Introduction This report is extracted from the annual reports of the Schools and other university units, including the sections on research (and related consultancies).
Administration of Research at USP Introduction. This section discusses the basic strategy for administration of research at USP. The details can be found in the procedures documents.
Requirements. The action plan of any organization must take into account the characteristics of that organization and try to optimize for those characteristics. In the case of USP, the University is relatively small and isolated, has a high staff turn-over, and has restricted financial resources. Thus an operational plan must:
Use a minimum of staff and financial resources
Obtain the maximum benefit at minimum cost of staff and financial resources
Be designed for ease of continuing operations with changing staff
In order to achieve these aims, the administrative system should rely on existing administrative procedures as much as possible, decentralize tasks to avoid additional bureaucracy (and associated costs), and have clear, simple procedures that can be maintained over time.
Division of Responsibility. There are several units at USP that need to be considered in the administration of research. Two of these, the Planning and Development Office (PDO) and USPSolutions manage relations with external organizations. Another two, the University Research Committee (URC) and the Institutes (principally the Institute of Applied Sciences (IAS)) manages and carries out research.
The University Research Committee (URC) will fund research by staff (and some students) at USP. URC projects will be primarily concerned with advancing knowledge and understanding rather than commercial applications. Since most of the projects will have a regional focus, the understanding they provide may serve as a basis for economic and social development.
The Schools, Institutes, and University Extension consider projects before they reach the URC. The Schools can give final approval to projects requiring only a small amount of funds.
The Institutes of the University will respond to requests for consultancies, short course training, research and other projects needed in the region.
USPSolutions is the commercial arm of USP. It specializes in the design and delivery of research, consultancy, training and project management services.
The Planning and Development Office (PDO) will manage international aid projects, and can bring research opportunities or funding to the attention of the University Research Committee. The PDO also maintains the USP Directory of Expertise, which provides private and public sector organizations with a listing of available expertise within the University.
Thus the Planning and Development Office and USPSolutions will laise between USP and external organizations, seeking out research opportunities. The Institutes, especially the Institute of Applied Sciences, will carry out externally funded research consultancies, while the University Research Committee manages general research.
School of Agriculture
Major Research Accomplishments These included the following
Sustaining the Achievements in the Taro Leaf Blight (TLB) Disease Management
Through further breeding, selection, on-farm testing, and taste-testing, the School of Agriculture, in collaboration with the Samoa Ministry of Agriculture, Forests, Fisheries and Meteorology (MAFFM), continued to generate new taro cultivars that are not only resistant/tolerant to the Taro Leaf Blight (TLB), but also acceptable to consumers. Some of these cultivars were sent to the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) for processing and distribution to interested Pacific Island Countries.
The EU-funded research on 'Sustainable Crop Production in Environmentally Constrained Systems in the South Pacific (CROPPRO Project)' continued to make very good progress – with the collection of crucial data from the Papaseea Watershed on the Upolu Island of Samoa. Data analyses, report writing, and final meeting to evaluate the outcome of the project, are expected to take place in 2004 - between the end of the rainy season and mid-November.
The CROPPRO Project targets the interrelations between various forms of agricultural practice and the surrounding environment, and centres on the development of appropriate farming approaches for major crop-soil units, thereby optimising agricultural productivity while simultaneously minimising damage to the environment.
Some other important research activities
These included the following inter alia:
Studies on the agronomy of the kava plant and the effects of factors influencing lactone content of kava
Management of the root-knot nematode of tomatoes by use of chicken manure
Management of indigenous vegetable germplasm for food security, nutritional status, and livelihood of vulnerable groups in the South Pacific.
Improvement and development of mixed cropping systems for the South Pacific Island countries
A technique for measuring root activity in mixtures of small crops using lithium as a non-radioactive tracer.
Studies on continuous production of vegetables in Samoa and the environmental and management factors affecting productivity
Nitrogen uptake and assimilation by taro [Colocasia esculenta (L) Schott] from organic and inorganic sources.
