Presented To Hon. Eliot Spitzer, Governor of The State of New York



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Comprehensive Incarcerated Persons Reform,

Rehabilitation, And Reentry Act

(C.I.P.R.A.)

Presented To

Hon. Eliot Spitzer, Governor of The State of New York


&

The Honorable Lieutenant Governor, David Patterson, The Honorable Senate of The State of New York, The Honorable Assembly of The State of New York, The Honorable Andrew Cuomo, Attorney General of the State of New York, The Honorable Brian S. Fischer, Commissioner of The New York State Department of Correctional Services, The Honorable Martin Horn, Commissioner of The New York City Department of Corrections, The Honorable Chauncy Parker, Director of The Division of Criminal Justice Services of New York State, The Hon. Charles Hines, District Attorney of Kings County for The State and City of New York, The Honorable Linda Gibbs, Deputy Mayor of The City of New York, The Honorable New York City Council, The Honorable New York State Defenders Association, The Honorable Legal Aid Society of New York State, Prisoner’s Legal Services of New York State, The Bronx Defenders Association of New York State, The Center For Law and Justice of New York State, The New York State Commission of Corrections, The United Nations Human Rights Commission, Amnesty International, The Arch Dioceses of New York, The Honorable Assemblyman Jeffrion L. Aubry, The Honorable Senator Michael Nozzolio, The Honorable Assemblyman Keith Wright, The Honorable Senator Dale Volker, The Esteemed Jeremy Travis, President of John Jay College of Criminal Justice (N.Y.C.), The Esteemed Rima Vesely-Flad, Executive Director and Founder of Interfaith Coalition of Advocates For Reentry and Employment, Progressive Faith Evangelical Ministries of Troy, New York, Unitarian Universalist Congregation of Saratoga Springs, New York, The Esteemed Dr. Mark Chapman, The Esteemed Judith Brink, The Esteemed Willie Thomas, Justice Committee of The First Universalist Society of Albany, New York, The Esteemed Errol Louis of the New York Daily News, The Esteemed Karen Lewis, The Esteemed Chris Suellentrop of The New York Times Magazine, The Esteemed Eric Cadora of The Justice Mapping Center, The Esteemed Susan Tucker of The Open Society Institute, The Esteemed Julio Medina of Exodus Transitional Services of New York, The Esteemed Eddie Ellis of “On The Count” W.B.A.I. Radio Program of New York City, The Hon. Rev. Calvin Butts, The Hon. Rev. Al Sharpton, The Esteemed Dr. Susan Ross, The Esteemed Dr. Kimora of John Jay College of Criminal Justice of New York City,The Hon. Senator Eric Adams, The Esteemed and Hon. Senator and Director of Prison Fellowship, Mark Earley, and the Proud People of The Great State Of New York.

Presented By: Sheldon N. Messer, Chauncy Ramos, Manuel Mena, Incarcerated persons of the State of New York and their respective families praying for change, compassion, and help.
Comprehensive Incarcerated Persons Reform,

Rehabilitation, And Reentry Act

(C.I.P.R.A.)

“…Young, unskilled, poorly educated, the typical offender has few marketable capabilities to offer potential employers. Unable to find or keep a job upon his release from prison, the offender often returns to crime---the only “business” he knows. Breaking the cycle of recidivism is a difficult task, involving many complex-contributing factors. One of these is employment potential. Effective programs for building relevant job skills do ease the offender’s reentry into society…”


Gerald M. Caplan, Former director, National Institute of Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice

Table of Contents



Early History of Crime and Punishment………………………………………………2-3

The Rise of Penal Labor, Involuntary Servitude, Mutilations, and imprisonment as forms

Of Punishment…………………………………………………………………………3-4

Religious Interventionism In Matters of Crime and Punishment……………………...4-7

The Rise of Public Punishment as a Deterrent To Crime…………………………….….7

The Beginnings of The Separation Between Church & State…………………………7-8

The Beginnings of The Concept of Imprisonment As Punishment…………………..8-14

The Penitentiary System---The Beginnings of Prisoner Rehabilitation Through

Humanitarian Treatment And Efforts/The Re-emergence of Religious Interventionism in

Crime and Punishment……………………………………………………………….14-16

The Pennsylvania & Auburn Systems of Penology---The Rise of Solitary Confinement &

Its Subsequent Use As Penal Punishment……………………………………………16-18

The Rise of The Prison Industrial Complex………………………………………….18-19

The Shifting Winds of Crime, Punishment, & Prison Policy In America From The Mid-

Twentieth Century To The Early Twenty-First Century……………………………..19-21

The Private Corp. Based Take-Over of American Prison Policy & The Era of the Economy Dependent Slave Labor Pool………………………………………………21-23

The Real Costs of Prisons & Their Environmental, Social, & Economical Impacts Upon The Community & Towns They are Sited & Built In………………………………..23-24

The Building of A Prison---“Siting” Absent Real Public Knowledge of The Environmental Impact………………………………………………………………..24-26

Supplying The Prison Market---Selling & Renting Cell/Bed Space & Prisoners/Prisons-R-Us---Government Obligation & Revenue Bonds---Where Does The Money Come From To Build Prisons, Who Pays The Cost And How Does It Escape Public Scrutiny……………………………………………………………………………….26-27

The Real Economic Impact On Prison Towns & Communities……………………...27-28

The Environmental Impact of Building Prisons In Rural Towns & Communities………28

The Overall Impact of Mass Incarceration & The Prison Industrial Complex on Predominately African-American & Latino Men, Their Respective Communities, Families, and Futures In America---New York State………………………………...28-29

Conclusion……………………………………………………………………………30-31
Proposal………………………………………………………………………………..1-18

It is important to recognize a crucial difference between positive and negative sanctions. When society applies a positive sanction, it is a sign that social controls are successful: The desired behavior has occurred and is being rewarded. When a negative sanction is applied, it is due to the failure of social controls: The undesired behavior has not been prevented. Therefore, a society that frequently must punish people is failing in its attempts to promote conformity. A school that must expel large numbers of students or a government that frequently must call out troops to quell protests and riots should begin to look for the weaknesses in its own system of internal means of social control to promote conformity…”


Henry L. Tischler, Sociologist
“…Conversely, a society that must frequently imprison millions of its citizens should begin to look for the weaknesses in its own system of internal means of social control to promote conformity…”




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