single statement of responsibility, transcribe the statement of responsibility after all the title information.
Jagd auf Grizzly Bären = Chasse au grizzly bear = Hunting of the grizzly bear / Ch. Bodmer, pinx. ad nat. ; Lucas Weber, sc.177
Monument consacré a la posterité en memoire de la folie incroyable ... [still image][graphic] = Ter eeuwiger gedagtenisse der dwaasheid ... / B. Picart fecit 1720178
1FE10.2. If there are both titles and statements of responsibility in more than one language or script, transcribe each statement of responsibility after the title proper, parallel title, or other title information to which it relates. If any of these titles lack a matching statement of responsibility, transcribe the information in the order indicated by the sequence or layout.
Views of interiors of churches & other buildings [still image][graphic] / drawn on stone by Mr. Jaime from the drawings by the Chevr. Bouton = Intérieurs d'églises et d'autres édifices / lithographié par Jaime sous la direction et d'après les dessins du Chevr. Bouton179
1FE11. Nouns and noun phrases 1FE11.1. Treat a noun or noun phrase occurring in conjunction with a statement of responsibility as part of the statement of responsibility if it is indicative of the role of the person(s) or body (bodies) named in the statement of responsibility.
The last supper of our Lord [still image][graphic] / the drawings by G. Pfau ; written & engraved by A. Knoller180
Edison's home, Menlo Park, New Jersey / from a sketch by Theo. R. Davis181
1FE11.2. If the noun or noun phrase is indicative of the nature of the work rather than the role of the person(s) or body (bodies) named in the statement of responsibility, treat it as other title information.
The Art Worker's Guild, May 5th 1893, Barnard's Inn Hall [still image][graphic] : 6 lithographs / drawn by J. Pennell, F. Short, W. R. Lethaby, H. Paget, A. Mackworth, G. McCulloch182
Duke of Buckingham : from an original picture in the collection of the late George Drummond Esqr. at Stanmore / S. Harding delt. ; Vandenburgh sculp.183
Henry Clay [still image][graphic] : cCopied from a daguerreotype portrait by Anthony, Edwards & Co. taken April 1844 / on stone by F. Davignon ; lith. of Endicott184
1FE11.3. In case of doubt, treat the noun or noun phrase as part of the statement of responsibility.
Henry Clay [graphic] / copied from a daguerreotype portrait by Anthony, Edwards & Co. taken April 1844 ; on stone by F. Davignon ; lith. of Endicott185
William Shakespear / from an original picture by Cornelius Jansen in the collection of C. Jennens Esqr.186
1FE12. Statements of responsibility with inseparable elements
If the statement of responsibility includes information belonging to another area, and the information is inseparable from the statement of responsibility, i.e., words that clearly read together without a break, or that are grammatically inseparable, transcribe it as part of the statement of responsibility. For graphic materials, this information will often be a date or place of creation.
/ Sarony, New York187
/ photo and copyright by Grabill '90188
/ Pirie MacDonald, photographer of men, New York189
A geometrical view of the grand procession of the scald miserable masons, design'd as they were drawn up over against Somerset House, in the Strand, on the twenty seventh of April, ano. 1742 [still image][graphic] / invevented [sic] & engrav'd by A. Benoist at his lodgings at Mr. Jordan's ...190
Picturesque sketches in Spain / taken during the years 1832 & 1833 by David Roberts.191
1FE13. Illegible statements of responsibility.
1FE13.1. If portions of a statement of responsibility are partially decipherable, indicate conjectures and illegible elements in square brackets.
/ F[illegible] ad vivum192
[need example with a conjecture]
1FE13.2. If the statement of responsibility cannot be deciphered, record the presence of the illegible words in a note.
Note: Illegible signature in each lower corner193
1FE145. Multipart resources.
Transcribe name(s) as they appear most frequently in the source. If this does not apply, make a note about the name(s).
[Geological and anthropological features of Alaska and Aleutian Islands, documented during the Harriman Alaska Expedition, 1899] / Curtis194
Note: The photographer's name, "Curtis," is at bottom left of most images; a few have "E. Curtis."