A study on a mixture of Chinese cabbage and bean
Reproductive Survival of Exotic Sows in the Humid Tropics of Samoa
Development of Energy and Protein Silage Concentrates for Commercial Pig Farmers in Samoa, Utilizing Little Bag Technique
Effect of Maternal Dietary Omega-3 Fatty Acid on Hatchability and Growth of Broiler Chickens.
Performance Evaluation of Broiler Contract Growers in Fiji
The Effects of Rumen Liquor Pre-treatment and Desiccated Coconut Waste on Performance of Growing Pigs in Samoa
Effects of Maternal Diet with Diverse Omega-6/Omega-3 Ratio on the Brain Docosahexaenoic Acid Content of Growing Chickens
Effect of grazing mixed pasture dominated by guinea grass and crop residues-based concentrate supplementation on nutrient intake and performance of growing goats
Nutritional characterization and evaluation of batiki grass and batiki grass-forage legume mixtures with steer calves
Evaluation of some agro-industrial by-products available in Samoa
Detoxification of a toxic variety of Jatropha curcas using heat and chemical treatments and a preliminary nutritional evaluation with rats
Seasonal variation of macro- and micro-mineral contents of some ruminant browse species from five countries in the South Pacific region.
Journal Articles - refereed articles in scholarly journals
Ajuyah, A.O., Wang, Y., Sunwoo, H., Cherian, G. and Sim, J. S. (2003). Maternal Diet with Diverse Omega-6/Omega-3 Ratio Affects the Brain Docosahexaenoic Acid Content of Growing Chickens. KARGER, Biology of the Neonate. RJ
[Grant from Poultry Industry Council of Canada and Omega Protein Inc.]
Ajuyah, A.O. and Okere C. (2003). Perspectives on the Commercial Broiler Industry in Samoa: Constrains and Opportunities. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 2(12): 666-670. RJ
[Head of Department’s Research Fund]
Ajuyah, A.O., Cherian, G., Wang, Y., Sunwoo, H., and Sim, J. S. (2003). Maternal Dietary FA Modulate the Long-Chain n-3 PUFA Status of Chicken Cardiac Tissue. Lipids, vol. 38, no. 12, pp 1257-1262. RJ.
[Grant from Poultry Industry Council of Canada and Omega Protein Inc.]
Aregheore, E.M. (2003). Effect of grazing mixed pasture dominated by guinea grass (Panicum maximum) and crop residues-based concentrate supplementation on nutrient intake and performance of growing goats. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 2(5): 279-285. RJ
[Self-funded plus departmental resources in the form of Research Animals]
Aregheore, E.M. (2003). Nutritional characterization and evaluation of batiki grass (Ischaemum aristatum var. indicum) and batiki grass-forage legume mixtures with steer calves. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 2(7): 404-412. RJ
Aregheore, E.M., Abdulrazak, S.A., and Fujihara T (2003). Evaluation of some agro-industrial by-products available in Samoa. Asian-Australian Journal of Animal Sciences, 16(11): 1593-1598. RJ
[Jointly funded by self and co-authors]
Aregheore, E.M., Becker, K. and Makkar, H.P.S. (2003). Detoxification of a toxic variety of Jatropha curcas using heat and chemical treatments and a preliminary nutritional evaluation with rats. South Pacific Journal of Natural Science, 21: 50-57. RJ
[Funded by the Alexander von Humboldt (AVH) Foundation, Bonn, Germany]
Aregheore, E.M. and E. Singh (2003). Seasonal variation of macro- and micro-mineral contents of some ruminant browse species from five countries in the South Pacific region. Accepted for publication in Tropical Agriculture (Trinidad), Vol. 80, No. 2. RJ
Tofinga, M.P. (2003). A recent technique for measuring root activity in mixtures of small crops using lithium as a non-radioactive tracer. Accepted for publication in Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. RJ
[Head of Department’s Research Fund]
Fonoti, P., Tofinga, M.P., Pouono, K., Hunter, D.G. and Delp C.J. (2003). Evaluation of Palau Taro Varieties in On-farm trials in Samoa. Accepted for publication in Australian Journal of Agricultural Research. RJ
[Head of Department’s Research Fund]
Kumaga, F.K., Adiku, S.G.K. and Ofori, K. (2003). Effect of Post-flowering Water Stress on Dry Matter and Yield of Three Tropical Grain Legumes. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 5 (4): 405-407. RJ
[Funded by the Authors]
Denwar, N.N. and Ofori, K. (2003). Variation in Trap-Crop Capacity of Soybean Genotypes for the Control of Striga hermonthica. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 5 (4): 504-506. RJ
[Funded by the Authors]
Newsletter Publications Ajuyah, A.O., Okere, C. and Kumar, S. (2003). The effect of Rumen Liquor on the Utilisation of Desiccated Coconut Waste Meal by Weaner Pigs. South Pacific Agricultural News, Pg. 1, 4-6.
