Purpose-built service buildings



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PURPOSE-BUILT SERVICE BUILDINGS

FOR DEPARTMENT STORES, 1913-1960

Richard Longstreth, compiler


revised 12.1.09

This compendium offers basic data on buildings constructed specifically for delivery, storage, and other service functions of the over 180 downtown-based department store companies in 59 cities studied for my book, The American Department Store Transformed, 1920-1960 (Yale University Press, 2010). The list includes discrete facilities attached or adjacent to the main store as well as ones on remote sites. The listings are chronologically arranged by date of opening, beginning with the earliest such facilities I have been able to document.


Numerous sources were used in compiling this material. Women’s Wear Daily and local newspapers were especially useful. Site visits were made in most cases, in which case I have included notation of whether the building still stands followed by the date of my last visit in parentheses as the last line in an entry.
Additions and corrections are welcome. Contact me at rwl@gwu.edu.

1913


FAMOUS AND BARR CO., St. Charles Street, St. Louis

opened 1913

10 stories + 2 basement

no longer standing (9.00)

1914
OUTLET CO., Pine & Eddy streets, Providence

opened ca. 9.1.14

6 stories + basement, $108,000

no longer standing (4.04)

1915

ROSENBAUM COMPANY, Pittsburgh

opened before 9.1.15

3 stories

delivery station and truck garage

1916

J. L. HUDSON CO., Beaulieu Street, Detroit

opened 1916

1 story

delivery station



demolished ca. 2000
1918
STRAWBRIDGE & CLOTHIER, Ninth & Poplar streets, Philadelphia

opened 1918

10 stories + basement, 234,000 square feet

warehouse

extant, vacant (10.00)

1920
J. L. HUDSON CO., Detroit

addition

opened ca. 11.20

1-story addition to delivery and warehouse

extant, numerous additions (4.00)

1921
WM. FILENE'S SONS, Memorial Drive & Main Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts

announced ca. 3.1.20, opened ca. 1.8.21

6 stories + basement, 97,200 square feet

no longer standing (7.96)

1922
DAYTON CO., N. Eleventh Street & Carrie Avenue, Minneapolis

opened 1922

2 stories

warehouse

extant (9.00)

1923
MAY CO., 3401 S. Grand Avenue, Los Angeles

announced 3.13.23, opened ca. 7.23

Albert C. Martin & Associates, architect

1 story, 35,000 square feet, $300,000

demolished for new service building 1947

LANSBURGH & BRO., Eighth Street, between D & E streets, N.W, Washington, D.C.

announced 4.15.23, opened 1923

Milburn Heister & Company, architects

6 stories + basement

warehouse

no longer standing (11.92)

1924


BOSTON STORE, Milwaukee

opened ca. 6.24

4, 1 stories + basement

DAYTON CO., N. Eleventh Street & Carrie Avenue, Minneapolis

addition


announced 2.20.24, opened ca. 8.24

Long & Thorshov, architects

4 + 2 stories + basement, 85,000 square feet, $110,000

warehouse

extant (9.00)

POWERS MERCANTILE CO., Western Avenue, St. Paul, Minnesota

announced 8.7.24, opened ca. 11.24

6 stories, 99,000 square feet, $200,000

extant, altered (2.00)

1925

J. L. HUDSON CO., Beaulieu Street, near Adams Avenue, Detroit

addition


announced 8.15.24, o. 1925

6 stories, $325,000

warehouse

extant, numerous additions (4.00)