If the material shows two or more discrete images, each with a separate title, and the material is not a multi-part resource:
record the multiple titles according to 1GF1.1 or 1GF1.2
or make a separate bibliographic record for each separately-titled image, linking the separate records with “With” notes (see 7B18)
or if the titles are so numerous that naming each one is cumbersome, devise a collective title according to 1B9.2E
1GF1.1. By same person or body. If the material has no collective title and bears the titles of two or more individual works, transcribe the titles of the individual works in the order in which they appear. Separate the titles by a space-semicolon-space if the works are all by the same person(s) or body (bodies), even if the titles are linked by a connecting word or phrase.
Scene in Printing-House Square, New York City ; Elevated railway in Greenwich Street, New York City / sketched by Stanley Fox195
(Comment: Two images on a single sheet, each with a statement of responsibility for the same creator)
Difficulties of a working general among the bayous ; Bayou navigation in Dixie / from a sketch by Mr. Theodore R. Davis196
(Comment: Three images share a title and a fourth image has its own title—all on one sheet; same creator)
1GF1.2. By different persons or bodies.If the individual images are by different persons or bodies, or the authorship is in doubt, precede each title other than the first by a period and one space, unless a linking word or phrase is already present. Precede each statement of responsibility by a space-slash-space.
Charles E. Courtney / photographed by Ernsberger & Ray. Edward Harlan / photographed by J. Bruce & Co.197
(Comment: Two portraits, one of Charles E. Courtney, the other of Edward Harlan, each by different photographers)
transcribe the title and statement of responsibility from the named images, and describe the other image(s) in a contents note (see 7B15)
or make a separate description for each image, devising titles where necessary, and linking the separate descriptions with “With” notes (see 7B18)
ordevise a collective title, preferably in the language and script of the cataloging agency, and use this devised title, enclosed in square brackets, as the title proper (see 1B9.2E2)
[Sketches of a peacock shutter and fighting peacocks]198
1HG. General material designation
If considered important, Aadd a general material designation (GMD) the phrase “still imagegraphic” immediately after the title proper as the general material designation (GMD). Indicating the type of work being cataloged can help users make selections among similarly titled material in different formats.. The generic term “graphic” is recommended for all descriptions. If considered important, use a more specific term instead (see AACR2 1.1.C.1).
Little Red-Riding-Hood [still image][graphic]
(Comment: The GMD identifies a common fairy tale title as a visual rather than textual resource, in this case a trade card illustration)199
Roy Takeno reading paper in front of office [still image][graphic] / photograph by Ansel Adams200
(Comment: GMD with a statement of responsibility)
F.S. Chanfrau in the character of "Mose" [still image][graphic] : as originally written for, and performed by him at the Olympic and Chatham Theatres, New York201
(Comment: GMD with other title information)
Jagd auf Grizzly Bären [still image][graphic] = Chasse au grizzly bear = Hunting of the grizzly bear202
(Comment: GMD with parallel titles)
[Shepherdess holding two lambs in Azerbaijan] [still image][graphic]203
(Comment: GMD with devised title for single item)
RDA alternative: Use the content type “still image”and an appropriate carrier type. See Appendix X.
2. Edition State Area (State Area)
2A. Preliminary rule
2B. Statement of state
2A. Preliminary rule 2A0. ScopeApplicability
Routinely used for recording edition statements found in books, Area 2 is also used for recording different states (production stages) of prints. Art historians traditionally use the word “state” (as in “2nd state”) rather than “edition” to describe prints whose altered appearance reflects deliberate changes effected on a printing plate, block, or stone (the matrix) from which the print was made. Area 2 (the state area) is therefore the appropriate place to record designations of state in prints, particularly when these designations are needed to disambiguate several manifestationsstates whose sole differences are manifested byin graphic rather than textual content.The bibliographical concept of “edition” is primarily applicable to graphic materials when recording different states (production stages) of prints. Prints produced after changes have been made to a printing plate, block, or stone (the matrix) are analogous to new editions of books after the text has been reset. Traditionally, art historians use the word “state” rather than edition to denote the altered appearance of a print (for example “2nd state”). The edition area is therefore, the appropriate place to record designations of state in prints.