[SOA Students Research Project Fund]
Ajuyah, A.O. (2003). Rural Family Poultry Production in the South Pacific Region. South Pacific Agricultural News, pg. 5
[Head of Department’s Research Fund]
Conference publications Ofori, K. (2003). Comparison of taro production practices and constraints between West Africa and the Pacific. Proceedings of the 3rd International Taro Symposium, Nadi, Fiji, May 21-23, SPC (In press).
[Funded by the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC)]
Benjamin, A., Tofinga, M.P., Manua, V. and Westerlund, R. (2003). Soil fertility and management in the South Pacific Islands. Paper presented at the CTA International Seminar on “Information Support for Sustainable Soil Fertility Management. Arnhem, The Netherlands: 21-25 October 2003.
[Funded by CTA]
Hunter, D. and Ebenebe, A.C. (2003). Progress and Problems associated with the CROPPRO Project in Samoa. Paper presented at the CROPPRO Review Workshop, held at the University of Wageningen, The Netherlands: 10-13 March 2003
[EU-funded under the auspices of ALTERRA Green World Research, University of Wageningen, The Netherlands]
Okere, C. and Ajuyah, A.O. (2003). Reproductive Survival of Exotic Sows in the Humid Tropics of Samoa. Paper presented at the American Society of Animal Science/American Dairy Science Association Joint Meeting: Phoenix, Arizona, USA: 22-26 June 2003.
[SOA Conference Funds]
School of Humanities Major Research Achievements Fiji Institute for Education Research
The Fiji Institute for Educational Research was established more than three decades ago. It was first called the Suva Institute for Educational Research and it is affiliated to the New Zealand Council for Educational Research.
FIER is an autonomous body but operates from USP’s Department of Education and Psychology with which it has good relations, as well as common research interests. It also receives a lot of support from the School of Humanities and attempts to promote the School’s overall research vision.
The functions of FIER largely include promoting educational research activities and providing opportunities to its members, as well as other investigators and students, to discuss their research designs and findings with interested audiences. One of major foci is to conduct practitioner-based collaborative research, especially with teachers, parents and members of the school management committees.
Membership of FIER is open to all members of the educational stakeholder community with an interest in educational research. It provides members with avenues for research training, dissemination of knowledge and for informing and transforming their work or the teaching- learning process. To-date, FIER has 112 paid members, who come from various spheres of the education system. The executive committee comprises academics, teacher educators, school principals and head teachers, education officers, teachers and students.
