Principles of Health Sciences Infection Control



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Principles of Health Sciences

Infection Control

Name:       Date:       Age/Grade Level: 9-12


# of Students:       # of IEP Students:       # of GSSP Students       # of LEP Students:      
Program: Health Sciences Course: Principles of Health Sciences Major Content: Safety Lesson Length: 3 days
Unit Title: Infectious Precautions Lesson Number and Title: 2 Infectious Precautions Course Task Number: 17


Context

Healthcare workers are routinely exposed to potentially infectious materials during routine care of patients. They must understand the mode of transmission of a variety of infectious diseases and what type of precautions to take to reduce their exposure to and risk for these.




Objectives
At the end of this lesson, the student will:

  1. Analyze principles of infection control

  2. Identify the Chain of Infection and its role in preventing the spread of microorganisms

  3. Demonstrate proper use of Standard Precautions

  4. Incorporate HOSA using competitive event guidelines, leadership and team skills in all content areas

  5. Meet above objectives to 80% mastery or above





Connections

Academic Expectations


  • Practical Living 2.31 Students demonstrate the knowledge and skills they need to remain physically healthy and to accept responsibility for their own physical well-being


Core Content



  • PL-HS-4.2.1 Students will identify individual work habits/ethics (e.g., individual/team responsibilities, willingness to learn, integrity, respect, confidentiality, self-discipline, problem-solving, punctuality, communication skills) and explain their importance in the workplace. DOK 2

Skill Standards



  • Employability Skills 4.19 Accept responsibilities for own actions.

  • Safe Work Practices 7.0 Health care workers will understand the existing and potential hazards to clients, coworkers, and self. They will prevent injury or illness through safe work practices and follow health and safety policies and procedures.

Asses

Assessment Plan


Objective Number

Type of Assessment

Description of Assessment

Depth of Knowledge Level

Adaptations and/or Accommodations

1-3

Formative

Questioning, bellwork, student work

DOK 2

Prompts, cues, student learning groups

1-3


Summative

Unit exam, open response

DOK 3

As needed





Resources, media and technology

  • List the specific materials and equipment needed for the lesson. Attach copies of printed materials to be used with the students.

    • Diversified Health Occupations, Simmons

    • DHO Workbook with skills checklist

    • Student handouts

      • Adapted from North Carolina Health Science Resources

    • http://www.ncpublicschools.org/cte/health_occupations/course-descriptions.html

  • If appropriate, list technology resources for the lesson including hardware, software, and Internet URLs, and be sure to cite the sources used to develop this lesson. (If you or your committee feels the technology observed in the lessons does not fairly represent your use of technology, provide additional documentation. See Standard IX.)

    • Video – Infection Control – Mosby

    • Internet access


Accommodations for Special Populations


Procedures
Handout Activities

Project Based Activities


  • Use HOSA guidelines for Extemporaneous Health Poster to create a presentation on one of the following (or similar) topics:

    • Handwashing

    • Standard Precautions

    • Isolation Types / Precautions

    • Use of PPE


Research Activities

  • Infectious Disease Article


Skills

  • Demonstrate and allow students to practice using the check sheets in the DHO workbook:

    • handwashing

    • use of Personal Protective Equipment.



Introduction

May use Glow Germ activity


Have students complete the first two columns of the K--L chart “Principles of Infection Control” After completing the first columns review student answers. Explain the importance of following Infection Control Principles.
Presentation
Review the PowerPoint or use the attached student handout, clarifying student questions.
Infection Control

  • Healthcare workers are routinely exposed to potentially infectious materials during routine care of patients. They must understand the mode of transmission of a variety of infectious diseases and what type of precautions to take to reduce their exposure to and risk for these.


Microorganisms

  • A microorganism (microbe) is a small living plant or animal that can only be seen with a microscope.

  • Microbes are everywhere.

  • There are two classification

Classes of Microorganisms


  • Bacteria

    • one celled microorganisms that are classified by shape

    • Multiply rapidly and can cause disease in any body system

    • Diseases: staph infections, strep throat, food poisoning, syphilis

  • Protozoa

    • One-celled animals that can infect the brain, blood, intestines

    • Diseases: malaria, dysentery

  • Fungi

    • Plants that live on other plants or animals

    • Include yeasts, molds, and mushrooms

    • Diseases: Vaginal yeast infections, thrush, athlete’s foot, ringworm

  • Rickettsiae

    • Found in fleas, ticks, lice, and other insects

    • Spread by bites of the insect

    • Diseases: Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

  • Viruses

    • Are the smallest types of microorganism. They are made up of only a few molecules.

