Round I. Reading Comprehension Text for 8th form

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ROUND I. Reading Comprehension Text for 8th form

His name was Fleming, and he was a poor Scottish farmer. One day, while trying to make a living for his family, he heard a cry for help coming from a nearby boy. He dropped his tools and ran to the boy. There, mired to his waist in black muck, was a terrified boy, screaming and struggling to free himself. Farmer Fleming saved the boy from what could have been a slow and terrifying death.

The next day, a fancy carriage pulled up to the Scotsman’s place. An elegantly dressed nobleman stepped out and introduced himself as the father of the boy farmer Fleming had saved.

„I want to repay you”, said the nobleman. „You saved my son’s life”. „No, I can’t accept payment for what I did”, the Scottish farmer replied, waving off the offer. At that moment, the farmer’s son came to the door of the family hovel. „Is that your son?” the nobleman asked. „Yes”, the farmer replied proudly. „I’ll make you a deal. Let me take him and give him a good education. If the fellow is anything like his father, he’ll grow to a man you can be proud of”.

And that he did. In time, farmer Fleming’s son graduated from St. Mary’s Hospital Medical School in London, and went on to become known throughout the world as the noted Sir Alexander Fleming, the discoverer of penicillin.

Years afterward, the nobleman’s son was close to death from pneumonia. What saved him?

Penicillin. The name of the nobleman? Lord Randolph Churchill. His son’s name? Sir Winston Churchill



Glossary

kingfisher – a small brightly-coloured bird with a blue body that catches fish in river

Questions 1 through 10 (on your answer sheet circle + if the statement is true, - if it is false).



The text mainly tells about ordinary events in history.

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At the beginning of the story, the farmer was bathing in a river.

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There must have been an accident with a little boy.

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The action takes place nowadays.

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The farmer’s children were all girls.

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The little boy’s father wanted to give the farmer a sum of money.

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The farmer seemed to know the importance of knowledge.

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The nobleman’s prediction did not come true.

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The boy glorified his family name.


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Sometimes wonderful coincidences happen in life.

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Questions 11 through 20 (choose the correct letter A, B, C or D)

11. It may be inferred from the text that the Fleming family lived:

a) in the south of Great Britain b) in the north of Great Britain

c) in the centre of Great Britain d) outside Great Britain


12. The farmer must have been...

a) kind and wealthy b) noble and proud

c) hardly able to make ends meet d) idle and suspicious
13. One can make a conclusion that the saved boy’s father was:

a) a successful farmer b) a good hunter

c) an aristocrat d) a beggar
14. The farmer’s son must have been...

a) worth pride b) a wonder kid c) a nobleman d) from Ireland


15. The nobleman’s offer was:

a) rather stupid b) just and generous c) not worth considering d) never accepted


16. After receiving his education, young Fleming was supposed to:

a) work with customers b) sell medicines c) look for criminals d) treat patients


17. Alexander Fleming discovered:

a) a penny ceiling b) a pan sealing

c) penicillin d) pennies while pealing
18. Fleming’s discovery made him:

a) cruel and dangerous b) famous worldwide

c) thrilling and exciting d) quite boring
19. The word „sir” before Fleming’s name may mean that he:

a) became as noble as Churchill b) came from Syracuse

c) performed in a circus d) was a sergeant in the British Army

20. One can infer from the text that:

a) the Flemings and the Churchills were close friends

b) Alexander Fleming may not necessarily have seen Winston Churchill after the childhood accident

c) Winston Churchill almost died from the medicines given by Fleming

d) Alexander Fleming was Winston Churchill’s personal doctor



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Writing Comprehension Test For 8th form Students


  1. Write advice for a foreigner visiting your country. Discuss when to come, what to bring, where to go and what to expect upon arrival.

2. Describe your ideal living situation, including a flat or a house, alone or with family. Don’t forget to include the reasons for each of your choices.

3. Your teacher has asked you to write a composition describing a famous person from history whom you admire. Write your composition.


Читання : 20 балів. Письмо: 30 балів. Максимальна кількість балів І етапу – 50 балів.