[This report was written by Akhila Nand Sharma, President of FIER 2003.} FIER activities 2003
Akhila Nand Sharma was President, Cresantia Frances Koyavaka’uta was Acting Secretary and Teweiariki Teaero was Publicity and Public Relations Officer. Bisun Deo was a member of the Executive Committee. Govinda Lingam was in charge of the project Understanding Research. Srinivasiah Muralidhar presented a paper on “Invitation to research” at the April meeting, while Clarence Auxier gave a presentation on “Ethics in research” at the September meeting. Other presenters were Cresantia Frances Koyavaka’uta, Teweiariki Teaero, Jack Maebutu, Thimmappa Rao, Thillainayakam Velayutham, Konai Thaman, Akhila Nand Sharma, Akanisi Kedrayate and Joseph Veramu.
Department of Education and Psychology
Konai Thaman completed editing Educational Ideas from Oceania, a collection of essays on Pacific educational ideas for use by tertiary students and teachers, published in 2003, jointly by IOE and the UNESCO Chair in teacher education and culture. She also continued to work on research into Pacific indigenous epistemologies, as well as women and university management.
David Womack prepared a theoretical framework towards a PhD and conducted research for his proposed book, The roots of mathematics in the graphical intuitions of young children.
Govinda Lingam was consultant for the Beginning Teacher Research Project at Lautoka Teachers’ College (in progress). He is currently researching for a project approved by the School's Research Committee entitled “Readiness to join the primary teaching profession: The case of Fiji”. He also coordinated the Fiji Institute of Educational Research Project on “Understanding research”.
Clarence Auxier is collecting data for his research project “Learning preferences of USP students”.
Akhila Nand Sharma and Thillainayakam Velayutham are doing a collaborative research project on the topic “Management of secondary schools in Fiji: The role of the school management committee”. The project is continuing. The students of ED453 and Akhila Nand Sharma did a collaborative research study on the topic “Educational policy issues in Fiji”. Based on the findings, the students will present individual papers in the Fiji Institute for Educational Research Conference from 5-7 January 2004.
Department of Literature and Language
France Mugler and Paul Geraghty, with Jan Tent, formerly at USP and currently at Macquarie University, are working on a Dictionary of English for the Fiji Islands, to be published in 2004 by Macquarie Library. The publisher, Dr Susan Butler visited the School in July and, with the HOS, Dr Akanisi Kedrayate, France Mugler and Paul Geraghty, held meetings with the Permanent Secretary for Education, and with the Prime Minister, who kindly agreed to write a foreword. France Mugler and Jayshree Mamtora (formerly a USP Library staff member, now at Charles Darwin University) completed their research on the Gujarati language in Fiji. Their paper will be submitted soon.
Larry Thomas continues his research for a documentary film with Tarcisius Kabutaulaka on the Solomon Islands crisis. He has completed the research and film on the sugar industry and expiry of sugar farmland leases and is working on the post-production phase.
Other Research Activities Books – authored research Teaero, Teweiariki (with Kabini Sanga and John Niroa) Rethinking the rethinking of Pacific education: A report on the Rethinking Pacific Education Initiative. Prepared for the Pacific Education Project and NZAID. Wellington: School of Education, Victoria University of Wellington. 45 pp.
Forster, P. M. “Community psychology.” Encyclopedia of Community: From the Village to the Virtual World. Eds K. Christensen and D. Levinson. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. 2003.
Teaero, Teweiariki. “Indigenous education in Kiribati.” Educational ideas from Oceania. Ed.Konai Thaman. Suva: Institute of Education & UNESCO. 06-115.
Kedrayate, A, and Veramu, J. “ Learning in the Traditional Context.” ED 153: School and Society Course Book. Unit 1. Distance and Flexible Learning (DFL) Support Centre, USP, 2004.
Kedrayate, A, and Veramu, J. “ Learning in the modern context.” ED 153: School and Society Course Book. Unit 2. Distance and Flexible Learning (DFL) Support Centre, USP.2004.
Kedrayate, A and Veramu, J. “ Learning and Sustainability in the Pacific.” ED 153: School and Society Course Book. Unit 8. Distance and Flexible Learning (DFL) Support Centre, USP, 2004.