    • Viruses invade the cells of a living organism where they reproduce more viruses

    • Diseases: colds, herpes, chicken pox, measles, Hepatitis B and C, HIV, and Aids


Requirements of Micro-organisms

  • Microbes need a reservoir (host) to live and grow.

  • Water and nourishment.

  • Most need oxygen to live.

  • A warm and dark environment is needed.

  • Most grow best at body temperature.

  • Microbes are destroyed by heat and light.


Classification of Infections and Diseases

  • Endogenous – begins inside the body

  • Exogenous – caused by something outside the body
  • Nosocomial or Hospital Acquired Infection – (HAI) acquired by an individual within a health care facility


  • Opportunistic – occur when the body’s defenses are weak

  • Local infection - is in a body part.

  • Systemic infection - involves the whole body

  • Communicable - can be transmitted from one person to another person.

  • Multi-drug resistant organisms (MDRO)

    • Organisms that can resist the effects of antibiotics

    • MRSA –Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus

    • VRE – Vancomycin Resistant Enterococcus


Chain of Infection

  • Mode of Transmission

    • Source

    • Reservoir

    • Portal of Exit

    • Method of Transmission

    • Portal of Entry

    • Susceptible Host

  • Microbes may be transmitted by:

    • Airborne Transmission

    • Bloodborne Transmission

    • Vectorborne Transmission

    • Sexual Transmission

    • Foodborne Transmission

    • Casual Contact


Medical Asepsis

  • Asepsis is being free of disease-producing microbes.

  • Measures are needed to achieve asepsis.

    • Medical asepsis (clean technique)

    • Surgical asepsis (sterile technique)

  • Sterilization is the process of destroying all microbes.

  • Contamination is the process of becoming unclean.


Rules of Hand Hygiene

  • Wash your hands with soap & water when they are visibly dirty or soiled

  • After using the restroom
  • After contact with blood, body fluids, secretions, or excretions


  • After coughing, sneezing, or blowing your nose

  • Before and after handling, preparing, or eating food

  • Rules of Hand Hygiene

  • Use an alcohol-based hand rub to decontaminate your hands if they are not visibly soiled

  • Before direct contact with a person

  • After contact with a person’s intact skin

  • After removing gloves


Supplies and Equipment

Most equipment is disposable, however, non disposable items must be cleaned and then



disinfected.

  • Disinfection - process of destroying pathogens.

  • Germicides - disinfectants applied to skin, tissues, and non-living objects.

  • Chemical disinfectants - used to clean surfaces and reusable items.

  • Sterilization destroys all non-pathogens and pathogens, including spores.



Standard Precautions

  • Are part of the CDC’s Isolation Precautions

  • Reduce the risk of spreading pathogens

  • Are used when giving care for all residents

  • Prevent the spread for infection from:

    • Blood

    • All body fluids, secretions, and excretions even if no blood is visible

    • Skin with open breaks or wounds

    • Mucous membranes



Isolation Precautions

  • Blood, body fluids, secretions, and excretions can transmit pathogens so barriers are created to prevent the spread of communicable or contagious diseases.

  • Usually the person’s room is used.
  • Are based on clean and dirty.


  • Wear Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

    • Gowns

    • Masks

    • Eyewear

  • Special measures are used for

    • removing linens, trash, and equipment from the room

    • collecting and transporting specimens

    • transporting persons


Gloves and Gowns

  • Wear gloves whenever contact with blood, body fluids, secretions, excretions, mucous membranes, and non-intact skin is likely.

  • Gowns protect your clothes and body from contact with blood, body fluids, secretions, and excretions.

    • Gowns must completely cover you from your neck to your knees.

    • A wet gown is contaminated.

    • Disposable gowns are discarded after use.


Masks, Goggles, Eyewear

  • Masks and respirators prevent the spread of microbes from the respiratory tract.

    • Masks are disposable & is contaminated if wet or moist

  • Goggles and face shields protect your face from splashing or spraying of blood and body fluids.

    • The outside of masks, goggles or a face shield is contaminated.

  • Disposable eyewear is discarded after use.

      • Reusable eyewear is cleaned and disinfected before reuse


Isolation Precautions

  • Contaminated items are bagged to remove them from the person’s room.

    • Leak-proof plastic bags are used.

    • Bag and transport linens, trash, equipment, and supplies following center policy.

    • Double bagging is not needed unless the outside of the bag is soiled.

  • Use biohazard specimen bags to transport specimens to the laboratory.


