Prismatic off-shoots of metro life in the novels of chetan bhagat



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PRISMATIC OFF-SHOOTS OF METRO LIFE


IN THE NOVELS OF CHETAN BHAGAT
A SYNOPSIS

Submitted to

ARNI UNIVERSITY

KATHGARH (INDORA)-H. P.
For the Registration of
DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY

IN

ENGLISH
By

Manju Sharma
Under the Supervision of
Dr. Vijay Mehta,

Head,

Department of English
ARNI UNIVERSITY
KATHGARH (INDORA) - 176401, H.P.
March, 2016

SYNOPSIS FOR THE PH.D IN THE AREA OF ENGLISH

1. Title of the Ph.D. Thesis
Prismatic Off-shoots of Metro Life in the Novels of Chetan Bhagat

2.   Introduction

(Giving Purpose of Research, about 200 words.)

  The purpose of this research is to highlight the prismatic off-shoots of modern life that exists in metro cities of India, as delineated by Chetan Bhagat in his novels. The present computerized life has given a varied exposure to the youth in metro cities. Chetan Bhagat has portrayed the very aspirations of youth struggling for independent career as per its métier. Today the youth is bent upon creativity and independence. The young people wish to drop the very life of facts as described by Charles Dickens in Hard Times. They have their own view of life and they wish to see life from their own viewpoint. Personal as well as impersonal views of the author have built the aura of his characters in his novels throwing light on the various spectrum of life. The youth needs independence in choosing vocation as per avocation without following the oft quoted path of career as envisioned by the elders. The viewpoints on career and family life are divergent. There is presentation of complete freedom on the part of youth as delineated by Chetan Bhagat. There is a complete world of youth ruled by youth in metro cities in the writings of Chetan Bhagat and they wish to show what latent talent is bubbling in their hearts.

The temptation to study Chetan Bhagat’s novels has sprung up from the bird’s eye view of very transparent plots of his books. The first hand reading of his books has the magnetic attraction to delve deeper into his plots and relate them to what is the ground reality in respect of youthful i.e. the real life in metro cities. Sometimes the plot of novel appears to be too trivial, at other times the plot appears to be deliberately contrived; still at other times the plot appears to be spontaneous overflow of the feelings of a devoted champion of youthful emancipation from the age-old inhibitions imposed by the orthodox elderly world. But on all these levels, the fact remains that the free life of youth struggling for social identity in its own way has been depicted in fictional terms due to realistic portrayal in his novels. Since Chetan Bhagat has appeared on the international literary horizon only recently it would worth while to briefly illustrate the plot and the delineation of characters in his works under my research.

In Revolution 2020, the novelist has chosen the great tourist city, Varanasi as the background of his novel. Once upon a time, in small town in India, there lived two brilliant guys- one wished to use his intelligence to amass a large amount of wealth, whereas the other youth wished to use his intelligence to create revolution. The novelist weaves his plot on a love triangle as was often the case in the novels of Mills and Boon. The trio (Gopal, Arti and Raghav) makes an attempt to start their life, rather struggle to achieve social identity through successful venture and make their family based on love life. However it is not easy to get their targets of life attained in an unfair society of metro life that rewards the corrupt. As Gopal gives in to the system, and Raghav fights it to win laurels.

In Five Point Some One, Chetan Bhagat shows how his three characters wish to show their métier to the orthodox intellectuals in high profile institute, like IIT of India. There is a story of three hostel-mates - Alok, Hari and Ryan who are unable to cope with IIT system of evaluation of their performance. They are shown slipping between vocation and avocation. They get off to a bad start in IIT- they screw up the first class quiz. And while they make amends, things get only worse. It takes them awhile to realize: If you try and screw with the IIT system, it comes back to double screw you. Before they know it, they are at the lowest echelons of IIT society. They have a five- point- something GPA out of ten, ranking near the end of their class. This GPA is a tattoo that will remain with them, and come in the way of anything else that matter- their friendship, their future and their love-life. While the world expects IITians to conquer the world, these guys are struggling to survive.


One Night & Call Center is a tale about the events that happen one night at a call center. Told through the views of the protagonist, Shyam, it is a story of almost lost love, thwarted ambitions, absence of family affection, pressures of a patriarchal set up, and the work environment in a globalized office. Claimed to be based on a true story, the protagonist, Shyam Mehra is one among the six call center employees featured. All the characters experience a dramatic and disturbing event during the night when they receive a call from God. What transpires later is a tale of cheating girlfriends, conspiring colleagues and even a story of a failed casting couch in the modeling world.