Kedrayate, A and Deo, B. “ Indigenous ideas from Fiji and Rotuma.” ED 253: Theories in Education Course Book. Unit 11. Distance and Flexible Learning (DFL) Support Centre, USP, 2003.
Teaero, Teweiariki. “Using community resources in university teaching: The case of Integrated Arts at The University of the South Pacific.” Proceedings of the USP/AUT Colloquium for Tertiary Teachers on Teaching and Learning with Pasifika Students.
Eds. Alison Kirkness and Naila Fanene. Auckland: Auckland University of Technology. 93-104.
Tuinamuana K. "Qualifications frameworks for small island states: A case study of Fiji". Promises and Problems for Commonwealth Qualification Frameworks. Eds G.Donn & T.Davies. London Commonwealth Secretariat/NZ Qualifications Authority, 2003.
Veramu, J. “Study of Fiji TVET” Enhancing income generation through adult education. Ed R.G.Bagnall. Brisbane: Australian Academic Press.2003. 44-58.
Journal Articles – refereed articles in scholarly journals
Auxier, C.R., Hughes, F.R. & Kline, W.B. “Identity development in counselors in training”. Counselor Education and Supervision 43 (1):25-38 (2003).
Forster, P. M. “Children, computers and the Internet: A guide for parents and teachers in the Pacific region.” Directions: Journal of Educational Studies 24 (1): 14-26 (2002, published in 2003). RJ
Khan, Veena, Rajni Chand, Chandra Rao and Kate McPherson. "Assessing the Impact of IELTS preparation programmes on candidates' performance." IELTS Research Reports (5).
Lingam, Govinda I. “Practicum Component: Preparation of teachers for the real world of work" Directions: Journal of Educational Studies 24(1): 47-61 (2002, published 2003).
Lingam, Govinda I. "Which is the better option? Retaining or Training of Teachers". Fiji Teachers Journal 73: 44-47 (2003).
Lynch, John and France Mugler. “Pacific Languages at the University of the South Pacific.” Current Issues in Language Planning. Special issue on "Language Planning and Intellectualisation". Anthony J. Liddicoat and Pauline Bryant, eds. Vol.3.1:76-81 (2002). RJ
Mugler, France. “Attitudes to accents in English: a Pacific study.” Te Reo 45:65-89 (2002). RJ
Teaero, T. “The Painting.” Mana: Journal of Pacific art and culture, literature and language. 13 (2)
Thaman, Konai. “De-colonising Pacific Studies: Indigenous perspectives, knowledge and wisdom in higher education.” The Contemporary Pacific 15(1):1-18 (2003).RJ
Veramu, Joseph. “Community Education for Seafarers in Tuvalu”.Community Education International Journal 3: 56-59 (2003)
Thaman, Konai. ed. Educational ideas from Oceania: Selected readings. Suva, Fiji: Institute of Education, The University of the South Pacific, 2003.131 p.
Kedrayate, A. and Schulz, L. eds. Voices: Pacific women teachers tell their stories. Suva, Fiji: Institute of Education, 2003. 61p.
Veramu Joseph. ed. Na Bula Dredre Kei Na Bula Sautu. Suva: Fiji Community Education Association 2003. 86p.
Deo, Bisun and Nabobo, Unaisi. “Reflections on mixed mode and multi-mode teaching: USP case study”. Paper presented at the 16th ODLAA Biennial Form, Canberra, Australia, October 2003.
Gaskell, I and R. Taylor. “‘Delightful Instruction’: Theatre for Development and the Art of Persuasion.” Paper presented to the Hawaii Conference on Arts and the Humanities, Honolulu, January, 2003.
Gaskell, I and R. Taylor. “Getting the Message: Measuring Audience Response to Theatre for Development.” Paper presented to the Hawaii Conference on Arts and the Humanities, Honolulu, January, 2003.