ROUND I. Reading Comprehension Text for 9th form

In America, we celebrate many holidays during the year. I will tell you about three of my favorite holidays, when they occur, why they are important and how we celebrate them. These three holidays are the Fourth of July, Halloween, and Thanksgiving.

On the Fourth of July, we celebrate the birthday of the United States. This holiday is not only called the Fourth of July, but also Independence Day. On July 4, 1776, the people of the American colonies declared their independence from England. Many people, including George Washington, helped the early Americans gain their freedom and independence. Today, Americans celebrate the Fourth of July in different ways. Many families gather to enjoy a special meal outdoors in the warm weather. Some families go to the beach to relax. Some families watch sports such as baseball. And all over America, people watch a beautiful show of fireworks.

Another one of my favourite holidays is Halloween. We celebrate Halloween on the 31st of October. Children all over America love Halloween. They dress up in costumes, looking like ghosts and witches. They ask people for candy and other sweet things to eat. They go to parties and try to scare one another. Even adults love Halloween, because it is a time to dress in costume and pretend to be someone else.


My third favourite holiday is Thanksgiving. We celebrate Thanksgiving on the last Thursday in November. Children do not go to school and adults do not go to work on this special day. Early Americans celebrated Thanksgiving to express their thanks for the fall harvest. Today, we celebrate Thanksgiving to take time to be thankful for all the wonderful things we have, such as family, food, good health and freedom. On Thanksgiving, families gather and enjoy a special meal of turkey, sweet potatoes, and pumpkin pie. In New York City, there is a special parade with music and dancing. Many Americans watch the Thanksgiving parade on television to make the day special. I have been to the parade and have enjoyed seeing how happy everyone is to celebrate this special day.
Questions 1 through 10 (on your answer sheet circle + if the statement is true, - if it is false).


1

The Fourth of July is also called Independence Day.

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2

The American colonies declared their freedom from Spain.

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3

Many Americans watch sports such as basketball on July 4th.

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4

The story also discussed Halloween, which falls on October 30th.

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It is customary for children to ask people for flowers on Halloween.

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Both children and adults like dressing up in costume on Halloween.

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7

The third holiday mentioned, Thanksgiving, occurs in August.

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8

One of the traditional foods of Thanksgiving is macaroni.

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Thanksgiving is a time to express gratitude for good health and freedom.

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10

In New York City, there is a big parade every Thanksgiving Day.

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Questions 11 through 20 (choose the cor­rect letter A, B, C, or D)


  1. All of the following holidays are mentioned in the passage except:

    1. the Fourth of July

    2. Christmas

    3. Thanksgiving

    4. Halloween

  1. The Fourth of July commemorates:
    1. U.S. independence from Spain


    2. U.S. independence from France

    3. U.S. independence from England

    4. U.S. independence from all foreign powers

  1. The weather on the Fourth of July is described as:

    1. cool

    2. hot

    3. warm

    4. moderate

  1. America declared its independence in the year:

    1. 1876

    2. 1772

    3. 1676

    4. 1776

  1. Halloween is celebrated on:

    1. October 31st

    2. October 13th

    3. October 30th

    4. October 3rd

  1. The speaker mentions that on Halloween children dress up as:

    1. movie stars

    2. baseball players

    3. ghosts and witches

    4. animals

  1. Thanksgiving is celebrated on:
    1. the first Friday in November


    2. the last Thursday in November

    3. the third Thursday in November

    4. the last Tuesday in November

  1. Early Americans celebrated Thanksgiving to express thanks for:

    1. the winter harvest

    2. the fall harvest

    3. rainfall

    4. peace with their neighbors

  1. The speaker mentions all of the following foods except:

    1. pumpkin pie

    2. corn

    3. sweet potatoes

    4. turkey

  1. In New York City on Thanksgiving there is a special:

    1. football game

    2. political demonstration

    3. parade

    4. fireworks show

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Writing Comprehension Test For 9th form Students

1. Think about dating. What does the phrase “to date someone” mean? Where do people go on dates? What do they do? Why is it important to date someone?


