Relative Clauses Combine these pairs of sentences so that the second becomes a non-defining relative clause



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Relative Clauses


Combine these pairs of sentences so that the second becomes a non-defining relative clause.

 1.         Our television set is always making funny noises. It cost us a lot of money.

2.         Mr. Green is going to retire. His students like him very much.

3.         A history of the town will be published soon. People know nothing about it.

4.         Picasso is known all over the world now. His paintings were not understood at first.

5.         The final exams happened to be very easy. I feared them too much.

6.         I'm going to visit Brazil. I don't know anything at all about it.

7.         The storm damaged the lorry. Its driver is a friend of mine.

8.         We couldn't climb that mountain. Its summit is always covered with snow.

9.         Juan speaks English very well. His mother is Swedish.

10.       Their story sounds incredible. It is true.

11.       My uncle Tom will be arriving tomorrow. You've heard so much about him.

12.       Sardines are very nourishing. They are cheap.

13.       I met Arthur Jones. His book on sports sells very well.

14.       John did most of the work. He is very clever.

15.       Valery came home yesterday. It was a pleasant surprise.


Combine the following pair or groups of sentences, using relative pronouns.

 1.         Tom had been driving all day. He was tired and wanted to stop.

2.         Ann had been sleeping in the back of the car. She felt quite fresh and wanted to go

3.         Paul wanted to take the mountain road. His tyres were nearly new.

4.         Mary didn't know anything about mountains. She thought it would be quite safe to climb alone.

5.         Jack's tyres were very old. He wanted to stick to the tarred road.

6.         He gave orders to his lieutenants. The lieutenants passed them on to the soldiers.

7.         She said that the men were thieves. This turned out to be true.

8.         The matter was reported to the Chief of Police. He ordered us all to be arrested.

9.         In prison they fed us on dry bread. Most of it was mouldy.

10.       We slept in the same room as a handcuffed prisoner. His handcuffs rattled every time he moved.

11.       We lit a fire. It soon dried out our clothes.

12.       They rowed across the Atlantic. This had never been done before.

13.       The lorry crashed into a bus-load of schoolchildren. Six of them were slightly injured.

14.       She refuses to use machines. This makes her work more arduous.

15.       I met Mary. She asked me to give you this.

16.       The women prayed aloud all night. This kept us awake.

17.       The river bed is uneven and you may be in shallow water one moment and in deep water the next. This makes it unsafe for non swimmers.

18.       Mary said that there should be a notice up warning people. Mary's children couldn't swim.

19.       Ann said that there were far too many notices. Ann's children could swim very well.

20.       He paid me for cleaning ten windows. Most of them hadn't been cleaned for at least a year.

Relative Clauses-ANSWER KEY

Combine these pairs of sentences so that the second becomes a non-defining relative clause.

 1.         Our television set is always making funny noises. It cost us a lot of money.

Our television set, which cost us a lot of money, is always making funny noises.

2.         Mr. Green is going to retire. His students like him very much.

Mr. Green, whose students like him very much, is going to retire.

3.         A history of the town will be published soon. People know nothing about it.

A history of the town, which people know nothing about, will be published soon.

4.         Picasso is known all over the world now. His paintings were not understood at first.

Picasso, whose paintings were not understood at first, is known all over the world now.

5.         The final exams happened to be very easy. I feared them too much.

The final exams, which I feared too much, happened to be very easy.

6.         I'm going to visit Brazil. I don't know anything at all about it.

I’m going to visit Brazil, which I don’t know anything about.

7.         The storm damaged the lorry. Its driver is a friend of mine.

The storm damaged the lorry, whose driver is a friend of mine.

8.         We couldn't climb that mountain. Its summit is always covered with snow.

We couldn’t climb that mountain, whose summit is always covered with snow.

We couldn’t climb that mountain, where the summit is always covered with snow.

9.         Juan speaks English very well. His mother is Swedish.

Juan, whose mother is Swedish, speaks English very well.

10.       Their story sounds incredible. It is true.

Their story, which is true, sounds incredible.

11.       My uncle Tom will be arriving tomorrow. You've heard so much about him.

My uncle Tom, of whom you’ve heard so much about, will be arriving tomorrow.