2 States – the story of love marriage” is said to be inspired from happenings in his own life, is a story of how two IIM- Ahmadabad classmates – Krish Malhotra (a Punjabi boy) and Ananya Swaminathan (a Tamil girl) fall in love with each other but have to deal with the problem of their parents not agreeing to their marriage. Though the plot is very predictable, but Chetan kept the readers’ attention throughout with his simple, witty writing. Having lived in the north (with many Punjabi friends) and by virtue of his living now in Chennai, he could relate to a lot of things. He relates the barriers lying in cross-cultural marriage that is now frequently taking place. The class-mates or the co-workers from different regions celebrate marriage at their own choice but later on they find problems in adjustment and this is what the novelist has presented in the metro life and the corporate world.
3. A brief Review of the work already done in the field

Since Chetan Bhagat has entered the literary arena only recently, therefore not many critiques are available. Perhaps this is all the more beneficial because non-availability of criticism on Chetan Bhagat will save me from the risk of exploring her works with a conditioned mind. There is one related review –Fractal Myth: Modernism and the City by Michelle Chapman, focusing on representations of the city in T.S. Eliot’s poetry, James Joyce’s Dubliners and Virginia Woolf’s The Waves. There is another review of related literature Setting from Rural to Metro India in Indian Fiction by Prof. Santoshkumar. M. Patil published in the Journal: Indian Streams Research Journal, Vol.-I, Issue-XII (Jan 2012).

4. Noteworthy contribution in the field of proposed work
By highlighting the existing paradoxes in the world of Chetan Bhagat, the grit of youth in Metro cities to face the challenges will be analysed. There is much to be done when it comes to the lives of so many struggling youthful faces. These young men and women may be hidden by the chill penury, or the social inhibitions, but they make an attempt to get a start firmly controlled by the innovate thinking having an edge over parental supremacy; they need metamorphic change as they are now weary of restraints of the orthodox customs. It will contribute to the amelioration of thousands of men and women who yearn for freedom in their lives in the choice of their career and life style.
5. Methodology purposed during the tenure of the research work.
Research methodology will be based on George A. Kelly's C-P-C cycle i.e. circumspection, pre-emption and control, leading to a decision which precipitates the person into a particular situation in the broad framework of Integrated Approach comprising of:

Psycho-pathological analysis,

Socio-psychological analysis

& socio-cultural analysis

to develop a perspective on Islamic women in the royal gallery. The C-P-C cycle will enable to look at the gender criminology propositionally and in a multi-dimensional manner.

6. The Organization of the Proposed Study


Chapter 1. Postcolonial Fiction, An Overview-

Development of Fiction in Metropolis in Post Colonial Literature


Chapter 2. Aspirations of Metro Youth in Chetan Bhagat’s novels

Chapter 3. Education System in Metro in Bhagat’s Novels-

Aspirations of affluent parents and brilliant students


Chapter 4. Culture in Metro City in Chetan Bhagat Novels
Chapter 5. Conclusion

____________________________________________________________




  1. Bibliography


PRIMARY SOURCES
Bhagat, Chetan. Five Point Someone, New Delhi: Paperback Rupa & co, 2004.

Bhagat, Chetan. One Night @ Call Center, New Delhi: Paperback Rupa & co, 2005.

Bhagat, Chetan. The 3 Mistakes of My Life, New Delhi: Paperback Rupa & co, 2008.

Bhagat, Chetan.2 States, New Delhi: Paperback Rupa & co, 2009.

Bhagat, Chetan. Revolution 2020, New Delhi: Paperback Rupa & co, 2011.


SECONDARY SOURCES
Basu, Lotika, Indian Writers of English Verse, Calcutta, 1933

Iyengar, Srinivasa, K.R., Indo-Anglian Literature, Bombay, 1943

Kelley, George A- The Psychology of Personal Contructs, Vol. One, Routledge, London

1991.

McCutchion, Doird, Indian Writing in English, Calcutta, 1968

Milhorn, Thomas H., Writing Genre Fiction: A Guide to the Craft, Florida, 2006

Naik, M. K., S. K. Desai & G. S. Amur (Eds.), Critical Essays on Indian Writing


in English, Dharwar,1968

Purani, A. B., Sri Aurobindo’s “Savitri”, Pondicherry, 1956

Schorer, Mark, “Technique as Discovery,” Modern Criticism and Theory-

A Reader (Second edition), ed. David Lodge and Nigel Wood. New York, 1968

Sethna, K. D. , The Poetic Genius of Sri Aurobindo, Bombay, 1947

Singh, R. P., Ed. An Anthology of English Essays, New Delhi, OUP.2000

Spencer, Dorothy, M., Indian Fiction in English, Philadelphia, 1960

Straus, Gelles and Steinmentz, Behind Closed Doors, Harper and Row, New York, 1974

Vivekananda. His Call to the Nation, Calcutta, 2009

Zamora, Lois Parkinson, Magical Realism: Theory, History, Community, Durham, 1995

WEBLIOGRAPHY

<http://www.fractal myth.com/essay/modern.html>

Signature of the Supervisor Signature of the Candidate


(Prof. Vijay Mehta) (Ms. Manju Sharma)




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