MAY COMPANY, Grand Avenue, Los Angeles

announced 6.13.23, opened by 3.10.25

A. C. Martin & Associates, architects

4 stories, 125,000 square feet

demolished for new service building 1947

KAUFMANN, BAER & CO., Wharton Street, between Twenty-First & Twenty-Second streets, Pittsburgh

announced 1.4.24, opened 5.19.25

7 stories, 293,000 square feet

warehouse

store acquired by Gimbel Bros. 1925

LASALLE & KOCH, Huron & Lafayette streets, Toledo

announced 1.30.25, opened ca. 7.25

3 stories, 57,200 square feet, $125,000

warehouse


L. BAMBERGER & CO., 254-284 Elizabeth Avenue, Newark

announced 12.20.24, opened 10.25

Abbott, Merkt & Company (New York), architects-engineers

2 stories + basement, 180,000 square feet

delivery station; warehouse planned for site, but never realized

extant, altered (2.93)


THALHEIMER BROS., N. Seventh Street, between Clay & Marshall streets, Richmond, Virginia

announced 8.3.25, opened ca. 11.25

2 stories

no longer standing (10.00)


L. S. PLAUT & CO., New & Wilsey streets, Newark

announced 12.7.25, project

5 stories

1926


FAMOUS-BARR CO., Spring Avenue & Market Street, St. Louis

announced 1.7.25, opened ca. 1-2.26

Will Levy, architect

7 stories + basement, 400,000 square feet

extant, altered, in operation (9.00)
BULLOCK'S, Tenth, Eleventh & Stanford avenues, Los Angeles

announced 7.13.24, opened ca. 3.26

John and Donald B. Parkinson, architects

2 stories + basement (4 additional. stories planned), 171,000 square feet

extant (1.97)

S. KANN SONS, Delaware Avenue & C Street, S.W., Washington, D.C.

announced 4.19.25, opened. ca. 5.26

Abbott, Merkt & Company (New York), architects-engineers

4 stories + basement, 100,000 square feet

no longer standing (2.93)

HALE BROTHERS, Fifth & Mint streets, San Francisco

opened ca. 11.1.26

10 stories + basement, 85,000 square feet

CROWLEY-MILNER & CO., Detroit

opened ca. 1926

delivery station
1927
H. & S. POGUE CO., Sixth & Cutter streets, Cincinnati

announced 7.26.26, opened ca. 11.27

Abbott, Merkt & Company (New York), architects-engineers

3, 1 stories, 78,500 square feet, $250,000

no longer standing (4.96)
ABRAHAM & STRAUS, Second Avenue, Forty-Third & Forty-Fourth streets, Brooklyn

announced 4.2.27, probably a project

Starrett & Van Vleck, architects

warehouse

1928
MEIER & FRANK, Flanders, Everett, Fourteenth & Fifteenth streets, Portland, Oregon

announced 1.2.27, opened 2.28

Sutton & Whitney, architects

4 stories + basement, $500,000

extant, vacant (6.04)
MAY CO., Payne Avenue, between E. Forty-First & E. Forty-Third streets, Cleveland

announced 3.22.27, opened ca. 3.1.28

Lehman, Schmitt & Co., architects

5 stories + basement, 600,000 square feet, $1,000,000

extant (6.99)

GOLDEN RULE, Lafayette & Woodward streets, St. Paul, Minnesota

announced 8.18.23, opened 5.28

Clarence H. Johnson, architect

7 stories + basement, 217,600 square feet, $400,000

no longer standing (9.00)


BLOOMINGDALE BROTHERS, Hunter's Point Avenue & Fourth Street, Brooklyn

announced l.26.27, opened 6.26.28

Abbott, Merkt & Company, architects-engineers

6 stories + basement, 585,000 square feet

extant (5.92)
STIX, BAER & FULLER DRY GOODS CO., 3720 Laclede Avenue, St. Louis

announced 12.17.27, opened ca. 8.28

Mauran, Russell & Crowell, architects

6 stories + basement, $100,000

additions to 1914 relay station

extant (4.96)


DAYTON CO., Eighth Street, Minneapolis

addition


opened 9.1.28

in basement of 4-story+ basement garage

delivery station

extant, altered (9.00)


