to answer questions about cause and effect relationships
3. You are at a lecture about the history of psychology and the speaker states that Wilhelm Wundt’s theory of structuralism was the first scientific psychological theory. On what historical fact might the speaker be basing her or his argument?
Wundt was internationally known at the time, and this led credence to his theory in the scientific community.
Wundt studied under Ivan Pavlov for his graduate training, and Pavlov required scientific methods to be used.
Structuralism was based on the results of his introspection experiments, so it is, at least in part, empirical.
Structuralism was based on careful anecdotes gathered from Wundt’s extensive clinical career.
Wundt was the first person to study psychology in an academic setting
4. In order to summarize or organize a series of observations in some meaningful way psychologists may develop
5. In the simplest experiment, the two groups of subjects are treated exactly alike except for the __ variable.
6. Sigmund Freud’s theory of the unconscious mind
was revolutionary because it was the first comprehensive explanation of human thought and behavior.
Resulted from discoveries about the human brain obtained by cadaver dissection.
Is outdated and has no relevance for modern psychology.
Focused entirely on human males’ sex drive.
Depends on the idea that humans can remember events but not be consciously aware of the memory.
7. The conditions that a researcher wishes to prevent from affection the experiment are called
8. In what way might a behaviorist disagree with a cognitive psychologist about the cause of aggression?
A behaviorist might state that aggression is caused by memories or ways we think about aggressive behavior, while a cognitive psychologist might say aggression is caused by a past repressed experience.
A behaviorist might state that aggression is a behavior encouraged by our genetic code, while a cognitive psychologist might state that aggression is caused by memories or ways we think about aggressive behavior.
A behaviorist might state that aggression is caused by past rewards for aggressive behavior, while a cognitive psychologist might believe aggression is caused by an expressed desire to fulfill certain life needs.
A behaviorist might state that aggression is caused by past rewards for aggressive behavior, while a cognitive psychologist might believe aggression is caused by memories or ways we think about aggressive behavior.
A behaviorist would not disagree with a cognitive psychologist about aggression because they both believe that aggressive behavior is caused by the way we cognitively process certain behaviors.
9. A researcher wants to determine the effect of sleep deprivation on human problem solving. Subjects in an appropriate control group for such an experiment would be described as having
much more sleep than normal.
Much less sleep than normal
A normal amoount of sleep
The same amount of sleep as the experimental group
10. Which type of variable is measured in both the experimental and control groups of an experiment?
11. Dr. Marco explains to a client that his feelings. Of hostility toward a coworker are most likely caused by the way the client interprets the coworker’s actions, and the way he thinks that people should behave at work, Dr. Marco is most likely working from what perspective?
12. In the traditional learning experiment the effect of practice on performance is investigated. Performance is the ___ variable
13. One of the limitations of the survey method is
15. Control is an important goal of psychology. For most psychologists, control means
heavy reliance upon rewards rather than punishments
manipulation of behavior by government, educators, scientists, or authorities
altering conditions that influence behavior in predictable ways
16. Professor Ma wants to design a project studying emotional response to date rape. He advertises for participants in the school newspaper, informs them about the nature of the study, gets their consent, conducts an interview, and debriefs them about the results when the experiment is over. If you were on the IRB, which ethical consideration would you most likely have the most concern about in Professor Ma’s study?
Coercion D. anonymity
Deception E. clear scientific purpose
C. confounding variables