Reconciling sexual, spiritual, & social conflicts conversion Therapy and the Question/Hope of Change

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RECONCILING SEXUAL, SPIRITUAL, & SOCIAL CONFLICTS
Conversion Therapy and the Question/Hope of Change
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Haldeman, D. C. (2002). Gay rights, patient rights: The implications of sexual orientation

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Haldeman, D. C. (2004). When sexual and religious orientation collide: Considerations in working with conflicted same-sex attracted male clients. The Counseling Psychologist, 32(5), 691-715.
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Hoffman, L., Knight, S. K., Hoffman, J. L., Boscoe-Huffman, S., Galaska, D., & Arms, M., et al. (2007, August). Examining the interplay of religious, spiritual, and homosexual dynamics of psychological health: A preliminary investigation. Poster session presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, San Francisco.
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Jenkins, D., & Johnston, L. B. (2004). Unethical treatment of gay and lesbian people with conversion therapy. Families in Society: The Journal of Contemporary Social Sciences, 85(4), 557–561.
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sexual orientation after conversion therapy and Ex-gay ministries: A qualitative study. Social Work in Mental Health, 4, 61-82.


Jones, S. L., & Yarhouse, M. A. (2007). Ex-gays?: A Longitudinal Study of Religiously Mediated Change in Sexual Orientation. IVP Academic.

Jones, S. L., & Yarhouse, M. A. (2011): A longitudinal study of attempted

religiously mediated sexual orientation change. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 37(5), 404-427. doi.org/10.1080/0092623X.2011.607052

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Spitzer, R. L. (2012) Spitzer reassesses his 2003 study of reparative therapy of homosexuality. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 41, 757.
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Throckmorton, W., & Welton, G. (2005). Counseling practices as they relate to ratings of helpfulness by consumers of sexual reorientation therapy. Journal of Psychology and Christianity, 24(4), 332-342.

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Vasey, P. L., & Rendall, D. (2003). Sexual diversity and change along a continuum of bisexual desire. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 32, 453-455.

Vrangalova, Z., & Savin-Williams, R. C. (2012). Mostly heterosexual and mostly gay/lesbian: Evidence for new sexual orientation identities. Archives of Sexual Behavior. Advanced Online Publication. doi: 10.1007/s10508-012-9921-y

Wakefield, J. C. (2003). Sexual reorientation therapy: Is it ever ethical? Can it ever change sexual orientation? Archives of Sexual Behavior, 32, 457-460.

Weiss, E., Morehouse, J., Yeager, T., & Berry, T. (2010). A qualitative study of ex-gay and ex-ex-gay experiences. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Mental Health, 14(4), 291-319.
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Williamson, J. (2008). A reparative therapy session with Counselor Bob Hudson. Retrieved April 27, 2010, from http://www.exgaywatch.com/wp/2008/03/a-reparative-therapy-session-with-counselor/
Winters, J., Christoff, K., & Gorzalka, B. B. (2009). Conscious regulation of sexual arousal in men. Journal of Sex Research, 46(4), 330–343.
Wolkomir, M. (2001). Emotion work, commitment, and the authentication of the self: The case of gay and ex-gay Christian support groups. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, 30(3), 305-334.
Wolkomir, M. (2001). Wrestling with the angels of meaning: The revisionist ideological

work of gay and ex-gay Christian men. Symbolic Interaction, 24, 407-424.


Wolkomir, M. (2006). Be Not Deceived: The Sacred and Sexual Struggles of Gay and Ex-Gay Christian Men. Rutgers University Press.

World Federation of Societies of Biological Psychiatry Task Force on Sexual Disorders. (2010). Guidelines for the biological treatment of paraphilias. World Journal of Biological Psychiatry, 11(4), 604-655. Retrieved May 12, 2010, http://informahealthcare.com/eprint/pW75sfGTnxbIFFCtIacX/full?tokenKey=&

Worthington, R. L (2003). Heterosexual Identities, Sexual Reorientation Therapies, and Science. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 32, 460-461.
Worthington, R. L (2004). Sexual identity, sexual orientation, religious identity, and change: Is it possible to depolarize the debate? The Counseling Psychologist, 32, 741-749.
Yarhouse, M. A. (1998). Group therapies for homosexuals seeking change. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 26(3), 247-258.
Yarhouse, M. A., & Beckstead, A. L. (2011). Utilizing group therapy to navigate and resolve sexual orientation and religious conflicts. Counseling and Values, 56. 96-120.
Yarhouse, M. A., Burkett, L. A., & Kreeft, E. M. (2002). Paraprofessional Christian ministries for sexual behavior and same-sex identity concerns. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 30(3), 209-227.
Yarhouse, M. A., & Haldeman, D. C. (2004). Is sexual orientation conversion therapy ethical? In R. P. Halgin (Ed.), Taking sides: Clashing views on controversial issues in abnormal psychology (3rd ed.) (pp. 364-395). McGraw-Hill/Dushkin.
Websites (representing a wide view of arguments, not all have accurate information)