R. H. MACY & CO., Hunters Point Avenue, Brooklyn

opened by 9.28

7 stories

addition to warehouse

extant (5.92)
JOSEPH HORNE CO., Manchester Boulevard & Shore Avenue, Pittsburgh

announced 4.18.27, opened 11.16.28

Huntin, Davis & Daniels, architects

8 stories + basement, 414,000 square feet, @ $1,500,000

no longer standing (6.95)

STRAWBRIDGE & CLOTHIER, 950 N. Ninth Street, Philadelphia

announced ca. 8.28, opened ca. 11.28

probably by Abbott, Merkt & Company (New York), architects-engineers

2 stories, 62,000 square feet

delivery station addition to warehouse

extant, vacant (1.99)


CROWLEY-MILNER & CO., Lafayette Avenue & St. Antoine Street, Detroit

announced 3.25.27, opened ca. 1928

8 stories, 153,000 square feet

warehouse


ZCMI, Second West & S. Temple streets, Salt Lake City

announced 7.5.27, opened ca. 1928

$100,000

warehouse, next to existing ones of company

no longer standing (4.05)

FREDERICK & NELSON, Terry Street, Seattle

opened 1928

6 stories + basement
JAMES A. HEARN & SON, New York

announced 12.1.28, project

Abbott, Merkt & Company, architects-engineers

8, 4 stories, @ 320,000 square feet

1929

ELETO CO. (for LORD & TAYLOR AND McCREERY'S), First Avenue, Thirty-Eighth & Thirty-Ninth

streets, New York

announced 10.6.27, opened 4.17.29

Starrett & Van Vleck, architects

10 stories + basement, 385,000 square feet

extant (5.97)


LION SRORE, St. Clair & Superior streets, Toledo

announced 1.15.29, opened ca. 10.29

Langdon, Hohly & Gram, architects

2 stories + basement, 100,000 square feet

1930

G. FOX & CO., Talcott Street, Hartford

opened. ca. 1930

Abbott, Merkt & Company (New York), architects-engineers

9 stories + basement

addition to existing building

extant, altered (3.08)

1931

GIMBEL BROS., Hamilton Street, Philadelphia

opened 7.27.31

Abbott, Merkt & Company (New York), architects-engineers

2 stories

delivery station

no longer standing (9.99)


PALAIS ROYAL, First Street, between L & M streets, N.E., Washington, D.C.

announced 12.30, opened 9.17.31

Abbott, Merkt & Company (New York), architects-engineers

4 stories + basement 125,000 square feet

demolished 1993

1937
STEWART & CO., 641 (?) W. Saratoga Street, Baltimore

opened ca. 5.37

4 stories, 136,000 square feet, $175,000

no longer standing (9.98)
HECHT COMPANY, New York Avenue & Fenwick Street, N.E., Washington, D.C.

announced 1.12.36, opened ca. 6.30.37

Abbott, Merkt & Company (New York), architect-engineers

6 stories + basement, 350,000 square feet

extant (12.09)
JOHN SHILLITO CO., Seventh & Elm streets, Cincinnati

announced 3.8.37, opened 10.26.37

10 stories + 2 basement levels

Potter, Tyler & Martin, architects

extant (4.08)

1938

J. L. HUDSON CO., Detroit

addition

opened. by 5.9.38

Abbott, Merkt & Company (New York), architects-engineers; Smith, Hinchman & Grylls, associated

architects

6, 4 stories + basement, @ $500,000

delivery station

extant (4.00)

QUACKENBUSH CO., Furman Street, Paterson, New Jersey

announced 6.17.38, opened 12.38

John Graham (Seattle), architect

5 stories, @ 45,000 square feet

warehouse

no longer standing (7.00)