2. In the 1920s, a family in Florida was digging a hole on their property when they hit something metal with their shovels. It was a chest filled with 3,700 Spanish coins dating from the 1740s to the 1760s. The coins were worth around $150,000 USD. If you found $150,000 USD, what would you spend it on?
3. Every culture has stories. Stories serve different purposes. Some entertain. Others teach history or help people understand their own culture. In many cultures, stories are used to teach the difference between right and wrong behaviours. What kinds of stories are traditional in your culture? Describe a story that teaches a lesson.

Читання : 20 балів. Письмо: 30 балів. Максимальна кількість балів І етапу – 50 балів.

ROUND I. Reading Comprehension Text for 10th form

When Faye Pattison, a penniless 21-year-old student, checked her bank account recently, she was surprised to find a very healthy balance…


I: Was finding all that cash a shock?

You bet. I’m a typical student, struggling on a part-time job at Woolworth’s. It was two weeks before my next statement was due to be sent out from the bank. I was checking my balance at the cashpoint machine, just in case my wages had already been paid in. Then up came all these zeros. My first reaction was panic – I thought it was an overdraft – although I soon realized my account was actually in credit by a massive amount.


I: How much was in there?

The balance the first time was 34,000 pounds. As I stood there, visions of touring Australia flashed through my mind. But I knew it wasn’t mine, so I went into the bank and told them they made a mistake.



I: Were they pleased at your honesty?

I thought they would be, but they just sat me in a corner and ignored me for half an hour. They took it back in the end, explaining it was from another bank. One number was keyed incorrectly, so the money ended up in my account.



I: Was that the end of the story?

Two weeks later, I again checked my balance to be sure they’d sorted it out. Up popped 500,000 pounds. I felt like a lottery winner, though without the ticket. When I told the bank this time, they said that because their computers were down I would have to leave it with them. I did, but within the week, the sum had doubled!



I: How much was in there?

Over a million! I was falling about laughing at the cashpoint; the people behind me must have thought I was on drugs or something. It was brilliant looking down at those figures and imagining it was really mine.



I: Hadn’t the bank noticed by this time?

Apparently not. Since my boyfriend John worked for another bank, he knows how banks operate. He couldn’t believe what had happened. After a few weeks, my friends started saying I should move the money abroad and take off! Even my dad, who’s a retired policeman, said I should start withdrawing 300 pounds a day – that’s the interest, so I wouldn’t have been touching the capital.


I: Were you surprised that they did nothing?

I was, and annoyed as well. I gave up on my local branch, and contacted the head office in order to sort it out once and for all. But in spite of phoning them numerous times, it still took a while before anyone would deal with the matter. And even then, their attitude was amazing. They seemed very ungrateful considering all the hassle they caused me.


I: Was that the end of the story?

Not quite. The day after the 1 million pounds was finally removed from my account, 300 pounds appeared. It was part of the interest earned. I know 300 pounds isn’t a fortune to some people but for me it was a lot. I did tell the bank about it but eventually they said I could keep it. I’m spending it on a trip to Turkey.


Questions 1 through 10 (on your answer sheet circle + if the statement is true, - if it is false).


1

Faye Pattison is a young woman who works part-time.

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2

Faye Pattison tries to fix a large mistake.

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3

At one point, Faye Pattison becomes a millionaire.

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4

By the end of the story, Faye is annoyed with her bank.

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5

John, Faye’s boyfriend, works for a bank.

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In order to correct the mistake, Faye had to spend several weeks working with her local bank.

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Faye’s father is a retired policeman.

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Faye thinks that her reaction when she sees her balance on the screen of the cash machine causes people around her to think she is on drugs.

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At the end of the story, Faye has received 34,000 pounds to keep.

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Faye is upset because the bank doesn’t let her keep the money.