Gaskell, I. “Emerging With A Purpose: The Art of Applied Theatre.” Paper presented to the F.I.L.L.M Convention, Noumea, October, 2003.
Geraghty, Paul. “Struggling with an exonorm: The emergence of Fijian language literature”. Paper presented at the FILLM Convention, Noumea, 17-24 October, 2003.
Hughes, D. A. “Developing Literacy in the Early Childhood Classroom”. Keynote address presented at Head Start Conference, Majuro, 6 August, 2003.
Kedrayate, Akanisi. “Principles and Good Practices in Non-formal Education to enhance community participation in community development”. Keynote address delivered at the Regional Review/Evaluation Workshop of Community Workers, Cathy Hotel, Lautoka, September 22 − 25, 2003.
Kedrayate, Akanisi. “Teaching Challenges in the 21st Century”. Address given at the Lautoka Teachers’ College Graduation Ceremony, AG Hall, Lautoka, December 4, 2003
Kedrayate, Akanisi. “ Setting Realistic Goals”. Address given at the St Agnes School Graduation Ceremony, Lambert Hall, Suva, November 27, 2003.
Kedrayate, Akanisi. “ Examinations Preparation and Evaluation”. Paper presented at the Amadiya Muslim College, Staff Development Workshop, June 14, 2003.
Lingam, Govinda I. “Educational aid: Adjusting teacher preparation program to meet professional work in schools." Paper presented at the 2003 Rethinking Educational Aid Conference, Mocambo Hotel, Nadi, Fiji, October 20-22, 2003.
Muralidhar, Srinivasiah. “Patterns of educational aid in the Pacific: trends and prospects.” Paper presented at the Pacific Regional Education Conference on Rethinking EducationalAid, Nadi, Fiji, October 20-22, 2003.
Muralidhar, Srinivasiah. “A prayer for peace and harmony.” Paper presented at the Festival of Unity, St Agnes Parish, Nabua, Suva, September 21, 2003
Muralidhar, Srinivasiah. “Curriculum change or teacher change?” Address presented at the opening of the Science Education for Pacific Schools (SEPS) Regional Workshop, Institute of Education, Marine Studies Complex, USP, September 8, 2003.
Muralidhar, Srinivasiah. “Learning outcomes, teaching and learning.” Paper presented at a staff development workshop, Ahmadiyya Muslim College, Narere, Nasinu, Fiji, August 12, 2003.
Muralidhar, Srinivasiah. “New programmes in teacher education.” Paperpresented at the Regional Centres Conference, USP, April 7, 2003.
Muralidhar, Srinivasiah. “Invitation to research.” Paper presented at a gathering of the Fiji Institute of Educational Research, USP, Suva, April 2, 2003.
Sharma, Akhila Nand. “Classroom discipline”. Paper presented to the staff of Ahmadiyya Muslim School, April 14, 2003.
――“Non-formal education and vocational training”. Paper presented to the participants of the National Youth Council in the Fiji Government’s Parliament Complex, Suva, April 10, 2003.
―― “Moral values: Satyam, Shivam, Sundram”. Paper presented at the annual prize giving ceremony at Naitasiri Indian School, Nausori, December 2, 2003.
――“The role of parents and teachers in character education”. Paper presented at the annual prize giving ceremony at Rishikul Primary School, Nasinu, December 4, 2003.
―― “An overview of educational policy issues and gaps in the Pacific”. Paper presented at a workshop on Pacific Education Policy from a Civil Society Perspective, Vanuatu, August 20, 2003.
Teaero, Teweiariki. “Using community resources in university teaching: The case of Integrated Arts at The University of the South Pacific.”Paper presented at the USP/AUT Colloquium for Tertiary Teachers on Teaching and Learning with Pasifika Students. Auckland University of Technology, Auckland. 3-5 February 2003.
Teaero, Teweiariki. “Integrating Pacific indigenous knowledge and the arts into the curricula of Pacific education.” Paper presented at the Council of Pacific Education Conference on Education of Indigenous People of the Pacific. Forum Secretariat, Suva. 4-7 December 2003.