1939
WOODWARD & LOTHROP, 131 M Street, N.E., Washington, D.C.

announced 1.22.48, opened ca. 4.9.39

Abbott, Merkt & Company (New York), architects-engineers

6 stories + basement, 450,000 square feet, $1,100,000

extant (12.09)
RICHARDS DEPARTMENT STORE, Miami

opened ca. 10-11.39

2, 1 stories

warehouse


F. & R. LAZARUS CO., Front & State streets, Columbus, Ohio

announced ca. 2.39, opened 11.6.39

Richards, McCarthy & Bulford, architects

10 stories + basement, 275,000 square feet, $1,000,000

extant (4.08)

1940
SIBLEY, LINDSAY & CURR, Rochester, New York

opened ca. 1.40

1 story, 30,141 square feet

Abbott, Merkt & Company (New York), architects-engineers

delivery station

LIT BROTHERS, Buttonwood Avenue, Seventeenth & Eighteenth streets, Philadelphia

announced 8.8.39, opened ca. 9.40

Simon & Simon, architects

5 stories + basement, @ 500,000 square feet, $2,000,000

no longer standing (11.92)

LANSBURGH & BRO., S. Capitol & P streets, S.W., Washington, D.C

announced 4.39, o. ca. 1940

2 stories + basement, @ 74,000 sqft.

service facility, warehouse

extant (5.08)

1941
STIX, BAER & FULLER DRY GOODS CO., 3720 Laclede Avenue, St. Louis

addition

announced 3.5.41, opened ca. 1941.

Abbott, Merkt & Company (New York), architects-engineers

2 stories + basement

extant (4.96)

M. O'NEIL COMAPNY, S. Main & State streets, Akron

announced. 6.17.41, project

Graham, Anderson, Probst & White (Chicago), architects

3-story addition to main building, 165,000 square feet, $500,000

1942

HOCHSCHILD, KOHN & CO., Park Avenue & Center Street, Baltimore

announced 5.1.41, opened ca. 1.42

Abbott, Merkt & Company (New York), architects-engineers; James Edmunds, associate architect

6 stories + basement

extant, altered (10.07)

1947
FAMNOUS-BARR CO., Market Street, near Spring Avenue, St. Louis

announced 7.29.45, opened ca. 1946-47

Will Levy, architect

7 stories + basement, $1,000,000

extant, altered (9.00)

J. L. HUDSON CO., Beaulieu, Adams, Beacon & Brush streets, Detroit

announced 11.16.45, opened ca. 3.47

Smith, Hinchman & Grylls, architects

3 stories, 133,600 square feet

extant, altered (4.00)

ABRAHAM & STRAUS, Livingston Street, Brooklyn

announced 9.14.45, opened by 6.25.47

Shreve, Lamb & Harmon, architects

8 stories + basement


MILLER & RHOADS, 2709 Hermitage Road, Richmond, Virginia

announced 1946, opened ca. 8.47

Carneal & Johnston, architects

1 story, 120,000 square feet., $750,000

extant (10.00)
GIMBEL BROTHERS, Sidney, Twenty-Fourth & Twenty-Firth streets, Pittsburgh

announced 12.16.46, opened ca. 10.15.47

William York Cocken, architect; Abbott, Merkt & Company (New York), consultants

2 stories, 140,000 square feet, $1,2500,000


MAY CO., Jefferson Boulevard & Grand Avenue, Los Angeles

announced 11.7.45, opened ca. 1947

Albert C. Martin & Associates, architects

6 stories + basement, 800,000 square feet

extant, altered (11.00)
FOLEY BROTHERS, 2103 Eastwood, Houston

opened 1947

Kenneth Franzheim, architect

1 story, 123,000 square feet, $450,000

extant, numerous additions, altered, in operation (4.99)

1948
HECHT COMPANY, New York Avenue & Fenwick Street, N.E., Washington, D.C.

opened 7.48

Abbott, Merkt & Company (New York), architects-engineers

6 stories+ basement, 130,000 square feet, $600,000

addition

extant (12.09)
B. GERTZ CO., One Hundred, Eighty-Third & Liberty streets, Queens, New York

opened 12.48

Abbott, Merkt & Company, architects-engineers

4 stories, 190,000 square feet

extant (5.97)