  • Procedures for transporting persons vary among centers


Bloodborne Pathogen Standard

      • A regulation of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) to protect the health team from exposure to blood and other potentially infectious materials (OPIM)

  • HIV and HBV are bloodborne pathogens.

  • The center must have an exposure control plan.

    • It identifies staff at risk

    • Includes actions to take for an exposure incident.

    • Staff at risk receives free training.


Preventive Measures

  • Measures used to reduce the risk of exposure include:

    • Hepatitis B vaccinations

    • Engineering and work practice controls

    • Personal protective equipment (PPE)

    • Proper cleaning and decontamination of contaminated equipment

      • Decontaminate work surfaces with a proper disinfectant.

      • Use a brush and dustpan or tongs to clean up broken glass


Regulated Waste

  • Any soiled with liquid or semi-liquid blood or other potentially infection material, including sharps, must be discarded using special measures

  • Containers used for discarding regulated waste are closable, puncture-resistant, leak-proof, and color-coded in red and have the BIOHAZARD symbol.

  • The center must be kept clean and sanitary.

  • Special measures must be used with contaminated laundry


Exposure Incidents
  • Any contact of the eye, mouth, other mucous membrane, non-intact skin with blood or OPIM, including parental contact (needles)


  • Incidents must be reported at once.

  • Confidentiality is important.



Review




Impact
(Analysis of Student Achievement from this lesson)

How many students met performance criteria for objectives? How many did not meet the performance criteria for objectives?
Refinement

(How will you change the lesson to increase student achievement?)

  1. What did your impact analysis tell you about how your students learn?



  1. What did your impact analysis tell you about the success of the strategies you used?



  1. How useful were the assessments in terms of student learning?



  1. What resources and/or personnel might assist you in improving student achievement?



  1. How will you differentiate instruction so that all students achieve?



  1. How will you differentiate instruction for students who easily achieved the performance criteria and need to move forward?



Name ____________________________________ Date ______________________

K – L Chart

Principles of Infection Control




Terms

What I Know

What I Learned

Pathogens

Nonpathogen

Bacteria


Protozoa

Fungi

Rickettsiae

Viruses


Endogenous

Exogenous

Nosocomial

Opportunistic


Chain of Infection

Medical Asepsis

Surgical Asepsis

Sterilization

Contamination

PPE

CDC


OSHA

HIV


HBV







Name ________________________________________ Date ______________________

Standard Precaution Scenarios
What should be used to protect health care workers? As a group, decide what you should do according to OSHA guidelines. Assign the roles to someone in your group and spend the next few minutes practicing role playing the scenarios..


  1. Stephanie is a new CNA at Byrd General Hospital. As she walks into Room 541, she observes Mrs. Branch sitting in bed, holding her catheter in one hand and the side rail with the other. Blood is on the bed linens, siderails and floor. She yells “I couldn’t take another minute of pain with this thing sticking in me. I want to see Dr. Stubbs, now!”



  1. Michael is attending phlebotomy school at night. He has been informed that gloves are a must when performing venipuncture. Michael is mentoring with Mrs. Hill, a MLT for 24 years. Upon entering the room of a gravely ill patient with a very productive cough, Mrs. Hill gets out a syringe, blood tubes, tourniquet, alcohol swabs, gauze and a band aid. As Mrs. Hill applies the tourniquet, Michael asks “What about your gloves?” Mrs. Hill states, “I’ve been doing it like this for 24 years without any problems, and I can feel the vein better this way.”


  1. Louisa is cleaning the room of a recently discharged tuberculosis patient. As she cleans the overbed table, she notices soiled wet tissues in the drawer, dried blood on the tray, and a suction liner still in the canister on the wall. When she moves the trashcan, she also finds a syringe with a needle intact lying on the floor.




  1. Larry has decided to give blood next month at the local blood drive. Before the blood drive, he confides that he is thinking about backing out. He tells you, “I’ve always been terrified of catching some terrible from those needles. You know they can never get those things completely clean.”



  1. Stan needs to collect a sputum specimen from the patient in room 118 who is HIV positive. After collecting the specimen, he takes the cup and places it on the counter by the phone in order to complete the lab slip before taking the specimen to the lab.



  1. Samantha and Carlotta are Health Sciences students. They are helping a patient ambulate. The patient is recovering from a mild left-sided CVA. The patient states “I feel like I’m going to pass out” and suddenly stops breathing and falls to the floor. Samantha starts CPR while Carlotta screams for help.