http://gaymormonstories.org/

It Gets Better at Brigham Young University: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ym0jXg-hKCI


http://invictuspilgrim.blogspot.com/

http://www.gaymormonman.blogspot.com

http://www.imfromdriftwood.com/

http://truthwinsout.org/

http://www.beyondexgay.com/



Evergreen International: http://www.evergreeninternational.org/

Exodus International: http://www.exodus-international.org/

National Association for Research and Therapy of Homosexuality. http://narth.com

http://www.affirmation.org/learning/therapy.shtml

http://www.exgaywatch.com/blog/index.html

http://www.peoplecanchange.com/



http://www.waynebesen.com

http://www.ecinc.org/RealChanges.htm

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/exexgayministry/

http://www.iglss.org/media/files/Angles_41.pdf

http://psychology.ucdavis.edu/rainbow/html/facts_changing.html

http://www.ldsep.org/ssstudy/litreview.html

http://www.isu.edu/~schorona/qa1.htm

http://northstarlds.org/

http://www.goodasyou.org
Movies with Religious or Conversion Themes

Trembling Before G-d; One Nation Under God; Priest; But, I’m a Cheerleader; Far From Heaven; Normal; Latter Days; Angels in America; Family Fundamentals; The Smith Family; Doin’ Time in the Homo No More Halfway House; Saved!; Fish Can’t Fly; Dorian’s Blues; Loggerheads; Fixing Frank; For the Bible Tells Me So; Save Me; Abomination: Homosexuality & the Ex-Gay Movement; Blessing (found at http://protextfilms); Prom Queen; Twilight of the Golds; The Last Year; God and Gays: Bridging the Gap; Voices in Exile: Stories of Lesbian Mormons (available from Boise State University, Department of Communication); Anyone and Everyone; Cure for Love; C.R.A.Z.Y. A Jihad For Love; Chasing the Devil: Inside the Ex-gay Movement; Camp Out; The Lost Tribe; Coming Out, Coming Home; Coming Out, Coming In: Faith, Identity, and Belonging; Prayers for Bobby; Out in the Silence; Happy Birthday; Seventh-Gay Adventists: A film about love, sex, and eternal life; We’re All Angels; Fall From Grace; 8: The Mormon Proposition; Two Loves: Documenting Gay Mormons' Stories; Eyes Wide Open; Taking A Chance on God; This Is What Love in Action Looks Like 

References Regarding Biological and Social Origins of Sexual Orientation/Identity
Alanko, K., Santtila, P., Harlaar, N., Witting, K., Varjonen, M., Jern, P., Johansson, A., von der Pahlen, B. & Sandnabba, N. K. (2010). Common genetic effects of gender atypical behavior in childhood and sexual orientation in adulthood: A study of Finnish twins. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 39, 81-92.
Bailey, J. M., Dunne, M. P., & Martin, N. G. (2000). Genetic and environmental

influences on sexual orientation and its correlates in an Australian twin sample. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78(3), 524-536.


Bailey, J. M., Nothnagel, J., & Wolfe, M. (1995). Retrospectively measured individual differences in childhood sex-typed behavior among gay men: Correspondence between self- and maternal-reports. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 24, 613–622.
Bailey, J. M., & Zucker, K. J. (1995). Childhood sex-typed behavior and sexual

orientation: A conceptual analysis and quantitative review. Developmental Psychology,



31, 43-55.
Bancroft, J. (2008). Human Sexuality and its Problems (3rd Edition). Churchill Livingstone.

Baoa, A., & Swaabb, D. F. (2011). Sexual differentiation of the human brain: Relation to gender identity, sexual orientation and neuropsychiatric disorder. Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology, 32(2), 214-226. doi:10.1016/j.yfrne.2011.02.007

Baumeister, R. F. (2000). Gender differences in erotic plasticity: The female sex drive as socially flexible and responsive. Psychological Bulletin, 126, 347–374.
Baumrind, D. (1995). Commentary on sexual orientation: Research and social policy implications. Developmental Psychology, 31(1), 130-1136.
Bell, A. P., & Weinberg, M. S. (1978). Homosexuality: A study of diversity among men and women. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Bene, E. (1965). On the genesis of male homosexuality: An attempt at classifying the role of the parents. Britain Journal of Psychiatry, 3, 803.
Blanchard, R. (2008). Review and theory of handedness, birth order, and homosexuality in men. Laterality: Asymmetries of Body, Brain and Cognition, 13, 51-70.
Blanchard, R. (2012). A possible second type of maternal-fetal immune interaction involved in both male and female homosexuality. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 41, 1507–1511.
Blanchard, R., Kuban, M. E., Blak, T., Klassen, P. E., Dickey, R., & Cantor, J. M. (2010). Sexual attraction to others: A comparison of two models of alloerotic responding in men. Archives of Sexual Behavior. doi:10.1007/s10508-010-9675-3