1949
H. & S. POGUE CO., Race Street, south of Fourth Street, Cincinnati

announced 2.13.46, opened ca. 3.49

Harry Hanke and Harry Hanke, Jr., architects

11 stories+ basement, 116,439 square feet, $2,000,000

extant (4.08)


F. & R. LAZARUS & CO., W. Whittier Street, Columbus, Ohio

announced ca. 4.48, opened 4.8.49

Austin Company (Cleveland), architects-engineers

1 story + mezzanine, 250,000 square feet,, @ $1,500,000

extant, vacant (7.99)
L. BAMBERGER & CO., Franklin Street & Watsesing Avenue, Bloomfield and Belleville, New Jersey

announced 8.7.47, opened 5.24.49

Abbott, Merkt & Company (New York), architects-engineers

1 story, 396,000 square feet

extant, vacant (7.97)
B. ALTMAN & CO., Hunter's Point Avenue, Thirty-Fifth & Thirty-Sixth streets, Queens, New York

ann. 5.28.48, o. 6.49

Abbott, Merkt & Company, architects-engineers

2 stories, 216,000 square feet

HALLE BROS. CO., Prospect Avenue, Cleveland

announced 11.23.46, opened 7.30.49

Walker & Weeks, architects

7 stories + 2 basement levels

extant (7.97)

1950

CARSON, PIRIE, SCOTT, Cicero Avenue & Seventy-First Street, Chicago

announced 4.49, opened, 6.6.50

DeYoung, Moskowitz & Rosenberg (New York), architects

1 story, 484,460 square feet, $3,000,000

no longer standing (8.95)

1951
LOVEMAN, JOSEPH & LOEB, Ninth Avenue, Eighteenth & Nineteenth streets, N., Birmingham, Alabama

announced 2.21.51, opened ca. 9.1.51

Abbott, Merkt & Company (New York), architects-engineers

1 story., $750,000

no longer standing (5.99)

1952
KRAUSS CO., Ibreville, Basin & Crozat streets, New Orleans

announced 1.12.50, opened 4.1.52

Faurot & Reed and Abbott, Merkt & Company (New York), associated architects

5, 6 stories, 100,000 square feet

extant (11.06)


NEIMAN-MARCUS, 2620 N. Haskell Street, Dallas

announced by 1.51, opened ca. 4.52

DeWitt & Swank, architects

100,000 square feet

no longer standing (1.97)
THALHEIMER BROTHERS, Westmorland Street near Broad Street, Richmond, Virginia

announced 1.50, opened 10.52

DeYoung, Moskowitz & Rosenberg (New York), architects

1 story, 200,000 square feet, $2,000,000

extant, altered (10.00)

FORBES & WALLACE, Springfield, Massachusetts

announced by 8.51, opened ca. 1952.

Abbott, Merkt & Company (New York), architects-engineers

2, 1 stories

1953

DENVER DRY GOODS COMPANY, 50 S. Klamath Street, Denver

opened 4.53

Harry E. Rathbaum, architect

1 story
L. S. DONALDSON CO., Hiawatha Avenue, Thirty-Sixth & Thirty-Seventh streets, Minneapolis

announced 12.19.52, open summer 1953

David Griswold, architect; Alvin L. Weidt associated

2 1/2 stories, 200,000 square feet, $750,000

extant, altered (9.00)


MAAS BROS., Gandy Boulevard & Manhattan Street, Tampa

announced by 3.25.53, opened ca. 1953

175,000 square feet
D. H. HOLMES, S. Dupre Street, between Euphrosine Street & Tulane Avenue, New Orleans

opened ca. 1953

2 stories

extant (11.06)

1954
MAISON BLANCHE, 916 Bienville Street, New Orleans

announced before 6.21.52, opened 5.8.54

4 stories+ basement

extant (11.06)