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Questions 11 through 20 (choose the correct letter A, B, C or D)

11. Faye Pattison experiences all these emotions except

    1. Panic

    2. Annoyance

    3. Loneliness

    4. Happiness

  1. At the end of the story, Faye ends up with

    1. 1 million pounds

    2. 34,000 pounds

    3. 300 pounds

    4. 500,000 pounds

  1. Faye’s friends advise her to

    1. Keep the money and retire


    2. Move the money to a new account

    3. Go on a trip around the world

    4. Tell the bank about the money

    1. Banks shouldn’t be able to make such big mistakes

    2. The account number was probably wrong

    3. The bank can’t find out that she has the money

    4. They should go to Turkey on vacation together

  1. Faye becomes irritated with her bank because

    1. They keep her in the office for hours

    2. They don’t seem to want to fix the mistake

    3. They don’t give her a reward for her honesty

    4. They make her change her account number.

  1. Faye’s father gives her advice. He tells her

    1. To take the money

    2. To take out the interest on the money

    3. To tell the bank

    4. To keep her money in cash, not in the bank

  1. We learn all of these facts about Faye except

    1. She is honest

    2. She is planning a trip abroad

    3. She has a boyfriend

    4. She is an economics student

  1. Faye says that the bank’s “attitude was amazing.” She probably means that


    1. The bank really worked hard to fix the situation

    2. The bank offered her a reward for her honesty

    3. The bank acted as though the mistake was Faye’s fault

    4. The bank didn’t seem to care about fixing the mistake

  2. The last act of the story occurred when

    1. The money was finally removed from her account

    2. She decided to take her father’s advice

    3. The amount of money in the account doubled overnight

    4. She got an interest payment on 1 million pounds

  3. Faye says that finding lots of unexpected money in her account was

    1. Hilarious

    2. Frightening

    3. Brilliant

    4. A shock

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Writing Comprehension Test For 10th form Students

1. What do you consider to be a family? How important is family life in today’s world? There are more and more divorces and single-parent families; how is this affecting today’s youth? If you could make some changes to strengthen the family in today’s culture, what would you do?

2.Right now, the world is becoming more and more polluted, greenhouse gasses are being blamed for causing global warming, and our world population is growing. What do you consider to be the most important environmental issue? What can we do to improve this environmental problem? How much should the government interfere in order to make these changes happen?

3.Most people think that high education should be available only for the most capable students. Others think that everyone should have higher education. Write what is your opinion.
Читання : 20 балів. Письмо: 30 балів. Максимальна кількість балів І етапу – 50 балів.

ROUND I. Reading Comprehension Text for 11th form

Good afternoon and welcome to another edition of “You and Your Body.” The topic of today’s program is vitamins, one of the basic components of the human body, and one that still mystifies many people…at least that’s what the letters from listeners show. Today we will try to answer as many of your questions as possible.

So, what are vitamins? Well, vitamins are one of the five elements essential for a healthy body. The others are proteins, which we get from meat; carbohydrates, which we get from pasta and bread; fats and minerals. Actually, the name vitamin comes from Latin “vita” which means “life.”

Now, before we go on, let me clarify something. Some people may believe that vitamins and minerals are similar because they’re combined in the various food supplements on the market. But they’re not. Vitamins are organic compounds, whereas minerals are inorganic substances. For example, calcium is a mineral, not a vitamin.

Actually, even vitamins differ from one another in their chemical composition and the way they act. Nevertheless, we can see two main vitamin groups: fat-soluble and water-soluble, that is, vitamins that can dissolve either into fat or into water. Let’s have a closer look at those two groups.

Fat-soluble are vitamins A, D, E and K. Their common characteristic is that the body can store them in fat, in the liver and in the kidneys. So we don’t need to take them on a daily basis. Water-soluble are vitamin C and the vitamin B complex. The body cannot store them, so we must make sure that they are contained in our daily diet.

Why are vitamins so important? The main reason is that vitamins help the metabolism of three of the important elements we mentioned before: proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. In other words, without vitamins the body cannot process these essential substances. Vitamins also help the body create blood cells, hormones, chemicals in the nervous system and genetic material. Unfortunately, we still don’t know much about the complex ways in which vitamins operate in the body. Actually, we are not even sure about the precise effect of certain vitamins, for example, vitamin E.