Scholarly Reviews and Comments (published journals of repute)
Thaman, Konai. Eight poems: “Readers and writers”, “Living among the trees”, “Heilala”, “Kakala folau”, “Weekend in Auckland”, “Another dimension” and “You and me”. In Whetu Moana: contemporary Polynesian Poems in English. Eds A. Wendt, R. Whaitiri and R. Sullivan. Auckland University Press: Auckland, 2003.
Koyavaka’uta, F. C. Of Schizophrenic Voices. Pacific Writers’ Forum: University of the South Pacific, 2003.
Videotapes and Films (of substantial educational or scholarly value)
Instructional video to accompany LL216, Story Theatre. Produced by Ian Gaskell.
Video production, Equal, an ActIt Theatre Company production on Gender Equality in Education, directed by Ian Gaskell and produced by the School of Humanities and Media Centre. 2003.
Other Works (non-books)
Te mwananga. A group exhibition with Natan Itonga, Karawa Areieta and Berenato Buatia. National Library and Archives, Tarawam Kiribati. Sponsored by the USP Centre, Tarawa. 21-29th January.
Several poems from on eitei's wings recorded and played as an integral part of Pasifika: island journeys, a multi-media art exhibition 21st June 2003 - 9 May 2004 featuring a collection of artifacts from the Pacific. Organised by the Museum of Anthropology at the University of British Columbia, Canada.
Four colour original works of art for SPAN: Journal of the South Pacific Association for Commonwealth Literature and Language Studies. 52 (1) 2002. Pp 128-135.
Natural meal. Poems read at the Lire en Fẻte at the Alliance Française, Suva. 18-20 October.
Niu Grooves and Lines in life. New poems readduring Niu Waves Writers' Collective Niu Lines Reading Night. Suva, Traps Bar. 4th Sept.
An original colour ink drawing for the cover of the book Educational ideas from Oceania. Suva: Institute of Pacific Studies and UNESCO, edited by Konai Thaman.
Cover for ED255 Introduction to Curriculum Development, a 2003 edition of that course.
Illustrations for three children's books:
A. Atauea et al (2003) Te non. Suva: Institute of Education and UNESCO. 14 illustrations.
Biribo Bareka et al. (2003) Stories from Kiritimati Island. Suva: Institute of Education and UNESCO. 23 illustrations.
Tebwebwe Tabokai et. al.Our place. Suva: Institute of Education and UNESCO. 9 illustrations.
Periodicals and Newspaper Articles
Nadkarni Dev: “World Consumer Day.” The Fiji Times (March 15, 2003).
――”PINA-PIBA merger.” Islands Business (April 2003).
――”The media and nation building.” The Fiji Times (April 3, 2003).
―― “The importance of Freedom of Expression.” The Fiji Times (April 16, 2003).
―― “New economy opportunities for Fiji.” Islands Business (May 2003).
―― “Implications of a media bill.” The Fiji Times (May 23, 2003).
―― “Fiji’s media bill.” Islands Business (June 2003).
―― “Suicide as weapon and strategy.” The Fiji Times (June 18, 2003).
―― Columns in Fiji Sun dated April 20, 27, May 4, 18, 25, June 1, 8, 16, 2003
Hughes, D. A. (Dec., 2003). “Developing early literacy: More than learning the alphabet”. Pacific Curriculum Network 11 (2):10-15.
Sharma, Akhila Nand. “Ethical leadership.” Daily Post (15 October, 2003)
―― “Reconciliation of Hearts.” Daily Post (1 November, 2003).
―― “Flexibility within Flexibility.” Humanitarian 1 (1) June 2003.
Veramu, J. “Say no to drugs.” Daily Post (2 October, 2003): 5.
――. “Doors to a better world.” Daily Post (6 October 2003):5.