1955
LANSBURGH & BRO., Eighth Street, between D & E streets, N.W., Washington, D.C.

opened 3.1.55

Abbott, Merkt & Company (New York), architects-engineers

8 stories + 2 basement levels

demolished 1990s

RIKE-KUMMLER, near Stewart Street, Dayton

announced 1.1.53, opened ca. 3.55

Abbott, Merkt & Company (New York), architects-engineers

1 story, 282,000 square feet

extant, altered (7.97)


WM. FILENE'S SONS, Cabot Street off Highland Avenue, Needham, Massachusetts

announced 2.17.55, opened 9.55

1 story, 200,000 square feet

probably no longer standing (5.01)


SCRUGGS, VANDERVOORT & BARNEY, Oakland Avenue, St. Louis

announced by 11.54, opened by. 12.55

Abbott, Merkt & Company (New York), architects-engineers

1 story


no longer standing (9.00)
THE BROADWAY, 3808 Mission Street, near Soto Street, Los Angeles

announced 1.29.53, opened 1955

Chaix & Johnson, architects

2 stories, 600,000 square feet, @ $3,000,000

extant (3.00)

1956
MAY- D&F, 445 Bryant Street, Denver

announced 3.5.55, opened ca. 1956

1 story, @ 180,000 square feet



HECHT CO., Erdman Avenue & Federal Street, Baltimore

announced 5.4.55, opened 6.56

Abbott, Merkt & Company (New York), architects-engineers

1 story, 304,000 square feet

extant (2.00)
H. C. CAPWELL CO., Oakland, California

opened before 7.17.56

2 stories, 230,000 square feet, $1,750,000

DENVER DRY GOODS COMPANY, 50 S. Klamath Street, Denver

addition


opened by 8.14.56

43,000 square feet


R. H. MACY & CO., 200 Paul Street, San Francisco

addition


announced 5.17.55, opened 1956

2 stories, 156,000 square feet, $1,000,000



BURDINE'S, Northeast Seventy-First Street & Thirty-Second Avenue, Miami

announced 10.2.55, opened ca. 1956

Abbott, Merkt & Company (New York), architects-engineers ?

385,000 square feet, $2,500,000

extant, altered (6.00)

1957
STIX, BAER, FULLER & CO., 1431 Kingsland Avenue, Pagedale, Missouri.

announced 1.24.56, spring 1957

Abbott, Merkt & Company (New York), architects-engineers

1 story, 420,000 square feet. $1,800,000

extant (9.00)



G. FOX & CO., Talcott Street, Hartford

addition

announced 7.10.56, opened ca. 1957

Abbott-Merkt & Company (New York), architects-engineers

4 stories, 225,000 square feet

extant, altered (3.08)

1958

M. RICH BROS. & CO., Atlanta

announced 3.24.58, opened ca.1958

Smith & Wilkinson, architects

2 stories + basement, 130,000 square feet

at rear of Store for Homes

demolishedca.1992

1960

STRAWBRIDGE & CLOTHIER, Filbert & Eighth streets, Philadelphia

announced ca. 8.10.59, opened ca. 5.60

Abbott, Merkt & Company (New York), architects-engineers

6 stories, 217,000 square feet, $2,500,000

extant (10.00)
BAILEY CO., Cleveland

announced 12.17.59, opened ca. 5.1.60

1 story, 132,000 square feet
D. H. HOLMES, Dauphine & Bienville streets, New Orleans

opened spring 1960

Benson & Riehl, architects

4 stories, 50,000 square feet, $750,000

extant (11.06)
H. & S. POGUE CO., Fairfax, Ohio

announced 1.19.60, opened ca.1960

1961
A. POLSKY CO., High & E. State streets, Akron, Ohio

announced 6.26.60, opened ca. 7.1.61

@ 200,000 sqft., incl. parking garage -- built?

diagonally across from store










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