Story Overview: In Stone Soup three monks are traveling, and they find a village in which the people are very hungry. The monks decide to show the villagers how to make soup out of stones. One by one, people bring things to put in the soup.
Genre: Folk Tale is a story based on the customs and traditions of a people or region, handed down orally from one generation to the next.
1. guests: people who come to visit or share a meal
2. banquet: a large meal for an important event or holiday
3. agreeable: something that is pleasant or nice
4. curiosity: something that is interesting because it is strange or
5. untrusting: not trusting or believing in something or someone
Story Overview: In One Riddle, One Answer, a sultan wants to find a husband for his daughter, Aziza. She makes up a riddle and vows to marry only the man who can come up with the answer. She travels across the land to different settings, but no one can solve the puzzle.
Genre: Fairy Tales take place long ago and have imaginary characters and settings.
1. wearily: when you do something as though you were very tired
2. depart: to leave or go away
3. suitable: something that is just right
4. increase: when something becomes bigger or larger in number
The plot, character, and setting of a story make up a story’s structure. Identifying the elements in a story’s structure helps readers understand and remember what they read.
Skill: Plot and Setting
The events of the story make up the plot. Setting is when and where the story takes place. In some stories, the setting is an important part of the plot. Knowing where and when a story takes place helps readers understand characters and events in the story.
Grammar: Present-Tense Verbs
The tense of a verb tells when the action takes place. A verb in the present tense tells what happens now.
Spelling List: Words with /âr/
stairs, share, glare, pears, mare, wear, pairs, square, bear, dares, hare, haircut, bare, chairs, their
Review words: sport, sore, hard
Challenge words: airport, beware
“Saving the Sand Dunes”
From Time for Kids
Story Overview: Sand dunes protect beaches, but big storms can
make the dunes disappear. In “Saving the Sand Dunes,” we’re reading how the kids in a fourth grade class built a special wall for the sand dunes. They took old Christmas trees and buried them in the dunes.
1. preserve: an area set aside for the protection of plants and animals
2. restore: something that is brought back to its original condition
3. suffered: something that has been harmed or damaged
4. rainfall: the amount of rain that falls on an area in a certain period
Strategy: Analyze Text Structure
Text structure is the way writers organize nonfiction to present information. Recognizing text structure in nonfiction helps readers understand and remember what they read.
Skill: Cause and Effect
A cause is an event that makes something happen. An effect is something that happens because of an action. Signal words for the cause and effect text structure include: cause, because, due to, so, and as a result.
Grammar: Past-Tense Verbs
A past-tense verb tells about an action that has already happened. Add –ed to form the past-tense of most verbs.
Spelling List: Words with /ûr/
turns, third, firm, first, ear, word, herds, nurse, world, learn, perch, serve, purr, girls, worth
5. package: something placed in a box or wrapped in paper
6. wrapping: covers something
7. innocent: someone who does no harm or is not guilty
When students visualize, they use descriptions in the story to help them picture events, characters, or the setting.
Skill: Making Inferences
Authors do not always tell everything about the characters and events in a story. Often readers must make inferences, or use story clues, illustrations, and their own experience to determine what was left out.
Grammar: Future-Tense Verbs
Verbs can show actions that happen now or in the past. They can also show action in the future. A future-tense verb tells about an action that is going to happen.
Challenge words: classroom, childhood
“What Do Illustrators Do?”
Story Overview: What Do Illustrators Do? takes you step by step
through how an artist goes about illustrating. I was surprised to learn that a lot goes on before illustrators actually draw the pictures. They think about what they want to show and how they want to draw it. Sometimes they get models to pose for them. There are many things illustrators do, and this
book takes you through the whole process.
Genre: Narrative Nonfiction is a story about actual events, living things, or people
1. instance: an example of something
2. illustrate: something you draw a picture to explain or decorate it
3. style: a particular way of doing something
4. textures: when you touch the surface of things
5. sketches: simple drawings that are done quickly
Text structure is the way writers organize nonfiction to present information. Sequence is one kind of nonfiction text structure. Recognizing a sequence helps students understand nonfiction text.
Sequence is the order in which events happen. Signal words and phrases, such as first, next, last, finally, after, before, and at the same time, help readers identify a sequence of steps or events.
Grammar: Sentence Combining with Verbs
Join two sentences with the same subject by combining the predicates. Combine predicates with “and.”