For bibliographic edition statements found in published portfolios or books of prints and photographs, see Appendix H. Use notesDo not use this area to identify restrikes, which are much later printings from the same matrix, and or to record differences between impressions that do not involve a changed printing matrix, e.g., hand-coloring or different paper stocks (even if they are identified as “editions” on the material). Also uUse notes rather than state area to describe variations among photographic prints made from the same negative, and or to describe stages of progressive drawing studies. For instructions on using this area to record bibliographic edition statements found in published portfolios or books of prints and photographs, see Appendix H.
Be aware that the term “edition,” when applied to artists’ prints or photographs, indicates the number of copies instances produced (a print run). This kind of “limited edition” statement can be mentioned in a local note, with the library’s copy (for example, to indicate which numbered copy a library has number recorded in a local note, e.g., “no. 4 of 20”) and should not be recorded in the edition state area.
Alternative rule: When local policy recommends that a single bibliographic record describe multiple states of a print as additional holdings, record the state information in a local note instead of in the edition state area. See [ref. no. for precataloging decisions]
Local note: Library has proof before letters
(Comment: The existing bibliographic record either lacks an indication of state in the edition state area, or it describes a different state (i.e., that after letters) with which includes a transcribableed title )
Precede the edition area (state area) by a period-space-dash-space.
Precede words that further describe a state by a comma.
2A2. Sources of information
The prescribed sources of information for the edition area (state area) are the material itself and as-issued accompanying material, in that order of preference. If any part of the edition area (state area) is transcribed or supplied from another source, enclose it in square brackets and indicate that source in a note.
Typically, the state will not be indicated by text on graphic material. The cataloger’s knowledge of the state will usually be derived from consulting a catalogue raisonné or other reference source, or simply by comparison of the work in hand with another example.
[Adam and Eve][still image] / AD [monogram] - [2nd stateState 2i of nii]204
Note: State from BartschDelteil
(Comment: State derived from catalogue raisonné)
[Earl of Shelburne] [still image] / JS ff. – [early Early state, with number 11 in upper left corner, and with top of wig and left hand unshaded]205
Note: State from comparison with another version
(Comment: Statement of state based on cataloger’s comparison of two states of the print. State is inferred from purely visual information that is described in order to disambiguate the two images. Record for other print bears statement “[later state, with number removed from upper left corner, and with top of wig and hand shaded]”)
2A3. Form and order of information
Transcribe state information in the form and order in which it is presented in the source, unless instructed otherwise by specific rules (see 0G).
2B. Statement of state
2B1. General rule
Transcribe a statement relating to the state as it appears on or with the material, according to the general rules 0B-0G. Include any explanatory words or phrases appearing with the statement of state. Be aware that transcribable statements of state are rare in graphic materials.
(Comment: German abbreviation for “5th state” transcribed from artist’s pencil note on item)
2B2. No statement of state
Graphic materials are not usually issued with an indication of state. If considered important, consult reference sources or make visual comparisons of multiple impressions to determine which state is being describedif more than one state exists, and which state is being described.
2B2.1. If n title, statement of responsibility, or imprint do not distinguish the statessuch cases, supply a statement of state in square brackets. If appropriate,. G give the source of the information in a note.
Note: State from Klipstein
(Comment: Made in conjunction with a citation/referencesReferences to published descriptions note reading “References: Klipstein, A. Käthe Kollwitz : Verzeichnis des graphischen Werkes, 201”)
[Unrecorded state between 1 and 2]208
Note: Between Pennington's states 1 and 2, as t. The original dedication has been removed, but neither the replacement used in state 2 nor the number in lower left are yet present
(Comment: Made in conjunction with a citation/referencesReferences to published descriptions note reading “Cited in: Pennington, R. Descriptive catalogue of the etched work of Wenceslaus Hollar, 552”)
[Oopen letter proof]209
[Llater state with additional lines in sky and water]211
[Pprogressive color proofs]212
(Comment: Collection-level record for a group of progressive proofs)
2B2.2. Catalogues raisonnés and other reference sources sometimes categorize as different states prints produced from the same matrix but bearing alteredmay group states that vary in bibliographically significant elements such as titles, imprintspublisher, date, or size of plate mark under the same number, etc. If considered important, the cataloger may record such state designations in the State area even though the altered textual content suffices to disambiguate the manifestations and to justify a separate bibliographic description for each a note. Do not use the State area.
Effigies Paraselci medici celeberrimi [graphic] / P.P. Rub pinxit ; R. Gaywood fecit213
Note: Pennington state 1, before Gaywood replaced by “W. Hollar sculp.”