You may be asking, “How do we get these vital elements?” Well, the main sources of vitamins are just around the corner at your local supermarket. We can see two categories: plant products such as fresh fruit and vegetables; vegetable oil and margarine; bread, pasta and cereals; and animal products; meat, poultry and fish; liver, heart and kidneys; and dairy products, that is fresh milk, butter and cheese. Now, there is one vitamin which you get for free, so to speak. Most of vitamin D is produced in the body when the skin is exposed to sunlight. And here is an important piece of information for vegetarians who don’t eat any animal products. Because vitamin B12 is found only in animal products, vegans should take vitamin B12 supplements. Vitamin supplements may also be needed by pregnant women and people on special diets.


I would like to end this program with a word of caution. Vitamins are essential for our health and we do need to ensure that we take the necessary amounts, but we can have too much of a good thing. Yes, it may sound strange to some of you, but taking more than the amount we need will result in a number of health problems. This happens particularly with fat-soluble vitamins. For example, large amounts of vitamin A can cause anything from headaches and skin rashes to growth problems in children. Even large doses of vitamin C, which is not stored in the body, can destroy vitamin B12 and reduce calcium in bones. So be careful when taking food supplements. Good day and good health.

Questions 1 through 10 (on your answer sheet circle + if the statement is true, - if it is false).

1

The name of the program is “You and Your Vitamins.”

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2

The word “vitamin” is derived from Latin.

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3

Vitamins and minerals are similar.

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4

Vitamins are divided into two categories.

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Fat-soluble vitamins are stored in the liver and kidney.


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Two water-soluble vitamins are A and C.

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The primary function of vitamins is to metabolize proteins, carbohydrates and fats.

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The effects of some vitamins are not known.

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Vitamin B12 is found only in plant products such as vegetables.

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It is detrimental to one’s health to take too much of some vitamins.

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Questions 11 through 20 (on your answer sheet choose the correct letter A, B, C, or D)


  1. Information about vitamins:

    1. is entirely clear

    2. brings up a lot of questions

    3. is of little interest to the listeners of the program

    4. is very mystical to some people

  2. In addition to vitamins, good health depends on:

    1. five other elements

    2. three other elements

    3. a sufficient supply of minerals

    4. four other elements

  3. The word “vitamin” comes from a word for:

    1. food


    2. life

    3. health

    4. energy

  1. Vitamins are:

    1. organic compounds

    2. the same as carbohydrates

    3. the same as proteins

    4. inorganic compounds

  1. Vitamins are different from one another:

    1. in their chemical composition

    2. in the way they dissolve

    3. in the way they act

    4. all of the above

  1. Fat-soluble vitamins:

    1. need to be taken every day

    2. do not need to be taken every day

    3. add significantly to body weight

    4. give the body extra energy

  1. Most vitamins can be gotten from:

    1. minerals

    2. rain water

    3. chemicals

    4. food

  1. Vitamin D is produced:

    1. while you sleep

    2. when the body is exposed to sunlight

    3. by vitamins A and E

    4. in a laboratory
  1. Vitamin B12 is found:


    1. only in plant products

    2. only in pregnant women

    3. only in animal products

    4. only in carbohydrates

  1. One of the dangers in taking fat-soluble vitamins is that:

    1. they can add to body weight

    2. they can cause an upset stomach

    3. they can cause health problems if taken in excess

    4. none of the above

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Writing Comprehension Test For 11th form Students

1. Write a formal letter of complaint about the poor condition of the roads in your area.

2.Computers are becoming more and more important in today’s world. How do you feel people are using computers? Do you feel that they use them enough, or too much? Are there any negative effects to becoming more and more dependent on computers?

3.Someone from another culture has come to live with you and your family for one year.

What is the best way to help your visitor adapt to your family and your culture?

Would you teach this person about your family and your culture, or would you let the visitor find out for himself or herself? If the visitor behaves inappropriately in your home or in public, what would you say or do?


Читання : 20 балів. Письмо: 30 балів. Максимальна кількість балів І етапу – 50 балів.





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