My uncle Tom, about whom you’ve heard so much, will be arriving tomorrow.

12.       Sardines are very nourishing. They are cheap.

Sardines, which are cheap, are very nourishing.

13.       I met Arthur Jones. His book on sports sells very well.

I met Arthur Jones, whose book on sports sells very well.

14.       John did most of the work. He is very clever.

John, who is very clever, did most of the work.

15.       Valery came home yesterday. It was a pleasant surprise.

Valery came home yesterday, which was a pleasant surprise.

Combine the following pair or groups of sentences, using relative pronouns.

 1.         Tom had been driving all day. He was tired and wanted to stop.

Tom, who was tired and wanted to stop, had been driving all day.

Tom, who had been driving all day, was tired and wanted to stop.

2.         Ann had been sleeping in the back of the car. She felt quite fresh and wanted to go

Ann, who felt quite fresh and wanted to go, had been sleeping in the back of the car.

Ann, who had been sleeping in the back of the car, felt quite fresh and wanted to go.

3.         Paul wanted to take the mountain road. His tyres were nearly new.

Paul, whose tyres were nearly new, wanted to take the mountain road.

Paul, who wanted to take the mountain road, had nearly new tyres.

4.         Mary didn't know anything about mountains. She thought it would be quite safe to climb alone.

Mary, who thought it would be quite safe to climb alone, didn’t know anything about mountains.

Mary, who didn’t know anything about mountains, thought it would be quite safe to climb alone.

5.         Jack's tyres were very old. He wanted to stick to the tarred road.

Jack, whose tyres were very old, wanted to stick to the tarred road.

6.         He gave orders to his lieutenants. The lieutenants passed them on to the soldiers.

He gave orders to his lieutenants, who passed them on to the soldiers.

7.         She said that the men were thieves. This turned out to be true.

She said that the men were thieves, which turned out to be true.

8.         The matter was reported to the Chief of Police. He ordered us all to be arrested.

The matter was reported to the Chief of Police, who ordered us all to be arrested.

9.         In prison they fed us on dry bread. Most of it was mouldy.

In prison they fed us on dry break, most of which was mouldy.

10.       We slept in the same room as a handcuffed prisoner. His handcuffs rattled every time he moved.

We slept in the same room as a handcuffed prisoner whose handcuffs rattled every time he moved.

We slept in the same room as a handcuffed prisoner, whose handcuffs rattled every time he moved.

11.       We lit a fire. It soon dried out our clothes.

We lit a fire that soon dried out our clothes.

We lit a fire, which soon dried out our clothes.

12.       They rowed across the Atlantic. This had never been done before.

They rowed across the Atlantic, which had never been done before.

13.       The lorry crashed into a bus-load of schoolchildren. Six of them were slightly injured.

The lorry crashed into a bus-load of schoolchildren, six of whom were slightly injured.

14.       She refuses to use machines. This makes her work more arduous.

She refuses to use machines, which makes her work more arduous.

15.       I met Mary. She asked me to give you this.

I met Mary, who asked me to give you this.

16.       The women prayed aloud all night. This kept us awake.

The woman, who kept us awake, prayed aloud all night.

The woman prayed aloud all night, which kept us awake.

The woman, who prayed aloud all night, kept us awake.

17.       The river bed is uneven and you may be in shallow water one moment and in deep water the next. This makes it unsafe for non swimmers.

The river bed, which is uneven, is unsafe for non swimmers.

The river bed, which is unsafe for non swimmers, is uneven, and you may be in shallow water one moment and in deep water the next.

The river bed, where you may be in shallow water one moment and in deep water the next, is unsafe for non swimmers.

18.       Mary said that there should be a notice up warning people. Mary's children couldn't swim.

Mary, whose children couldn’t swim, said that there should be a notice up warning people.

19.       Ann said that there were far too many notices. Ann's children could swim very well.

Ann, whose children could swim very well, said that there were far too many notices.

20.       He paid me for cleaning ten windows. Most of them hadn't been cleaned for at least a year.



He paid me for cleaning ten windows, most of which hadn’t been cleaned for at least a year.




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