[NB: Version from January 2009, still in draft form. May contain a stray error or two. Still needs to be proofed adequately. Text cited is based on the Latin text, not Fagles or Mandelbaum translation. Also, not all Latin text is translated.]
The “A” List:
Aeneas: son of Anchises and Venus
Anchises: brother of Priam, king of Troy
Achates: comrade of Aeneas
Acestes: king of Sicily, of Trojan origin
Juno’s wrath, Carthage Juno’s favorite
Aelous unleashes winds at Juno’s request (Deiopea promised to Aeolus)
Neptune calms seas
140/150: famous simile with an orator calming riotous masses
Land near Carthage: 7 ships, 7 stags hunted
200s: Aeneas addresses comrades
Venus appeals to Jupiter
250’s-300: Zeus foretells Rome’s history
Mercury sent to Dido
Venus encounters Aeneas, tells him of the lands and Dido’s history
Aeneas rushes to help; dressing up as Greeks to continue fighting (think about disguise and deception and for whom it works and does not work; wily Greeks, e.g. Odysseus)
Pyrrhus = Neoptolemus = Achilles’ son
Kills Priam’s son Polites before Priam’s eyes (and then Priam at the house altar (Lares, etc.))
Neoptolemus is a counter example of Achilles’s true heroism; violates piety and even remarks on how ‘degenerate’ he has become. [4 word line]
548: illi (i.e. to Achilles) mea tristia facta/
549: degeneremque Neoptolemum narrare memento/
550: nunc morere
In this way the continuity of heroic action on the part of the Greeks is broken, and they are portrayed as fundamentally different from the Greeks of even Achilles’ generation or moral character (cf. their use of wily deeds to defeat Troy). A way to distinguish the Trojans=Romans from the Greeks.
380’s Helenus’s prophecy: ‘Odysseus’ like presages (i.e. wanderings and sufferings to come)
He says they should go to Italy, see the Cumaean Sibyll, beware Scylla
500s They make it across to the coasts of Italy
See the four white horses, which Anchises interprets to mean war (but also that they indicate eventual peace). They offer a sacrifice to Juno. First sacrifice to Juno, and in particular Argive Juno, at the moment when they first land in Italy: note that they then go away, have to reach Italy again. Repetition.
600’s: They make it to Sicily, Cyclops, meet Aechamenides who was abandoned by Greeks. Important for the abandonment of a Greek culture/tradition(?). Repetition of Odysseus like elements, but with a future that does not involve going back, but rather going forward. In the same stroke they both repeat and diverge from a forebear, both in terms of literature and culture (i.e. Vergil copies and innovates in terms of literature; culturally, the Trojans both copy what Odysseus does, in that they return home, but their home is not the old home, instead it is a new, unknown land, and a new future.).
They flee the Cyclops.
End of Book III, Aenas tells of wanderings and that Anchises died at Drepanum.
Dido, Sychaeus, Iarbas, Anna
Iarbas: son of Hammon (Jupiter) and Garamantia, a nymph.
Zeus sends message to Aeneas via Mercury that he must leave
Multiple references in book IV to Greek myth. Book is also very like a tragedy in what it describes.
Dido’s imprecations against Aeneas give the future wars with Carthage a mythic background and origin.
Dido makes reference to Philomel and Itys.
[Here a possible useful comparison to HBO mini-series Rome; ways in which death are used to reflect a different theme: in Book IV it is a way of bringing to life for a contemporary Roman reader the terrible hatred of the Carthaginians for the Romans (and vice-versa)].
Sicily, Games. Acestes. Nisus and Euryalus.
Iris sent as Beroë to women on shore to burn ships.
Jupiter saves the ships (rain); Nautes suggests: leave women/old; Anchises comes to Aeneas in a dream and tells him to follow plan.
Leaving behind the past.
Death of Palinurus (possible end of sea wanderings(?), connection to Odyssey)
Important for epic and cultural models in the work
‘Exclusive Construction’ of thematic and narrative elements in Aeneid
narrative of Diomedes’ refusal; Greek sufferings post Troiam captam
Mention of Venus’s wounding; had Troy had two more Aeneas’s, the Trojans would have come all the way to Inachus: NB: Inachus both the river around Argos, and the name of the first kind of Argos (the father of Io) and the son of Oceanus, sometimes imagined as a river god (e.g. on the shield of Turnus). Why choose this river/ruler: because he is also an ancestor of Turnus!
Relationship between geography and legitimacy
300’s the Trojans called unconquered (invicti?, should this be unconquerable?)
400’s called ‘twice beaten’ by Turnus
Father Metabus; flees with Camilla when she’s a child; C. placed on lance and hurled across the river to safety; offerings to Diana; Diana is guardian of Camilla
Camilla’s valor in battle: virgin warrior
Diana & Opis (a nymph of Diana who watches over C.)
Arruns kills Camilla, in turn killed by Opis
Women and female exemplarity at the end of Book XI?
Nightfall at the end of Book XI (Phoebus bathes his horses in the sea) as an example of epic delay, which will become so prominent in Book XII.
Turnus, Juturna (sister of Turnus, turned into a nymph after Zeus raped her)