Public Education



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Public Education


Alaska has unique characteristics that make delivery of preventive services and education about healthy lifestyles difficult. These include inclement weather, geographic isolation, limited availability of affordable healthy foods, and competing priorities for communities. Developing a sense of urgency around risk reduction for heart disease and stroke prevention, the number two and four killers of Alaskans respectively, is critical. This plan proposes that public education be carried out in a systematic, culturally appropriate manner that is evaluated for effectiveness.

Goal: Ensure Alaskans know how to reduce their risk of heart disease and stroke.



  1. Increase the number of Alaskans who know their blood pressure, cholesterol, BMI, and glucose numbers are high or borderline.

  1. Support “Know Your Numbers” and testing campaigns statewide, filling in the gaps for underserved areas.

  2. Redistribute the “KYN” cards.

Pub.Ed.

Obj. No.

Measurable Objective


Indicator

Baseline

Target

1.a

By 2015, increase the percentage of Alaskan adults who know their blood pressure numbers are high or borderline

Percentage of AK adults who report having high or borderline BP measured within the last year.

Unknown (as of 2/19/2009)

Data source: developmental BRFSS question



10% above baseline

1.b

By 2015, increase the percentage of Alaskan adults who have been tested for cholesterol in the past five years and have been told it is high

Percentage of AK adults who report having had their blood cholesterol tested in the past year, and knowing what their total, HDL and LDL numbers were at that time and the significance of the numbers.

Unknown (as of 2/19/2009)

Data source: developmental BRFSS question



10% above baseline

1.c

By 2015, increase the percentage of Alaskan adults who know their BMI

Percentage of AK adults who report taking height and weight measurements in the past year, and knowing what their BMI was at that time.

Unknown (as of 2/19/2009)

Data source: 2007 BRFSS question?



10% above baseline

1.d

By 2015, increase the percentage of Alaskan adults who have been tested for blood glucose in the past 3 years and who show elevated or pre-diabetes values

Percentage of AK adults who report having had their blood glucose tested in the past 3 years, and knowing what their blood glucose numbers were at that time and that their numbers were high.


Unknown (as of 2/19/2009)

Data source: developmental BRFSS question



10% above baseline



  1. Increase the number of Alaskans who know the signs and symptoms of heart attack and stroke.

    1. Continue to support existing campaigns with bookmarks, coffee sleeves and other tools distributed.

    2. Support and promote the use of the Alaska Health Library Project (AHELP) database. http://www.ahelp.org .

    3. Promote use of CVD signs and symptoms tools on Take Heart website: blood pressure education tools, women’s signs and symptoms campaign.



Pub.Ed.

Obj. No.

Measurable Objective


Indicator

Baseline

Target

2.a

By 2015, increase the percentage of Alaskans who know each of the 5 signs and symptoms of heart attack and stroke and to call 911.

Percentage of Alaskan adults who correctly identify (a) all 5 signs and symptoms of stroke (and identify a decoy as such), and (b) that calling 911 is the most appropriate response to seeing those signs.

16% (2002)

Data source: BRFSS



18%

2.b


Increase hits on AHELP website.










2.c

Note downloads of materials from Take Heart website.












    1. Increase the number of Alaskans who recognize heart health as a primary health problem in the state.

    2. Extend the reach of CVD awareness campaigns in AK.

    3. Populate Public Education tab on webpage with links to Take Heart campaigns and evaluations if they are available, include success stories that promote healthy choices and results.

    4. Evaluate future use of tools with form on webpage.



Public Education

Obj. No.

Measurable Objective


Indicator

Baseline

Target

3.a

By 2015, increase the percentage of Alaskan adults who are at a stage of readiness to make a lifestyle change regarding nutrition, physical activity, or tobacco use

Percentage of Alaskan adults who report planning to make one of the following changes in the next 30 days: (a) eat more fruits and vegetables, (b) eat fewer high fat/cholesterol foods, (c) increase physical activity, or (d) stop smoking


Unknown (as of 2/19/2009)

Data source: BRFSS developmental questions



10% above baseline

3.b

3.c


By 2015, increase the usage of Take Heart Alaska specific campaign materials

Note the number of hits on the website, ask users to describe use of product, location, timeframe

Increase site usage by 50%

Items used statewide

Strategies

  1. Revise Heart Health Tracker; put on site as printable document; distribute to AK Health Fair and beyond; mimic lotto card look – scratch off version? Indicate why this is important.

  2. Post items and success stories in Take Heart website.

  3. Mailing, perhaps with follow up call, all items on Take Heart site.

  4. Prof. Ed. Checklist and risk profile applications for providers.

  5. Disaster preparedness for medications.

  6. Within the year, figure out best media campaign to increase the urgency within the public of preventing/treating risk factors (no fear based campaigns). Plan to roll out campaign.

  7. Bring the tools that do work to the people who will use them.






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