Blanchard, R., Zucker, K. J., Bradley, S. J., & Hume, C. S. (1995). Birth order and sibling sex ration in homosexual male adolescents and probably prehomosexual feminine boys. Developmental Psychology, 31(1), 22-30.

Blanchard, R., Cantor, J. M., Bogaert, A. F., Breedlove, S. M., & Ellis, L. (2006). Interaction of fraternal birth order and handedness in the development of male homosexuality. Hormones and Behavior, 49, 405–414.
Bogaert, A. F. (2007). Extreme right-handedness, older brothers, and sexual orientation in men. Neuropsychology, 21(1), 141-148.
Bogaert, A. F. (2010). Physical development and sexual orientation in men and women: An analysis of NATSAL-2000. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 39(1), 110-116.
Bogaert A. F., Hershberger, S. (1999). The relation between sexual orientation and penile size. Archives Sexual Behavior, 28(3), 213-21.
Bogaert A. F., & Skorska, M. (2011). Sexual orientation, fraternal birth order, and the maternal immune hypothesis: A review. Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology, 32(2), 247-254.
Brewster, P.W.H., Dobrin, R.A., Mullin, C.R. & Steeves, J.K.E. (2009). Sex differences in face processing are mediated by handedness and sexual orientation. Laterality, Asymmetries of Body, Brain and Cognition, 1-13.
Camperio, C. A., & Pellizzari, E. (2012) Fecundity of paternal and maternal non-parental female relatives of homosexual and heterosexual men. PLoS ONE 7(12): e51088. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0051088.

Cantor, J. M. (2011). New MRI studies support the Blanchard typology of male-to-female transsexualism. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 40, 863-864.

Cantor, J. M., Blanchard, R., Paterson, A. D., Bogaert, A. F. (2002). How many gay men owe their sexual orientation to fraternal birth order? Archives of Sexual Behavior, 31, 57-65.
Chivers, M., Rieger, G., Latty, E., & Bailey, M. J. (2004). A sex difference in the specificity of sexual arousal. Psychological Science, 15(11), pp. 736-744.
Chivers, M. L. Seto, M. C. & Blanchard, R. (2007). Gender and sexual orientation differences in sexual response to sexual activities versus gender of actors in sexual films. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 93(6), 1108-1121.
Cohen, K. (2002). Relationships among childhood sex-atypical behavior, spatial ability, handedness, and sexual orientation in men. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 31(1), 129-143.
Diamond, L. (2007). A dynamical systems approach to the development and expression of female same-sex sexuality. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 2(2), 142-161.
Diamond, M., Binstock, T., & Kohl, J. V. (1996). Fertilization to adult sexual behavior. Hormones and Behaviour, 30, 333-353.
Fausto-Sterling, A. (2000). Sexing the Body: Gender Politics and the Construction of Sexuality. Basic Books.

Fausto-Sterling A., Coll, C.G., & Lamarre M. (2012). Sexing the baby: Part 1--What do we really know about sex differentiation in the first three years of life? Social Science and Medicine, 74(11),1684-92.

Freund, K., & Blanchard, R. (1983). Is the distant relationship of fathers and homosexual sons related to the sons’ erotic preference for male partners, or to the sons’ atypical gender identity, or to both? Journal of Homosexuality, 9(1), 7-25.
Gottschalk, L. (2003). Same-sex sexuality and childhood gender non-conformity: A spurious connection. Journal of Gender Studies, 12(1), 35 – 50.
Green, R. (1987). The “sissy boy syndrome” and the development of homosexuality. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Jordan-Young, R. B. (2010). Brain Storm: The Flaws in the Science of Sex Differences. Harvard University Press.
Kinnish, K., Strassberg, D., & Turner, C. (2005). Sex Differences in the Flexibility of Sexual Orientation: A Multidimensional Retrospective Assessment. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 34(2), 173-183.
Klein, F., Sepekoff, B., & Wolf, T. J. (1986). Sexual orientation: A multivariable

dynamic process. Journal of Homosexuality, 11(1-2), 35-49.

Kohl, J. V. (2006). The mind's eyes: Human pheromones, neuroscience, and male sexual preferences. Journal of Psychology & Human Sexuality. 18(4), 313-369.


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