[NB: Version from January 2009, still in draft form. May contain a stray error or two. Still needs to be proofed adequately. Text cited is based on the Latin text, not Fagles or Mandelbaum translation. Also, not all Latin text is translated.]
The “A” List:
Aeneas: son of Anchises and Venus
Anchises: brother of Priam, king of Troy
Achates: comrade of Aeneas
Acestes: king of Sicily, of Trojan origin
Juno’s wrath, Carthage Juno’s favorite
Aelous unleashes winds at Juno’s request (Deiopea promised to Aeolus)
Neptune calms seas
140/150: famous simile with an orator calming riotous masses
Land near Carthage: 7 ships, 7 stags hunted
200s: Aeneas addresses comrades
Venus appeals to Jupiter
250’s-300: Zeus foretells Rome’s history
Mercury sent to Dido
Venus encounters Aeneas, tells him of the lands and Dido’s history
City being built, temple of Juno, woes of Troy and Aeneas are depicted there
Visual depiction of the narrative (cf. temple of Apollo in Book VI)
Venus sends Cupid in place of Ascanius to make Dido fall in love with Aeneas
convivium and stories from Aeneas
Pyrrhus = Neoptolemus = Achilles’ son
Priam, Hecuba, Polites (son of Priam)
Sinon—Greek found by Trojans who tells the lie about horse ‘a gift for Minerva’
Laocoön-priest of Neptune and sons killed
Doom of Trojans
Hector’s prophecy to Aeneas in dream
280’s-290’s Hector’s prophecy about new kingdoms
Aeneas rushes to help; dressing up as Greeks to continue fighting (think about disguise and deception and for whom it works and does not work; wily Greeks, e.g. Odysseus)
Pyrrhus = Neoptolemus = Achilles’ son
Kills Priam’s son Polites before Priam’s eyes (and then Priam at the house altar (Lares, etc.))
Neoptolemus is a counter example of Achilles’s true heroism; violates piety and even remarks on how ‘degenerate’ he has become. [4 word line]
548: illi (i.e. to Achilles) mea tristia facta/
549: degeneremque Neoptolemum narrare memento/
550: nunc morere
In this way the continuity of heroic action on the part of the Greeks is broken, and they are portrayed as fundamentally different from the Greeks of even Achilles’ generation or moral character (cf. their use of wily deeds to defeat Troy). A way to distinguish the Trojans=Romans from the Greeks.
380’s Helenus’s prophecy: ‘Odysseus’ like presages (i.e. wanderings and sufferings to come)
He says they should go to Italy, see the Cumaean Sibyll, beware Scylla
500s They make it across to the coasts of Italy
See the four white horses, which Anchises interprets to mean war (but also that they indicate eventual peace). They offer a sacrifice to Juno. First sacrifice to Juno, and in particular Argive Juno, at the moment when they first land in Italy: note that they then go away, have to reach Italy again. Repetition.
600’s: They make it to Sicily, Cyclops, meet Aechamenides who was abandoned by Greeks. Important for the abandonment of a Greek culture/tradition(?). Repetition of Odysseus like elements, but with a future that does not involve going back, but rather going forward. In the same stroke they both repeat and diverge from a forebear, both in terms of literature and culture (i.e. Vergil copies and innovates in terms of literature; culturally, the Trojans both copy what Odysseus does, in that they return home, but their home is not the old home, instead it is a new, unknown land, and a new future.).
They flee the Cyclops.
End of Book III, Aenas tells of wanderings and that Anchises died at Drepanum.
Dido, Sychaeus, Iarbas, Anna
Iarbas: son of Hammon (Jupiter) and Garamantia, a nymph.
Zeus sends message to Aeneas via Mercury that he must leave
Multiple references in book IV to Greek myth. Book is also very like a tragedy in what it describes.
Dido’s imprecations against Aeneas give the future wars with Carthage a mythic background and origin.
Dido makes reference to Philomel and Itys.
[Here a possible useful comparison to HBO mini-series Rome; ways in which death are used to reflect a different theme: in Book IV it is a way of bringing to life for a contemporary Roman reader the terrible hatred of the Carthaginians for the Romans (and vice-versa)].
Sicily, Games. Acestes. Nisus and Euryalus.
Iris sent as Beroë to women on shore to burn ships.
Jupiter saves the ships (rain); Nautes suggests: leave women/old; Anchises comes to Aeneas in a dream and tells him to follow plan.
Leaving behind the past.
Death of Palinurus (possible end of sea wanderings(?), connection to Odyssey)
Cumae; Sibyll; temple of Apollo with ecphrasis
2x hand of Daedalus fails
126: facilis decensus Averno
129: hoc opus, hic labor est
Encounter with unburied Palinurus, who says that the rudder broke (cf. in book V where he seems to fall asleep)
Aeneas goes to Elysium (not Tartarus)
660’s: Musaeus (Thracian poet, disciple of Orpheus) will take him around the underworld
Anchises tells Rome’s future (those who will be reborn)
Narrowing of contest to a duel between Aeneas and Turnus
Evander wants revenge (i.e. Turnus’s death)
220s Diomedes will not take part in the war
Important for epic and cultural models in the work
‘Exclusive Construction’ of thematic and narrative elements in Aeneid
narrative of Diomedes’ refusal; Greek sufferings post Troiam captam
Mention of Venus’s wounding; had Troy had two more Aeneas’s, the Trojans would have come all the way to Inachus: NB: Inachus both the river around Argos, and the name of the first kind of Argos (the father of Io) and the son of Oceanus, sometimes imagined as a river god (e.g. on the shield of Turnus). Why choose this river/ruler: because he is also an ancestor of Turnus!
Relationship between geography and legitimacy
300’s the Trojans called unconquered (invicti?, should this be unconquerable?)
400’s called ‘twice beaten’ by Turnus
Father Metabus; flees with Camilla when she’s a child; C. placed on lance and hurled across the river to safety; offerings to Diana; Diana is guardian of Camilla
Camilla’s valor in battle: virgin warrior
Diana & Opis (a nymph of Diana who watches over C.)
Arruns kills Camilla, in turn killed by Opis
Women and female exemplarity at the end of Book XI?
Nightfall at the end of Book XI (Phoebus bathes his horses in the sea) as an example of epic delay, which will become so prominent in Book XII.
Turnus, Juturna (sister of Turnus, turned into a nymph after Zeus raped her)
Constant use of delay in the book
‘Twice beaten’ says Latinus to Turnus
Latinus and Amata entreat Turnus to stand down
70’s again delay (cf. close of Book XI)
Juno addresses Juturna (sister of Turnus, a nymph), trying to get her to stop the duel.
[340’s mention of Dolon?—Greek spy caught in Trojan camp and killed by Diomedes]
Aeneas wounded, then healed (by Venus); returns to battle; again delay
Iuturna delays duel
490’s Aeneas’ ‘brutal, indiscriminate slaughter’
Perhaps reflects civil war issues
Aeneas decides to attack city to force the issue
Amata hangs herself: 660 called ‘by her own right hand’
670s delay again and 698/9 & repeated
Juno gives in: Trojans will be united with Latins, but the Latins will retain their language and identity.