Name ____________________________________ Date ______________________

Infection Control Review


  1. Why does the body temperature increase when a person has an infection?



  1. Should a health care worker who refuses the vaccine for Hepatitis B because of religious reasons be allowed to work as a hospital lab technician?



  1. Efforts are made to get patients home from hospitals as soon as possible. What type of infection would be reduced by early discharge?



  1. Fill in the blank with the most appropriate type of aseptic control?

a. Surgical instruments _____________________________________

b. Human hands _____________________________________

c. Hypodermic needles _____________________________________

d. A hospital bed _____________________________________

e. Bedpan _____________________________________

f. An abrasion on the knee _____________________________________



  1. What type of equipment would a medical office buy in order to sterilize instruments?




  1. Give four examples of portals of entry, and an example of an infection that could result?

7. Fill in the blank with the most appropriate classification of infection or disease?

a. Hypothermia _____________________________________

b. Pneumocystis carnii _____________________________________


  1. One transmitted by a

health care worker _____________________________________

d. Kaposi’s sarcoma _____________________________________

e. Diabetes _____________________________________

f. Sun poisoning _____________________________________

g. Pseudomonas _____________________________________

ANSWER KEY: INFECTION CONTROL REVIEW

1. Why does the body temperature increase when a person has an infection?



Higher body temperatures kill bacteria

2. Should a health care worker who refuses the vaccine for Hepatitis B because of religious reasons be allowed to work as a hospital lab technician?



Yes. Risk is to the health care worker, not the patient

3. Efforts are made to get patients home from hospitals as soon as possible. What type of infection would be reduced by early discharge?



Nosocomial

4. Fill in the blank with the most appropriate type of aseptic control?

a. Surgical instruments sterilization

b. Human hands antisepsis

c. Hypodermic needles sterilization

d. A hospital bed disinfection

e. Bedpan disinfection

f. An abrasion on the knee antisepsis

5. What type of equipment would a medical office buy in order to sterilize instruments?

Autoclave

6. Give four examples of portals of entry, and an example of an infection that could result?


Break in the skin = infected cut

Respiratory tract = pneumonia

Digestive tract = food poisoning

Genitourinary tract = cystitis

7. Fill in the blank with the most appropriate classification of infection or disease?

a. Hypothermia Exogenous

b. Pneumocystis carnii Opportunistic



  1. One transmitted by a

health care worker Nosocomial

d. Kaposi’s sarcoma Opportunistic

e. Diabetes Endogenous

f. Sun poisoning Exogenous

Name ________________________________________ Date ______________________

Isolation: Fact or Fiction?

Fill in the blank with "Fact" if the statement is true about isolation practices or "Fiction" if the statement is NOT true. Be prepared to share the "true story" for the statements you mark as fiction.

________ 1. Isolation precautions always require the use of a gown, gloves and a mask.

________ 2. Isolation techniques are used for all hospitalized patients.

________ 3. Before gloving, remove rings and put them in your pocket or pin them to your uniform.

________ 4. Two people are required to take equipment out of an isolation unit.

________ 5. Many agencies use special isolation linen bags that dissolve in the washing machine.

________ 6. Protective isolation is the same thing as reverse isolation.

________ 7. A special two-room unit is necessary for isolation.

________ 8. Isolation is a method of caring for patients with a communicable disease.

________ 9. A patient with tuberculosis would be placed on Contact Precautions.

________ 10. Gloves should be removed after leaving an isolation room.

________ 11. A severely burned patient would be placed on Contact Precautions.

________ 12. It is best to leave patient care equipment (stethoscope, sphygmomanometer, etc.) in the room of an isolation patient.

________ 13. If you are wearing a mask in an isolation room and you sneeze, the first thing you should do is wash your hands.

________ 14. Gloves should be tucked under the sleeve of the isolation gown.

________ 15. The inside of a contaminated gown is considered clean.

________ 16. Metal utensils used for meals should be washed and remain in the isolation room for the next meal.

________ 17. After you've been in an isolation unit, the neck and waist ties of the gown are considered contaminated.

________ 18. Special filters are used in all isolation rooms to filter the air.

________ 19. A young, female health care worker who is susceptible to measles should NOT enter the isolation room of a patient with measles.

________ 20. A patient with severe viral influenza would not be placed on isolation.

ANSWER KEY: Isolation: Fact or Fiction?

Fill in the blank with "Fact" if the statement is true about isolation practices, or "Fiction" if the statement is NOT true. Be prepared to share the "true story" for the statements you mark as fiction.