Effigies Paraselci medici celeberrimi [graphic] / P.P. Rub pinxit ; W. Hollar sculp.214
Note: Pennington state 2, with Hollar in place of “R. Gaywood fecit”
Alternatively, record such state designations in the State area even though the altered textual content suffices to disambiguate the manifestations and to justify a separate bibliographic description for each.
Effigies Paraselci medici celeberrimi [graphic] / P.P. Rub pinxit ; R. Gaywood fecit215
Note: State from Pennington
Effigies Paraselci medici celeberrimi [graphic] / P.P. Rub pinxit ; W. Hollar sculp.216
Note: State from Pennington
2B3. Words such as “edition” or “proof”
Use judgment in transcribing statements containing words such as “edition” or “proof.” For graphic materials, such statements usually indicate a limited edition or a separate printing from the same matrix. Omit such statements from the edition state area. Local notes may be made to indicate an artist’s proof or numbered impressionSuch statements may be recorded in notes, if considered important. See 7B7.
[Mother and child] [still image] / Thomas Handforth.
Optional note: Edition of 40
Optional local note: Library's copy is number 1 of an edition of 40217
(Comment: limitation statement on material reads “Ed. 1/40” with “1” in pencil)
2B4. Insufficiently descriptive statements of state
If an indication of state consists of one or more letters or numbers without accompanying words, or only words that convey numbers, supply an appropriate word in square brackets. If no appropriate word can be determined, or in cases of doubt, simply transcribe the statement as found.
3. Material (or Type of Publication) Specific Details Area
No general use of this area is made for graphic materials.
4. Publication, Distribution, Creation, Etc., Area
4A. Preliminary rule
4B. Place of publication, distribution, creation, etc.
4C. Name of publisher, distributor, etc.
4D. Date of publication, distribution, creation, etc.
4E. Place of manufacture
4F. Name of manufacturer
4G. Date of manufacture
4A. Preliminary rule
4A1. Prescribed punctuation
For instructions on the use of spaces before and after prescribed punctuation, see 0E.
Precede this area by a period-space-dash-space.
Precede a second or subsequently named place of publication, distribution, etc., by a semicolon, unless a linking word or phrase is given on the material.
Precede the name of the first publisher, distributor, etc., by a colon. Precede the name of a second and any subsequent publisher, distributor, etc., by a colon, unless a linking word or phrase is given on the material.
Precede the date of publication, distribution, etc., by a comma.
Enclose the details of manufacture (place, name, date) within parentheses.
Precede a second or subsequently named place of manufacture by a semicolon, unless a linking word or phrase is given on the material.
Precede the name of the first manufacturer by a colon. Precede the name of a second and any subsequent manufacturer by a colon, unless a linking word or phrase is given on the material.
Precede the date of manufacture by a comma.
For the use of the equals sign to precede parallel statements, see the appropriate rules following.
4A2. Sources of information
4A2.1. The prescribed source of information for the publication, distribution, etc., area is printed or manuscript text provided by the creator or creating body on or with the material. If the information for an element is not present in this source, any source may be used to supply needed information in square brackets (see 0G6). If statements belonging to different elements are found in separate sources, combine them to make a complete statement in the publication, distribution, etc., area. For published material with a conventional title page, see Appendix H.
For unpublished material, this area may consist only of the place and date of creation.
4A2.2. If any part of the publication, distribution, etc., area is taken from a source other than the material itself, make a note to indicate the source (see 7B8). Make a note about information not transcribed in the publication, distribution, etc., area, if it is considered important.
4A3. Form and order of information
4A3.1. Transcribe publication, distribution, etc., information in the form and order in which it is presented on or with the material, unless instructed otherwise by specific rules (see 0G).
4A3.2. If statements belonging to different elements appear out of order, or as part of another area, and they are grammatically separable, transpose them as needed. If considered important, make a note indicating the original position of the transposed elements.
London : Printed for & sold by Carington Bowles ... No.69 in St. Paul's Church Yard, published as the act directs, 20 April 1778218
Optional note: Place of publication follows street address in imprint
St. Augustine, Fla. : W.H. Cushing, [between 1875 and 1878]219
Optional note: Publisher precedes place of publication on recto of mount