Fiction 1. Isolation precautions always require the use of a gown, gloves and a mask.

Fiction 2. Isolation techniques are used for all hospitalized patients.

Fact 3. Before gloving, remove rings and put them in your pocket or pin them to your uniform.

Fact 4. Two people are required to take equipment out of an isolation unit.

Fact 5. Many agencies use special isolation linen bags that dissolve in the washing machine.

Fact 6. Protective isolation is the same thing as reverse isolation.

Fiction 7. A special two-room unit is necessary for isolation.

Fact 8. Isolation is a method of caring for patients with a communicable disease.

Fiction 9. A patient with tuberculosis would be placed on Contact Precautions.

Fiction 10. Gloves should be removed after leaving an isolation room.

Fiction 11. A severely burned patient would be placed on Contact Precautions.

Fact 12. It is best to leave patient care equipment (stethoscope, sphygmomanometer, etc.) in the room of an isolation patient.

Fact 13. If you are wearing a mask in an isolation room and you sneeze, the first thing you should do is wash your hands.

Fiction 14. Gloves should be tucked under the sleeve of the isolation gown.

Fact 15. The inside of a contaminated gown is considered clean.


Fact 16. Metal utensils used for meals should be washed and remain in the isolation room for the next meal.

Fiction 17. After you've been in an isolation unit, the neck and waist ties of the gown are considered contaminated.

Fiction 18. Special filters are used in all isolation rooms to filter the air.

Fact 19. A young, female health care worker who is susceptible to measles should NOT enter the isolation room of a patient with measles.

Fiction 20. A patient with severe viral influenza would not be placed on isolation.

Infectious Disease Article

Graphic Organizer
Directions: Use this organizer to research an infectious disease. When finished, submit for approval. Then use the information to write an informational article for patient education.
Definition of condition

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Prevalence (how often does this occur, who is most likely to be affected, why)

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Etiology (what causes the condition, if known)

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Forms of the condition (if any)






Risk factors (what factors increase a person’s risk of getting this condition)






Signs and symptoms













Diagnosis (How is the condition diagnosed)











Treatment












Prognosis (what can people diagnosed with this condition expect)

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Prevention

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



Key Points (new research, precautions, medications, where to go for help, etc.)












Works Cited

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Infectious Disease Article Rubric

Citation - 10pts
________ Correctly cites sources

Summary - 10pts each

________ Introduction

________ Defines & explains disease or condition

________ Describes symptoms, complications, etc.

________Explains treatment options

________Describes if/how this can be prevented

________ Correct use of terminology

________ Organization (transitions, use of paragraphs)

________ Grammar & correctness

________ Closing paragraph

________ TOTAL - 100 points

Works Cited Format

Last name, First name. “Title.” Name of Site. Day Month Year.





Infection Precautions Principles of Health Sciences

  1. Asepsis means:

    1. clean technique

    2. the process of destroying pathogens

    3. an infection acquired after admission to a health care facility

    4. being free of disease-producing microbes

2 While working at Dr. Miller's office, part of your job is to sterilize used equipment. His office uses a pressure steam sterilizer. This is called a/an:

  1. autoclave

  2. reservoir

  3. germicide

  4. normal flora

3 The process of becoming unclean is called:

  1. contamination

  2. asepsis

  3. sterilization

  4. disinfection

4 A disease caused by pathogens that spreads easily is called:

  1. a communicable disease

  2. an infection

  3. a nosocomial infection

  4. immunity

5 Equipment worn by health care workers to protect against disease is called:

  1. immunity
  2. personal protective equipment


  3. a vaccine

  4. germicide protective equipment

6 A susceptible host is:

  1. a person at risk for infection

  2. an animal or insect

  3. a reservoir where a pathogen lives

  4. a carrier

7 Mr. Smith develops an infection after being admitted to Rocky Crest Center. He has a/an:

  1. immunity

  2. nosocomial infection

  3. normal flora

  4. contagious disease

8 A microbe that can cause an infection is called:

  1. normal flora

  2. a nonpathogen

  3. a pathogen

  4. a spore

9 Portals of exit for infectious bacteria are:

  1. the same as the portals of entry

  2. personal care items

  3. eating and drinking materials

  4. blood, body fluids, secretions, and excretions

10 To control the spread of microbes, you should do all of the following except:

  1. practice good hand washing technique

  2. shake linens and equipment to remove dust

  3. clean tubs, showers, and shower chairs after each use

  4. clean from the cleanest to the dirtiest

11 When cleaning, you need to clean:

  1. toward your body

  2. away from your body

  3. from the dirtiest to the cleanest

  4. as fast as possible

12 You are going to clean a bedpan. Which statement is false? You should:

  1. wear gloves

  2. rinse the item in cold water only

  3. wash the item with soap and hot water
  4. use a brush if necessary


13 What should be done with reusable equipment when a resident leaves the facility?

  1. it is disinfected or sterilized

  2. send it home with the family

  3. discard it

  4. give it to another resident

14 You are changing Mrs. Norman's bed when you stick your finger with a used syringe left on the bed. This is:

  1. negligence

  2. an exposure incident

  3. a source individual

  4. carelessness

15 The Bloodborne Pathogen Standard is a regulation of:

  1. OBRA

  2. OSHA

  3. the CDC

  4. the MSDS

16 You were just hired at the Rocky Crest center. Which statement is false?

  1. the center must make the Hepatitis B vaccination available to you within the first 10 days

  2. you can refuse to have the Hepatitis B vaccination

  3. if you refuse the Hepatitis B vaccination, you can request it at a later time

  4. you must pay for the Hepatitis B vaccination

17 You need to clean the counter in the dirty utility room. You need to wear:

  1. gloves

  2. a mask and gown

  3. gloves, masks, and a gown

  4. protective eyewear

18 Bloodborne pathogens typically exit the body through except:

  1. blood

  2. semen

  3. vaginal secretions

  4. saliva

19 Your lips are chapped. You can apply lip balm in the:

  1. resident's room

  2. resident's dining room

  3. dirty utility room

  4. employee break room

20 Which of the following is not a work practice control to reduce exposure risks?


  1. discard contaminated sharp items in puncture resistant containers

  2. do not store food where blood or infectious materials are kept

  3. break contaminated needles before discarding

  4. decontaminate hands after removing gloves

21 When removing protective apparel, which of the following is done first?

  1. remove the mask

  2. remove the gloves

  3. remove the gown

  4. untie the gown

22 To avoid contaminating your hands, turn off the faucet:

  1. with clean paper towels

  2. after soap is applied

  3. before drying your hands

  4. with your elbows

23 An infection involving the whole body is:

  1. a systemic infection

  2. a local infection

  3. a contagious disease

  4. normal flora

24 Mrs. Jones is on Contact Precautions. You will always use:

  1. gloves

  2. masks

  3. eye protection

  4. shoe cover

25 When following Droplet Precautions, you need to wear:

  1. a tuberculosis respirator

  2. a mask when working within 3 feet of the person

  3. a gown

  4. eye protection

26 Which is not a portal of exit?

  1. intact skin

  2. respiratory tract

  3. blood

  4. reproductive system


Principles of Health Science

Infection Control Open Response



Directions: Choose one of the following scenarios. Explain the proper response or actions

according to OSHA guidelines.



  1. Michael is attending phlebotomy school at night. He has been informed that gloves are a must when performing venipuncture. Michael is mentoring with Mrs. Hill, a MLT for 24 years. Upon entering the room of a gravely ill patient with a very productive cough, Mrs. Hill gets out a syringe, blood tubes, tourniquet, alcohol swabs, gauze and a band aid. As Mrs. Hill applies the tourniquet, Michael asks “What about your gloves?” Mrs. Hill states, “I’ve been doing it like this for 24 years without any problems, and I can feel the vein better this way.”

  1. Is Michael correct in his response?

  2. Using OSHA guidelines, explain your answer.




  1. Louisa is cleaning the room of a recently discharged tuberculosis patient. As she begins to clean the bed, she removes the damp, bloody sheets and places them in the laundry cart in the hall.

  1. Is Louisa correct in her response?

  2. Using OSHA guidelines, explain your answer.



Score

Criteria

Points


4

Answers both parts of the question

correctly and uses clear details in explaining why.




100


3


Answers both parts of the question

correctly and uses some detail in explaining why.




90


2

Answers both parts of the question

correctly but uses little detail in explaining why...




80


1

Answers one or both parts of the question incorrectly.




70


0

Answer is completely incorrect or irrelevant.




0
Rubric

Principles of Health Science

Infection Control Open Response

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________



Score

Criteria

Points


4

Answers both parts of the question

correctly and uses clear details in explaining why.




100


3

Answers both parts of the question

correctly and uses some detail in explaining why.




90


2

Answers both parts of the question

correctly but uses little detail in explaining why...




80


1

Answers one or both parts of the question incorrectly.




70


0

Answer is completely incorrect or irrelevant.




0





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